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Bird Checklists of the United States

Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge

Tishomingo, Oklahoma


Beginning in August, the southward migration of shorebirds, herons, cormorants, and Franklin's gulls is well under way. Waterfowl begin to appear in September, reaching their peak sometime between November and February. Recently, the goose populations have varied from 24 to 45 thousand individuals, with Canada geese being most numerous. Except during severe winters, moderate populations of most waterfowl remain. Early in February the northward flight resumes. It is during this time the winter grainfields on the refuge prove most attractive.

Songbirds are well represented, with the scissor-tailed flycatcher, blue grosbeak, painted bunting, and lark sparrow being most conspicuous during the nesting season.

This list contains 252 species that have been recorded on the refuge. Species are listed in accordance with the sixth edition (1984) A.O.U. Checklist.


* - nesting species

Sp - March to May
S - June to August
F - September to November
W - December to February

a - abundant: a common species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat at the suitable time of day
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
accidental: has been seen only once or twice


GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe c o c o ___ Horned Grebe - o o o ___ Eared Grebe o - - - ___ Western Grebe - - r r
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican c o c o
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant c o c o ___ Olivaceous Cormorant - r - -
DARTERS Sp S F W ___ Anhinga - r r -
BITTERNS & HERONS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* o o o - ___ Least Bittern* o o r - ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c c ___ Great Egret o c c - ___ Snowy Egret o o o - ___ Little Blue Heron* c c c r ___ Tricolored Heron - r - - ___ Cattle Egret o o o - ___ Green Heron* c c c r ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron r o c - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron - r o -
IBISES & SPOONBILLS Sp S F W ___ White-faced Ibis r r - - ___ Roseate Spoonbill - - r -
STORKS Sp S F W ___ Wood Stork - r o -
SWANS, GEESE & DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan - - - r ___ Greater White-fronted Goose o - c c ___ Snow Goose o - c o ___ Ross' Goose - - - r ___ Brant - - r - ___ Barnacle Goose - - - r ___ Canada Goose* c r a a ___ Wood Duck* c o c a ___ Green-winged Teal c - c c ___ American Black Duck r - o o ___ Mallard a o a a ___ Northern Pintail c - c c ___ Blue-winged Teal c o c r ___ Cinnamon Teal r - r r ___ Northern Shoveler c o c c ___ Gadwall o - c c ___ American Wigeon c - c c ___ Canvasback o - o o ___ Redhead o - o o ___ Ring-necked Duck o - o c ___ Greater Scaup o - o o ___ Lesser Scaup o r c c ___ Common Goldeneye r - r o ___ Bufflehead o - o o ___ Hooded Merganser o r o o ___ Common Merganser o - c c ___ Red-breasted Merganser - - o r ___ Ruddy Duck o - o o
AMERICAN VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture o - o o ___ Turkey Vulture* c a a c
KITES, EAGLES, HAWKS & HARRIERS Sp S F W ___ Osprey r r o r ___ Mississippi Kite - o o - ___ Bald Eagle o - o c ___ Northern Harrier c r o c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o o o r ___ Cooper's Hawk* o o o o ___ Northern Goshawk - r - - ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* - o o - ___ Broad-winged Hawk* o r o - ___ Swainson's Hawk o o o o ___ Red-tailed Hawk (Common)* c c a c ___ Red-tailed Hawk (Harlan's) - - - r ___ Ferruginous Hawk o - o o ___ Rough-legged Hawk o - o o ___ Golden Eagle r - r r
FALCONS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel* c o c c ___ Merlin - - r r ___ Peregrine Falcon - - r r
TURKEYS & QUAIL Sp S F W ___ Wild Turkey* o o o o ___ Northern Bobwhite* a a a a
RAILS, GALLINULES & COOTS Sp S F W ___ Black Rail - r r - ___ King Rail* o r r r ___ Virginia Rail r - c - ___ Sora o r o - ___ Common Moorhen - r r - ___ American Coot* c o a a
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane o - o -
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ American Golden Plover o r r - ___ Semipalmated Plover o r o - ___ Piping Plover - o r - ___ Killdeer* c c a a
STILTS & AVOCETS Sp S F W ___ Black-necked Stilt r - - - ___ American Avocet o o o -
SANDPIPERS & PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs c o o o ___ Lesser Yellowlegs c o c o ___ Solitary Sandpiper c o o - ___ Willet o - r - ___ Spotted Sandpiper c o c - ___ Upland Sandpiper c o o - ___ Long-billed Curlew r r r - ___ Hudsonian Godwit r r - - ___ Marbled Godwit r r - - ___ Sanderling r r r - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper c c o - ___ Western Sandpiper c o c - ___ Least Sandpiper a r c o ___ White-rumped Sandpiper c - o - ___ Baird's Sandpiper a o o r ___ Pectoral Sandpiper a c o - ___ Dunlin - - o - ___ Stilt Sandpiper o o o - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher o - c r ___ Common Snipe c o c c ___ American Woodcock - - o o ___ Wilson's Phalarope o - o - ___ Red-necked Phalarope r - r - ___ Red Phalarope r r r -
GULLS & TERNS Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull c o a a ___ Bonaparte's Gull o - o r ___ Ring-billed Gull c o a a ___ Herring Gull c - c o ___ Caspian Tern r - r - ___ Common Tern o o c - ___ Forster's Tern c o c - ___ Least Tern r o o - ___ Black Tern a o c -
PIGEONS & DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove* c c c c ___ Mourning Dove* a a a c
CUCKOOS & ROADRUNNERS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* c c o - ___ Greater Roadrunner* o o o o
BARN OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl - - o o
TYPICAL OWLS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* o o o o ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Barred Owl* c c c c ___ Short-eared Owl - - o o
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* o c c r ___ Chuck-will's-widow* o o - - ___ Whip-poor-will* o o o -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* c c c -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* o c o -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* o c c o
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker c c o o ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker o - o o ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Northern Flicker (Yellow-shafted)* c o c c ___ Northern Flicker (Red-shafted) o - o o ___ Pileated Woodpecker o u o o
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* o o o - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r r - - ___ Alder Flycatcher o - - - ___ Willow Flycatcher o - - - ___ Least Flycatcher c - - - ___ Eastern Phoebe* c c o o ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c o - ___ Western Kingbird* a o o - ___ Eastern Kingbird* a a o - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher* c c a -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* c o c c
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* c c o - ___ Tree Swallow o o o - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* c c o - ___ Bank Swallow c o o - ___ Cliff Swallow a o a - ___ Barn Swallow* a a a -
JAYS & CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ American Crow* a c a a
TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* o o o o
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper r - o o
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* c c c c ___ Bewick's Wren* c c o o ___ House Wren o o o o ___ Winter Wren - - o o ___ Marsh Wren r - o -
KINGLETS & GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet r - o o ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c o ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* c c o -
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* o o c c ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush o - - - ___ Swainson's Thrush a - o - ___ Hermit Thrush o r - o ___ Wood Thrush - o o - ___ American Robin* c o a a
MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* c r o - ___ Northern Mockingbird* c a c c ___ Brown Thrasher* c o c c
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit c - c c ___ Sprague's Pipit r - r -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing c - o c
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* c c c c
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c c c c
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* c c o - ___ Bell's Vireo* c c o - ___ Solitary Vireo o - o - ___ Warbling Vireo c r o - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* c c o -
WOOD-WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Tennessee Warbler c - r - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler c - c o ___ Nashville Warbler c r o - ___ Yellow Warbler c o o - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler o - - c ___ Yellow-throated Warbler o o o - ___ Blackpoll Warbler o - - - ___ Black-and-white Warbler o o o - ___ American Redstart o - - - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* c c - - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush o o - - ___ Mourning Warbler o - - - ___ Common Yellowthroat* c o c o ___ Wilson's Warbler o - o - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* o a - -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager* c c - -
CARDINALS & GROSBEAKS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak o - o - ___ Blue Grosbeak* u u o - ___ Indigo Bunting* c c u - ___ Painted Bunting* c c u - ___ Dickcissel* c c u x
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee a - o c ___ Chipping Sparrow o - o o ___ Clay-colored Sparrow r - r - ___ Field Sparrow* o c c o ___ Vesper Sparrow c - c o ___ Lark Sparrow* c a c - ___ Savannah Sparrow a - a a ___ Grasshopper Sparrow o r o - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow r - o - ___ Fox Sparrow o - o c ___ Song Sparrow c - a c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow c - c o ___ Swamp Sparrow c - c o ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c a ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - c c ___ Harris' Sparrow a - a a ___ Dark-eyed Junco (Slate-colored) c - c c ___ Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon) - - o o
BLACKBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Bobolink r - r - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a a a ___ Eastern Meadowlark* a a a a ___ Western Meadowlark o r o o ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird o r o o ___ Rusty Blackbird - - c c ___ Brewer's Blackbird o r o o ___ Great-tailed Grackle c o c c ___ Common Grackle* c o c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c c ___ Orchard Oriole* c c c - ___ Baltimore Oriole* o o o - ___ Bullock's Oriole r r r -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch o - a c ___ Pine Siskin - - o r ___ American Goldfinch* a a a a
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* a a a a
ACCIDENTALS Snowy Plover Northern Waterthrush Short-billed Dowitcher MacGillivray's Warbler Black-billed Cuckoo Canada Warbler Burrowing Owl Lazuli Bunting Acadian Flycatcher Green-tailed Towhee

For additional information contact:
                     Refuge Manager
                     Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge
                     Route 1, Box 151
                     Tishomingo, OK 73460
                     Telephone: 405/371-2402
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1985.  Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge.  
     U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1985.  Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge.  
     U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern 
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govtishomin.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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