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Bird Checklists of the United States

Saguaro National Monument

small state map showing location

Tucson, Arizona


SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
S = Summer: Birds found in summer months.
W = Winter: Birds found in winter months.
T = Transient: Birds found during the spring and/or fall migratory periods.
P = Permanent: Birds found throughout the year.

ABUNDANCE
C = Common: Seen frequently in the Monument.
FC = Fairly Common: Less common, but still found often in the Monument.
U = Uncommon: Present, but seen infrequently in the Monument.
R = Rare: Seldom seen in the Monument.

HABITAT
Desert: Areas below 4,500 feet. (Rincon and Tucson Mountain Units, RMUD and TMUD)
Foothills: Elevations between 4,500 and 6,500 feet. (Rincon Mountain Unit, RMUF)
Mountains: Elevations above 6,500 feet. (Rincon Mountain Unit, RMUM)


Species

VULTURES, HAWKS AND FALCONS                      RMUD    RMUF    RMUM    TMUD

___ Black Vulture                                R-W     ----    ----    R-W 
___ Turkey Vulture                               FC-S    FC-S    U-S     FC-S
___ Northern Harrier                             R-W     ----    ----    U-W
___ Sharp-shinned Hawk                           U-TW    U-TW    U-TW    U-TW
___ Cooper's Hawk                                FC-P    C-P     U-P     U-TW
___ Goshawk                                      R-W     R-W     U-P     ----
___ Common Black Hawk                            R-T     U-T     R-T     ----
___ Harris' Hawk                                 R-T     R-T     ----    FC-P
___ Swainson's Hawk                              R-S     R-S     ----    ----
___ Zone-tailed Hawk                             U-T     U-S     U-S     R-T
___ Red-tailed Hawk                              C-P     C-P     C-P     C-P
___ Ferruginous Hawk                             R-W     ----    ----    ----
___ Golden Eagle                                 R-W     U-P     U-P     R-W
___ American Kestrel                             FC-P    FC-P    U-T     C-P
___ Peregrine Falcon                             R-TW    R-TW    ----    ----
___ Prairie Falcon                               U-TW    U-TW    U-P     R-TW

TURKEY AND QUAIL RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Wild Turkey ---- R-P R-P ---- ___ Montezuma Quail ---- U-P U-S ---- ___ Gambel's Quail C-P C-P ---- C-P ___ Scaled Quail ---- R-P ---- ----
SHOREBIRDS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Killdeer ---- ---- ---- R-W ___ Spotted Sandpiper ---- ---- R-T ----
PIGEONS AND DOVES RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Rock Dove R-T ---- ---- R-T ___ Band-tailed Pigeon ---- FC-TS FC-TS ---- ___ White-winged Dove C-S C-S ---- C-S ___ Mourning Dove C-P C-P ---- C-P ___ Inca Dove U-P ---- ---- U-P ___ Common Ground-Dove R-P ---- ---- R-P
CUCKOOS AND ROADRUNNERS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Greater Roadrunner FC-P FC-P ---- FC-P ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo R-T R-T ---- R-T
OWLS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Barn Owl U-P ---- ---- FC-P ___ Flammulated Owl ---- U-S U-S ---- ___ Western Screech-Owl C-P C-P ---- C-P ___ Whiskered Screech-Owl ---- C-P FC-P ---- ___ Great Horned Owl FC-P FC-P U-P FC-P ___ Long Eared Owl R-W R-W R-W ---- ___ Northern Pygmy-Owl ---- U-P FC-P ---- ___ Elf Owl C-S FC-S ---- C-S ___ Burr owing Owl R-T ---- ---- R-T ___ Spotted Owl ---- ---- U-P ----
GOATSUCKERS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Lesser Nighthawk FC-S FC-S ---- FC-S ___ Common Poorwill C-S C-S ---- C-S ___ Whip-poor-will ---- ---- C-S ----
SWIFTS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Vaux's Swift R-T R-T R-T R-T ___ White-throated Swift FC-S/ C-S/ C-S/ R-S/ R-W FC-W FC-W FC-W
HUMMINGBIRDS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Broad-billed Hummingbird U-S U-S ---- ---- ___ Magnificent Hummingbird ---- ---- U-S ---- ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird FC-S FC-S ---- U-S ___ Anna's Hummingbird U-W ---- ---- U-W ___ Costa's Hummingbird U-S ---- ---- C-P ___ Calliope Hummingbird ---- ---- ---- R-T ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird U-T FC-T C-S ---- ___ Rufous Hummingbird ---- R-T C-T/ ---- (Fall)
KINGFISHERS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Belted Kingfisher R-T R-T ---- ----
WOODPECKERS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Acorn Woodpecker ---- C-P C-P ---- ___ Gila Woodpecker C-P C-P ---- C-P ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker R-W U-W C-W R-W ___ Williamson's Sapsucker ---- R-W R-W ---- ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker C-P C-P ---- C-P ___ Hairy Woodpecker ---- ---- FC-P ---- ___ Strickland's Woodpecker ---- FC-P FC-P ---- ___ Northern Flicker Red-shafted Race C-W C-P C-P FC-W Gilded Race C-P C-P ---- C-P
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Northern Beardless Tyranulet ---- U-S ---- ---- ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher R-T R-T R-T R-T ___ Greater Pewee ---- ---- C-S ---- ___ Western Wood Pewee FC-T FC-T C-S FC-T ___ Willow Flycatcher FC-T FC-T ---- U-T ___ Hammond's Flycatcher FC-T FC-T FC-T U-T ___ Dusky Flycatcher FC-T FC-T C-T U-T ___ Gray Flycatcher C-T C-T ---- FC-T ___ Western Flycatcher C-T C-T C-S FC-T ___ Black Phoebe U-P U-P ---- ---- ___ Say's Phoebe FC-S FC-S ---- FC-S ___ Vermilion Flycatcher U-S ---- ---- ---- ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher C-S C-S ---- C-S ___ Brown-crested Flycatcher C-S C-S ---- C-S ___ Western Kingbird FC-S ---- ---- U-S ___ Cassin's Kingbird U-S FC-S FC-S ----
SWALLOWS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Purple Martin FC-S U-S ---- FC-S ___ Tree Swallow FC-T ---- ---- FC-T ___ Violet-green Swallow FC-T FC-S C-S R-S ___ N. Rough-winged Swallow R-T ---- ---- ---- ___ Cliff Swallow FC-T FC-T U-T ---- ___ Barn Swallow ---- ---- ---- R-T
JAYS AND CROWS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Steller's Jay R-W U-W C-P R-W ___ Scrub Jay R-W U-P U-P R-W ___ Gray-breasted Jay ---- C-P C-P ---- ___ Clark's Nutcracker ---- R-W R-W ---- ___ Common Raven U-P FC-P FC-P U-P
CHICKADEES, TITMICE AND BUSHTITS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Mountain Chickadee ---- ---- C-P ---- ___ Bridled Titmouse ---- C-P ---- ---- ___ Verdin C-P C-P ---- C-P ___ Bushtit ---- C-P FC-P ----
NUTHATCHES RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch U-W U-W FC-P ---- ___ White-breasted Nuthatch ---- C-P C-P ---- ___ Pygmy Nuthatch ---- ---- C-P ----
CREEPERS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Brown Creeper R-W R-T C-P ----
WRENS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Cactus Wren C-P U-T ---- C-P ___ Rock Wren C-P C-P ---- FC-P ___ Canyon Wren FC-P C-P U-P FC-P ___ Bewick's Wren FC-W FC-P ---- U-W ___ House Wren C-W C-W C-S U-W
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Northern Mockingbird C-P U-P ---- FC-P ___ Sage Thrasher R-W ---- ---- R-W ___ Bendire's Thrasher U-P ---- ---- U-P ___ Curve-billed Thrasher C-P C-P ---- C-P ___ Crissal Thrasher U-P U-P ---- U-P
GNATCATCHERS AND KINGLETS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet C-W C-W C-W C-W ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher FC-W C-P ---- U-W ___ Black-tailed Gnatcatcher C-P ---- ---- C-P ___ Western Bluebird U-W FC-P FC-P U-W ___ Mountain Bluebird R-W U-W ---- U-W ___ Townsend's Solitaire R-T C-W U-W R-W ___ Hermit Thrush U-W FC-W C-P U-T ___ American Robin U-T C-P C-P U-T
WAXWINGS AND SILKY FLYCATCHERS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Cedar Waxwing R-T U-W U-W R-T ___ Phainopepla C-P FC-W/ ---- C-P U-S
SHRIKES RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Loggerhead Shrike U-P U-P ---- U-P
STARLINGS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ European Starling R-P ---- ---- R-P
VIREOS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Bell's Vireo FC-S ---- ---- U-S ___ Gray Vireo R-T R-S ---- R-T ___ Solitary Vireo FC-T FC-T C-S U-T ___ Hutton's Vireo U-W C-P FC-P ---- ___ Warbling Vireo C-T C-T FC-S C-T
WOOD WARBLERS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Orange-crowned Warbler C-T C-T U-T FC-T ___ Nashville Warbler FC-T FC-T U-T FC-T ___ Virginia's Warbler U-T FC-S ---- R-T ___ Lucy's Warbler C-S ---- ---- U-S ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler C-W C-W C-S FC-W ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler U-T C-S/ FC-S FC-T R-W ___ Townsend's Warbler U-T U-T C-T U-T ___ Hermit Warbler R-T U-T C-T R-T ___ Grace's Warbler ---- ---- C-S ---- ___ MacGillivray's Warbler FC-T FC-T ---- FC-T ___ Wison's Warbler C-T C-T C-T C-T ___ Red-faced Warbler ---- U-T FC-S ---- ___ Painted Redstart ---- C-S C-S ---- ___ Yellow-breasted Chat U-T R-T ---- ---- ___ Olive Warbler ---- R-W FC-P ----
TANAGERS ___ Hepatic Tanager ---- FC-S FC-S ---- ___ Summer Tanager R-S ---- ---- ---- ___ Western Tanager C-T C-T C-S FC-T
WEAVER FINCHES RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ House Sparrow U-P ---- ---- U-P
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS AND BUNTINGS RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Northern Cardinal C-P C-P ---- FC-P ___ Pyrrhuloxia FC-P FC-P ---- FC-P ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak ---- R-T ---- R-T ___ Black-headed Grosbeak C-T C-S FC-S FC-T ___ Lazuli Bunting C-T C-T ---- FC-T ___ Varied Bunting ---- ---- ---- R-S
TOWHEES RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Green-tailed Towhee U-W/ U-W/ ---- FC-T C-T C-T ___ Rufous-sided Towhee R-W C-P FC-P R-W ___ Brown Towhee C-P C-P ---- C-P ___ Abert's Towhee R-P ---- ---- ----
SPARROWS, BLACKBIRDS AND FINCHES RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Cassin's Sparrow U-S ---- ---- R-S ___ Rufous-winged Sparrow U-P ---- ---- U-P ___ Rufous-crowned Sparrow FC-P C-P ---- U-P ___ Chipping Sparrow C-W C-W C-W U-T ___ Brewer's Sparrow C-W C-W ---- C-W ___ Black-chinned Sparrow U-P FC-W ---- U-W ___ Vesper Sparrow C-W ---- ---- U-W ___ Lark Sparrow U-T U-T ---- U-T ___ Black-throated Sparrow C-P C-P ---- C-P ___ Sage Sparrow R-W ---- ---- U-W ___ Lark Bunting U-W ---- ---- U-W ___ Fox Sparrow R-W R-W ---- ---- ___ Song Sparrow U-W U-W ---- ---- ___ Lincoln's Sparrow FC-W FC-W ---- U-W ___ White-throated Sparrow R-W ---- ---- U-W ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow R-W ---- ---- ---- ___ White-crowned Sparrow C-W C-W U-W U-W ___ Dark-eyed Junco Oregon Races FC-W C-W C-W U-W Gray-headed Race FC-W C-W C-W U-W ___ Yellow-eyed Junco ---- ---- C-P ---- ___ Red-winged Blackbird R-W ---- ---- R-W ___ Brewer's Blackbird R-W ---- ---- R-W ___ Bronzed Cowbird U-S U-S ---- U-S ___ Brown-headed Cowbird C-S C-S ---- C-S ___ Hooded Oriole C-S C-S ---- FC-S ___ Northern Oriole C-T FC-S ---- FC-T ___ Scott's Oriole ---- C-S ---- U-T
FINCHES AND ALLIES RMUD RMUF RMUM TMUD ___ Cassin's Finch ---- R-W U-W ---- ___ House Finch C-P C-P ---- C-P ___ Red Crossbill ---- ---- FC-TW ---- ___ Pine Siskin U-W U-W R-S R-W ___ Lesser Goldfinch FC-P C-P R-T U-W ___ Lawrence's Goldfinch U-W ---- ---- ---- ___ Evening Grosbeak R-T R-T U-S ----
The following species are accidental or hypothetical within the monument:
    Canada Goose
    Merlin
    Common Snipe
    Short-eared Owl
    Saw-whet Owl
    Lewis' Woodpecker
    Horned Lark
    Pinyon Jay
    Eastern Bluebird
    Eastern Meadowlark
    Western Meadowlark
    Yellow-headed Blackbird
    American Goldfinch
    Savannah Sparrow

This resource is based on the following source:
______, Gale Monson, and E. Lynnwood Smith. 1985. A Checklist of the Birds of
     Saguaro National Monument. Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  
     Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
______, Gale Monson, and E. Lynnwood Smith. 1985. A Checklist of the Birds of
     Saguaro National Monument. Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  
     Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govSaguaro.htm 
     (Version 18JUL00).

Southwest Parks and Monuments Association was founded in 1938 to aid and promote the educational and scientific activities of the National Park Service. As a nonprofit organization authorized by Congress, it makes interpretive material available to park visitors by sale or free distribution. All net proceeds support the interpretive and research programs of the National Park Service.
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