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Bird Checklists of the United States

El Malpais National Monument and National Conservation Area

Grants, New Mexico


El Malpais National Monument and National Conservation Area, over 376,000 acres in size, is best known for its geologic and volcanic formations, but also hosts a diverse avifauna and contains a variety of bird habitats. The area has recorded over 190 species, despite the lack of large water bodies which would attract many additional species. The common names and sequence for this checklist generally follow that of the American Ornithologists' Union Checklist (6th Edition, 1983 and Supplements, 1985, 1987). This list is continually being revised, so further input is welcome.


ABUNDANCE

a - abundant: very numerous, almost always seen in suitable habitat
c - common: likely to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon: preent, but not certain to be seen in suitable habitat
o - occasional: seen only a few times a season in suitable habitat
r - rare: sometimes present in suitable habitat, and seldom seen

SEASON

p - permanent resident
s - summer resident
w - winter visitor
m - migrant in spring or fall
c - casual, probably out of normal range

HABITATS
Primary bird habitats in the area are as follows:

l - lava beds: These extensive lava flows (some only 1,000 years old), partly covered by pinyon, juniper, ponderosa pine, aspen, and cacti, are primarily contained within the national monument. Typical birds include Cassin's kingbird, violet-green swallow, scrub jay, common raven, and mountain bluebird.

w - woodland: Occupying the eastern and western edges of the area, pinyon and juniper dominate these higher elevations, with occasional stands of ponderosa pine and oak. Typical birds include red-tailed hawk, mourning dove, Lewis' woodpecker, northern flicker, pinyon jay, mountain chickadee, and northern mockingbird.

c - sandstone cliffs: Extending along highway 117, these high bluffs provide excellent nesting habitat for prairie falcon, white-throated swift, cliff swallow, and canyon wren.

g - grass/shrubland: Along the southern portion of the area, rubber rabbitbrush and four-wing saltbrush dominate the open landscape. Typical birds include American kestrel, horned lark, vesper sparrow, and western meadowlark.

r - riparian habitat/water areas: These productive zones are scattered throughout El Malpais, usually near streams, springs, or stock ponds, and are dominated by grasses, willows, and deciduous trees. Typical birds include killdeer, sora, American coot, and a variety of ducks (mostly migrants).


BITTERNS, HERONS (ARDEIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Great Blue Heron u s r ___ Snowy Egret o m r ___ Cattle Egret o m r ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron u s r
IBISES (THRESKIORNITHIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ White-faced Ibis o m r
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS (ANATIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Mallard c s r ___ Green-winged Teal u s r ___ Blue-winged Teal u s r ___ Cinnamon Teal o m r ___ Northern Pintail u m r ___ Northern Shoveler u m r ___ Gadwall u m r ___ American Wigeon u m r ___ Canvasback u m r ___ Common Goldeneye r m r ___ Bufflehead o m r ___ Ruddy Duck o m r
VULTURES (CATHARTIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Turkey Vulture a s all
EAGLES, HAWKS (ACCIPITRIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Bald Eagle r wm r ___ Golden Eagle o p all ___ Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk) u wm gr ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk u p all ___ Cooper's Hawk u p all ___ Northern Goshawk o p w ___ Swainson's Hawk u s all ___ Red-tailed Hawk c p all ___ Ferruginous Hawk u wm g
FALCONS (FALCONIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ American Kestrel a p all ___ Merlin u wm wr ___ Peregrine Falcon o mw wc ___ Prairie Falcon u p c
GROUSE, TURKEYS, QUAIL (PHASIANIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Wild Turkey u p lw ___ Scaled Quail u p g
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS (RALLIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Virginia Rail u m r ___ Sora u s r ___ American Coot c s r
PLOVERS (CHARADRIIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Killdeer c p r ___ Mountain Plover o s gr
STILTS, AVOCETS (RECURVIROSTRIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ American Avocet o m r
SANDPIPERS, ALLIES (SCOLOPACIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Solitary Sandpiper u m r ___ Willet u m r ___ Spotted Sandpiper c s r ___ Long-billed Curlew o m r ___ Least Sandpiper c m r ___ Long-billed Dowitcher o m gr ___ Wilson's Phalarope o m r
GULLS, TERNS (LARIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Ring-billed Gull o m r
PIGEONS, DOVES (COLUMBIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Rock Dove u p g ___ Band-tailed Pigeon u s lw ___ White-winged Dove r c r ___ Mourning Dove a p all
CUCKOOS, ROADRUNNERS (CUCULIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Greater Roadrunner u p g
TYPICAL OWLS (STRIGIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Flammulated Owl o s w ___ Western Screech-Owl o p lw ___ Great Horned Owl u p all ___ Northern Pygmy-Owl o p lw ___ Burrowing Owl c s g ___ Long-eared Owl o p all ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl o s lw
GOATSUCKERS (CAPRIMULGIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Common Nighthawk c s all ___ Common Poorwill u s lwg ___ Whip-poor-will r s r
SWIFTS (APODIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ White-throated Swift c s c
HUMMINGBIRDS (TROCHILIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Magnificent Hummingbird r c w ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird u s wg ___ Calliope Hummingbird o m lw ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird c s all ___ Rufous Hummingbird u m all
KINGFISHERS (ALCEDINIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Belted Kingfisher o s r
WOODPECKERS (PICIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Lewis' Woodpecker c p w ___ Acorn Woodpecker u p w ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u s lwr ___ Williamson's Sapsucker u s lw ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker r p gw ___ Downy Woodpecker u p lw ___ Hairy Woodpecker u p lw ___ Northern Flicker (Common Flicker) c p lwr
FLYCATCHERS (TYRANNIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher u m lw ___ Western Wood-Pewee u s lw ___ Hammond's Flycatcher u m lw ___ Dusky Flycatcher u m lw ___ Gray Flycatcher u s lw ___ Cordilleran Flycatcher r s lwr ___ Black Phoebe o s wr ___ Say's Phoebe u s gc ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher u s gwr ___ Cassin's Kingbird c s lwr ___ Western Kingbird u s lwg
LARKS (ALAUDIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Horned Lark a p g
SWALLOWS (HIRUNDINIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Purple Martin u s w ___ Tree Swallow o m lwr ___ Violet-green Swallow a s lwr ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow u m r ___ Bank Swallow o m r ___ Cliff Swallow c s c ___ Barn Swallow c s g
JAYS, MAGPIES, CROWS (CORVIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Steller's Jay u p lw ___ Scrub Jay c p lw ___ Pinyon Jay c p w ___ Clark's Nutcracker u p lw ___ American Crow u p all ___ Common Raven a p all
CHICKADEES, TITMICE (PARIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Mountain Chickadee c p lw ___ Plain Titmouse c p lw
BUSHTITS (AEGITHALIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Bushtit u p w
NUTHATCHES (SITTIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch u p wr ___ White-breasted Nuthatch c p lwr ___ Pygmy Nuthatch u p lw
CREEPERS (CERTHIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Brown Creeper u p lwr
WRENS (TROGLODYTIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Rock Wren c p c ___ Canyon Wren c p c ___ Bewick's Wren u s wgr ___ House Wren u m all ___ Marsh Wren o m r
THRUSHES (MUSCICAPIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet r m lw ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u m lw ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher u s lw ___ Western Bluebird c p w ___ Mountain Bluebird c p all ___ Townsend's Solitaire u w all ___ Swainson's Thrush r m lw ___ Hermit Thrush u ms lw ___ American Robin c ms all
MOCKINGBIRDS, THRASHERS (MIMIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Gray Catbird o m r ___ Northern Mockingbird a s all ___ Sage Thrasher u s g ___ Bendire's Thrasher o s gw
WAGTAILS, PIPITS (MOTACILLIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ American Pipit (Water Pipit) o m rg
WAXWINGS (BOMBYCILLIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Cedar Waxwing o mw gw
SILKY-FLYCATCHERS (PTILOGONATIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Phainopepla r c w
SHRIKES (LANIIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Northern Shrike o w w ___ Loggerhead Shrike u p g
STARLINGS (STURNIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ European Starling o p all
VIREOS (VIREONIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Solitary Vireo u s wr ___ Warbling Vireo u s lwr
WARBLERS, NEW WORLD FINCHES, BLACKBIRDS, ALLIES (EMBERIZIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Orange-crowned Warbler u m gwl ___ Virginia's Warbler u s lw ___ Yellow Warbler u s r ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler u m lw ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler o s w ___ Townsend's Warbler u m lw ___ Grace's Warbler u s lw ___ American Redstart o m w ___ Northern Waterthrush u m r ___ MacGillivray's Warbler u m glwr ___ Common Yellowthroat u s r ___ Wilson's Warbler u m all ___ Yellow-breasted Chat u m r ___ Hepatic Tanager o s lwr ___ Western Tanager u s lw ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak o m lw ___ Black-headed Grosbeak c s w ___ Blue Grosbeak u s gr ___ Lazuli Bunting o m r ___ Indigo Bunting o m r ___ Green-tailed Towhee u s gw ___ Rufous-sided Towhee c s all ___ Brown Towhee u p all ___ Rufous-crowned Sparrow u m g ___ Chipping Sparrow c s gw ___ Brewer's Sparrow u m gw ___ Vesper Sparrow a s g ___ Lark Sparrow u s gw ___ Sage Sparrow u m g ___ Lark Bunting o m g ___ Savannah Sparrow o m g ___ Song Sparrow u w r ___ Lincoln's Sparrow u m r ___ White-throated Sparrow r w w ___ White-crowned Sparrow u wm g ___ Dark-eyed Junco c p all ___ Red-winged Blackbird c p r ___ Eastern Meadowlark u s g ___ Western Meadowlark c p g ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird o m r ___ Brewer's Blackbird u s r ___ Great-tailed Grackle c s r ___ Common Grackle o s r ___ Brown-headed Cowbird c s all ___ Bullock's Oriole u s r ___ Scott's Oriole r s gw
OLD WORLD FINCHES, ALLIES (FRINGILLIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ Cassin's Finch u wm w ___ House Finch u p gw ___ Red Crossbill o p lw ___ Pine Siskin u s lw ___ Lesser Goldfinch c s gw ___ American Goldfinch u w r ___ Evening Grosbeak u m lw
OLD WORLD SPARROWS (PASSERIDAE) ABUNDANCE SEASON HABITAT ___ House Sparrow c p g
El Malpais National Monument and National Conservation Area is administered by the National Park Service. This checklist was compiled by Glen T. Hvenegaard. If you would like to report your observations by sending a checklist, or if you require additional information, please contact:
                 El Malpais NM/NCA
                 P.O. Box 939
                 201 East Roosevelt
                 Grants, New Mexico 87020     
                 Telephone: 505/285-4641
This resource is based on the following source:
Hvenegaard, G.T.  1989.  A checklist of the birds of El Malpais National 
     Monument and National Conservation Area.  Southwest Parks and 
     Monuments Association.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Hvenegaard, G.T.  1989.  A checklist of the birds of El Malpais National 
     Monument and National Conservation Area.  Southwest Parks and 
     Monuments Association.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govmalpais.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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