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Bird Checklists of the United States

Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Sherman, Texas


Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge, on Lake Texoma, is located 15 miles northwest of Sherman, Texas. The 11,320 acre refuge was created to provide food and protected nesting habitat for migratory waterfowl during the winter and migration seasons.

Hagerman Refuge has recorded 316 species of birds that have been seen on the refuge since its establishment in 1946. Of these, 273 are abundant to rare in occurance and are listed seasonally. Another 43 species, seen once or twice, are considered accidental and are listed at the end. the information reflected in this list was compiled by refuge staff, volunteers, and visiting ornithologists. Species are listed in accordance with the Sixth Edition of the A.O.U. Check-list as amended (1983). Accepted new names are used.


* - nesting species

Sp - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

a - abundant: a common species which is very numerous
c - common: certain to be seen in suitable habitat at the suitable time of day or season
u - uncommon: present, but not certain to be seen
o - occasional: seen only a few times during a season
r - rare: seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
x - accidental: seen only once or twice


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon* r - r r
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* u u u u ___ Horned Grebe o - o o ___ Eared Grebe o - o o
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican c o a o
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant c o a a ___ Olivaceous Cormorant o r r o
DARTERS Sp S F W ___ Anhinga r r - -
BITTERNS & HERONS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern o r r - ___ Least Bittern* r r r - ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c c ___ Great Egret* c c c r ___ Snowy Egret c c c - ___ Little Blue Heron u c c - ___ Tricolored Heron - r r - ___ Cattle Egret c u u o ___ Green Heron* u u c - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron o o o - ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron o o o -
IBISES & SPOONBILLS Sp S F W ___ White Ibis - o r - ___ White-faced Ibis o o o - ___ Roseate Spoonbill - r r -
STORKS Sp S F W ___ Wood Stork - r r x
SWANS, GEESE & DUCKS Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan (Whistling Swan) - - r r ___ Greater White-fronted Goose u - c c ___ Snow Goose c - c c ___ Ross' Goose u - u u ___ Brant - - x x ___ Canada Goose c - a a ___ Wood Duck* u u u u ___ Green-winged Teal u - c c ___ American Black Duck r - r r ___ Mallard* u u c c ___ Northern Pintail u - c c ___ Blue-winged Teal c o c r ___ Cinnamon Teal r - r r ___ Northern Shoveler c r c u ___ Gadwall u r c c ___ American Wigeon o o o o ___ Canvasback o - o o ___ Redhead u - u u ___ Ring-necked Duck o - u u ___ Lesser Scaup o r u o ___ Oldsquaw - - r r ___ Common Goldeneye o - o o ___ Bufflehead o - o o ___ Hooded Merganser o - u u ___ Common Merganser o - o o ___ Red-breasted Merganser - - r r ___ Ruddy Duck o - o o
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Black Vulture u u u c ___ Turkey Vulture c c c c
KITES, EAGLES, HAWKS & HARRIERS Sp S F W ___ Osprey r - r - ___ Mississippi Kite* u u u - ___ Bald Eagle u - u u ___ Northern Harrier (Marsh Hawk) u r u u ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o - o o ___ Cooper's Hawk o - o o ___ Red-shouldered Hawk* u u u u ___ Broad-winged Hawk* o o o - ___ Swainson's Hawk* u o u - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* u u c c ___ Rough-legged Hawk o - o o ___ Golden Eagle - - r r
FALCONS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel u r c c ___ Merlin r - o r ___ Peregrine Falcon r - r -
TURKEYS, QUAIL, & PHEASANTS Sp S F W ___ Wild Turkey* u u u u ___ Northern Bobwhite* c c u u
RAILS, GALLINULES & COOTS Sp S F W ___ King Rail* r r r - ___ Virginia Rail - - r r ___ Sora o r o - ___ Purple Gallinule x - x - ___ Common Moorhen r - - - ___ American Coot u u a u
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane r - r -
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover o r o r ___ American Golden Plover (Lesser Gol-Pl.) o r o - ___ Snowy Plover r r r - ___ Semipalmated Plover o o o - ___ Piping Plover o o o - ___ Killdeer* c c c c
STILTS & AVOCETS Sp S F W ___ Black-necked Stilt r - - - ___ American Avocet o o o r
SANDPIPERS & PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs u o u o ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u o u r ___ Solitary Sandpiper o r o - ___ Willet o r o - ___ Spotted Sandpiper c r u - ___ Upland Sandpiper u r u - ___ Long-billed Curlew o r o - ___ Hudsonian Godwit o r r - ___ Marbled Godwit o r o - ___ Ruddy Turnstone r r r - ___ Red Knot - x r - ___ Sanderling r r o - ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper u o u - ___ Western Sandpiper u o u r ___ Least Sandpiper u o u o ___ White-rumped Sandpiper u r - - ___ Baird's Sandpiper u o u r ___ Pectoral Sandpiper u o u r ___ Dunlin o - o r ___ Stilt Sandpiper u o u - ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper o r o - ___ Short-billed Dowitcher r o o - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher u o u r ___ Common Snipe u o u o ___ American Woodcock - - r - ___ Wilson's Phalarope o o o - ___ Red-necked Phalarope r - r - ___ Red Phalarope r r r -
GULLS & TERNS Sp S F W ___ Laughing Gull - r r - ___ Franklin's Gull u r u r ___ Bonaparte's Gull o - o o ___ Ring-billed Gull c o a a ___ Herring Gull o - o o ___ Caspian Tern o r o - ___ Forster's Tern u o u u ___ Least Tern* o o o - ___ Black Tern u o u -
PIGEONS & DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove o o o o ___ Mourning Dove* c c o u
CUCKOOS & ANIS Sp S F W ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* u u u - ___ Greater Roadrunner* u u u u
TYPICAL OWLS Sp S F W ___ Eastern Screech-Owl* o o o o ___ Great Horned Owl* u u u u ___ Barred Owl* u u u u ___ Short-eared Owl - - r r
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* o o o - ___ Chuck-will's-widow* r o r - ___ Whip-poor-will r r - -
SWIFTS Sp S F W ___ Chimney Swift* u u u -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-throated Hummingbird* u u u -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* u u u u
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Red-headed Woodpecker* u u u u ___ Red-bellied Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker o - u u ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker* o o o o ___ Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___ Hairy Woodpecker* o o o o ___ Northern Flicker (Common Flicker) u r c c ___ Pileated Woodpecker* o o o o
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher o - o - ___ Eastern Wood-Pewee* o r o - ___ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r - r - ___ Acadian Flycatcher r - r - ___ Alder Flycatcher (fee-be-o) r - r - ___ Willow Flycatcher (fitz-bew) r - r - ___ Least Flycatcher u - o - ___ Eastern Phoebe* u u u o ___ Great Crested Flycatcher* c c u - ___ Western Kingbird* o u u - ___ Eastern Kingbird* u u u - ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher* c c c -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* r r o o
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Purple Martin* u u u - ___ Tree Swallow o o o - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* o o o - ___ Bank Swallow o - o - ___ Cliff Swallow u o u - ___ Barn Swallow* a c a -
JAYS & CROWS Sp S F W ___ Blue Jay* c c c c ___ American Crow* c c c c
CHICKADEES & TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Carolina Chickadee* c c c c ___ Tufted Titmouse* c c c c
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch - - r r ___ White-breasted Nuthatch* u u u u
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper o - u u
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Carolina Wren* u u u u ___ Bewick's Wren* u u u u ___ House Wren o - o r ___ Winter Wren - - o o ___ Sedge Wren r - r r ___ Marsh Wren o - o o
KINGLETS & GNATCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet u - u o ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet u - u u ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher u c u -
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Eastern Bluebird* c c c c ___ Veery r - r - ___ Gray-cheeked Thrush r - - - ___ Swainson's Thrush u - - - ___ Hermit Thrush o - o o ___ Wood Thrush x - - - ___ American Robin* u u c a
MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird o - o - ___ Northern Mockingbird* c c c c ___ Brown Thrasher* u u u u
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit (Water Pipit) u - c u ___ Sprague's Pipit - - r -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing u - u c
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* u u u c
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c c a a
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ White-eyed Vireo* u u o - ___ Bell's Vireo* r r r - ___ Solitary Vireo o - o x ___ Yellow-throated Vireo r - - - ___ Warbling Vireo o - o - ___ Philadelphia Vireo r - r - ___ Red-eyed Vireo* u u o -
WOOD-WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Tennessee Warbler o - o - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler o - o o ___ Nashville Warbler o - o - ___ Northern Parula r - r - ___ Yellow Warbler o o o - ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler r - - - ___ Magnolia Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c - c c ___ Black-throated Green Warbler o - o - ___ Blackburnian Warbler o - o - ___ Yellow-throated Warbler r - - - ___ Palm Warbler r - r - ___ Bay-breasted Warbler r - - - ___ Blackpoll Warbler r - - - ___ Cerulean Warbler r - - - ___ Black-and-white Warbler* o o o - ___ American Redstart o - o - ___ Prothonotary Warbler* u u r - ___ Ovenbird r - r - ___ Northern Waterthrush o - - - ___ Louisiana Waterthrush* o o - - ___ Kentucky Warbler* o u - - ___ Mourning Warbler r r r - ___ Common Yellowthroat* o o o o ___ Hooded Warbler r r - - ___ Wilson's Warbler o - o - ___ Canada Wabler r - r - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* o r o -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Summer Tanager* u u u -
GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS & SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Northern Cardinal* c c c c ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak o - o - ___ Blue Grosbeak* u u o - ___ Indigo Bunting* c c u - ___ Painted Bunting* c c u - ___ Dickcissel* c c u x ___ Rufous-sided Towhee o - o o ___ American Tree Sparrow - - r r ___ Chipping Sparrow o r o r ___ Clay-colored Sparrow o - o - ___ Field Sparrow* u u c c ___ Vesper Sparrow u - u o ___ Lark Sparrow* u u u r ___ Savannah Sparrow a - a a ___ Grasshopper Sparrow* u u r - ___ Le Conte's Sparrow o - u u ___ Fox Sparrow o - u u ___ Song Sparrow u - u u ___ Lincoln's Sparrow u - u u ___ Swamp Sparrow o - o o ___ White-throated Sparrow c - c c ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - c c ___ Harris' Sparrow c - c c ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - c c ___ McCown's Longspur - - - r ___ Lapland Longspur - - r r ___ Smith's Longspur r - r r ___ Chestnut-collared Longspur - - r r
MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Bobolink o - x - ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a c a a ___ Eastern Meadowlark* c c a a ___ Western Meadowlark o - u u ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird o r o r ___ Rusty Blackbird o - o o ___ Brewer's Blackbird o - u u ___ Great-tailed Grackle o o o o ___ Common Grackle* c c c u ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* c c c u ___ Orchard Oriole* o o o - ___ Northern Oriole* o o o r
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Purple Finch u - u u ___ Pine Siskin o - u u ___ American Goldfinch u u c c
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* c c c c

The following birds have been seen at Hagerman but are either no longer present, are not normally found in the area, or do not normally stop here during migration.

Red-necked Grebe                       Northern Saw-whet Owl
Western Grebe                          Black-chinned Hummingbird
Brown Pelican                          Black Phoebe
Greater Scaup                          Say's Phoebe
White-winged Scoter                    Vermilion Flycatcher
Northern Goshawk                       Mountain Bluebird
Ferruginous Hawk                       Sage Thrasher
Prairie Falcon                         Curve-billed Thrasher
Ring-necked Pheasant                   Blue-winged Warbler
Black Rail                             Black-throated Blue Warbler
Whooping Crane                         Pine Warbler
Whimbrel                               Prairie Warbler
Mountain Plover                        MacGillivry's Warbler
Glaucous Gull                          Black-headed Grosbeak
Sabine's Gull                          Evening Grosbeak
Common Tern                            Lazuli Bunting
Black Skimmer                          Green-tailed Towhee
Inca Dove                              Baird's Sparrow
Black-billed Cuckoo                    Sharp-tailed Sparrow
Barn Owl                               Red Crossbill
Snowy Owl                              House Finch
Burrowing Owl

For additional information contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge
                 Route 3, Box 123
                 Sherman, Texas 75090
                 Telephone: 903/786-2826
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of Hagerman National 
     Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  No date.  Birds of Hagerman National 
     Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govhagerman.htm 
     (Version 22MAY98).

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