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Bird Checklists of the United States

Big Thicket National Preserve

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Beaumont, Texas


COM - Common
UNCOM - Uncommon
DOC - Documented within Big Thicket counties but not necessarily within the Preserve
EXP - Expected to occur in the Preserve but not yet documented



SIREN FAMILY (Sirenidae)                                           ABUNDANCE

___ Western Lesser Siren--Siren intermedea nettingi                DOC

MOLE SALAMANDER FAMILY (Ambystomatidae)                            ABUNDANCE

___ Spotted Salamander--Ambystoma maculatum                        DOC
___ Marbled Salamander--A. opacum                                  UNCOM
___ Mole Salamander--A. talpoideum                                 DOC
___ Smallmouthed Salamander--A. texanum                            EXP
___ Eastern Tiger Salamander--A. tigrinum tigrinum                 UNCOM

AMPHIUMA FAMILY (Amphiumidae)                                      ABUNDANCE

___ Three-toed Amphiuma--Amphiuma triactylum                       DOC

LUNGLESS SALAMANDER FAMILY (Plethodontidae)                        ABUNDANCE
___ Southern Dusky Salamander--Desmognathus auriculatus            DOC
___ Dwarf Salamander--Eurycea quadridigitata                       COM

WATER DOG FAMILY (Proteidae)                                       ABUNDANCE

___ Gulf Coast Water Dog--Necturus beyeri                          DOC

NEWT FAMILY (Salamandridae)                                        ABUNDANCE

___ Central Newt--Notophthalmus viridescens lousisanensis          DOC

ORDER ANURA - FROGS AND TOADS SPADEFOOT TOAD FAMILY (Pelobatidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Hurter's spadefoot--Scaaphiopus holbrooki hurteri UNCOM TREEFROG FAMILY (Hylidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Northern Cricket Frog--Acris crepitans crepitans COM ___ Coastal Cricket Frog--Acris crepitans paludicola DOC ___ Gray Treefrog--Hyla chrysoscelis/versicolor COM ___ Green Treefrog--H. cinerea COM ___ Northern Spring Peeper--H. crucifer crucifer COM ___ Squirrel Treefrog--H. squirella COM ___ Strecker's Chorus Frog--Pseudacris streckeri DOC ___ Upland Chorus Frog--P. triseriata feriarum COM TOAD FAMILY (Bufonidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Gulf Coast Toad--Bufo valliceps valliceps COM ___ East Texas Toad--B. woodhousei velatus COM TRUE FROG FAMILY (Ranidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Southern Crawfish Frog--Rana areolata areolata UNCOM ___ Bullfrog--R. catesbeiana COM ___ Bronze Frog--R. clamitans clamitans COM ___ Pig Frog--R. grylio DOC ___ Pickerel Frog--R. palustris DOC ___ Southern Leopard Frog--R. sphenocephala COM NARROWMOUTH TOAD FAMILY (Microhylidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Eastern Narrowmouth Toad--Gastrophyne carolinensis COM ___ Great Plains Narrowmouth Toad--G. olivacea DOC
REPTILES ORDER CROCODILIA - ALLIGATORS CROCODILE FAMILY (Crocodilidae) ABUNDANCE ___ American Alligator--Alligator mississippiensis UNC
ORDER TESTUDINATA - TURTLES SNAPPING TURTLE FAMILY (Chelydridae) ABUNDANCE ___ Common Snapping Turtle--Chelydra serpentina serpentina COM ___ Alligator Snapping Turtle--Macroclemys temmincki UNCOM MUSK AND MUD TURTLE FAMILY (Kinosternidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Mississippi Mud Turtle--Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis COM ___ Razorback Musk Turtle--Sternotherus carinatus UNCOM ___ Stinkpot--Sternotherus odoratus DOC POND, MARSH, AND BOX TURTLE FAMILY (Emydidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Western Chicken Turtle--Deirochelys reticularia miaria DOC ___ Mississippi Map Turtle--Graptemys kohni UNCOM ___ Sabine Map Turtle--G. pseudogeographica sabinensis UNCOM ___ Texas Diamondback Terrapin--Malaclemys terrapin littoralis DOC ___ Metter's River Cooter--Pseudemys concinna metteri DOC ___ Three-toed Box Turtle--Terrapene carolina triunguis COM ___ Ornate Box Turtle--T. ornata ornata UNCOM ___ Red-eared Slider--Trachemys scripta elegans COM SOFTSHELL TURTLE FAMILY (Trionychidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Smooth Softshell--Trionyx muticus muticus UNCOM ___ Pallid Spiny Softshell--T. spiniferus pallidus UNCOM
ORDER SQUAMATA, SUBORDER LACERTILIA - LIZARDS GECKO FAMILY (Gekkonidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Mediterranean Gecko--Hemidactylus turcicus DOC IGUANID FAMILY (Iguanidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Green Anole--Anolis carolinensis COM ___ Texas Horned Lizard--Phrynosoma cornutum DOC ___ Northern Fence Lizard--Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus UNCOM TYPICAL OLD WORLD LIZARD FAMILY (Scincidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Southern Coal Skink--Eumeces anthracinus pluvialis EXP ___ Five-lined Skink--E. fasciatus COM ___ Broadhead Skink--E. laticeps UNCOM ___ Ground Skink--Scincella lateralis COM WHIPTAIL AND RACERUNNER FAMILY (Teiidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Six-lined Racerunner--Cnemidophorus sexlineatus sexlinetus UNCOM ANGUID LIZARD FAMILY (Anguinidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Western Slender Glass Lizard--Ophisarus attenuatus DOC
ORDER SQUATMATA, SUBORDER SERPENTES - SNAKES COLUBRID FAMILY (Colubridae) ABUNDANCE ___ Northern Scarlet Snake--Cemophora coccinea copei DOC ___ Buttermilk Racer--Coluber constrictor anthicus UNCOM ___ Tan Racer--C. constrictor etheridgei UNCOM ___ Eastern Yellowbelly Racer--C. constrictor flaviventris UNCOM ___ Mississippi Ringneck Snake--Diadophis punctatus stictogenys DOC ___ Corn Snake--Elaphe guttata guttata UNCOM ___ Texas Rat Snake--E. obsoleta lindheimeri COM ___ Western Mud Snake--Farancia abacura reinwardti UNCOM ___ Eastern Hognose Snake--Heterodon platyrhinos COM ___ Prairie Kingsnake--Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster DOC ___ Speckled Kingsnake--L. getulus holbrooki UNCOM ___ Louisiana Milk Snake--L. triangulum amaura DOC ___ Eastern Coachwhip--Masticophis flagellum flagellum UNCOM ___ Green Water Snake--Nerodia cyclopion DOC ___ Yellowbelly Water Snake--N. erythrogaster flavigaster COM ___ Gulf Salt Marsh Snake--N. fasciata clarki UNCOM ___ Broad-banded Water Snake--N. fasciati confluens COM ___ Diamonback Water Snake--N. rhombifera rhombifera UNCOM ___ Eastern Rough Green Snake--Opheodrys aestivus aestivus COM ___ Western Rough Green Snake--Opheodrys aestivus majalis DOC ___ Western Smooth Green Snake--O. vernalis blanchardi EXP ___ Louisiana Pine Snake--Pituophis melanoleucus ruthveni DOC ___ Graham's Crayfish Snake--Regina grahami DOC ___ Gulf Crayfish Snake--R. rigida sinicola UNCOM ___ Marsh Brown Snake--Storeria dekayi limnetes DOC ___ Texas Brown Snake--S. dekayi texana COM ___ Florida Redbelly Snake--S. occipitomaculata obscura UNCOM ___ Flathead Snake--Tantilla gracilis DOC ___ Gulf Coast Ribbon Snake--Thamnophis proximus orarius DOC ___ Western Ribbon Snake--T. proximus proximus COM ___ Eastern Garter Snake--T. sirtalis sirtalis UNCOM ___ Rough Earth Snake--Virginia striatula DOC CORAL SNAKE FAMILY (Elapidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Texas Coral Snake--Micrurus fulvius tenere UNCOM PIT VIPER FAMILY (Viperidae) ABUNDANCE ___ Southern Copperhead--Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix COM ___ Western Cottonmouth--A. piscivorus leucostoma COM ___ Canebrake Rattlesnake--Crotalus horidus atricaudatus UNCOM ___ Western Pigmy Rattlesnake--Sistrurus miliarius streckeri UNCOM
This resource is based on the following source:
National Park Service.  1974.  A checklist of amphibians and reptiles for 
     Big Thicket.  National Park Service. 2 pages.
This resource should be cited as:
National Park Service.  1974.  A checklist of amphibians and reptiles for 
     Big Thicket.  National Park Service. 2 pages.  Jamestown, ND: 
     Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 22MAY98).

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