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Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of the Arizona Strip

small state map showing location

Office in St. George, Utah


The Arizona Strip

The Arizona Strip is an isolated and, for the most part, still undeveloped area in Northern Arizona. Cut off from the rest of Arizona by the Grand Canyon and politically isolated from Utah by the state boundary, it has retained much of its wild character.

From the low desert ranges of the Grand Wash to the pine-covered slopes of Mt. Logan, the District is traversed by spectacular cliffs, rugged canyons and broad valleys. The diverse character of the area is reflected in its plant and animal life. Some species of animals are very restricted in the areas or in "habitats" they occupy. An example of this type of animal would be the Kaibab Squirrel which only lives in the Ponderosa Pine area. Other species such as the Coyote or Golden Eagle occupy a wide range of habitat. The key, then, to protecting and maintaining the 387 species of animals which occur on the Arizona Strip District is through managing their habitats.

There are approximately 2,737,000 acres of Public Land on the Arizona Strip which are managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) of the United States, Department of the Interior. The BLM is charged with the responsibility of managing the wildlife habitat which occurs on your Public Lands. This is no easy talk when one considers the needs of wildlife must be balanced with the other users of the Public Lands, such as livestock grazing, mining, woodland products and recreation use.

We hope this wildlife species list will increase your appreciation and enjoyment of the Arizona Strip and its wildlife. Please remember these Public Lands are yours to enjoy now and to preserve for the future.

Information for this species list was compiled by Wildlife Biologist of the Arizona Strip District of BLM from published literature, research contracts and field observations. The list was reviewed for accuracy by Dr. M. Riffey of Western Washington State College, Dr. A. Barnum of Dixie College and personnel of the Arizona Game and Fish Department. The list will be periodically updated so the reporting of any unusual sightings would be greatly appreciated.

Some of the best areas for observing a wide diversity of species are in the Paria Canyon, along the Virgin River and at Mt. Trumbull.


Using This List

This list contains columns after each species that describes:

  1. That specie's abundance relative to other species.

  2. Residency or the particular season in which that species may most commonly be observed.

  3. That habitat type in which that particular species may most often be found.

ABUNDANCE
A = Abundant
C = Common
U = Uncommon
R = Rare
L = Local
S = Spotty
I = Isolated
N = No Record (But May Occur)

RESIDENCY
S = Summer
W = Winter
P = Permanent
T = Transient

COLUMNS
AB = Abundance
RE = Residency
GR = Grass
SB = Sagebrush
MT = Mtn. Shrub
PO = Ponderosa
PJ = Pinyon-Juniper
CR = Creosote
DS = Desert Shrub
AQ = Aquatic
SS = Streamside

All birds in Arizona are protected by law except for the House Sparrow and Starling.


Species

LOONS                               AB  RE  GR  SB  MT  PO  PJ  CR  DS  AQ  SS 
                                                                               
___ Common Loon                     R   T   -   -   -   -   -   -   -   O   -  

GREBES AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Western Grebe U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Horned Grebe R T - - - - - - - O - ___ Eared Grebe U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Pied-billed Grebe U T - - - - - - - O -
PELICANS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ White Pelican R T - - - - - - - O -
CORMORANTS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Double-breasted Cormorant U T - - - - - - - O -
SWANS, GEESE AND DUCKS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Whistling Swan U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Canada Goose U W - - - - - - - O - ___ White-fronted Goose R T - - - - - - - O - ___ Snow Goose U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Mallard C T - - - - - - - O - ___ Pintail C T - - - - - - - O - ___ Gadwall C T - - - - - - - O - ___ American Widgeon U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Shoveler U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Blue-winged Teal C T - - - - - - - O - ___ Cinnamon Teal C T - - - - - - - O - ___ Green-winged Teal C T - - - - - - - O - ___ Wood Duck R T - - - - - - - O - ___ Redhead U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Canvasback R T - - - - - - - O - ___ Ring-necked Duck R T - - - - - - - O - ___ Greater Scaup R T - - - - - - - O - ___ Lesser Scaup U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Common Goldeneye U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Barrow's Goldeneye R T - - - - - - - O - ___ Bufflehead U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Ruddy Duck U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Common Merganser U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Red-breasted Merganser R T - - - - - - - O -
VULTURES, HAWKS, AND FALCONS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Turkey Vulture C P O O O O O O O - - ___ Goshawk R T - - - O O - - - - ___ Cooper's Hawk U P - - - O O - - - O ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk R T - - - O O - - - O ___ Marsh Hawk U P O O O - - O O - O ___ Rough-legged Hawk C W O O O - O O O - O ___ Ferruginous Hawk R T O O - - O - - - - ___ Red-tailed Hawk C P O O O O O O O - O ___ Swainson's Hawk R T O - - - - O O - - ___ Black Hawk R S - - - - - - - - O ___ Zona-tailed Hawk R T - - - - - - - - O ___ Golden Eagle C P O O O O O O O - O ___ Bald Eagle R W O O - - - - - - O ___ Osprey R T - - - - - - - - O ___ Prairie Falcon U P O O O O O - O - - ___ (Peregrine Falcon) *Endangered R T - - O O O - - - - ___ Pigeon Hawk or Merlin R T O O - O O - - - O ___ Sparrow Hawk or Kestrel A P O O O O O O O - O
TURKEY, QUAIL AND GROUSE AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Turkey U P - - - O O - - - - ___ Gambel's Quail C P O O O - O O O - O ___ Chukar U P O - - - - - O - -
HERONS AND EGRETS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Common Egret U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Snowy Egret R T - - - - - - - O - ___ Great Blue Heron C T - - - - - - - O - ___ Green Heron R T - - - - - - - O - ___ Black-crowned Night Heron U T - - - - - - - O - ___ American Bittern R T - - - - - - - O - ___ White-faced Ibis R T - - - - - - - O -
CRANES AND RAILS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Sandhill Crane R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Virginia Rail R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Sora R T - - - - - - - O O ___ American Coot U T - - - - - - - O O
SHOREBIRDS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ American Avocet C T - - - - - - - O O ___ Black-necked Stilt C T - - - - - - - O O ___ Mountain Plover R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Black-bellied Plover R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Snowy Plover R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Semipalmated Plover R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Killdeer C P O - - - - - - O O ___ Long-billed Curlew R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Marbled Goodwit R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Solitary Sandpiper U T - - - - - - - O O ___ Spotted Sandpiper C W - - - - - - - O O ___ Willet U T - - - - - - - O O ___ Greater Yellowlegs C T - - - - - - - O O ___ Lesser Yellowlegs C T - - - - - - - O O ___ Long-billed Dowitcher U T - - - - - - - O O ___ Pectoral Sandpiper R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Dunlin R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Sanderling R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Baird's Sandpiper R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Least Sandpiper U T - - - - - - - O O ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper R T - - - - - - - O O ___ Western Sandpiper U T - - - - - - - O O ___ Wilson's Phalarope U T - - - - - - - O O ___ Northern Phalarope U T - - - - - - - O O ___ Common Snipe U T - - - - - - - O O
GULLS AND TERNS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Herring Gull R T - - - - - - - O - ___ California Gull C T - - - - - - - O - ___ Ring-billed Gull C T - - - - - - - O - ___ Franklin's Gull U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Bonaparte's Gull R T - - - - - - - O - ___ Common Tern U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Forster's Tern C T - - - - - - - O - ___ Caspian Tern U T - - - - - - - O - ___ Black Tern R T - - - - - - - O -
PIGEONS AND DOVES AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Band-tailed Pigeon C S - - O O - - - - - ___ Rock Dove U P O O O O O O O - - ___ White-winged Dove U S - - - - - O O - O ___ Mourning Dove A P O O O O O O O - O ___ Inca Dove R S - - - - - O O - -
CUCKOO AND ROADRUNNER AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo R S - - - - - O - - O ___ Roadrunner C P O O - - O O O - O
OWLS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Screech Owl U P - O - O O O O - O ___ Great Horned Owl A P O O O O O O O - O ___ Long-eared Owl U P - O - O O O O - O ___ Short-eared Owl R T O - - - - - O - - ___ Barn Owl R P - O - - O O - - O ___ Spotted Owl R P - - O O O - - - O ___ Burrowing Owl U S O O - - - O O - - ___ Saw-whet Owl U P - - - O O - - - - ___ Flammulated Owl U P - - O O - - - - - ___ Pygmy Owl R P - - O O O - - - - ___ Elf Owl R P - - O O O O - - -
GOATSUCKERS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Poor-will C P O O O O O O O - O ___ Common Nighthawk C P O O O O O O O - O ___ Lesser Nighthawk C P O O O O O O O - O
SWIFTS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Black Swift R S - - O O O - - - - ___ Vaux's Swift R S - - O O O - - - - ___ White-throated Swift C S O O O O O O O - O
HUMMINGBIRDS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird U S O O - - - O O - - ___ Calliope Hummingbird U T O O O - - O O - - ___ Anna's Hummingbird R T O O O O O O O - O ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird C S O O O O O O O - O ___ Costa's Hummingbird U S O O - - O O O - - ___ Rufous Hummingbird U T O O O - O O O - -
KINGFISHER AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Belted Kingfisher U P - - - - - - - O O
WOODPECKERS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Red-shafted Flicker A P - - O O O O O - O ___ Gilded Flicker U W - - - - - O O - - ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker U P - - O O O O O - - ___ Acorn Woodpecker U P - - - O O - - - - ___ Lewis' Woodpecker R P - - O O O - - - - ___ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker C P - - O O O - - - O ___ Williamson's Sapsucker R T - - O O - - - - - ___ Hairy Woodpecker C P - - O O O - - - - ___ Downy Woodpecker U P - - O O O - - - -
KINGBIRDS AND FLYCATCHERS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Vermillion Flycatcher U S - - - - - O O - O ___ Western Kingbird A S O O O O O O O - O ___ Cassin's Kingbird C S O O O O O O O - O ___ Wied's Crested Flycatcher R S - - - - - O O - O ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher C S O O O O O O O - O ___ Olivaceous Flycatcher R S O O O O O O O - O ___ Black Phoebe U S O O O O O O O - O ___ Say's Phoebe C S - - O O O - - - O ___ Trail's Flycatcher U S - - - - - O O - O ___ Dusky Flycatcher U T - - O - O - - - O ___ Gray Flycatcher C S - O - - O - - - - ___ Western Flycatcher U S - - O O O - - - - ___ Western Wood Pewee U S - - - O - - - - O
HORNED LARK AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Horned Lark A P O O O - - O O - -
SWALLOWS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Barn Swallow U S O - O - - O O - O ___ Cliff Swallow C T O O O - - O O - O ___ Violet-green Swallow A S O O O O O O O - O ___ Tree Swallow U S O O O O O O O - O ___ Bank Swallow U T O O O - - O O - O ___ Rough-winged Swallow U S O O O - - O O - O
JAYS, MAGPIES, AND CROWS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Steller's Jay U P - - - O O - - - - ___ Scrub Jay C P O O O O - O - - - ___ Pinyon Jay C P O O O O O O O - - ___ Black-billed Magpie R T - - - O O - - - - ___ Clark's Nutcracker R P - - - O O - - - - ___ Common Raven C P O O O O O O O - O ___ Common Crow U W O O O O O - - - O
CHICKADEES AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Black-capped Chickadees U P - - - O O - - - - ___ Mountain Chickadee C P - - - O O - - - - ___ Plain Titmouse U P - - O O O - - - - ___ Verdin U P O O O - - O O - O ___ Common Bushtit C P - - O O O - - - -
NUTHATCHES AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ White-breasted Nuthatch C P - - - O O - - - O ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch R P - - - O O - - - - ___ Pygmy Nuthatch C P - - - O O - - - -
CREEPER AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Brown Creeper U S - - - O O - - - O
WRENS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ House Wren R S - - O - O O - - - ___ Bewick's Wren C P O O O - O O O - O ___ Cactus Wren C P - O O - - O O - - ___ Rock Wren C S - - O - O O O - - ___ Canyon Wren C P - O O - O O O - O ___ Long-billed Marsh Wren R W - - - - - - - O O ___ Brown-throated Wren R S - - O O - - - - -
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Mockingbird C S O O O - O O O - O ___ Catbird U S - - O O O - - - O ___ Sage Thrasher R S - O - - - O O - - ___ Bendire's Thrasher U S O O O - O O O - - ___ Le Conte's Thrasher U S - O - - - O O - - ___ Crissal Thrasher R S - O O - O - - - O
THRUSHES, SOLITAIRES AND BLUEBIRDS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Robin C P O - O O O - - - O ___ Townsend's Solitaire U S - O O O O - O - - ___ Hermit Thrush R S - - O O O - - - - ___ Western Bluebird C S - O O O O - - - - ___ Mountain Bluebird U S - - O O O - - - -
GNATCATCHERS AND KINGLETS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatchers C S - - O O O O O - O ___ Black-tailed Gnatcatcher U P - - - - - O O - - ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet R P - - O O O - - - - ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet C S - - O O O - - - -
PIPIT AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Water Pipit R T - - - - - - - O O
WAXWINGS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Bohemian Waxwing R T - - - O O - - - - ___ Cedar Waxwing R T - - - O O - - - O
PHAINOPEPLA AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Phainopepla U P - - O - - O O - O
SHRIKES AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Northern Shrike R T - O O - O - O - - ___ Loggerhead Shrike C S O O - - O O O - O
STARLING AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Starling U T - - - O O - - - O
VIREOS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Gray Vireo U S - - - O O O - - - ___ Solitary Vireo R S - - - O O - - - O ___ Bell's Vireo R S - - - - - O O - O ___ Warbling Vireo U S - - - - O - - - O
WARBLERS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Black-and-white Warbler R W - - - O O - - - - ___ Orange-crowned Warbler R S - O O O O O O - O ___ Virginia's Warbler R S - - O O O - - - - ___ Lucy's Warbler C S - - - - - O O - O ___ Yellow Warbler A S - - O O O O O - O ___ Magnolia Warbler R S - - - O - - - - - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler C S - - O O O - - - O ___ Townsend's Warbler R T - - - O O - - - - ___ Hermit Warbler R T - - - O - - - - - ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler U T - - O O O - - - - ___ Grace's Warbler C S - - - O O - - - - ___ Yellowthroat R S - O O - - O O - O ___ Yellow-breasted Chat R T - - - O O - - - O ___ Macgillivray's Warbler U S O - O O O - - - O ___ Wilson's Warbler R T - O O O O - O - O ___ American Redstart R T - - O - - - - - O ___ Painted Redstart R T - - O O O - - - O
WEAVER FINCHES AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ House or English Sparrow U P O O - - - - - - O
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Western Meadowlark C S O O O - - O O - - ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird R T - - - - - - - - O ___ Red-winged Blackbird R S - - - - - - - - O ___ Rusty Blackbird R T - - - - - - - - O ___ Brewer's Blackbird C S O O O O O O O - O ___ Brown-headed Cowbird C S O O O - - O O - O ___ Scott's Oriole U S O O O - O O O - O ___ Hooded Oriole U S - - - - - - - - O ___ Bullock's Oriole U S - - O - O - - - O
TANAGERS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Western Tanager C S - - O O O O O - O ___ Summer Tanager R S - - - - - O O - O ___ Hepatic Tanager R S - - O O O - - - -
GROSBEAKS, FINCHES AND TOWHEES AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Pyrrhuloxia R T - - - - - O O - O ___ Black-headed Grosbeak C S - - O O O - - - O ___ Evening Grosbeak U W - - O O O - - - - ___ Blue Grosbeak U S - - - - - - - - O ___ Indigo Bunting R T - - - - - - - - O ___ Lazuli Bunting U S - - O O - - - - O ___ Purple Finch R T O O O - O O O - - ___ Cassin's Finch R T - O O O - - - - - ___ House Finch C P O O O - O O O - O ___ Pine Grosbeak R T - - - - - O - - - ___ American Goldfinch R T - - - O O - - - O ___ Lesser Goldfinch U T - - O O - - - - - ___ Red Crossbill R T - - - O - - - - - ___ Green-tailed Towhee U S - - O O O - - - O ___ Rufous-sided Towhee C S - - O O O - - - O ___ Brown Towhee R P - O O - O O O - - ___ Abert's Towhee R T - - - - - O O - O
SPARROWS AND JUNCOS AB RE GR SB MT PO PJ CR DS AQ SS ___ Savannah Sparrow U T O O O - - O O - O ___ Lark Bunting R T - O O - - - O - - ___ Vesper Sparrow U T O O - - - O O - - ___ Lark Sparrow C S O O - - - O O - O ___ Black-throated Sparrow A S O O O - O O O - O ___ Sage Sparrow U T O O O - O O O - - ___ Slate-colored Junco C P - - O O O - - - - ___ Oregon Junco C S - - - O O - - - - ___ Gray-headed Junco U P - - - O - - - - - ___ Rufous-crowned Sparrow U S - - - - - - O - O ___ Cassin's Sparrow R T O O - - - - - - - ___ Chipping Sparrow C P O O O O O O O - O ___ Brewer's Sparrow C S O O O - - O O - - ___ Black-chinned Sparrow R T - O O - - O O - - ___ Harris' Sparrow U W - - - O O - - - - ___ White-crowned Sparrow C T O O O - - O O - O ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow R T O O O - - O O - - ___ White-throated Sparrow R W O O - - O - O - - ___ Fox Sparrow U T O - O - - O O - O ___ Lincoln's Sparrow R T - - - - - - - - O ___ Swamp Sparrow N - - - - - - - - - O ___ Song Sparrow U S O O O - - O O - O
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Arizona Strip 
     District.  1978.  Birds of the Arizona Strip. U.S. Department of the 
     Interior. Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Arizona Strip  
     District.  1978.  Birds of the Arizona Strip. U.S. Department of the 
     Interior. Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife 
     Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govAzstrip.htm 
     (Version 30DEC2002).

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