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Bird Checklists of the United States

Little River National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Broken Bow, Oklahoma

The low, swampy, forested, bottomland habitat that typifies Little River National Wildlife Refuge is conducive to a tremendous abundance and diversity of Reptiles and Amphibians.

The Refuge is near the northern extent of the range in Oklahoma for several species such as the American Alligator, Mud Snake, and Three-toed Amphiuma. Of particular interest is the large population of Bird-voiced Treefrogs occurring on the Refuge. The normal range of this species does not extend west of central Louisiana. This separated population is referred to as "disjunct."

The list indicates the species that occur or possibly occur on the Refuge and the habitat where each species might be found. It also indicates how likely that you will see one during your visit.

The following codes will help the visitor locate and identify various Reptiles and Amphibians on the Refuge:

D = Definitely
P = Possible

L = Land or Trees
W = Water or Marsh
B = Both

1 = Might see
2 = Lucky to see
3 = Probably not


SALAMANDERS                                    OCCURS?   WHERE?     SEE?

Western Lesser Siren                             P         W         3
  (Siren intermedia nettingi)

Central Newt                                     D         B         2
  (Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis)

Red River Mudpuppy                               P         W         3
  (Necturus maculosus louisianensis) 

Three-toed Amphiuma                              P         W         3
  (Amphiuma tridactylum)

Spotted Salamander                               D         B         1 
  (Ambystoma maculatum)

Marbled Salamander                               D         B         1
  (Ambystoma opacum)                  

Mole Salamander                                  D         B         3
  (Ambystoma talpoideum)

Small-mouthed Salamander                         D         B         1
  (Ambystoma texanum)     

Barred Tiger Salamander                          P         B         3
  (Ambystoma tigrinum mavortium)

Ouachita Dusky Salamander                        P         B         3
  (Desmognathus brimleyorum)

Four-toed salamander	                         D         L         3
  (Hemidactylium scutatum)

Western Slimy Salamander                         D         B         2
  (Plethodon g. glutinosus)

Southern Red-backed Salamander                   D         B         2
  (Plethodon serratus)

TOADS                                          OCCURS?   WHERE?     SEE?

Hurters Spadefoot                                P         W         3
  (Scaphiopus holbrookii hurteri)

Dwarf American Toad                              D         L         1
  (Bufo americanus charlesmith)

Woodhouse's Toad                                 D         L         2
  (Bufo w. woodhousii)

FROGS                                          OCCURS?   WHERE?     SEE?

Blanchard's Cricket Frog                         D         B         1
  (Acris crepitans blanchardi)

Bird-voiced Treefrog                             D         L         2
  (Hyla avivoa)

Cope's Gray Treefrog                             D         L         1 
  (Hyla chrysoscelis)

Green Treefrog                                   D         L         1  
  (Hyla cinerea)

Spring Peeper                                    D         L         1
  (Hyla crucifer)

Eastern Gray Treefrog                            D         L         1
  (Hyla v. versicolor) 

Upland Chorus Frog                               D         B         2 
  (Pseudacris triseriata feriarum)

E. Narrow-mouthed Toad                           D         B         1
  (Gastrophryne carolinensis)

S. Crawfish Frog                                 D         B         3
  (Rana a. areoloata)  

Bullfrog                                         D         B         1
  (Rana catesbeiana)  

Bronze Frog                                      D         B         1
  (Rana claminans melanota)

Pickerel Frog                                    D         B         3
  (Rana palustris)

Southern Leopard Frog                            D         B         1
  (Rana sphenocoephala


TURTLES                                        OCCURS?   WHERE?     SEE?
Mississippi Mud Turtle                           D         B         1    
  (Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis)

Razor-backed Musk Turtle                         D         B         1
  (Sternotherus carinatus)

Common Musk Turtle                               D         B         2
  (Sternotherus odoratus)

Snapping Turtle                                  D         B         1
  (Chelydra serpentina)

Alligator Snapping Turtle                        P         W         3
  (Macroclemys temminckii)   

Slider                                           D         W         2 
  (Chrysemys concinna hieroglyphica)

Southern Painted Turtle                          D         B         3
  (Chrysemys picta dorsalis) 

Western Chicken Turtle                           P         B         3  
  (Deirochelys reticularia miaria)

Mississippi Map Turtle                           D         B         1
  (Graptemys kohnii)

Ouachita Map Turtle                              D         B         1
  (Graptemys ouachitensis)

Missouri Cooter                                  D         B         2
  (Pseudemys floridana hoyi)     

Red-eared Turtle                                 D         B         1
  (Trachemys scripta elegans)  

Three-toed Box Turtle                            D         L         1
  (Terrapene carolina triunguis)    

Midland Smooth Softshell                         P         W         3
  (Apalone m. muticus)

Pallid Spiny Softshell                           D         W         3
  (Apalone spiniferus pallidus

LIZARDS                                        OCCURS?   WHERE?     SEE?

Green Anole                                      D         L         1
  (Anolis carolinensis)

Eastern Fence Lizard                             D         L         1 
  (Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus)

Six-lined Racerunner                             D         L         1
  (Cnemidophorus s. sexlineatus)
Southern Coal Skink                              P         L         3
  (Eumeces anthracinus pluvialis)

Five-lined Skink                                 D         L         1
  (Eumeces fasciatus)
Broad-headed SKink                               D         L         1
  (Eumeces laticeps)
Ground Skink                                     D         L         1
  (Scincella lateralis)

W. Slender Glass Lizard                          D         L         2 
  (Ophisaurus a. attenuatus)

SNAKES                                         OCCURS?   WHERE?     SEE?

Western Worm Snake                               P         L         3
  (Carphophis amoenus vermis)

Mississippi Ring-necked Snake                    D         L         1
  (Diadophis punctatus strictogenys)
Black Rat Snake                                  D         L         2
  (Elaphe o. obsoleta)

Western Mud Snake                                D         B         3
  (Farancia abacura reinwardti)
Eastern Hog-nosed Snake                          P         L         3
  (Heterodon platyrhinos)

Speckled Kingsnake                               D         L         3
  (Lampropeltis getulus holbrooki)
Louisiana Milk Snake                             P         L         3
  (Lampropeltis triangulum amaura

Eastern Coachwhip                                D         L         3
  (Masticophis f. flagellum)
Yellow-bellied Water Snake                       D         B         2
  (Nerodia erythrogaster flavigaster
Broad-banded Water Snake                         D         B         2
  (Nerodia fasciata confluens)

Diamond-backed Water Snake                       D         B         2
  (Nerodia r. rhombifera)

Midland Water Snake                              P         B         3
  (Nerodia sipedon pleuralis)
Rough Green Snake                                D         L         2
  (Opheodrys aestivus)

Graham's Crayfish Snake                          P         B         3
  (Regina grahamii)
Gulf Crawfish Snake                              D         B         3
  (Regina rigida sinicola)
Texas Brown Snake                                D         L         3
  (Storeria dekayi texana)

Midland Brown Snake                              P         L         3
  (Storeria dekayi wrightorium)
N. Red-bellied Snake                             P         L         3
  (Storeria o. occipitomaculata)
Flat-headed Snake                                P         L         3
  (Tantilla gracilis)
Western Ribbon Snake                             D         B         2
  (Thamnophis p. proximus)
Red-sided Garter Snake                           D         L         3
  (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis)
Central Lined Snake                              P         L         3
  (Tropidoclonion lineatum annectens)
Western Earth Snake                              P         L         3
  (Virginia valeriae elegans)

SNAKES (Venomous)                              OCCURS?   WHERE?     SEE?

Southern Copperhead                              D         L         1
  (Agkistrodon c. contortrix)
Western Cottonmouth                              D         B         1
  (Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma)
Canebrake Rattlesnake                            D         L         2
  (Crotalus horridus atricaudatus)
Western Pigmy Rattlesnake                        D         L         2
  (Sistrurus miliarius streckeri)

CROCODILIANS                                   OCCURS?   WHERE?     SEE?

American Alligator                               D         B         3
  (Alligator mississippiensis)

For additional information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Little River National Wildlife Refuge
                 PO Box 340
                 Broken Bow, Oklahoma 74728
                 Telephone: 405/584-6211
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Reptiles and Amphibians of 
     Little River National Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
     Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Reptiles and Amphibians of 
     Little River National Wildlife Refuge.  Jamestown, ND: Northern 
     Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 30DEC2002).

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