Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Habitat is not listed for birds occurring throughout the monument.
B - Bottom of major canyons have permanent water flowing in sandy washes
flanked by terraces of desert shrub (sage and rabbit brush).
H - Heads of canyons are moist woodlands (aspen, douglas-fir, oak, box elder).
S - Slopes and cliffs are rocky and arid with only a few, well-adapted bird species.
PJ - Pinyon and juniper dominate the mesa tops. Bird diversity is low but several habitat - specific birds live here.
A - Air, generally seen flying.
Spring March-May; migration
Summer May-August; breeding
Fall August-October; migration
A - Abundant; many present at right place and time.
C - Common; present at right place and time.
U - Uncommon; usually present in varying numbers at right place and time.
O - Occasional; occasionally, but usually not, present even in the right time and place.
R - Rare; almost never present.
Acc - Accidental; seen only once.
Hyp - Hypothetical; not enough evidence to substantiate sighting. May or may not occur here.
His - Historical; not seen in over 40 years. Arroyo cutting has turned the canyon bottoms from pond and marshes to arid scrubland in the last 50 years.
WATERFOWL Sp Su F W Hab ___ Canada Goose His B ___ Mallard Duck R B ___ Green-winged Teal His B
VULTURES and HAWKS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Turkey Vulture C A U A ___ Goshawk O His ___ Cooper's Hawk U U O H ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk U U U H ___ Red-tailed Hawk U U U U A ___ Ferruginous Hawk R A ___ Swainson's Hawk O O O A ___ Golden Eagle R R R R A ___ Prairie Falcon R O O R A ___ Peregrine Falcon O A ___ Merlin O A ___ American Kestrel U C U O
SHOREBIRDS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Gambel's Quail Hyp Hyp Hyp Hyp ___ Black-crowned Night Heron Acc ___ Killdeer R R O B ___ Solitary Sandpiper R His R B ___ Spotted Sandpiper R O R B ___ Least Sandpiper His B ___ Ring-billed Gull R R
PIGEONS and DOVES Sp Su F W Hab ___ Band-tailed Pigeon O O H ___ Rock Dove Hyp Hyp Hyp Hyp ___ Mourning Dove C A U R ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo U
OWLS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Screech Owl U U U U ___ Great Horned Owl U U U U ___ Long-eared Owl O O O O ___ Spotted Owl O O O O H ___ Saw-whet Owl R R R H ___ Flammulated Owl U U U ___ Pygmy Owl O O O O
GOATSUCKERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Poor-will U C U A ___ Common Nighthawk C A ___ Lesser Nighthawk O A
SWIFTS and HUMMINGBIRDS Sp Su F W Hab ___ White-throated Swift C A O A ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird C A U ___ Callipoe Hummingbird R O ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird O C O ___ Rufous Hummingbird R C
KINGFISHERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Belted Kingfisher Acc
WOODPECKERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Common Flicker C C C U ___ Lewis' Woodpecker R O R H ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker U U R H ___ Williamson's Sapsucker U U R H ___ Hairy Woodpecker C C C U ___ Downy Woodpecker U O U O
KINGBIRDS and FLYCATCHERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Western Kingbird O U O B ___ Cassin's Kingbird U B ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher C C O ___ Black Phoebe O O B ___ Say's Phoebe C C O ___ Willow Flycatcher U U O ___ Hammond's Flycatcher U U U PJ ___ Dusky Flycatcher O U O ___ Gray Flycatcher C C PJ ___ Western Flycatcher O C O H ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher U O U H ___ Western Wood Pewee O U O
SWALLOWS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Barn Swallow R O A ___ Cliff Swallow R A ___ Violet-green Swallow C A O A ___ Tree Swallow O A ___ Rough-winged Swallow R O A
JAYS and CROWS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Stellar's Jay O O U O H ___ Scrub Jay C A C U ___ Pinyon Jay U C U U PJ ___ Black-billed Magpie R R R R ___ Clark's Nutcracker R R R R H ___ Common Raven C C C C ___ Common Crow U O U R
CHICKADEES, TITMICE, and BUSHTITS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Black-capped Chickadee Acc Hyp H ___ Mountain Chickadee C C C C H,PJ ___ Plain Titmouse C C C C PJ ___ Common Bushtit C C C U PJ ___ Dipper R B ___ White-breasted Nuthatch U C U U H,PJ ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch O O U O H ___ Pygmy Nuthatch O O O O H ___ Brown Creeper O R U U H,PJ
WRENS Sp Su F W Hab ___ House Wren O U O H ___ Bewick's Wren U C U R PJ ___ Canyon Wren C A C U S ___ Rock Wren C A U O S
MOCKINGBIRDS and THRASHERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Mockingbird O PJ ___ Sage Thrasher O O ___ Bendire's Thrasher Acc
THRUSHES Sp Su F W Hab ___ American Robin C C U R H,PJ ___ Townsend's Solitaire O O O R H,PJ ___ Hermit Thrush C C U H ___ Swainson's Thrush U U H ___ Western Bluebird U U C R H,PJ ___ Mountain Bluebird U U U R PJ
GNATCATCHERS and KINGLETS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher U C O ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet O O U H,PJ ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet U R U
WARBLERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Black and White Warbler Hyp ___ Orange-crowned Warbler U R U ___ Virginia's Warbler C C U H,B ___ Yellow Warbler U O U H ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler C O U ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler C C O PJ ___ Common Yellowthroat Hyp Hyp Hyp B,H ___ Yellow-breasted Chat Hyp Hyp Hyp B,H ___ MacGillivray's Warbler U U U H ___ Wilson's Warbler U R U
BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES, MEADOWLARKS Sp Su F W Hab ___ House Sparrow O O O O ___ Western Meadowlark R R R R ___ Red-winged Blackbird O O O ___ Brewer's Blackbird O U O ___ Brown-headed Cowbird O U O ___ Northern Oriole O U O H
GROSBEAKS, TANAGERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Western Tanager O C U H ___ Common Grosbeak (black headed) U C U H ___ Common Grosbeak (rose breast) Acc ___ Evening Grosbeak O O O O ___ Blue Grosbeak R B
TOWHEES, FINCHES Sp Su F W Hab ___ Common Bunting O O O ___ Purple Finch Hyp ___ Cassin's Finch U O U U ___ House Finch U C U U ___ Black Rosy Finch Acc ___ Pine Grosbeak R ___ American Goldfinch U O U U ___ Lesser Goldfinch U U O ___ Red Crossbill R R R R PJ ___ Green-tailed Towhee O O U ___ Rufous-sided Towhee C A C O H ___ Brown Towhee O O
SPARROWS, JUNCOS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Savannah Sparrow O O O ___ Vesper Sparrow O O O ___ Lark Sparrow U U U PJ ___ Black-throated Sparrow O O O B,S ___ Sage Sparrow O O O O B ___ Gray Headed Junco C O U U H,PJ ___ Chippin Sparrow C A C R PJ ___ Brewer's Sparrow O U O B ___ White-crowned Sparrow U R C O ___ Fox Sparrow U U O ___ Lincoln's Sparrow O O O ___ Song Sparrow O O O H
United States Department of the Interior National Park Service Navajo National Monument HC 71, Box 3 Tonalea, AZ 86044This resource is based on the following source:
Southwest Parks and Monuments Association. 1984. Birds of Navajo National Monument, Tonalea, Arizona. Southwest Parks and Monuments Association. Unpaginated.This resource should be cited as:
Southwest Parks and Monuments Association. 1984. Birds of Navajo National Monument, Tonalea, Arizona. Southwest Parks and Monuments Association. Unpaginated. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. http://www.npwrc.usgs.govnavajo.htm (Version 02DEC99)