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Bird Checklists of the United States

Little River National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Broken Bow, Oklahoma


Little River National Wildlife Refuge is nearly 15,000 acres of wonderful birding habitat. The Refuge was established in 1987 to protect bottomland hardwood habitat and is the finest remaining example of this type of habitat remaining in Oklahoma.

Within the Refuge you will find several different habitat types which are generally described in "habitats," to the right of each species.

Usual Habitat Distribution
a - Upland oak-pine forest
b - Bottomland swamps, oxbows
c - Rivers, streams, shoreline
d - Marsh
e - Brushy areas
f - Open grassland, fields

Season Designations
S - Spring: March, April, May
s - Summer: June, July, August
F - Fall: September, October, November
W - Winter: December, January, February

* - Known to nest on the Refuge

Relative Abundance
C - Common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat, often in numbers
U - Uncommon: present in suitable habitat, usually in small numbers
O - Occasional: seldom seen even in suitable habitat
R - Rare: not present every year; fluctuates in occurrence and numbers
M - Migrates overhead but does not normally stop on the Refuge

This list is based primarily on data furnished by Dr. Bill Carter, Ada, OK.


GREBES S s F W HABITATS ___ Pied-billed Grebe O O U O c
PELICANS S s F W HABITATS ___ American White Pelican M - M - -
CORMORANTS S s F W HABITATS ___ Double-crested Cormorant U - U U c
ANHINGAS S s F W HABITATS ___ Anhinga O O O - b,c
BITTERNS,HERONS & EGRETS S s F W HABITATS ___ American Bittern R - R - d ___ Least Bittern R - R - d ___ Great Blue Heron C C C O b,c,d ___ Great Egret C C U - b,c,d ___ Snowy Egret O O O - b,d ___ Little Blue Heron C C U - b,d ___ Cattle Egret U U U - b,d,f ___ Green-backed Heron U U U - b,c,d ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron O O O - b,c,d
IBISES S s F W HABITATS ___ White-faced Ibis R - R - d
DUCKS, GEESE & SWANS S s F W HABITATS ___ Greater White-fronted Goose M - M - - ___ Snow Goose M - M - - ___ Canada Goose M - M - - ___ Wood Duck* C U C C b,c,d ___ Green-winged Teal U - U - b,c,d ___ Mallard U - C C b,c,d ___ Northern Pintail O - O - b,c,d ___ Blue-winged Teal U R U - b,c,d ___ Northern Shoveler U - U O b,c,d ___ Gadwall U - U C b,c,d ___ American Wigeon U - U C b,c,d ___ Ring-necked Duck O - O O c ___ Lesser Scaup O - O O c ___ Common Goldeneye O - O O c ___ Bufflehead O - O O c ___ Hooded Merganser U - U U b,c,d ___ Ruddy Duck O - O O b,c,d
AMERICAN VULTURES S s F W HABITATS ___ Black Vulture* C C C C a,b,f ___ Turkey Vulture* C C C C a,b,f
KITES, EAGLES & HAWKS S s F W HABITATS ___ Osprey O - O - c ___ Mississippi Kite* U U - - a,b ___ Bald Eagle O - O U c,d ___ Northern Harrier R - R - f ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk U - U U a,b ___ Cooper's Hawk U - U U a,b ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* C U C C b ___ Broad-winged Hawk O O O - a ___ Red-tailed Hawk* U U U U a,b ___ Golden Eagle M - - - -
FALCONS S s F W HABITATS ___ American Kestrel O O O O f ___ Merlin R - R - d
TURKEY & QUAIL S s F W HABITATS ___ Wild Turkey* O O O O a,b ___ Northern Bobwhite* O O O O e,f
RAILS S s F W HABITATS ___ Virginia Rail R - R O d ___ Sora R - R - d ___ Common Moorhen R R R - d ___ American Coot O - O O b,c,d
PLOVERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Killdeer* O O O O d,f
SANDPIPERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Greater Yellowlegs R - R - d ___ Lesser Yellowlegs R - R - d ___ Solitary Sandpiper R - R - b,c,d ___ Spotted Sandpiper R - R - d ___ Least Sandpiper R - R - d ___ Long-billed Dowitcher R - R - d ___ American Woodcock* O R O O b,d,e,f
GULLS & TERNS S s F W HABITATS ___ Ring-billed Gull M - M R - ___ Franklin's Gull M - M - -
PIGEONS & DOVES S s F W HABITATS ___ Mourning Dove* U U U U f
CUCKOOS & ROADRUNNERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Black-billed Cuckoo O - O - a,b ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* C C C - a,b ___ Greater Roadrunner R R R R a,f
TYPICAL OWLS S s F W HABITATS ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* O O O O a ___ Great Horned Owl* O O O O a ___ Barred Owl* C C C C a,b
GOATSUCKERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Common Nighthawk U C U - f ___ Chuck-will's-widow* C C C - a,b ___ Whip-poor-will R - R - a
SWIFTS S s F W HABITATS ___ Chimney Swift* U U U - a
HUMMINGBIRDS S s F W HABITATS ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* C C C - a,b,e
KINGFISHERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Belted Kingfisher* O O O O c
WOODPECKERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* U O O U a,b ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* C C C C a,b ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker U - U U a,b ___ Downy Woodpecker* C C C C a,b ___ Hairy Woodpecker* O O O O a,b ___ Northern Flicker* C U C C a,b ___ Pileated Woodpecker* U U U U a,b
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher O - O - a,b ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* C C C - a,b,c ___ Acadian Flycatcher* C C U - b ___ Least Flycatcher O - O - a,b,e ___ Eastern Phoebe* U O U U a,b,e ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* C C C - a,b ___ Eastern Kingbird* C C U - a,e ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher U U U - e,f
SWALLOWS S s F W HABITATS ___ Purple Martin* U U U - f ___ Tree Swallow C C C - f ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow O - O - f ___ Bank Swallow M - M - f ___ Cliff Swallow O - O - f ___ Barn Swallow U - U - f
JAYS & CROWS S s F W HABITATS ___ Blue Jay* C C C C a,b,e ___ American Crow* C C C C a,f ___ Fish Crow* C C C O b,c,d
CHICKADEES & TITMICE S s F W HABITATS ___ Carolina Chickadee* C C C C a,b,e,f ___ Tufted Titmouse* C C C C a,b,e,f
NUTHATCHES S s F W HABITATS ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch O - O O a ___ White-breasted Nuthatch U U U U a,b ___ Brown-headed Nuthatch* R - R R a
CREEPERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Brown Creeper - - U U a,b
WRENS S s F W HABITATS ___ Carolina Wren* C C C C a,b,e ___ Bewick's Wren O - O O a,b,e ___ House Wren R - R - a,b,e ___ Winter Wren U - U U b ___ Sedge Wren O - O O d ___ Marsh Wren
KINGLETS & GNATCATCHERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet U - U U a,b,e ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet C - C C a,b,e ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* C C U - a,b,e
THRUSHES S s F W HABITATS ___ Eastern Bluebird* U U U U a,b,e ___ Veery R - R - a,b ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush O - O - a,b ___ Swainson's Thrush U - U - a,b ___ Hermit Thrush C - C C a,b ___ Wood Thrush* U U - - a,b ___ American Robin* C C U C a,b,f
MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Gray Catbird* U U U R b,e ___ Northern Mockingbird* O O O O e,f ___ Brown Thrasher* C C C U a,b,e,f
WAXWINGS S s F W HABITATS ___ Cedar Waxwing U - U U a,b
SHRIKES S s F W HABITATS ___ Loggerhead Shrike O O O O f
STARLINGS S s F W HABITATS ___ European Starling* O O O O f
VIREOS S s F W HABITATS ___ White-eyed Vireo* C C U - b,e ___ Bell's Vireo* O R O - e ___ Solitary Vireo O - O O a,b ___ Yellow-throated Vireo* U U U - a,b ___ Warbling Vireo* U U U - a,b ___ Philadelphia Vireo R - R - a,b ___ Red-eyed Vireo* C C U - a,b
WARBLERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Tennessee Warbler U - O - a ___ Blue-winged Warbler - - R - b,c ___ Orange-crowned Warbler U - U O a,b,e ___ Nashville Warbler U - U - a,b,e ___ Northern Parula* U U O - a,b ___ Yellow Warbler O - O - a,b,e ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler O - O - a,b,e ___ Magnolia Warbler O - O - a,b,e ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler U - C U a,b,e ___ Black-throated Green Warbler O - O - a,b,e ___ Blackburnian Warbler O - O - a,b,e ___ Yellow-throated Warbler* C U U - a,b,e ___ Pine Warbler* U U C U a ___ Prairie Warbler* U U - - a,b,e ___ Blackpoll Warbler O - - - a,b,e ___ Black-and-white Warbler* U U U - a,b,e ___ American Redstart* U O U - a,b,e ___ Prothonotary Warbler* C C U - b,c ___ Worm-eating Warbler R - R - b,c ___ Swainson's Warbler* O O R - b,c ___ Ovenbird U - U - b,c ___ Northern Waterthrush O - O - b,c ___ Louisiana Waterthrush* U U U - b,c ___ Kentucky Warble* U U U - b,c ___ Mourning Warbler O - O - a,b,e ___ Common Yellowthroat* U U U R b,c,d ___ Hooded Warbler* U U - - b,c ___ Wilson's Warbler O - O - b,c ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* U U O - e,f
TANAGERS S s F W HABITATS ___ Summer Tanager* C C C - a,b ___ Scarlet Tanager R - R - a,b
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS & BUNTINGS S s F W HABITATS ___ Northern Cardinal* C C C C a,b,e,f ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak O - O - a,b ___ Blue Grosbeak* U U O - a,b,e,f ___ Indigo Bunting* C C C - a,b,e,f ___ Painted Bunting R R R - a,b,e,f
SPARROWS, TOWHEES & ALLIES S s F W HABITATS ___ Eastern Towhee U - U U e,f ___ Spotted Towhee U - U U e,f ___ Bachman's Sparrow R R R R e ___ Chipping Sparrow* U U U O e,f ___ Field Sparrow* U U U U e,f ___ Vesper Sparrow* U - U - e,f ___ Lark Sparrow* U U U - e,f ___ Savannah Sparrow R - R R e,f ___ Grasshopper Sparrow R R R - e,f ___ Le Conte's Sparrow R - R R d,e,f ___ Fox Sparrow O - U U a,b,e,f ___ Song Sparrow C - C C a,b,e,f ___ Lincoln's Sparrow U - U O a,b,e,f ___ Swamp Sparrow U - U U b,d,e,f ___ White-throated Sparrow C - C C a,b,e,f ___ White-crowned Sparrow U - U O a,b,e,f ___ Harris' Sparrow O - O O a,b,e,f ___ Dark-eyed Junco C - C C a,b,e,f
BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES S s F W HABITATS ___ Red-winged Blackbird* U U U U c,d,e,f ___ Eastern Meadowlark* O O O O f ___ Rusty Blackbird - - O U b,c,d,f ___ Great-tailed Grackle O R O R d,f ___ Common Grackle* C O C U b,d,e,f ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* U U U O a,d,e,f ___ Orchard Oriole* U U O - a,b,e,f ___ Baltimore Oriole* U U O - a,b,e
FINCHES S s F W HABITATS ___ Purple Finch O - U U a,b,e,f ___ Pine Siskin O - O U a,b,e,f ___ American Goldfinch* U U U U a,b,e,f

For additional information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Little River National Wildlife Refuge
                 PO Box 340
                 Broken Bow, Oklahoma 74728
                 Telephone: 405/584-6211
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of Little River National 
     Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of Little River National 
     Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govlitlrver.htm 
     (Version 30DEC2002).

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