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Bird Checklists of the United States

Southeastern Oklahoma

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Oklahoma


This checklist, compiled by William A. Carter, includes birds recorded from the oak-pine forests of the Ouachita Mountains and the region just to their south known as the Coastal Plain - along the Red River from Bryan County eastward. Counties represented in this list include Haskell, Pittsburg, Latimer, LeFlore, Atoka, Pushmataha, McCurtain, Choctaw and Bryan. Documentation of nesting records is needed for most counties. Also, an additional 35 species, not on this list, are known from the area based on single sight records. Documented sightings of uncommon or rare species as well as nesting records should be submitted to your local bird club and/or Recorder, Oklahoma Ornithological Society.


SEASON DESIGNATIONS

Sp - March, April, May
S - June, July, August
F - September, October, November
W - December, January, February
* - Known to nest in area

USUAL HABITAT DISTRIBUTION

a - forest and woodland areas (includes both b & c)
b - upland oak-pine forest
c - bottomland and riparian forest
d - lakes, ponds, open stream areas
e - swamps, oxbow lakes
f - marsh: cattail and rush
g - open shore line, sand bars
h - old fields: second growth brushy areas with some open grassland
i - open grassland or fields (includes shorebirds and waders when flooded)
j - urban areas, golf courses, cemeteries, and around farm buildings

RELATIVE ABUNDANCE

c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat, often in numbers
u - uncommon: present in suitable habitat, usually in small numbers
r - rare: seldom seen even in suitable habitat
e - erratic: not present every year; fluctuates in occurrence and numbers


GAVIIDAE - LOONS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Common Loon d - - - r
PODICIPEDIDAE - GREBES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* de u r u u ___ Horned Grebe d - - - u ___ Eared Grebe d - - - r
PELECANIDAE - PELICANS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican d r - r -
PHALACROCORACIDAE - CORMORANTS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant de u r u r
ANHINGIDAE - ANHINGA HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Anhinga* de e e - -
ARDEIDAE - HERONS & ALLIES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ American Bittern efg u r u - ___ Least Bittern ef u r u - ___ Great Blue Heron* efg u u u u ___ Great Egret* efg u u u - ___ Snowy Egret* efg u u u - ___ Little Blue Heron* efg u u u - ___ Tricolored Heron eg - r - - ___ Cattle Egret* egi u u u - ___ Green Heron* efg u u u - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron cefg r r r - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron cefg u u u -
THRESKIORNITHIDAE - IBISES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ White Ibis efgi r r - - ___ White-faced Ibis efgi - r - -
CICONIIDAE - WOOD STORK HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Wood Stork efg - r - -
ANATIDAE - WATERFOWL HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Greater White-fronted Goose di r - r - ___ Snow Goose di u - u - ___ Canada Goose di u r u - ___ Wood Duck* cde u u u u ___ Green-winged Teal def u - u r ___ Mallard def u - u u ___ Northern Pintail def u - u u ___ Blue-winged Teal def u - u r ___ Northern Shoveler def u - u u ___ Gadwall def u - u u ___ American Wigeon def u - u u ___ Canvasback de r - r r ___ Redhead de r - r r ___ Ring-necked Duck de r - r r ___ Lesser Scaup de u - u u ___ Common Goldeneye de r - r r ___ Bufflehead de r - r r ___ Hooded Merganser de u - u r ___ Common Merganser de r - r r ___ Red-breasted Merganser de e - e e ___ Ruddy Duck de r - r r
CATHARTIDAE - VULTURES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture* ahi u u u u ___ Turkey Vulture* ahi c c c c
ACCIPITRIDAE - OSPREY, KITES, EAGLES & HAWKS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Osprey d r - r - ___ Mississippi Kite ahi r e r - ___ Bald Eagle ad r e r u ___ Northern Harrier ghi u u u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk ah u - u u ___ Cooper's Hawk a r - r r ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* ah c c c c ___ Broad-winged Hawk* ah u u u - ___ Swainson's Hawk i e - e - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* ahi c c c c ___ Harlan's Hawk ahi r - r r ___ Golden Eagle ad - - - r
FALCONIDAE - FALCONS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel* ah u u u u ___ Merlin ah r - r r ___ Peregrine Falcon a r - r r
PHASIANIDAE - TURKEYS & QUAIL HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Wild Turkey* ah u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite* hi c c c c
RALLIDAE - RAILS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Sora ef u - u r ___ Purple Gallinule ef r r - - ___ Common Moorhen ef r r - - ___ American Coot def u - u u
CHARADRIIDAE - PLOVERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover gi r - r - ___ American Golden-Plover gi r - r - ___ Semipalmated Plover gi u - u - ___ Killdeer* gi c c c c
SCOLOPACIDAE - SANDPIPERS & ALLIES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs gi u - u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs gi u - u - ___ Solitary Sandpiper gi u - u - ___ Willet gi r - r - ___ Spotted Sandpiper gi u - u - ___ Upland Sandpiper gi u - u - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper gi u - u - ___ Least Sandpiper gi u - u - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper gi u - u - ___ Baird's Sandpiper gi u - u - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper gi u - u - ___ Stilt Sandpiper gi u - u - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher gi u - u - ___ Common Snipe gi u - u r ___ American Woodcock* ch u u u r ___ Wilson's Phalarope dgi u - u -
LARIDAE - GULLS & TERNS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull di u - u u ___ Ring-billed Gull d u - u u ___ Forster's Tern d r - r - ___ Least Tern d r - r - ___ Black Tern d r - r -
COLUMBIDAE - DOVES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove* j u u u u ___ Mourning Dove* ahij c c c c
CUCULIDAE - CUCKOOS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Cuckoo ah r - r - ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* ahj u u u - ___ Greater Roadrunner* bhi r r r -
STRIGIDAE - TYPICAL OWLS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* ahj c c c c ___ Great Horned Owl* ahj c c c c ___ Barred Owl* ah c c c c
CAPRIMULGIDAE - CAPRIMULGIDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* hij u c u - ___ Chuck-will's-widow* ahij c c c - ___ Whip-poor-will ah r r r -
APODIDAE - SWIFTS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* ahij c c c -
TROCHILIDAE - HUMMINGBIRDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* ahij c c c -
ALCEDINIDAE - KINGFISHERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* de c c c c
PICIDAE - WOODPECKERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* aj c c c c ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* ahj c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker aj c - c c ___ Downy Woodpecker* ahj c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* a u u u u ___ Red-cockaded Woodpecker* b r r r r ___ Northern Flicker* (yellow-) ahj c c c c ___ Northern Flicker (red-shafted) ahj r - r u ___ Pileated Woodpecker* aj u u u u
TYRANNIDAE - FLYCATCHERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher a u - u - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* ah c c c - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher a r - r - ___ Acadian Flycatcher* c u u u - ___ Alder/Willow Flycatcher c r - r - ___ Least Flycatcher ah c - c - ___ Eastern Phoebe* ahj c c c r ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* a c c c - ___ Eastern Kingbird* bhj c c c - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher* hij c c u -
ALAUDIDAE - LARKS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* i u u u u
HIRUNDINIDAE - SWALLOWS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* ij c c u - ___ Tree Swallow gij u - u - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* gij u u u - ___ Bank Swallow gij u - u - ___ Cliff Swallow* gij u - u - ___ Barn Swallow* gij c c c -
CORVIDAE - JAYS & CROWS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* ahij c c c c ___ American Crow* ahij c c c c ___ Fish Crow* ce r r r -
PARIDAE - CHICKADEES & TITMICE HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* ahij c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* ahij c c c c
SITTIDAE - NUTHATCHES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch b u - u u ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* ahj c c c c ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch* b r r r r
CERTHIIDAE - CREEPERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper aj u - u u
TROGLODYTIDAE - WRENS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* cj c c c c ___ Bewick's Wren* ahj c c c c ___ House Wren ahj u - u r ___ Winter Wren c r - r r ___ Sedge Wren fh u - u - ___ Marsh Wren fh u - u -
MUSCICAPIDAE - KINGLETS, GNATCATCHERS & THRUSHES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet ahj u - u u ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet ahj c - c c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* ahj u c u - ___ Eastern Bluebird* ahj c c c c ___ Veery a r - r - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush a u - u - ___ Swainson's Thrush a c - c - ___ Hermit Thrush a u - u u ___ Wood Thrush* c u u u - ___ American Robin* ahj c c c c
MIMIDAE - MIMIDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird* chj u u u - ___ Northern Mockingbird* ahj c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher* ahj u u u u
MOTACILLIDAE - PIPITS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ American Pipit gi u - u r ___ Sprague's Pipit gi u - u r
BOMBYCILLIDAE - WAXWINGS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing ahj c - c c
LANIIDAE - SHRIKES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* bhij u u u u
STURNIDAE - STARLINGS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ European Starling* ij c c c c
VIREONIDAE - VIREOS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* ch u u u - ___ Bell's Vireo* h u u u - ___ Solitary Vireo a u - u - ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* a u u u - ___ Warbling Vireo* ahj c c c - ___ Philadelphia Vireo a r - r - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* aj c c c -
EMBERIZIDAE: PARULINAE - WARBLERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Tennessee Warbler ahj c - u - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler ahj c - u u ___ Nashville Warbler ahj c - c - ___ Northern Parula* a u u u - ___ Yellow Warbler* ahj c r u - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler ahj u - r - ___ Magnolia Warbler ahj u - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler (Myrtle) ahj c - c c ___ Black-throated Green Warbler ahj u - u - ___ Blackburnian Warbler ahj r - r - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler* ahj u u r - ___ Pine Warbler* b c c c c ___ Prairie Warbler* ahj u u r - ___ Blackpoll Warbler ahj r - r - ___ Cerulean Warbler* ahj r r e - ___ Black-and-white Warbler* ahj c c c - ___ American Redstart* ahj u u u - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* ce u u u - ___ Worm-eating Warbler* ce r r r - ___ Swainson's Warbler* ce r r r - ___ Ovenbird* ce u u u - ___ Northern Waterthrush ce u - r - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush* ce c c c - ___ Kentucky Warbler* ceh c c c - ___ Mourning Warbler ahj r - r - ___ Common Yellowthroat* cefh c c c - ___ Hooded Warbler* ceh u u r - ___ Wilson's Warbler cef u - u - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* ahj c c u -
EMBERIZIDAE: THRAUPINAE - TANAGERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager* ahj c c c - ___ Scarlet Tanager* a u u r -
EMBERIZIDAE: CARDINALINAE - CARDINALS & ALLIES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* ahj c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak ahj u - u - ___ Blue Grosbeak* ahj c c c - ___ Indigo Bunting* ahj c c c - ___ Painted Bunting* ahj c c c - ___ Dickcissel* hi u u u -
EMBERIZIDAE: EMBERIZINAE - SPARROWS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee ahj c - c c ___ Bachman's Sparrow* h r r r r ___ Rufous-crowned Sparrow* bh r r r r ___ American Tree Sparrow ahj r - r r ___ Chipping Sparrow* ahj c u c u ___ Clay-colored Sparrow hi r - r - ___ Field Sparrow* hi c c c c ___ Vesper Sparrow hi u - u u ___ Lark Sparrow* hi c c u e ___ Savannah Sparrow hi u - u u ___ Grasshopper Sparrow* hi u u u - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow hi u - u u ___ Fox Sparrow aehi u - u u ___ Song Sparrow aehi c - c c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow aehi c - c c ___ Swamp Sparrow cefh u - u u ___ White-throated Sparrow ahj c - c c ___ White-crowned Sparrow ahj u - u u ___ Harris' Sparrow ahj u - u u ___ Dark-eyed Junco ahij c - c c
EMBERIZIDAE: ICTERINAE - BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Red-winged Blackbird* fghi c c c c ___ Eastern Meadowlark* hij c c c c ___ Rusty Blackbird cehij u - u u ___ Brewer's Blackbird hij e - e e ___ Great-tailed Grackle* hij u u u u ___ Common Grackle* hij c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* ahij c c c c ___ Orchard Oriole* ahij c c u - ___ Baltimore Oriole* ahij u u u -
FRINGILLIDAE - FRINGILLIDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch ahj c - u c ___ Red Crossbill ahj e - e e ___ Pine Siskin ahij e - e e ___ American Goldfinch* ahij c c c c ___ Evening Grosbeak ahj e - e e
PASSERIDAE - WEAVER FINCHES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* j c c c c

For further information contact:
                 Oklahoma Nongame Wildlife Program
                 Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation
                 1801 North Lincoln Blvd.
                 Oklahoma City, OK 73105
                 Telephone: 405/521-4619
This resource is based on the following source:
Carter, W.A.  1985.  Birds of Southeastern Oklahoma.  Oklahoma Department of 
     Wildlife Conservation.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Carter, W.A.  1985.  Birds of Southeastern Oklahoma.  Oklahoma Department of 
     Wildlife Conservation.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie 
     Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govokse.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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