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Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area

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Huachuca City, Arizona


BIRDS OF THE SAN PEDRO RIPARIAN
NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA

The San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area (NCA) includes over 56,000 acres in Cochise County, Arizona. Extending approximately 40 miles northward from the Mexican border to a few miles south of St. David, the NCA represents the most extensive, healthy riparian ecosystem remaining the desert Southwest. The Bureau of Land Management manages the area to protect and enhance the existing riparian habitat and wildlife communities, as well as provide for recreational use, cultural interpretation, and educational opportunities.

The NCA is home to over 100 species of breeding birds and provides invaluable habitat for another 250 species of migrant and wi tering birds. Located between the Huachuca and Mule Mountains, and adjacent to Mexico, the NCA attracts a myriad of bird species from a wide variety of vegetative life-zones.

Concerns have increased over population declines of migrant bird species which breed in North American and winter south of the United States (Neotropical Migratory Birds). The Bureau of Land Management recognized this problem and has prepared management plans to monitor and enhance populations of bird species which utilize Bureau lands throughout North America.

This checklist, which documents over 370 bird species, has been compiled from historical avian records within the Upper San Pedro River Valley and from biological inventories within the NCA. This checklist will be periodically updated, so notification of interesting sightings would be greatly appreciated. Please report them to:

          Bureau of Land Management
          San Pedro Riparian NCA, Manager
          1763 Paseo San Luis
          Sierra Vista, AZ  85635
          602-457-2265

ABUNDANCE
C - Common
U - Uncommon
R - Rare
Ca - Casual
I - Irregular
RESIDENCY
P - Permanent
S - Summer Resident
W - Winter Resident
T - Transient or migrant
* - Indicates accidental or historical record and not expected again.
# - Indicates Neotropical Migratory Bird Species

LOONS AND GREBES

___Pacific Loon                        T *
___Least Grebe                         T *
___Pied-billed Grebe                   U W T #
___Eared Grebe                         U W #
___Western Grebe                       R T #
___Clark's Grebe                       R T #

CORMORANTS AND PELICANS ___American White Pelican Ca T # ___Brown Pelican Ca T ___Double-crested Cormorant U S T # ___Olivaceous Cormorant R T ___Magnificent Frigatebird T *
HERONS AND ALLIES ___American Bittern R T # ___Least Bittern T R # ___Great Blue Heron C P ___Great Egret R T # ___Snowy Egret U T # ___Little Blue Heron Ca T ___Tricolored Heron Ca T ___Cattle Egret U T # ___Green-backed Heron R P # ___Black-crowned Night Heron R P # ___White-faced Ibis U T # ___Wood Stork Ca T
SWANS, GEESE AND DUCKS ___Black-bellied Whistling Duck U S # ___Tundra Swan R T ___Greater White-fronted Goose R W ___Snow Goose R W ___Ross' Goose R W ___Canada Goose R W ___Wood Duck R W ___Green-winged Teal U W # ___Mallard C P # ___Northern Pintail U W # ___Blue-winged Teal U T R W # ___Garganey T * ___Cinnamon Teal U W T # ___Northern Shoveler C W ___Gadwall U W # ___American Wigeon U W # ___Canvasback U T R W # ___Redhead U T R W # ___Ring-necked Duck U T U W # ___Greater Scaup Ca T ___Lesser Scaup U W ___Surf Scoter R T ___Common Goldeneye R W ___Bufflehead U W # ___Hooded Merganser R T ___Common Merganser U T ___Red-breasted Merganser R T ___Ruddy Duck U W #
RAPTORS ___Black Vulture Ca T ___Turkey Vulture C S # ___Osprey R T # ___Black-shouldered Kite R T ___Mississippi Kite R T # ___Bald Eagle R W ___Northern Harrier C W # ___Sharp-shinned Hawk U W # ___Cooper's Hawk C P # ___Northern Goshawk R T ___Common Black Hawk U T # ___Great Black Hawk T * ___Harris' Hawk U P ___Gray Hawk C S # ___Broad-winged Hawk Ca T # ___Swainson's Hawk C S # ___White-tailed Hawk T * ___Zone-tailed Hawk U T # ___Red-tailed Hawk C P ___Ferruginous Hawk U W ___Rough-legged Hawk R W ___Golden Eagle U T ___Crested Caracara R T ___American Kestrel C P # ___Merlin U W # ___Peregrine Falcon R T # ___Aplomado Falcon T * ___Prairie Falcon U W
QUAIL AND ALLIES ___Wild Turkey R T ___Montezuma Quail Ca T ___Scaled Quail C P ___Gambel's Quail C P
RAILS AND ALLIES ___Black Rail T * ___Virginia Rail U W # ___Sora U W # ___Purple Gallinule Ca T # ___Common Moorhen U W ___American Coot U P ___Sandhill Crane R T
SHOREBIRDS ___Black-bellied Plover Ca T # ___Snowy Plover Ca T # ___Semipalmated Plover U T # ___Killdeer C P ___Black-necked Stilt U T # ___American Avocet U T # ___Greater Yellowlegs U T # ___Lesser Yellowlegs U T # ___Solitary Sandpiper U T # ___Willet U T # ___Spotted Sandpiper U T # ___Whimbrel R T # ___Long-billed Curlew U T # ___Marbled Godwit U T # ___Ruddy Turnstone Ca T # ___Sanderling U T # ___Semipalmated Sandpiper R T # ___Western Sandpiper U T # ___Least Sandpiper C T U W # ___Baird's Sandpiper U T # ___Pectoral Sandpiper U T # ___Dunlin Ca T # ___Stilt Sandpiper U T # ___Short-billed Dowitcher R T # ___Long-billed Dowitcher U T # ___Common Snipe C W # ___Wilson's Phalarope C T # ___Red-necked Phalarope U T # ___Red Phalarope Ca T #
GULLS AND TERNS ___Long-tailed Jaeger T * ___Franklin's Gull R T # ___Bonaparte's Gull R T # ___Heermann's Gull R T ___Ring-billed Gull U T # ___California Gull R T ___Herring Gull R T # ___Black-legged Kittiwake Ca T ___Common Tern R T # ___Forster's Tern U T # ___Least Tern T * ___Black Tern C T #
PIGEONS AND DOVES ___Rock Dove C P ___Band-tailed Pigeon Ca T ___White-winged Dove C S R W # ___Mourning Dove C P # ___Inca Dove U P ___Common Ground-Dove U P ___Ruddy Ground-Dove Ca T
CUCKOOS AND ALLIES ___Yellow-billed Cuckoo U S # ___Greater Roadrunner C P ___Groove-billed Ani Ca T
OWLS ___Common Barn-Owl U P ___Flammulated Owl T * # ___Western Screech-Owl C P ___Great Horned-Owl C P ___Elf Owl U S T # ___Burrowing Owl R P # ___Long-eared Owl U T ___Short-eared Owl R T #
GOATSUCKERS ___Lesser Nighthawk C S # ___Common Nighthawk U S # ___Common Poorwill C S # ___Whip-poor-will R T #
SWIFTS ___Black Swift T * # ___Chimney Swift Ca T # ___Vaux's Swift U T # ___White-throated Swift U P #
HUMMINGBIRDS ___Broad-billed Hummingbird U T # ___Violet-crowned Hummingbird Ca T # ___Plain-capped Starthroat T * ___Black-chinned Hummingbird C S # ___Anna's Hummingbird U P ___Costa's Hummingbird R T # ___Calliope Hummingbird U T # ___Broad-tailed Hummingbird U T # ___Rufous Hummingbird C T # ___Allen's Hummingbird R T #
TROGONS AND KINGFISHERS ___Elegant Trogon Ca T # ___Belted Kingfisher C W # ___Green Kingfisher U P
WOODPECKERS ___Lewis' Woodpecker I W ___Acorn Woodpecker R T ___Gila Woodpecker C P ___Yellow-bellied Sapsucker R T # ___Red-naped Sapsucker C T U W # ___Red-breasted Sapsucker Ca T ___Williamson's Sapsucker R W # ___Ladder-backed Woodpecker C P ___Hairy Woodpecker R T ___Northern Flicker C P
FLYCATCHERS ___Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet U S # ___Olive-sided Flycatcher U T # ___Greater Pewee R T # ___Western Wood-Pewee C S # ___Willow Flycatcher U T # ___Least Flycatcher R T # ___Hammond's Flycatcher U W # ___Dusky Flycatcher U W # ___Gray Flycatcher C W # ___Pacific-Slope Flycatcher C T # ___Buff-breasted Flycatcher T * # ___Black Phoebe C P ___Eastern Phoebe R T W # ___Say's Phoebe C P # ___Vermilion Flycatcher C S U W # ___Dusky-capped Flycatcher U S # ___Ash-throated Flycatcher C S # ___Brown-crested Flycatcher C S # ___Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Ca T # ___Tropical Kingbird Ca T # ___Cassin's Kingbird C S # ___Thick-billed Kingbird Ca T # ___Western Kingbird C S # ___Eastern Kingbird Ca T # ___Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Ca T #
BECARDS, LARKS AND SWALLOWS ___Rose-throated Becard Ca T # ___Horned Lark C P # ___Purple Martin U T # ___Tree Swallow C T # ___Violet-green Swallow C T # ___Northern Rough-winged Swallow C S # ___Bank Swallow U T # ___Cliff Swallow C S # ___Barn Swallow C S #
JAYS, CROWS AND RAVENS ___Steller's Jay I J ___Blue Jay T * ___Scrub Jay I W ___Gray-breasted Jay Ca T ___Pinyon Jay I W ___Clark's Nutcracker I W ___American Crow R T ___Chihuahuan Raven C P ___Common Raven C P
TITMICE, BUSHTITS AND WRENS ___Bridled Titmouse U W ___Verdin C P ___Bushtit C P ___Red-breasted Nuthatch R T ___White-breasted Nuthatch C P ___Pygmy Nuthatch Ca T ___Brown Creeper U W ___Cactus Wren C P ___Rock Wren C P ___Canyon Wren U P ___Bewick's Wren C P ___House Wren U W # ___Winter Wren R W ___Marsh Wren U W #
GNATCATCHERS, KINGLETS AND THRUSHES ___Golden-crowned Kinglet R W ___Ruby-crowned Kinglet C W # ___Blue-gray Gnatcatcher U T # ___Black-tailed Gnatcatcher U T ___Eastern Bluebird I W ___Western Bluebird U W # ___Mountain Bluebird U W # ___Townsend's Solitaire R W # ___Veery Ca T # ___Swainson's Thrush R W # ___Hermit Thrush U W # ___Rufous-backed Robin R T ___American Robin I W ___Varied Thrush Ca T
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS ___Gray Catbird R T # ___Northern Mockingbird C P ___Sage Thrasher U W # ___Brown Thrasher R T # ___Bendire's Thrasher U P # ___Curve-billed Thrasher C P ___Crissal Thrasher C P
SILKY FLYCATCHERS AND SHRIKES ___Phainopepla U P * ___Northern Shrike Ca T ___Loggerhead Shrike C P #
STARLINGS ___European Starling C P
VIREOS ___White-eyed Vireo Ca T # ___Bell's vireo C S # ___Gray Vireo U T # ___Solitary Vireo C T # ___Hutton's Vireo U T # ___Warbling Vireo C T # ___Philadelphia Vireo Ca T # ___Yellow-green Vireo T *
WOOD WARBLERS ___Golden-winged Warbler Ca T # ___Tennessee Warbler R T # ___Orange-crowned Warbler C T # ___Nashville Warbler C T # ___Virginia's Warbler U T # ___Lucy's Warbler C S # ___Northern Parula R T # ___Yellow Warbler C S # ___Chestnut-sided Warbler R T # ___Magnolia Warbler Ca T # ___Cape May Warbler Ca T # ___Black-throated Gray Warbler C T # ___Townsend's Warbler U T # ___Hermit Warbler U T # ___Black-throated Green Warbler Ca T # ___Grace's Warbler R T # ___Pine Warbler T * # ___Palm Warbler Ca T # ___Black and white Warbler R T # ___American Redstart R T # ___Prothonotary Warbler Ca T # ___Worm-eating Warbler Ca T # ___Ovenbird Ca T # ___Northern Waterthrush U T # ___Louisiana Waterthrush R T # ___Kentucky Warbler Ca T # ___Mourning Warbler T * # ___MacGilivray's Warbler C T # ___Common Yellowthroat C S R W # ___Hooded Warbler R T # ___Wilson's Warbler C T # ___Red-faced Warbler R T # ___Painted Redstart U T # ___Yellow-breasted Chat C S #
TANAGERS ___Hepatic Tanager R T # ___Summer Tanager C S # ___Scarlet Tanager Ca T # ___Western Tanager C T #
GROSBEAKS AND ALLIES ___Northern Cardinal C P ___Pyrrhuloxia C P ___Rose-breasted Grosbeak R T # ___Black-headed Grosbeak C T # ___Blue Grosbeak C S # ___Lazuli Bunting C T I S # ___Indigo Bunting U S # ___Varied Bunting U S # ___Painted Bunting R T # ___Dickcissel R T # ___Green-tailed Towhee C W # ___Rufous-sided Towhee I W ___Canyon Towhee C P ___Abert's Towhee C P ___Botteri's Sparrow C S # ___Cassin's Sparrow C S # ___Rufous-winged Sparrow R T ___Rufous-crowned Sparrow U P ___Chipping Sparrow C W # ___Clay-colored Sparrow R T # ___Brewer's Sparrow C W # ___Black-chinned Sparrow R T # ___Vesper Sparrow C W # ___Lark Bunting C T U W # ___Black-throated Sparrow C P ___Sage Sparrow U W # ___Savannah Sparrow C W # ___Baird's Sparrow R W # ___Grasshopper Sparrow U W # ___Fox Sparrow R W ___Song Sparrow C P ___Lincoln's Sparrow C W # ___Swamp Sparrow R W ___White-throated Sparrow R W ___Golden-crowned Sparrow R W ___White-crowned Sparrow C W # ___Harris' Sparrow R W ___Dark-eyed Junco I W ___Yellow-eyed Junco Ca T ___McCown's Longspur U W # ___Chestnut-collared Longspur U W #
BLACKBIRDS AND ALLIES ___Bobolink R T # ___Red-winged Blackbird C P # ___Eastern Meadowlark C P ___Western Meadowlark C W ___Yellow-headed Blackbird C W # ___Rusty Blackbird R T # ___Brewer's Blackbird C W # ___Great-tailed Grackle C P ___Common Grackle T * ___Bronzed Cowbird U S R W # ___Brown-headed Cowbird C P # ___Orchard Oriole R T # ___Hooded Oriole C S # ___Northern Oriole C S # ___Scott's Oriole U S #
FINCHES AND ALLIES ___Purple Finch R W ___Cassin's Finch R W # ___House Finch C P ___Red Crossbill R T ___Pine Siskin C W # ___Lesser Goldfinch C P ___Lawrence's Goldfinch I W ___American Goldfinch U W ___House Sparrow C P

This resource is based on the following source:
Bureau of Land Management, Safford District, San Pedro Riparian National 
     Conservation Area.  No date.  Birds of the San Pedro Riparian National 
     Conservation Area.  Bureau of Land Management, Safford District, San 
     Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Bureau of Land Management, Safford District, San Pedro Riparian National 
     Conservation Area.  No date.  Birds of the San Pedro Riparian National 
     Conservation Area.  Bureau of Land Management, Safford District, San 
     Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND:
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govsanpedro.htm 
     (Version 23FEB2001)

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