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Bird Checklists of the United States

The Birds of Navajo National Monument

small state map showing location

Tonalea, Arizona


KEYS TO CHECKLIST

Habitat

Habitat is not listed for birds occurring throughout the monument.

B - Bottom of major canyons have permanent water flowing in sandy washes flanked by terraces of desert shrub (sage and rabbit brush).
H - Heads of canyons are moist woodlands (aspen, douglas-fir, oak, box elder).
S - Slopes and cliffs are rocky and arid with only a few, well-adapted bird species.
PJ - Pinyon and juniper dominate the mesa tops. Bird diversity is low but several habitat - specific birds live here.
A - Air, generally seen flying.

Seasonal Abundance

Spring — March-May; migration
Summer — May-August; breeding
Fall — August-October; migration
Winter — November-March

A - Abundant; many present at right place and time.
C - Common; present at right place and time.
U - Uncommon; usually present in varying numbers at right place and time.
O - Occasional; occasionally, but usually not, present even in the right time and place.
R - Rare; almost never present.
Acc - Accidental; seen only once.
Hyp - Hypothetical; not enough evidence to substantiate sighting. May or may not occur here.
His - Historical; not seen in over 40 years. Arroyo cutting has turned the canyon bottoms from pond and marshes to arid scrubland in the last 50 years.


WATERFOWL
                                       Sp   Su   F   W   Hab
___ Canada Goose                                His       B
___ Mallard Duck                                 R        B
___ Green-winged Teal                           His       B

VULTURES and HAWKS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Turkey Vulture C A U A ___ Goshawk O His ___ Cooper's Hawk U U O H ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk U U U H ___ Red-tailed Hawk U U U U A ___ Ferruginous Hawk R A ___ Swainson's Hawk O O O A ___ Golden Eagle R R R R A ___ Prairie Falcon R O O R A ___ Peregrine Falcon O A ___ Merlin O A ___ American Kestrel U C U O
SHOREBIRDS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Gambel's Quail Hyp Hyp Hyp Hyp ___ Black-crowned Night Heron Acc ___ Killdeer R R O B ___ Solitary Sandpiper R His R B ___ Spotted Sandpiper R O R B ___ Least Sandpiper His B ___ Ring-billed Gull R R
PIGEONS and DOVES Sp Su F W Hab ___ Band-tailed Pigeon O O H ___ Rock Dove Hyp Hyp Hyp Hyp ___ Mourning Dove C A U R ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo U
OWLS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Screech Owl U U U U ___ Great Horned Owl U U U U ___ Long-eared Owl O O O O ___ Spotted Owl O O O O H ___ Saw-whet Owl R R R H ___ Flammulated Owl U U U ___ Pygmy Owl O O O O
GOATSUCKERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Poor-will U C U A ___ Common Nighthawk C A ___ Lesser Nighthawk O A
SWIFTS and HUMMINGBIRDS Sp Su F W Hab ___ White-throated Swift C A O A ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird C A U ___ Callipoe Hummingbird R O ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird O C O ___ Rufous Hummingbird R C
KINGFISHERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Belted Kingfisher Acc
WOODPECKERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Common Flicker C C C U ___ Lewis' Woodpecker R O R H ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker U U R H ___ Williamson's Sapsucker U U R H ___ Hairy Woodpecker C C C U ___ Downy Woodpecker U O U O
KINGBIRDS and FLYCATCHERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Western Kingbird O U O B ___ Cassin's Kingbird U B ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher C C O ___ Black Phoebe O O B ___ Say's Phoebe C C O ___ Willow Flycatcher U U O ___ Hammond's Flycatcher U U U PJ ___ Dusky Flycatcher O U O ___ Gray Flycatcher C C PJ ___ Western Flycatcher O C O H ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher U O U H ___ Western Wood Pewee O U O
SWALLOWS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Barn Swallow R O A ___ Cliff Swallow R A ___ Violet-green Swallow C A O A ___ Tree Swallow O A ___ Rough-winged Swallow R O A
JAYS and CROWS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Stellar's Jay O O U O H ___ Scrub Jay C A C U ___ Pinyon Jay U C U U PJ ___ Black-billed Magpie R R R R ___ Clark's Nutcracker R R R R H ___ Common Raven C C C C ___ Common Crow U O U R
CHICKADEES, TITMICE, and BUSHTITS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Black-capped Chickadee Acc Hyp H ___ Mountain Chickadee C C C C H,PJ ___ Plain Titmouse C C C C PJ ___ Common Bushtit C C C U PJ ___ Dipper R B ___ White-breasted Nuthatch U C U U H,PJ ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch O O U O H ___ Pygmy Nuthatch O O O O H ___ Brown Creeper O R U U H,PJ
WRENS Sp Su F W Hab ___ House Wren O U O H ___ Bewick's Wren U C U R PJ ___ Canyon Wren C A C U S ___ Rock Wren C A U O S
MOCKINGBIRDS and THRASHERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Mockingbird O PJ ___ Sage Thrasher O O ___ Bendire's Thrasher Acc
THRUSHES Sp Su F W Hab ___ American Robin C C U R H,PJ ___ Townsend's Solitaire O O O R H,PJ ___ Hermit Thrush C C U H ___ Swainson's Thrush U U H ___ Western Bluebird U U C R H,PJ ___ Mountain Bluebird U U U R PJ
GNATCATCHERS and KINGLETS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher U C O ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet O O U H,PJ ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet U R U
WARBLERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Black and White Warbler Hyp ___ Orange-crowned Warbler U R U ___ Virginia's Warbler C C U H,B ___ Yellow Warbler U O U H ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler C O U ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler C C O PJ ___ Common Yellowthroat Hyp Hyp Hyp B,H ___ Yellow-breasted Chat Hyp Hyp Hyp B,H ___ MacGillivray's Warbler U U U H ___ Wilson's Warbler U R U
BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES, MEADOWLARKS Sp Su F W Hab ___ House Sparrow O O O O ___ Western Meadowlark R R R R ___ Red-winged Blackbird O O O ___ Brewer's Blackbird O U O ___ Brown-headed Cowbird O U O ___ Northern Oriole O U O H
GROSBEAKS, TANAGERS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Western Tanager O C U H ___ Common Grosbeak (black headed) U C U H ___ Common Grosbeak (rose breast) Acc ___ Evening Grosbeak O O O O ___ Blue Grosbeak R B
TOWHEES, FINCHES Sp Su F W Hab ___ Common Bunting O O O ___ Purple Finch Hyp ___ Cassin's Finch U O U U ___ House Finch U C U U ___ Black Rosy Finch Acc ___ Pine Grosbeak R ___ American Goldfinch U O U U ___ Lesser Goldfinch U U O ___ Red Crossbill R R R R PJ ___ Green-tailed Towhee O O U ___ Rufous-sided Towhee C A C O H ___ Brown Towhee O O
SPARROWS, JUNCOS Sp Su F W Hab ___ Savannah Sparrow O O O ___ Vesper Sparrow O O O ___ Lark Sparrow U U U PJ ___ Black-throated Sparrow O O O B,S ___ Sage Sparrow O O O O B ___ Gray Headed Junco C O U U H,PJ ___ Chippin Sparrow C A C R PJ ___ Brewer's Sparrow O U O B ___ White-crowned Sparrow U R C O ___ Fox Sparrow U U O ___ Lincoln's Sparrow O O O ___ Song Sparrow O O O H


United States Department of the Interior
National Park Service
Navajo National Monument
HC 71, Box 3
Tonalea, AZ 86044

This resource is based on the following source:
Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  1984.  Birds of Navajo National 
     Monument, Tonalea, Arizona.  Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  
     Unpaginated.  
This resource should be cited as:
Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  1984.  Birds of Navajo National 
     Monument, Tonalea, Arizona.  Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.  
     Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govnavajo.htm  
     (Version 02DEC99)

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