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Florence Military Reservation
Pinal County, Arizona


Florence Military Reservation (FMR)

Covering over 40 square mile (25,752 acres) of Lower Sonoran Desert, Florence Military reservation is managed by the Arizona Army National Guard in cooperation with other state and federal agencies. A multiple use policy allows for cattle grazing, hunting, camping, birding, and other outdoor recreation, as well as military training, on range firing and artillery shell impacts are limited to federal land on the southern part of the reservation. Artillery live-fire dates are clearly posted in advance on perimeter signs and red range flags are flown on active days.

Bird-watching opportunities are plentiful, especially in the early morning or just before evening. the site provides abundant viewing habitat along tree-lined desert washes, within dense stands of saguaro and cholla cactus, along the rolling hills of the uplands, and near cattle tanks. As always when traveling in the desert, bring plenty of water along with you personal survival equipment. Be sure to let someone know your travel plans.

Enjoy your visit and feel free to contact the Natural & Cultural Resources Manager for more information at (602) 267-2700.


Species Occurence Legend

Abundant - 1
Common - 2
Uncommon - 3
Rare - 4
Irregular - 5
Accidental - 6


Species GREBES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Pied-billed Grebe |444|444|444|444|4--|---|---|---|--4|444|444|444|
BITTERNS AND HERONS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Great Blue Heron |444|444|444|666|666|666|666|666|664|444|444|444| White-faced Ibis |---|---|---|666|6--|---|444|444|---|---|---|---|
VULTURES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Turkey Vulture |444|444|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|224|444|444|
DUCKS AND GEESE |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Mallard |333|333|333|334|444|444|444|444|433|333|333|333| Blue-winged Teal |---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--6|666|666|---|---| Cinnamon Teal |---|-44|444|44-|---|---|---|-44|444|4--|---|---| Green-winged Teal |444|444|444|4--|---|---|---|---|--4|444|444|444| Ring-necked Duck |444|444|444|4--|---|---|---|---|---|--4|444|444| Bufflehead |666|666|666|6--|---|---|---|---|---|--6|666|666|
KITES, EAGLES AND HAWKS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| White-tailed Kite |666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666| Northern Harrier |333|333|333|344|444|---|---|444|333|333|333|333| Sharp-shinned Hawk |333|333|333|334|44-|---|---|--4|433|333|333|333| Cooper's Hawk |333|333|333|334|466|666|666|433|322|222|222|333| Harris's Hawk |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Swainson's Hawk |---|--3|333|444|666|6--|---|-44|444|444|---|---| Red-tailed Hawk |111|111|122|222|222|222|222|222|222|221|111|111| Golden Eagle |333|333|334|444|444|444|444|444|444|433|333|333|
FALCONS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| American Kestrel |222|222|222|233|333|333|333|332|222|222|222|222| Merlin |444|444|444|444|---|---|---|---|--4|444|444|444| Prairie Falcon |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|
TURKEYS AND QUAILS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Gambel's Quail |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| American Coot |444|444|444|466|666|666|666|666|664|444|444|444|
PLOVERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Killdeer |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|
STILTS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Black-necked Stilt |444|444|444|444|666|666|666|666|444|444|444|444|
SANDPIPERS AND PHALAROPES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Spotted Sandpiper |---|---|--3|333|3--|---|-33|333|333|---|---|---| Least Sandpiper |444|444|444|222|24-|---|---|442|222|244|444|444|
DOVES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Rock Dove |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| White-winged Dove |666|666|664|111|111|111|111|111|444|666|666|666| Mourning Dove |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| Inca Dove |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Common Ground-Dove |---|---|---|444|444|444|444|444|444|---|---|---|
CUCKOOS, ROADRUNNERS, AND ANIS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Greater Roadrunner |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|
OWLS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Barn Owl |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Western Screech-Owl |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Great Horned Owl |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Elf Owl |---|---|333|333|333|333|333|333|3--|---|---|---| Burrowing Owl |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|
NIGHTHAWKS AND NIGHTJARS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Lesser Nighthawk |---|---|432|222|222|222|222|222|234|444|---|---| Common Nighthawk |---|---|---|---|666|---|---|666|6--|---|---|---| Common Poorwill |---|---|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|---|---|
SWIFTS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| White-throated Swift |333|334|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|333|
HUMMINGBIRDS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Black-chinned Hummingbird |---|---|444|442|222|222|222|222|222|244|---|---| Anna's Hummingbird |222|222|224|444|444|444|444|444|222|222|222|222| Costa's Hummingbird |222|222|222|222|223|333|333|333|333|333|332|222| Broad-tailed Hummingbird |---|---|-44|444|---|---|---|444|444|44-|---|---|
KINGFISHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Belted Kingfisher |666|666|666|6--|---|---|---|666|666|666|666|666|
WOODPECKERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Gila Woodpecker |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Ladder-backed Woodpecker |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Northern Flicker |333|333|33-|---|---|---|---|---|---|-33|333|333| Gilded Flicker |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Western Wood-Pewee |---|---|---|443|333|34-|--4|433|333|34-|---|---| Gray Flycatcher |444|444|444|444|4--|---|---|--4|444|444|444|444| Black Phoebe |333|333|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|443|333|333| Say's Phoebe |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Vermillion Flycatcher |444|433|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|3--|---|---| Ash-throated Flycatcher |444|444|443|222|222|222|222|222|234|444|444|444| Brown-crested Flycatcher |---|---|-43|222|222|222|222|234|4--|---|---|---| Cassin's Kingbird |---|---|-43|333|4--|---|---|-43|333|44-|---|---| Western Kingbird |---|---|--3|222|222|222|222|222|222|344|---|---|
SHRIKES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Loggerhead Shrike |222|222|223|333|333|333|333|333|333|222|222|222|
VIREOS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Bell's Vireo |---|---|--4|433|334|444|444|444|444|---|---|---| Gray Vireo |---|---|---|666|6--|---|---|666|666|---|---|---| Plumbeous Vireo |---|---|---|--6|666|---|---|666|6--|---|---|---| Hutton's Vireo |444|444|44-|---|---|---|---|---|---|-44|444|444| Warbling Vireo |---|---|--4|443|333|---|--4|333|333|44-|---|---|
JAYS, MAGPIES, AND CROWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| American Crow |666|666|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|--6|666|666| Common Raven |222|222|222|233|333|333|333|333|332|222|222|222|
LARKS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Horned Lark |222|222|233|333|333|333|333|333|333|332|222|222|
SWALLOWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Purple Martin |---|---|---|-44|444|444|444|444|333|44-|---|---| Tree Swallow |---|333|333|444|44-|---|-44|444|333|333|---|---| Violet-green Swallow |---|433|333|332|222|222|222|222|223|344|4--|---| Northern Rough-winged Swallow |--4|333|333|334|444|444|443|333|334|---|---|---| Cliff Swallow |---|--4|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|---|---|---| Barn Swallow |---|---|-44|333|344|444|444|444|442|244|4--|---|
VERDINS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Verdin |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|
WRENS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Cactus Wren |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Rock Wren |222|222|222|333|333|333|333|333|333|222|222|222| Canyon Wren |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Bewick's Wren |333|333|34-|---|---|---|---|---|--3|333|333|333| House Wren |444|444|444|444|---|---|---|---|444|444|444|444|
KINGLETS AND GNATCATCHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Ruby-crowned Kinglet |222|222|222|224|44-|---|---|---|--4|222|222|222| Blue-gray Gnatcatcher |333|333|333|333|3--|---|---|---|--3|333|333|333| Black-tailed Gnatcatcher |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|
THRUSHES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Western Bluebird |555|555|555|---|---|---|---|---|---|555|555|555| American Robin |535|353|535|444|4--|---|---|---|---|445|335|335|
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Northern Mockingbird |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Sage Thrasher |333|333|333|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|333|333| Bendire's Thrasher |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Curve-billed Thrasher |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Crissal Thrasher |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Le Conte's Thrasher |666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|666|
STARLINGS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| European Starling |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|
PIPITS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| American Pipit |444|444|444|---|---|---|---|---|---|-44|444|444|
SILKY FLYCATCHES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Phainopepla |222|222|222|222|224|444|444|444|422|222|222|222|
WOOD-WARBLERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Orange-crowned Warbler |444|433|332|223|34-|---|---|432|222|222|222|444| Virginia's Warbler |---|---|---|--4|444|---|-44|44-|---|---|---|---| Lucy's Warbler |---|--4|333|333|333|333|333|344|444|44-|---|---| Yellow Warbler |---|---|---|422|222|444|444|422|222|44-|---|---| Yellow-rumped Warbler |111|111|111|222|3--|---|---|---|--4|431|111|111| Black-throated Gray Warbler |666|666|444|222|444|---|---|444|333|333|366|666| Common Yellowthroat |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Wilson's Warbler |666|666|444|222|222|4--|--4|222|222|444|666|666|
TANAGERS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Western Tanager |---|---|---|443|333|---|---|--4|333|44-|---|---|
TOWHEES AND SPARROWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Green-tailed Towhee |333|333|333|333|344|---|---|--4|333|333|333|333| Spotted Towhee |333|333|34-|---|---|---|---|---|---|-43|333|333| Canyon Towhee |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Abert's Towhee |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Cassin's Sparrow |---|---|---|---|---|---|666|666|666|---|---|---| Rufous-crowned Sparrow |333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333|333| Chipping Sparrow |444|444|444|---|---|---|---|---|---|-44|444|444| Brewer's Sparrow |111|111|111|123|344|---|---|--3|321|111|111|111| Vesper Sparrow |222|222|222|34-|---|---|---|--4|322|222|222|222| Lark Sparrow |222|222|222|222|666|666|666|642|222|222|222|222| Black-throated Sparrow |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Sage Sparrow |333|333|333|---|---|---|---|---|-33|333|333|333| Lark Bunting |111|111|111|111|334|---|---|--4|111|111|111|111| Savannah Sparrow |222|222|222|222|4--|---|---|--4|222|222|222|222| Song Sparrow |333|333|333|333|444|444|444|444|433|333|333|333| Lincoln's Sparrow |333|333|333|333|44-|---|---|-44|443|333|333|333| White-crowned Sparrow |111|111|111|112|444|4--|---|---|442|111|111|111|
CARDINALS AND GROSBEAKS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Dark-eyed Junco |222|222|222|44-|---|---|---|---|---|--4|222|222| Northern Cardinal |222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222|222| Pyrrhuloxia |444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444|444| Black-headed Grosbeak |---|---|--3|333|333|---|--3|333|333|---|---|---|
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| Red-winged Blackbird |222|222|244|444|444|444|444|444|444|422|222|222| Eastern Meadowlark |444|444|444|44-|---|---|---|---|-44|444|444|444| Western Meadowlark |222|222|222|234|444|444|444|444|432|222|222|222| Yellow-headed Blackbird |444|444|444|444|---|---|---|---|444|444|444|444| Brewer's Blackbird |222|222|222|4--|---|---|---|---|-44|222|222|222| Great-tailed Grackle |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| Bronzed Cowbird |---|---|---|--4|433|333|334|---|---|---|---|---| Brown-headed Cowbird |333|333|333|444|444|444|444|444|444|333|333|333| Hooded Oriole |---|---|--4|333|334|444|444|333|344|4--|---|---| Bullock's Oriole |---|---|443|333|333|444|444|333|333|444|---|---| Scott's Oriole |---|---|--4|333|333|444|444|333|---|---|---|---|
FINCH |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| House Finch |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111| Lesser Goldfinch |222|222|222|222|333|333|333|333|333|222|222|222| American Goldfinch |444|444|444|444|4--|---|---|---|---|---|444|444|
OLD WORLD SPARROWS |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec| House Sparrow |111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|111|

Army Resource Management

The Department of Defense manages More than 25 million acres worldwide. Much of this land is located in sensitive wetlands and along riverbanks, some of the most ecologically significant areas in the world. the location of these real estate holdings makes it imperative that the various military missions are planned and executed in harmony with the environment. The Army supports numerous partnerships with other Federal, State, local, and private resource groups to promote such programs as Partners in Flight, the North American Waterfowl Management Plan, Wetlands Protection and Enhancement, and Watchable Wildlife. To succeed in its mission, and to earn public confidence, the Army must emphasize natural resources stewardship in every aspect of its land use. It does. come see for yourself and discover our resources.


The U.S. Army and Partners in Flight are cooperating on an international program to promote conservation of resident and Neotropical migratory birds. For information, visit http://www.dodpif.org or call Department of Defense Partners in Flight at 540-253-5675.


For more information contact:
                     Arizona Army National Guard
                     ATTN: AZAA-FME
                     5636 East McDowell Road
                     Phoenix, AZ 85008-3495
                     
This resource is based on the following source:
Department of Defense. No date. Bird Checklist, Florence Military Reservation,
     Pinal County, Arizona. Department of Defense. Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Department of Defense. No date. Bird Checklist, Florence Military Reservation,
     Pinal County, Arizona. Department of Defense. Unpaginated.  Jamestown, 
     ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govfloremil.htm 
     (Version 22MAY00)

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