USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Bird Checklists of the United States

Kofa National Wildlife Refuge

Yuma, Arizona


Kofa National Wildlife Refuge encompasses over 665,400 acres of Sonoran Desert in southwestern Arizona. Broad, gently sloping foothills as well as sharp, needle point peaks are found within the rugged refuge. The small, widely scattered waterholes have attracted a surprising number of water birds for a desert area.

This list of 185 species is in accordance with the Sixth A.O.U. Check-list as amended. Only 25 species have been documented as nesting on the refuge.


Symbols used in this list are defined as follows:

SEASON

Sp - March to May
S - June to August
F - September to November
W - December to February

STATUS

c - common, certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon, present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional, seen only a few times during season
r - rare, seen at intervals of 2-5 years
x - accidental, seen only once or twice since 1939
* - nests on the refuge


GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe x - - -
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ Brown Pelican - r r -
HERONS Sp S F W ___ Great Blue Heron - r r - ___ Snowy Egret r - r -
GEESE AND DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Greater White-fronted Goose - - x - ___ Canada Goose - - - x ___ Green-winged Teal - - r - ___ Mallard - - - x ___ Northern Pintail r - o - ___ Blue-winged Teal - - r - ___ Cinnamon Teal o - r r ___ Northern Shoveler - - o - ___ American Wigeon - - - r ___ Redhead - - - x ___ Bufflehead r - - r ___ Red-breasted Merganser - - - x ___ Ruddy Duck - - - x
AMERICAN VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture* c c c u
HAWKS AND EAGLES Sp S F W ___ Northern Harrier - - o o ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk c c c c ___ Cooper's Hawk o - c u ___ Northern Goshawk - - x - ___ Harris' Hawk - - - r ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c c c c ___ Ferruginous Hawk - - - r ___ Rough-legged Hawk - - - r ___ Golden Eagle* u u u u
FALCONS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel* c c c c ___ Peregrine Falcon r r r r ___ Prairie Falcon o o o o
QUAIL Sp S F W ___ Gambel's Quail* c c c c
RAILS AND COOTS Sp S F W ___ American Coot - - - x
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Killdeer - o o -
STILTS AND AVOCETS Sp S F W ___ Black-necked Stilt - - r - ___ American Avocet - - r -
SANDPIPERS AND PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs - r r - ___ Solitary Sandpiper - - r - ___ Willet x - - - ___ Spotted Sandpiper r - o - ___ Long-billed Curlew - x - - ___ Western Sandpiper - x - - ___ Wilson's Phalarope - - - x ___ Northern Phalarope - - x -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ White-winged Dove* - c c c ___ Mourning Dove* c c c u ___ Common Ground-Dove - o o -
CUCKOOS AND ROADRUNNERS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo - x - - ___ Greater Roadrunner* o o o o
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl o o - - ___ Flammulated Owl - x - - ___ Western Screech-Owl c c c c ___ Great Horned Owl* u u u u ___ Elf Owl c c - - ___ Long-eared Owl r r r r
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Lesser Nighthawk o o r - ___ Common Poor-will c c c r
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Vaux's Swift - - o - ___ White-throated Swift* u u u u
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird o o - - ___ Anna's Hummingbird o - o o ___ Costa's Hummingbird* c u u u ___ Rufous Hummingbird o - o -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher - o o -
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Lewis' Woodpecker r r r r ___ Red-headed Woodpecker - - r - ___ Gila Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Red-naped Sapsucker - - r - ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker* o o o o ___ Northern Flicker (Red-shafted) c - c c ___ Northern Flicker (Gilded)* c c c c
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher o - - o ___ Western Wood-Pewee c u c c ___ Willow Flycatcher u - u - ___ Hammond's Flycatcher o - o - ___ Dusky Flycatcher u - u - ___ Gray Flycatcher o o o - ___ Cordilleran Flycatcher (Western Fly.) c - c - ___ Black Phoebe o o o - ___ Say's Phoebe* c u c c ___ Vermilion Flycatcher r - - - ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher* c c - r ___ Brown-crested Flycatcher* r r - - ___ Western Kingbird u u u -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark - - o r
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow - x - - ___ Violet-green Swallow u u u u ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow - o o - ___ Cliff Swallow - o - r ___ Barn Swallow - - r -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Steller's Jay - - r r ___ Scrub Jay o r o o ___ Pinyon Jay - - r - ___ Common Raven o o o o
VERDINS Sp S F W ___ Verdin* c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch - - - o
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Cactus Wren* c c c c ___ Rock Wren* c c c c ___ Canyon Wren* c c c c ___ Bewick's Wren - - o o ___ House Wren c - c u
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet c - c c ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* o o o o ___ Black-tailed Gnatcatcher* c c c c
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Western Bluebird - - o o ___ Mountain Bluebird o - - o ___ Townsend's Solitaire o - o r ___ Swainson's Thrush u - r - ___ Hermit Thrush o - u o ___ American Robin o - u o
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Thrasher - - x - ___ Gray Catbird - - r - ___ Northern Mockingbird* c u c u ___ Sage Thrasher o - o o ___ Bendire's Thrasher* u u - - ___ Curve-billed Thrasher* c c c c ___ Crissal Thrasher* o o o o ___ Le Conte's Thrasher o o - -
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit (Water Pipit) - - r -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing o - o -
SILKY-FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Phainopepla* c u c c
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* c c c c
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* o - - o
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Gray Vireo r - o - ___ Solitary Vireo o - o - ___ Hutton's Vireo - - r - ___ Warbling Vireo c - c - ___ Philadelphia Vireo - - x -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Orange-crowned Warbler c - c - ___ Nashville Warbler c - u - ___ Lucy's Warbler* r r - - ___ Yellow Warbler c - c u ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler (Audubon's) c - c u ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler u c u u ___ Townsend's Warbler c - o - ___ Hermit Warbler u - u - ___ American Redstart x - - - ___ Prothonotary Warbler - - x - ___ Northern Waterthrush x - - - ___ MacGillivray's Warbler c - u - ___ Common Yellowthroat x - - - ___ Wilson's Warbler c - u - ___ Painted Redstart - - r - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat - - r -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Hepatic Tanager - o - - ___ Western Tanager c u c -
CARDINALS AND GROSBEAKS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal - o - - ___ Pyrrhuloxia r - - r ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak x - - - ___ Black-headed Grosbeak* u o u - ___ Blue Grosbeak - r - - ___ Lazuli Bunting c - u -
TOWHEES AND SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Green-tailed Towhee u u u o ___ Rufous-sided Towhee u u o o ___ Canyon Towhee* c c c c ___ Abert's Towhee x - - - ___ Rufous-crowned Sparrow r r r r ___ Chipping Sparrow c c u o ___ Brewer's Sparrow c - c u ___ Black-chinned Sparrow o o o o ___ Vesper Sparrow u - o r ___ Lark Sparrow o o o - ___ Black-throated Sparrow* c c c c ___ Sage Sparrow - - u u ___ Lark Bunting - - x - ___ Savannah Sparrow - - x - ___ Fox Sparrow - o - o ___ Lincoln's Sparrow - - o - ___ White-throated Sparrow - - - x ___ White-crowned Sparrow c u u o ___ Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon) o - c u ___ Dark-eyed Junco (Gray-headed) - - o o
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Red-winged Blackbird r - - r ___ Western Meadowlark - - o o ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird - o o - ___ Rusty Blackbird - - r u ___ Brewer's Blackbird - - o - ___ Brown-headed Cowbird u u o o ___ Great-tailed Grackle o - o o ___ Hooded Oriole* o o r - ___ Bullock's Oriole u c u - ___ Scott's Oriole* c c u o
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch - - r r ___ Cassin's Finch - - u u ___ House Finch* c c c c ___ Pine Siskin - - o - ___ Lesser Goldfinch o o u r ___ Lawrence's Goldfinch u - o - ___ American Goldfinch x - - -
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow o - o o

Enjoy your birding trip. Notes on unusual sightings are needed and welcomed to improve this checklist. For additional information contact:
                         Refuge Manager
                         Kofa National Wildlife Refuge
                         P.O. Box 6290
                         Yuma, Arizona 85366-6290  
                         Telephone: 520/783-7861
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1986.  Birds of Kofa National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Arizona.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1986.  Birds of Kofa National Wildlife 
     Refuge, Arizona.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govkofa.htm 
     (Version 1997).

Return to Bird Checklists of Arizona
Return to Bird Checklists of the United States

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/birds/chekbird/r2/kofa.htm
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 18:45:03 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww55]