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Bird Checklists of the United States

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument

Mountainair, New Mexico


This checklist includes over 100 species of birds that have been reported, or are thought to occur, within Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument. The species names and the organization of this list comply with the classification of North American birds adopted by the American Ornithologists' Union in 1983.

Salinas consists of three unique units: Abo, Quarai, and Gran Quivira. The elevations are roughly from 6100 to 6600 feet above sea level. The vegetation is predominantly pinyon-juniper woodlands and associated shrubland, including various cacti. Good riparian conditions exist at Abo and Quarai.

There are virtually no historical bird records from Abo or Quarai and only a few from Gran Quivira. However, recently, with the aid of neotropical bird specialist Hart R. Schwarz and other birders, this list containing 114 species has been compiled.

The checklist is tentative pending further field work. Please report any new sightings to a park ranger.


Status
S - Summer: resident only (June-July)
W - Winter: resident (December-February)
T - Transients: spring and fall passers-by. This category also includes wanderers and vagrants in summer or winter.
Note: Species present in both summer and winter are permanent residents.

Abundance
c - common and easy to find in suitable habitat
f - fairly common and moderately easy to find
u - uncommon, but likely to be found with luck and extra effort
r - rare and usually difficult to find because distribution is sparse or local
o - occasional; the species is not encountered every year and may be absent for as long as 5 years


CORMORANTS S W T ___ Double-crested Cormorant - - o
SWANS, GEESE & DUCKS S W T ___ Mallard - r r
AMERICAN VULTURES S W T ___ Turkey Vulture f - f
KITES, EAGLES & HAWKS S W T ___ Osprey - - o ___ Northern Harrier - - r ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk - u u ___ Cooper's Hawk r u u ___ Northern Goshawk - - o ___ Swainson's Hawk - - r ___ Red-tailed Hawk f f f
CARACARAS & FALCONS S W T ___ American Kestrel f u f
PARTRIDGES, GROUSE, TURKEYS & QUAIL S W T ___ Scaled Quail r r r
PLOVERS S W T ___ Killdeer - - r
PIGEONS & DOVES S W T ___ Rock Dove r r r ___ Mourning Dove c - c
CUCKOOS, ROADRUNNERS & ANIS S W T ___ Greater Roadrunner u u u
TYPICAL OWLS S W T ___ Western Screech-Owl r r r ___ Great Horned Owl u u u ___ Northern Pygmy-Owl - - o
NIGHTHAWKS, NIGHTJARS S W T ___ Common Nighthawk f - f ___ Common Poorwill u - u
HUMMINGBIRDS S W T ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird u - u ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird - - u ___ Rufous Hummingbird - - u
WOODPECKERS S W T ___ Lewis' Woodpecker - - r ___ Acorn Woodpecker - - r ___ Red-naped Sapsucker - r u ___ Williamson's Sapsucker - r r ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker u u u ___ Hairy Woodpecker r u u ___ Northern Flicker u f f
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS S W T ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher - - u ___ Western Wood-Pewee r - f ___ Dusky Flycatcher - - u ___ Gray Flycatcher r - r ___ Black Phoebe r - r ___ Eastern Phoebe - - o ___ Say's Phoebe f - f ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher u - - ___ Cassin's Kingbird u - f ___ Western Kingbird r - u
LARKS S W T ___ Horned Lark - - r
SWALLOWS S W T ___ Violet-green Swallow f - f ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow r - r ___ Cliff Swallow c - u ___ Barn Swallow f - f
JAYS, MAGPIES & CROWS S W T ___ Western Scrub-Jay f f f ___ Pinyon Jay u f f ___ American Crow u u u ___ Common Raven f f f
TITMICE S W T ___ Mountain Chickadee - u u ___ Plain Titmouse f f f
BUSHTITS S W T ___ Bushtit f u f
NUTHATCHES S W T ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch - - r ___ White-breasted Nuthatch - - r
CREEPERS S W T ___ Brown Creeper - r r
WRENS S W T ___ Rock Wren f - f ___ Bewick's Wren f - u ___ House Wren - - f ___ Marsh Wren - - r
KINGLETS & GNATCATCHERS S W T ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet - r f ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher r - u
THRUSHES S W T ___ Western Bluebird u u u ___ Mountain Bluebird r f f ___ Townsend's Solitaire - f f ___ Hermit Thrush - - u ___ American Robin u f f
MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS S W T ___ Northern Mockingbird c - - ___ Sage Thrasher - o u
WAXWINGS S W T ___ Cedar Waxwing - r r
SILKY-FLYCATCHERS S W T ___ Phainopepla r - -
SHRIKES S W T ___ Loggerhead Shrike r r r
STARLINGS S W T ___ European Starling r r r
VIREOS S W T ___ Solitary Vireo r - u ___ Warbling Vireo - - u
WOOD-WARBLERS S W T ___ Orange-crowned Warbler - - c ___ Virginia Warbler - - u ___ Yellow Warbler - - u ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler (Myrtle) - - r ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler (Audubon's) - - f ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler - - u ___ Kentucky Warbler - - o ___ MacGillivray's Warbler - - f ___ Common Yellowthroat - - u ___ Wilson's Warbler - - c ___ Yellow-breasted Chat u - -
TANAGERS S W T ___ Western Tanager r - u
CARDINALS & GROSBEAKS S W T ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak - - o ___ Black-headed Grosbeak f - u ___ Blue Grosbeak u - u ___ Lazuli Bunting - - r
SPARROWS S W T ___ Green-tailed Towhee - - f ___ Spotted Towhee f - u ___ Canyon Towhee u u u ___ Chipping Sparrow f - f ___ Clay-colored Sparrow - - r ___ Brewer's Sparrow - - r ___ Vesper Sparrow - - r ___ Lark Sparrow u - u ___ Lark Bunting - - r ___ Song Sparrow - f f ___ Lincoln's Sparrow - - r ___ White-crowned Sparrow - r f ___ Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon) - c c ___ Dark-eyed Junco (Gray-headed) - r r
BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES S W T ___ Red-winged Blackbird u - - ___ Western Meadowlark u r u ___ Brown-headed Cowbird r - - ___ Bullock's Oriole u - u ___ Scott's Oriole o - o
FINCHES S W T ___ Cassin's Finch - o o ___ House Finch c u c ___ Pine Siskin - u f ___ Lesser Goldfinch c - f ___ Evening Grosbeak - r u
OLD WORLD SPARROWS S W T ___ House Sparrow r r r

For additional information, or to report unusual birds, please contact:
                  Superintendent
                  Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
                  P.O. Box 517
                  Mountainair, New Mexico 87036-0517
                  Telephone: 505/847-2290

This resource is based on the following source:
Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  1996.  A checklist of birds of 
     Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument.  Southwest Parks and Monument 
     Association.  Unpaginated.  
This resource should be cited as:
Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  1996.  A checklist of birds of 
     Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument.  Southwest Parks and Monument 
     Association.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife 
     Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govsalinas.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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