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Bird Checklists of the United States

Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge

Umatilla, Oregon


Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge lies along the Columbia River in Oregon and Washington. Its 23,000 acres of open water, wetlands, cropland, riparian wood lands, and desert shrub steppe support a diverse wildlife community. It is also a migration and wintering stop for thousands of birds in the Pacific Flyway. Wintering geese number nearly 30,000 and over 200,000 ducks, mostly mallards, make the refuge their winter home. Winter also brings bald eagles and tundra swans to the refuge. Spring is heralded by the return of the long-billed curlew and burrowing owls. Summer is a quiet time, resident birds are raising their young and broods of California quail and ring-necked pheasants are seen. Fall migrants such as cinnamon teal begin arriving in early September to feed and rest from their journeys.

This list contains 208 species of birds seen in the varied refuge habitats. The relative abundances printed in this checklist indicate how frequently you might expect to see a bird in its favored habitat. Consult field guides or reference books to learn the specific habitats in which a particular species can be found. This checklist is arranged in accordance with the nomenclature used in the A.O.U. Checklist of North American Birds (1983).


Season Symbols

Sp - Spring, March through May
S - Summer, June through August
F - Fall, September through November
W - Winter, December through February

Abundance Symbols

a - abundant
c - common
u - uncommon
o - occasional
r - rare
* - birds known to nest on the refuge
# - threatened or endangered


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Pacific Loon - - - r ___ Common Loon r - r -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* c c c - ___ Horned Grebe - r - o ___ Red-necked Grebe - - r - ___ Eared Grebe o o o - ___ Western Grebe u u o o ___ Clark's Grebe r r r r
PELICANS AND CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican c c c u ___ Double-crested Cormorant* c c c u
BITTERNS, HERONS AND EGRETS Sp S F W ___ American Bittern r r r - ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c c ___ Great Egret - r r - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* c c u -
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan u r u c ___ Trumpeter Swan - - r r ___ Greater White-Fronted Goose u - u o ___ Snow Goose u r u o ___ Canada Goose* c c a a ___ Wood Duck* u o o o ___ Green-winged Teal* c c c u ___ Mallard* c c a a ___ Northern Pintail* c u c c ___ Blue-winged Teal* c c u - ___ Cinnamon Teal* c c u - ___ Northern Shoveler* c u c o ___ Gadwall* c u c u ___ Eurasian Wigeon - - - r ___ American Wigeon* c c c c ___ Canvasback o - o o ___ Redhead* u o o o ___ Ring-necked Duck* u u u u ___ Greater Scaup o - o o ___ Lesser Scaup* u o u u ___ Harlequin Duck - - - r ___ Oldsquaw - - r r ___ Common Goldeneye c - u c ___ Barrow's Goldeneye - - r r ___ Bufflehead c - c c ___ Hooded Merganser* r r o o ___ Common Merganser u o u u ___ Red-breasted Merganser - - - r ___ Ruddy Duck u o u u
VULTURES Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture r - - -
OSPREY, KITES, EAGLES AND HAWKS Sp S F W ___ Osprey* o o o - ___ Bald Eagle# r - u u ___ Northern Harrier c c c c ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o r o o ___ Cooper's Hawk o o o o ___ Northern Goshawk - - - r ___ Swainson's Hawk* u u o - ___ Red-tailed Hawk* u u u o ___ Ferruginous Hawk - - - r ___ Rough-legged Hawk o o u u ___ Golden Eagle o - o o
FALCONS Sp S F W ___ American Kestrel* c c c u ___ Merlin - - - o ___ Peregrine Falcon# - r r - ___ Prairie Falcon o o o o
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ Gray Partridge o o o o ___ Chukar* o o o o ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* c c c c ___ California Quail* c a c c
RAILS Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail o o o - ___ Sora o o o - ___ American Coot a c a c
CRANES Sp S F W ___ Sandhill Crane o - o -
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover r - r - ___ Semipalmated Plover o - o - ___ Killdeer* c c c o
STILTS AND AVOCETS Sp S F W ___ Black-necked Stilt* u u - - ___ American Avocet* c c - -
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs c u u - ___ Lesser Yellowlegs u u o - ___ Solitary Sandpiper - r - - ___ Willet r - - - ___ Spotted Sandpiper* u u u - ___ Long-billed Curlew* c c - - ___ Marbled Godwit r - r - ___ Sanderling r r - - ___ Western Sandpiper c c u - ___ Least Sandpiper u u o - ___ Baird's Sandpiper u - u - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper r - o - ___ Dunlin o o o r ___ Long-billed Dowitcher o u u -
SNIPE Sp S F W ___ Common Snipe u u u o
PHALAROPES Sp S F W ___ Wilson's Phalarope* u u u - ___ Red-necked Phalarope o - o -
JAEGERS Sp S F W ___ Parasitic Jaeger - - r -
GULLS AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull - - r - ___ Bonaparte's Gull o - o - ___ Ring-billed Gull* a a c c ___ California Gull* c c u u ___ Herring Gull - - o o ___ Glaucous-winged Gull - r o u ___ Caspian Tern* c c - - ___ Forster's Tern* c c - - ___ Black Tern r o - -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove* c c c c ___ Mourning Dove* c c u u
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl* o o o o ___ Western Screech-Owl* o o o o ___ Great Horned Owl* o o o o ___ Snowy Owl - - - r ___ Burrowing Owl* u u u - ___ Long-eared Owl* o o o o ___ Short-eared Owl* o o o o ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl r - - r
NIGHTJARS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk* o c o - ___ Common Poorwill - - r -
HUMMINGBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird - r - - ___ Rufous Hummingbird* - o - -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher* o u o r
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Lewis' Woodpecker r - - - ___ Red-naped Sapsucker r - - - ___ Downy Woodpecker* o o o o ___ Hairy Woodpecker o - - o ___ Northern Flicker* u u c c
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Western Wood-Pewee u u o - ___ Willow Flycatcher o o o - ___ Western Flycatcher o o - - ___ Say's Phoebe r - - - ___ Western Kingbird* c c u - ___ Eastern Kingbird* u u u -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* c c c c
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow u - u - ___ Violet-green Swallow u - - - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow u u - - ___ Bank Swallow* c c o - ___ Cliff Swallow* o o - - ___ Barn Swallow* u c o -
JAYS, MAGPIES AND CROWS Sp S F W ___ Steller's Jay - - r - ___ Black-billed Magpie* c c c c ___ American Crow* c c c c ___ Common Raven o o o o
CHICKADEES AND TITMICE Sp S F W ___ Black-capped Chickadee* u u u u ___ Mountain Chickadee r - r -
BUSHTITS Sp S F W ___ Bushtit - - - r
NUTHATCHES Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch o o o o ___ White-breasted Nuthatch - - r -
CREEPERS Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper - - - r
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Rock Wren* - u u - ___ Bewick's Wren* o o o o ___ House Wren r - - - ___ Winter Wren - - o o ___ Marsh Wren* c c c c
KINGLETS, BLUEBIRDS AND THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet o - - r ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet* u u u o ___ Western Bluebird r - - - ___ Mountain Bluebird r - - - ___ Townsend's Solitaire o o r r ___ Swainson's Thrush o o - - ___ American Robin* c c c c ___ Varied Thrush o - - o
WAGTAILS AND PIPITS Sp S F W ___ American Pipit o - o -
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing - - - o ___ Cedar Waxwing u u - o
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike o - o o ___ Loggerhead Shrike o - o r
STARLINGS AND MYNAS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* a a a a
VIREOS Sp S F W ___ Solitary Vireo* u u - - ___ Warbling Vireo u u - - ___ Red-eyed Vireo r r - -
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Orange-crowned Warbler o o - r ___ Nashville Warbler r - r - ___ Yellow Warbler* u u - - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler c u u o ___ Townsend's Warbler o - - - ___ MacGillivray's Warbler r - - - ___ Common Yellowthroat r r r - ___ Wilson's Warbler o o o - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat o o o -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Western Tanager o - o -
GROSBEAKS AND BUNTINGS Sp S F W ___ Black-headed Grosbeak o - - - ___ Lazuli Bunting* o o - -
TOWHEES AND SPARROWS Sp S F W ___ Rufous-sided Towhee o - o o ___ American Tree Sparrow u - - u ___ Chipping Sparrow r - - - ___ Brewer's Sparrow o o - - ___ Vesper Sparrow c c c - ___ Lark Sparrow o o u x ___ Sage Sparrow r - - - ___ Savannah Sparrow* u u c o ___ Fox Sparrow* o o o o ___ Song Sparrow* c c u u ___ Lincoln's Sparrow u o u - ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow o - o r ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - c c ___ Harris' Sparrow r - - r ___ Dark-eyed Junco c - o c
BLACKBIRDS, MEADOWLARKS AND ORIOLES Sp S F W ___ Red-winged Blackbird* a a c u ___ Western Meadowlark* c c c c ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* c c - - ___ Brewer's Blackbird* c c c o ___ Brown-headed Cowbird u u u - ___ Northern Oriole* c c c o
FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Rosy Finch - - - r ___ Purple Finch - - o r ___ Cassin's Finch - - - r ___ House Finch* c c c c ___ Red Crossbill - - - r ___ Common Redpoll - - r r ___ Pine Siskin - - o o ___ American Goldfinch c o u u ___ Evening Grosbeak o - o u
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* c c c c
ACCIDENTAL SPECIES Magnificent Frigatebird Blue Jay Emperor Goose Clark's Nutcracker Snowy Plover Northern Mockingbird Whimbrel Black-backed Wagtail Red Knot Swamp Sparrow Long-tailed Jaeger White-throated Sparrow Thayer's Gull Great-tailed Grackle Calliope Hummingbird

Please help us keep this checklist accurate and up to date. To report unusual bird sightings, or for further information, contact:
                 Refuge Manager
                 Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge
                 830 Sixth Street
                 P.O. Box 700
                 Umatilla, Oregon 97882-0700       
                 Telephone: 503/922-3232

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1994.  Birds of Umatilla National 
     Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1994.  Birds of Umatilla National 
     Wildlife Refuge.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govumatilla.htm 
     (Version 26MAY98).

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