USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Bird Checklists of the United States

Havasu National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Offices in Needles, CA


Havasu National Wildlife Refuge encompasess 37,515 acres adjacent to the Colorado River. Topock Marsh, Topock Gorge, and the Havasu Wilderness constitute the three major portions of the refuge. Habitat varies from cattail-bulrush back waters and shrubby riparian lowlands to steep cactus-strewn cliffs and mountains. Due to the southery location of the refuge it is primarly a wintering area and stopover point for migrating birds.

Neotropical migrant landbirds are those species of landbirds that nest in the United States or Canada, and spend the winter primarily south of our border in Mexico, Central or South America, or in the Caribbean. Many of them, including conspicuous or colorful hawks, hummingbirds, warblers, and tanagers, and less colorful but no less important flycatchers, thrushes, and vireos, are experiencing population declines due to widespread loss of habitats important for their survival. Preservation of many different habitats for nesting, wintering, and migratory stopover sites is becoming vital for the survival of many of these birds. The Neotropical migrant landbirds that occur on this refuge are identified with a "^".

This list was developed using refuge observations and studies reported since 1940. An excellent source for additional information on birds of the area is Birds of the Lower Colorado River Valley by Rosenberg et al. and published by the University of Arizona Press (1991). The 297 species are listed in accordance with the sixth edition (1983) A.O.U. checklist. Eighty-one species are known to nest on the refuge.


Seasonal status and abundance are coded as follows:

SEASON

Sp - March to May
Su - June to August
F - September to November
W - December to February

STATUS

a - abundant, speices which is very numerous
c - common, certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon, present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional, seen only a few times during season
r - rare, seen at intervals of 2-5 years
x - accidental, seen only once or twice
* - Documented/Susp. Breeder
^ - Neotropical Migrant
# - Federal Threatened or Endangered Status


LOONS Sp Su F W ___ Common o o o o ___ Pacific - r r -
GREBES Sp Su F W ___ Pied-billed* c u c c ___ Horned r - r - ___ Eared c o c c ___ Western* c c c c ___ Clark's* c c c c
PELICANS Sp Su F W ___ American White c o c u
CORMORANTS Sp Su F W ___ Double-crested* a c a a
BITTERNS, HERONS & EGRETS Sp Su F W ___ American Bittern* o - u u ___ Least Bittern* c c c u ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c c ___ Great Egret* c c c c ___ Snowy Egret* c c c c ___ Green Heron* u c u o ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* u c c u
STORKS Sp Su F W ___ Wood Stork# - r r -
IBISES Sp Su F W ___ White-faced Ibis u u u -
DUCKS, GEESE & SWANS Sp Su F W ___ Tundra Swan r - o o ___ Greater White-fronted Goose r - o o ___ Snow Goose (white morph) o - c c ___ Snow Goose (blue morph) - - r r ___ Ross' Goose - - r r ___ Canada Goose u - c c ___ Wood Duck o r o o ___ Green-winged Teal o r c a ___ Mallard* c u c c ___ Northern Pintail c o a c ___ Blue-winged Teal c u c u ___ Cinnamon Teal c o a o ___ Northern Shoveler o r c c ___ Gadwall* u o c c ___ American Wigeon u o c c ___ Canvasback o - u u ___ Redhead c o c u ___ Ring-necked Duck u r c c ___ Greater Scaup r - - r ___ Lesser Scaup c o c u ___ Common Goldeneye o - o o ___ Barrow's Goldeneye r - - r ___ Bufflehead c - c c ___ Hooded Merganser - - r r ___ Common Merganser o o o o ___ Red-breasted Merganser c r c r ___ Ruddy Duck c o a u
VULTURES Sp Su F W ___ Turkey^ c c u o
KITES, EAGLES & HAWKS Sp Su F W ___ Osprey^ o r u u ___ Bald Eagle^ - r o u ___ Northern Harrier^ u x c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk^ u - u c ___ Cooper's Hawk*^ u r c c ___ Zone-tailed Hawk^ r r - - ___ Red-tailed Hawk*^ c c c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk - - - r ___ Golden Eagle^ o o o u
FALCONS Sp Su F W ___ American Kestrel*^ c u c c ___ Merlin^ - - o o ___ Peregrine Falcon^ r r r r ___ Prairie Falcon^ r - r r
PHEASANTS AND QUAILS Sp Su F W ___ Gambel's Quail* a a a a
RAILS, GALLINULES & COOTS Sp Su F W ___ Yuma Clapper Rail*# u u u u ___ Virginia Rail* u u u u ___ Sora c - c u ___ Common Moorhen* c c c u ___ American Coot* c c a a
CRANES Sp Su F W ___ Sandhill o - o -
PLOVERS Sp Su F W ___ Black-bellied Plover o o o - ___ Snowy Plover u c c r ___ Semipalmated Plover u o u - ___ Killdeer*^ c c c c
STILTS AND AVOCETS Sp Su F W ___ Black-necked Stilt o c c - ___ American Avocet c u c r
SANDPIPERS, PHALAROPES & ALLIES Sp Su F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs u u c u ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u o o u ___ Solitary Sandpiper r u u - ___ Willet u c o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper c u c u ___ Whimbrel - - r - ___ Long-billed Curlew^ u u u - ___ Marbled Godwit o c o - ___ Red Knot - r - - ___ Sanderling r r r - ___ Western Sandpiper u c c r ___ Least Sandpiper u c c c ___ Baird's Sandpiper - u u - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper - o o - ___ Dunlin r - o r ___ Long-billed Dowitcher u u c u ___ Common Snipe c c c - ___ Wilson's Phalarope u c c - ___ Red-necked Phalarope u c u - ___ Red Phalarope r - r -
GULLS, TERNS & SKIMMERS Sp Su F W ___ Franklin's Gull - - r - ___ Bonaparte's Gull r - r - ___ Ring-billed Gull c u c c ___ California Gull c - u o ___ Herring Gull - - r - ___ Sabine's Gull - - r - ___ Caspian Tern u c u - ___ Common Tern - - u u ___ Forster's Tern u c u - ___ Black Tern u c u -
PIGEONS and DOVES Sp Su F W ___ White-winged Dove*^ c c u - ___ Mourning Dove*^ c a c u ___ Inca Dove* c c u u ___ Common Ground-Dove* r r r r
CUCKOOS AND ROADRUNNERS Sp Su F W ___ Greater Roadrunner* c c c c ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo^ - u - -
BARN OWLS Sp Su F W ___ Barn Owl* o o o o
TYPICAL OWLS Sp Su F W ___ Western Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Elf Owl*^ u u - - ___ Burrowing Owl^ u u u - ___ Long-eared Owl^ r - - r
GOATSUCKERS Sp Su F W ___ Lesser Nighthawk*^ c c c - ___ Common Poor-will*^ u u u -
SWIFTS Sp Su F W ___ Vaux's Swift^ o - o - ___ White-throated Swift*^ u u o u
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp Su F W ___ Black-chinned*^ c c - - ___ Anna's^ c c - o ___ Costa's*^ c c - u ___ Rufous - o o -
KINGFISHERS Sp Su F W ___ Belted^ u - c c
WOODPECKERS Sp Su F W ___ Gila Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker^ o - u u ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Northern Flicker^ ___ "Gilded"* u u u u ___ "Red-shafted" u - c c ___ "Yellow-shafted" - - r r
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Sp Su F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher^ o - o - ___ Western Wood-Pewee^ c u c - ___ Willow Flycatcher#^ u u - - ___ Hammond's Flycatcher^ c - u r ___ Dusky Flycatcher^ r - r - ___ Gray Flycatcher^ o - o o ___ Pacific Slope Flycatcher^ c u c r ___ Black Phoebe* c c c c ___ Eastern Phoebe^ - - r r ___ Say's Phoebe*^ c r c c ___ Vermilion Flycatcher*^ u u c u ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher*^ c c o r ___ Brown-crested Flycatcher*^ u c - - ___ Western Kingbird*^ c c u -
LARKS Sp Su F W ___ Horned Lark^ - - o o
SWALLOWS Sp Su F W ___ Purple Martin^ r - r - ___ Tree Swallow^ a u a a ___ Violet-green Swallow^ c u u o ___ N. Rough-winged Swallow*^ c c c o ___ Bank Swallow^ o o o - ___ Cliff Swallow*^ c c o - ___ Barn Swallow^ u u u -
JAYS AND CROWS Sp Su F W ___ Steller's Jay r - r r ___ Scrub Jay r - o o ___ American Crow - - r r ___ Common Raven* c c c c
VERDINS Sp Su F W ___ Verdin* c c c c
BUSHTITS Sp Su F W ___ Bushtit - - r r
NUTHATCHES Sp Su F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch r - r -
WRENS Sp Su F W ___ Cactus* u u u u ___ Rock*^ u o c c ___ Canyon* c c c c ___ Bewick's* u u u c ___ House^ u - c c ___ Winter o - o o ___ Marsh*^ c c c c
KINGLETS & GNATCATCHERS Sp Su F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet^ - - r r ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet^ c - c a ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher^ u - u u ___ Black-tailed Gnatcatcher* c c c c
THRUSHES & ALLIES Sp Su F W ___ Western Bluebird^ - - u u ___ Mountain Bluebird^ - - u u ___ Swainson's Thrush^ u - o - ___ Townsend's Solitaire^ o - o o ___ Hermit Thrush^ u - u u ___ American Robin^ o - u u ___ Varied Thrush - - r r
MOCKINGBIRDS, THRASHERS & ALLIES Sp Su F W ___ Northern Mockingbird*^ c c c c ___ Sage Thrasher^ u - u o ___ Bendire's Thrasher^ u u u - ___ Crissal Thrasher* c c c c
PIPITS Sp Su F W ___ American^ u - c c
WAXWINGS Sp Su F W ___ Cedar^ r x r -
SILKY-FLYCATCHERS Sp Su F W ___ Phainopepla*^ c o u c
SHRIKES Sp Su F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike*^ c c c c
STARLINGS Sp Su F W ___ European Starling* c u c c
VIREOS Sp Su F W ___ Bell's Vireo*^ u u u x ___ Gray Vireo^ r - - - ___ Solitary Vireo^ u - u r ___ Hutton's Vireo - - r - ___ Warbling Vireo^ c u c -
WOOD WARBLERS Sp Su F W ___ Orange-crowned Warbler^ c - c c ___ Nashville Warbler^ u - u - ___ Virginia's Warbler^ r x r - ___ Lucy's Warbler*^ c c c - ___ Yellow Warbler*^ c o c r ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler^ ___ "Myrtle" u - u u ___ "Audubon" c - c a ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler^ u - u - ___ Townsend's Warbler^ u - u - ___ Hermit Warbler^ u - o - ___ Black-and-white Warbler^ r - r r ___ American Redstart^ r - r r ___ MacGillivray's Warbler^ c - c - ___ Common Yellowthroat*^ c c c u ___ Wilson's Warbler^ c - c - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat*^ c c u -
TANAGERS Sp Su F W ___ Summer Tanager*^ c c c - ___ Western Tanager^ c u u -
CARDINALS, GROSBEAKS & BUNTINGS Sp Su F W ___ Northern Cardinal o o o o ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak^ r o - r ___ Black-headed Grosbeak^ c u c - ___ Blue Grosbeak*^ o c o - ___ Lazuli Bunting^ u - u - ___ Indigo Bunting*^ o u o -
SPARROWS, TOWHEE & ALLIIES Sp Su F W ___ Green-tailed Towhee^ u - u u ___ Rufous-sided Towhee^ o - u o ___ Abert's Towhee* c c c c ___ Chipping Sparrow^ u o u o ___ Brewer's Sparrow^ c - c o ___ Vesper Sparrow^ u - u u ___ Lark Sparrow^ o - o o ___ Black-throated Sparrow*^ c c c c ___ Sage Sparrow^ - - u c ___ Lark Bunting^ - - r - ___ Savannah Sparrow^ c - c c ___ Fox Sparrow^ r - r r ___ Song Sparrow*^ c c c c ___ Lincoln's Sparrow^ c - c a ___ Swamp Sparrow^ r - u u ___ White-throated Sparrow^ - - - r ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow r - r o ___ White-crowned Sparrow^ c - c a ___ Dark-eyed Junco^ ___ "Oregon" o - u u ___ "Slate-colored" - - o r ___ "Gray-headed" - - r r ___ Chestnut-collared Longspur^ - - r -
BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES & ALLIES Sp Su F W ___ Red-winged Blackbird*^ c a a c ___ Western Meadowlark^ u - c c ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird*^ u c c - ___ Rusty Blackbird r - r r ___ Brewer's Blackbird^ u - c c ___ Great-tailed Grackle* c c c u ___ Brown-headed Cowbird*^ c c o r ___ Hooded Oriole*^ o c o - ___ Northern (Bullock's) Oriole*^ c c c -
FINCHES, GOLDFINCHES & ALLIES Sp Su F W ___ Purple Finch^ - - r r ___ House Finch* c c c c ___ Pine Siskin^ o - o o ___ Lesser Goldfinch*^ u u u u ___ Lawrence's Goldfinch^ r - o o ___ American Goldfinch^ o - o o ___ Evening Grosbeak - - r -
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Sp Su F W ___ House Sparrow* u u u u

Accidentals, Irregular, or Possibly Extirpated Species

Red-throated Loon                          White-breasted Nuthatch
Brown Booby                                Sprague's Pipit^
Brown Pelican                              Yellow-throated Vireo^
Cattle Egret                               Blue-winged Warbler^
Brant                                      Northern Parula^
Eurasian Widgeon                           Magnolia Warbler^
Oldsquaw                                   Black-throated Green Warbler^
Black-shouldered Kite                      Prothonotary Warbler^
Northern Goshawk^                          Worm-eating Warbler^
Ferruginous Hawk^                          Ovenbird^
Mountain Plover^                           Northern Waterthrush^
Ruddy Turnstone                            Louisiana Waterthrush^
Parasitic Jaeger                           Painted Redstart^
Short-eared Owl^                           Varied Bunting^
Acorn Woodpecker                           Painted Bunting^
Williamson's Sapsucker^                    Dickcissel^
Greater Pewee^                             Black-chinned Sparrow^
Tropical Kingbird^                         Grasshopper Sparrow^
Cassin's Kingbird^                         Harris' Sparrow
Eastern Kingbird^                          McCown's Longspur^
Pinyon Jay                                 Scott's Oriole^
Clark's Nutcracker                         Rose-breasted Grosbeak^
Mountain Chickadee
Bridled Titmouse

Notes
Date_________________________________________ Time_____________________________

Observers______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________ 

_______________________________________________________________________________

Weather________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Species________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Comments_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

For more information please contact:
                         Havasu National Wildlife Refuge
                         P.O. Box 3009 
                         Needles, Califonia 92363  
                         Telephone: 619/326-3853
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of Havasu National 
     Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date. Birds of Havasu National 
     Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govhavasu.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

Return to Bird Checklists of Arizona
Return to Bird Checklists of the United States

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/birds/chekbird/r2/havasu.htm
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 18:44:52 EST
Sioux Falls, SD [sdww55]