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Little River National Wildlife Refuge

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Broken Bow, Oklahoma

Little River National Wildlife Refuge contains approximately 15,000 acres of mostly bottomland hardwood habitat situated within the floodplain of Little River. The Refuge is typified by low, swampy ground with many oxbow lakes and clear running streams, and is inundated every few years by floodwaters of Little River.

Two rivers intersect the Refuge, Little River and Mountain Fork River. Both have been dammed upstream and downstream from the Refuge which has resulted not only in barriers to migrations, but also great changes in hydrology such as water level fluctuations and water temperatures. These changes, plus higher nutrient levels in the water in recent years, have resulted in changes in fish species and numbers.

Refuge habitat supports a great diversity of wildlife species of which fish are an important part. This list contains 114 species of fish which now in habitat or have inhabited the waters of the Refuge in recent years. Species shown as extirpated "(E)" have been collected in the past but not found in recent samplings.

Abundance codes are as follows:

(A)   Abundant
(C)   Common
(U)   Uncommon
(R)   Rare
(E)   Extirpated
(?)   Unknown—Introduced

PETROMYZONIDAE (Lampreys) Chestnut lamprey (U) (Ichthyomyzon castaneus) Southern brook lamprey (R) (Ichthyomyzon gagei)
ACIPENSERIDAE (Sturgeons) Shovelnose sturgeon (E) (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus)
POLYODONTIDAE (Paddlefish) Paddlefish (R) (Polyodon spathula)
LEPLSOSTEIDAE (Gars) Spotted gar (A) (Lepisosteus oculatus) Longnose gar (A) (Lepisosteus osseus) Shortnose gar (A) (Lepisosteus platostomus) Alligator gar (R) (Lepisosteus spatula)
AMIIDAE (Bowfin) Bowfin (C) (Amia calva)
CLUPEIDAE (Herrings) Alabamae shad (E) (Alosa alabamae) Skipjack herring (R) (Alosa chrysochloris) Gizzard shad (A) (Dorosoma cepedianum)
HIODONTIDAE (Mooneyes) Goldeye (U) (Hiodon alosoides) Mooneye (E) (Hiodon tergisus)
SALMONIDAE (Trouts) Rainbow trout (?) (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Brown trout (?) (Salmo trutta)
ESOCIDAE (Pikes) Grass pickerel (A) (Esox americanus) Chain pickerel (E) (Esox niger)
CYPRINIDAE (Minnows) Central stoneroller (R) (Campostoma anomalum) Grass carp (U) (Ctenopharyngodon idella) Red shiner (A) (Cyprinella lutrensis) Blacktail shiner (C) (Cyprinella venusta) Steelcolor shiner (A) (Cyprinella whipplei) Common carp (C) (Cyrinus carpio) Cypress minnow (R) (Hybognathus hayi) Mississippi silvery minnow (C) (Hybognathus nuchalis) Plains minnow (C) (Hybognathus placitus) Common shiner (U) (Luxilus cornutus) Ribbon shiner (R) (Lythrurus fumes) Ouachita shiner (R) (Lythrurus snelsoni) Redfin shiner (C) (Lythrurus umbratilis) Golden shiner (A) (Notemigonus crysoleucas) Pallid shiner (U) (Notropis amnis) Emerald shiner (C) (Notropis atherinoides) Blackspot shiner (U) (Notropis atrocaudalis) Bigeye shiner (A) (Notropis boops) Ghost shiner (A) (Notropis buchanani) Ironcolor shiner (R) (Notropis chalybaeus) Bluehead shiner (U) (Notropis hubbsi) Taillight shiner (R) (Notropis maculatus) Peppered shiner (R) (Notropis perpallidus) Rosyface shiner (C) (Notropis rubellus) Rocky shiner (U) (Notropis suttkusi) Mimic shiner (C) (Notropis volucellus) Pugnose shiner (U) (Opsopoeodus emiliae) Suckermouth shiner (U) (Phenaccbius mirabilis) Bluntnose minnow (A) (Pimephales notatus) Bullhead minnow (C) (Pimephales vigilax) Creek chub (U) (Semotilus atromaculatus)
CATOSTOMIDAE (Suckers) River carpsucker (C) (Carpiodes carpio) Creek chubsucker (C) (Erimyzon oblongus) Lake chubsucker (C) (Eryimyzon sucetta) Smallmouth buffalo (C) (Ictiobus bubalus) Largemouth buffalo (U) (Ictiobus cyprinellus) Black buffalo (R) (Ictiobus niger) Spotted sucker (A) (Minytrema melanops) River redhorse (U) (Moxostoma carinatum) Black redhorse (C) (Moxostoma duquesnei) Golden redhorse (C) (Moxostoma erythrurum)
ICTALURIDAE (Bullhead Catfishes) Black bullhead (C) (Ameiurus melas) Yellow bullhead (C) (Ameirurs natalis) Brown bullhead (E) (Ameirurs nebulosus) Blue catfish (C) (Italurus furcatus) Channel catfish (A) (Italurus punctatus) Mountain madtom (C) (Nuturus eleutherus) Tadpole madtom (C) (Nuturus gyrinus) Freckled madtom (C) (Nuturus eleutherus) Flathead catfish (C) (Pylodictis olivaris)
APHREDODERIDAE (Pirate Perches) Pirate perch (C) (Aphredoderus sayanus)
CYPRINODONTIDAE (Topminnows) Golden topminnow (R) (Fundulus chrysotus) Starhead topminnow (C) (Fundulus dispar) Blackstripe topminnow (C) (Fundulus notatus) Blackspotted topminnow (C) (Fundulus olicaceus)
POECILIIDAE (Livebearers) Western mosquitofish (A) (Gamusia affinis)
ATHERINIDAE (Silversides) Brook silverside (C) (Labidesthes sicculus) Inland silverside (U) (Menidia beryllina)
PERCICHTHYIDAE (Temperate Basses) White bass (C) (Morone chyrsops) Yellow bass (U) (Morone mississippiensis)
CENTRARCHIDAE (Sunfish) Flier (A) (Centrarchus macropterus) Banded pygmy sunfish (C) (Lassoma zonatum) Redbreast sunfish (A) (Lepomis auritus) Green sunfish (A) (Lepomis cyanellus) Warmouth (C) (Lepomis gulosus) Orangespotted sunfish (C) (Lepomis humilis) Bluegill (A) (Lepomis macrochirus) Dollar sunfish (R) (Lepomis marginatus) Longear sunfish (A) (Lepomis megalotis) Redear sunfish (C) (Lepomis microlophus) Spotted sunfish (U) (Lepomis punctatus) Bantam sunfish (U) (Lepomis symmetricus) Smallmouth bass (C) (Micropterus dolomieui) Spotted bass (C) (Micropterus punctulatus) Largemouth bass (C) (Micropterus salmoides) White crappie (A) (Pomoxis annularis) Black crappie (C) (Pomoxis nigromaculatus)
PERCIDAE (Perches) Crystal darter (R) (Ammocrypta asprella) Scaly sand darter (U) (Ammocrypta vivax) Mud darter (U) (Etheostoma asprigene) Bluntnose darter (U) (Etheostoma chlorosomum) Creole darter (R) (Etheostoma collettei) Swamp darter (R) (Etheostoma fusiforme) Slough darter (R) (Etheostoma gracile) Harlequin darter (R) (Etheostoma histrio) Johnny darter (U) (Etheostoma nigrum) Goldstripe darter (R) (Etheostoma parvipinne) Cypress darter (C) (Etheostoma proeliare) Orangebelly darter (C) (Etheostoma radiosum) Orangethroat darter (A) (Etheostoma spectabile) Logperch (C) (Percina caprodes) Channel darter (U) (Percina copelandi) Bigscale logperch (U) (Percina macrolepida) Blackside darter (R) (Percina maculata) Slenderhead darter (C) (Percina phoxocephala) Dusky darter (A) (Percina sciera) River darter (R) (Percina shumardi)
SCIAENIDAE (Drums) Freshwater drum (C) (Aplodinotus grunniens)

For additional information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Little River National Wildlife Refuge
                 PO Box 340
                 Broken Bow, Oklahoma 74728
                 Telephone: 405/584-6211
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Fishes of Little River National 
     Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Fishes of Little River National 
     Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. unpaginated. 
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 30DEC2002).

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