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Bird Checklists of the United States

Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Socorro, New Mexico


The Refuge Office is located 55 miles south of Albuquerque, New Mexico and west of Interstate 25 at exit 169. The 228,000-acre Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1973 to manage a research natural area. The Refuge is closed to public entry, but supports international research.

The Refuge stretches across the Middle Rio Grande Valley from the Los Pinos Mountains on the east to the Ladrone Mountains on the west. There is only a small riparian area to support marsh and water birds, sandpipers, cranes, and waterfowl. The arid and semiarid uplands provide a habitat for a wide variety of birds. Typical of arid areas, avian populations are sparse.

This list contains 217 species of birds which have been recorded since 1973. Species are listed in accordance with the A.O.U. Check-List, 6th Edition Revised.


Symbols used in this list are defined as follows:

Sp - March to May
S - June to August
F - September to November
W - December to February

c - common, certain to be seen in suitable habitat and time of day
u - uncommon, present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional, seen only a few times during the season
r - rare, seen at intervals of 2-5 years
x - accidental, has been seen only once or twice
* - nests locally


GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* r r o o ___ Eared Grebe r - r - ___ Western Grebe - - - r
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican o - o -
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant r r r - ___ Neotropic Cormorant - - r -
HERONS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern r r - - ___ Great Blue Heron o - o o ___ Great Egret - r - - ___ Snowy Egret o - o o ___ Little Blue Heron - r - - ___ Cattle Egret r r r - ___ Green Heron* - - r - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* r r - -
IBISES Sp S F W ___ White-faced Ibis - r r -
SWANS, GEESE, AND DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan - r r - ___ Greater White-fronted Goose - - - r ___ Snow Goose r - r c ___ Ross' Goose - - - r ___ Canada Goose* o - - o ___ Wood Duck r - r - ___ Green-winged Teal o - o u ___ Mallard* o - o o ___ Northern Pintail o o o o ___ Blue-winged Teal o - - o ___ Cinnamon Teal* o - o o ___ Northern Shoveler* u o o o ___ Gadwall o o o o ___ American Wigeon o o o o ___ Canvasback - - - o ___ Redhead o o o o ___ Ring-necked Duck o - o - ___ Lesser Scaup o - - o ___ Common Goldeneye - - - r ___ Bufflehead o - - o ___ Hooded Merganser - - - r ___ Common Merganser o - - o ___ Ruddy Duck* o - o o
AMERICAN VULTURE Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture u u u -
EAGLES AND HAWKS Sp S F W ___ Osprey - - r - ___ Bald Eagle - - - o ___ Northern Harrier u - u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o - o o ___ Cooper's Hawk r - o o ___ Swainson's Hawk r o r - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c u c c ___ Ferruginous Hawk o r o r ___ Rough-legged Hawk r - - - ___ Golden Eagle o o o o
FALCONS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel c c c c ___ Merlin o - o r ___ Prairie Falcon o o o o ___ Peregrine Falcon o o o -
PHEASANTS, TURKEYS, AND QUAIL Sp S F W ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* o o o - ___ Wild Turkey - o - - ___ Scaled Quail* o o o o ___ Gambel's Quail* u u u u
RAILS, GALLINULES, AND COOTS Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail* - r r - ___ Sora - r r - ___ Common Moorhen - - r - ___ American Coot c o o u
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane - - u u ___ Whooping Crane - - - r
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Semi-palmated Plover - r - - ___ Killdeer* o o o o ___ Mountain Plover - r - -
STILTS AND AVOCET Sp S F W ___ Black-necked Stilt* u u o r ___ American Avocet* u u r -
SANDPIPERS AND PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs u u u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs r r - - ___ Solitary Sandpiper r - - - ___ Willet u - - - ___ Spotted Sandpiper r r r - ___ Long-billed Curlew r - - - ___ Western Sandpiper u - - - ___ Least Sandpiper r - r - ___ Baird's Sandpiper - - r - ___ Stilt Sandpiper - o - - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher - o u - ___ Common Snipe r r r - ___ Wilson's Phalarope - u o -
SKUAS, GULLS, AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Parasitic Jaeger - - r - ___ Ring-billed Gull o u u - ___ Common Tern - - r - ___ Forster's Tern r - r - ___ Black Tern r - o -
PIGEONS AND DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove c c c c ___ Mourning Dove* c c c c ___ Common Ground-Dove - - r -
CUCKOOS AND ROADRUNNERS Sp S F W ___ Greater Roadrunner o o o o
BARN OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl r r - -
TYPICAL OWLS Sp S F W ___ Great Horned Owl - o - o ___ Burrowing Owl r o o - ___ Long-eared Owl - - r -
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Lesser Nighthawk o o - - ___ Common Nighthawk o o o - ___ Common Poorwill r r - -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift - r - - ___ White-throated Swift o o - -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird u u - - ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird o - - - ___ Rufous Hummingbird - o - -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher o o o o
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker - - - r ___ Red-naped Sapsucker - - r - ___ Williamson's Sapsucker - - r - ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker r - r o ___ Downy Woodpecker - r r r ___ Hairy Woodpecker - - r - ___ Northern Flicker c o c c
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Western Wood-Pewee o o o - ___ Willow Flycatcher - - o - ___ Dusky Flycatcher r - - - ___ Gray Flycatcher - - r - ___ Black Phoebe* o o o r ___ Say's Phoebe u u u o ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher u u - - ___ Cassin's Kingbird u - - - ___ Western Kingbird* u c u - ___ Eastern Kingbird r - - -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark c r c u
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow o r o - ___ Violet-green Swallow u u r - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow o o o - ___ Bank Swallow o r - - ___ Cliff Swallow* u u r - ___ Barn Swallow* u c u -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Steller's Jay r - - r ___ Scrub Jay c c c c ___ Pinyon Jay u - u u ___ American Crow o r o o ___ Chihuahuan Raven r o r o ___ Common Raven c c c c
TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Mountain Chickadee o - u o ___ Plain Titmouse o o o u
VERDINS Sp S F W ___ Verdin* o o - r
BUSHTITS Sp S F W ___ Bushtit o o o o
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch - - r - ___ White-breasted Nuthatch - - r -
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Cactus Wren* - r r r ___ Rock Wren u u u r ___ Canyon Wren r - r - ___ Bewick's Wren r r o o ___ House Wren u u r r ___ Marsh Wren o o r r
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet r - o o ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* r o r r ___ Black-tailed Gnatcatcher - - r r
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Western Bluebird r - r c ___ Mountain Bluebird - - o c ___ Townsend's Solitaire r - r c ___ Hermit Thrush - - u r ___ American Robin o o c c
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Catbird - - r - ___ Northern Mockingbird* c o c c ___ Sage Thrasher - o c c ___ Curve-billed Thrasher o o o o ___ Crissal Thrasher o o o u
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit o - - r
SILKY-FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___Phainopepla - r r r
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike - - - r ___ Loggerhead Shrike c c c c
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c u c c
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Solitary Vireo r r - - ___ Warbling Vireo r - - -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Orange-crowned Warbler - - r - ___ Virginia's Warbler r - - - ___ Yellow Warbler o r o - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler o - u r ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler - - r - ___ MacGillivray's Waterthrush r - o - ___ Common Yellowthroat o o o - ___ Wilson's Warbler r - o - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat - o - -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager - - o - ___ Western Tanager - - r -
CARDINALS AND GROSBEAKS Sp S F W ___ Pyrrhuloxia - - - r ___ Black-headed Grosbeak* o o r - ___ Blue Grosbeak* u u u -
SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Green-tailed Towhee r r o - ___ Rufous-sided Towhee r r u u ___ Canyon Towhee c u c c ___ Cassin's Sparrow u u o - ___ Rufous-crowned Sparrow - - - o ___ American Tree Sparrow - - r - ___ Chipping Sparrow u o u r ___ Clay-colored Sparrow r - - - ___ Brewer's Sparrow o u r r ___ Vesper Sparrow r u u o ___ Lark Sparrow* u u u - ___ Black-throated Sparrow* c c c u ___ Sage Sparrow c o c c ___ Lark Bunting - o o - ___ Savannah Sparrow o - - o ___ Fox Sparrow - - - r ___ Song Sparrow o - o u ___ Swamp Sparrow o o o r ___ White-throated Sparrow - - - r ___ White-crowned Sparrow u - c r ___ Dark-eyed Junco u - c r
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Red-winged Blackbird* u u c c ___ Eastern Meadowlark o - - - ___ Western Meadowlark c u c c ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird - o u - ___ Brewer's Blackbird - u u u ___ Great-tailed Grackle* u o r r ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c o - ___ Hooded Oriole - r - - ___ Northern Oriole* o u - - ___ Scott's Oriole o u o -
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Cassin's Finch - - - r ___ House Finch* c c c c ___ Pine Siskin - - r r ___ Lesser Goldfinch u - u u ___ American Goldfinch r o r o ___ Evening Grosbeak - - r o
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow u u u u
We gratefully acknowledge Volunteer Ross Teuber who compiled and verified the data over a seven year period, and Pat Basham who assisted with data compilation.

For additional information contact:

                         Refuge Manager
                         Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge
                         PO Box 1248
                         Socorro, New Mexico 87801       
                         Telephone: 505/864-4021
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1992.  Birds of Sevilleta National Wildlife 
     Refuge, New Mexico.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1992.  Birds of Sevilleta National Wildlife 
     Refuge, New Mexico.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govsevillet.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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