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Bird Checklists of the United States

Stillwater Wildlife Management Area

Fallon, Nevada


A wide variety of birds can be seen on the Stillwater Wildlife Management Area with species representative of the Great Basin marshes, desert and those frequenting the Carson River.

During March and April, the spring brings an aggregate of several thousand ducks, primarily redheads. Cinnamon teal and gadwall remain to nest through the summer along with such other water birds as herons, egrets, grebes, avocets and stilts.

Another buildup occurs in August and September when tremendous flights of shore birds arrive. The fall waterfowl migration reaches its peak during October and November when some 200,000 pintails, green-winged teal, shovelers and other ducks including as much as 25 percent of the Pacific Flyway canvasbak population may be found on the refuge.

Whistling swans are prominent winter residents. Their numbers sometimes exceed 8,000 in January.

This checklist includes 161 birds which you can expect to see in season on the Management Area. Also included are another 24 species that occur in the vicinity but have not been recorded in recent years and 18 accidentals that are of extremely rare occurrence on the Management Area.

GOOD LUCK! Whether you're a seasoned "birder" or are just beginning, we wish you rewarding and memorable experiences from this visit to your refuge.

Species that are threatened or endangered with extinction in the United States are identified with an (#). Birds that nest locally are followed by an (*). The following legend describes the relative abundance categories and seasons of the year.


Seasonal appearance

Sp - Spring, March to May
S - Summer, June to August
F - Fall, September to November
W - Winter, December to February

Seasonal abundance

a - abundant, occurs in large numbers
c - common, occurs regularly in moderate numbers
u - uncommon, occurs regularly in small numbers
o - occasional, a few noted each year
r - rare, a few noted, but not each year
* - nests locally
# - threatened or endangered species


LOONS Sp S F W ___ Common Loon r - r -
GREBES Sp S F W ___ Horned Grebe r - r - ___ Eared Grebe* c c c - ___ Western Grebe* c o c o ___ Pied-billed Grebe* u u u o
PELICANS Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican c a a r
CORMORANTS Sp S F W ___ Double-crested Cormorant u u u r
HERONS AND BITTERNS Sp S F W ___ Great Blue Heron* c c c u ___ Great Egret* c u c o ___ Snowy Egret* c a c - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron* c a c u ___ Least Bittern r r r - ___ American Bittern* r o r -
IBISES Sp S F W ___ White-faced Ibis* u c u r
WATERFOWL Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan c - u a ___ Canada Goose* (3 races) c c c a ___ Greater White-Fronted Goose - - o o ___ Snow Goose c - c u ___ Ross' Goose o - o - ___ Mallard* a a a c ___ Gadwall* a a a u ___ Northern Pintail* a c a u ___ Green-winged Teal* a u a u ___ Blue-winged Teal* o o - - ___ Cinnamon Teal* a a c o ___ American Wigeon* c o a u ___ Northern Shoveler* a c a u ___ Wood Duck* u u u - ___ Redhead* a a a o ___ Ring-necked Duck u - u - ___ Canvasback* c o a u ___ Greater Scaup o - o o ___ Lesser Scaup u - u u ___ Common Goldeneye u - u u ___ Bufflehead c - u c ___ Surf Scoter - - o o ___ Ruddy Duck* a c a u ___ Hooded Merganser o - o o ___ Common Merganser c - u c
VULTURES, HAWKS AND FALCONS Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture u u u - ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk o r - o ___ Cooper's Hawk o - - o ___ Red-tailed Hawk* c u c u ___ Swainson's Hawk* o u o - ___ Rough-legged Hawk u - u c ___ Ferruginous Hawk r - - r ___ Golden Eagle u o u u ___ Bald Eagle# o - - u ___ Northern Harrier* c c c a ___ Prairie Falcon o - o u ___ American Kestrel c c c c
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Sp S F W ___ California Quail* u c c u ___ Ring-necked Pheasant* u u u u
RAILS Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail* u c c o ___ Sora* u c c o ___ Common Gallinule* r o r r ___ American Coot* a a a c
PLOVERS Sp S F W ___ Semipalmated Plover o - o - ___ Snowy Plover* o u o - ___ Killdeer* a a c o ___ Black-bellied Plover o - o -
SHOREBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Common Snipe u o u o ___ Long-billed Curlew* u u u r ___ Spotted Sandpiper* u o u r ___ Solitary Sandpiper o - o - ___ Willet o o o - ___ Greater Yellowlegs u o u o ___ Lesser Yellowlegs o r o r ___ Least Sandpiper a u a - ___ Dunlin o - o - ___ Long-billed Dowitcher c o a - ___ Western Sandpiper c a a o ___ Marbled Godwit o u u o ___ Sanderling r - r - ___ American Avocet c a a o ___ Black-necked Stilt* c a u - ___ Wilson's Phalarope* a c a - ___ Northern Phalarope c c c -
GULLS AND TERNS Sp S F W ___ California Gull c c o r ___ Ring-billed Gull u u u o ___ Bonaparte's Gull r r r - ___ Forster's Tern* u a o - ___ Caspian Tern o o - - ___ Black Tern* o o - -
DOVES Sp S F W ___ Mourning Dove* u c c o
OWLS Sp S F W ___ Barn Owl c c c c ___ Western Screech-Owl* u u u u ___ Great Horned Owl* c c c c ___ Burrowing Owl* u u o - ___ Long-eared Owl* o r r o ___ Short-eared Owl* o r u c
GOATSUCKERS Sp S F W ___ Common Nighthawk u c u -
KINGFISHERS Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher o r o o
WOODPECKERS Sp S F W ___ Northern Flicker* c c c c ___ Downy Woodpecker* - - u u
FLYCATCHERS Sp S F W ___ Western Kingbird c a c - ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher o o - - ___ Say's Phoebe* u u o o ___ Western Wood-Pewee u u u - ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher r r - -
LARKS Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark a c a c
SWALLOWS Sp S F W ___ Violet-green Swallow u u u - ___ Tree Swallow c u u - ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow* u o u - ___ Barn Swallow* c a u - ___ Cliff Swallow* u a u -
CROWS AND JAYS Sp S F W ___ Black-billed Magpie c c c c ___ Common Raven u c c u ___ American Crow r r r r
CHICKADEES Sp S F W ___ Mountain Chickadee - - - o ___ Bushtit* o o o r
WRENS Sp S F W ___ Bewick's Wren* u u u r ___ Marsh Wren* c a c u
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS Sp S F W ___ Northern Mockingbird r r r - ___ Sage Thrasher* o o u -
THRUSHES Sp S F W ___ American Robin u u u o ___ Western Bluebird r - r r ___ Mountain Bluebird r - r r ___ Townsend's Solitaire o o o r
KINGLETS Sp S F W ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet o - o o
PIPITS Sp S F W ___ Water Pipit o - u u
WAXWINGS Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing r - r -
SHRIKES Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike - - - u ___ Loggerhead Shrike* a c a c
STARLINGS Sp S F W ___ European Starling* c u c c
WARBLERS Sp S F W ___ Orange-crowned Warbler o - r r ___ Yellow Warbler u c u - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler u - o o ___ MacGillivray's Warbler o - o - ___ Common Yellowthroat* o o o - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* r o r -
WEAVER FINCHES Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow* u u u u
MEADOWLARKS AND BLACKBIRDS Sp S F W ___ Western Meadowlark a c a c ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* c a o o ___ Red-winged Blackbird* c c c c ___ Northern Oriole* u u o - ___ Brewer's Blackbird* c c c c ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* u u u -
TANAGERS Sp S F W ___ Western Tanager u o o -
SPARROWS, GROSBEAKS AND FINCHES Sp S F W ___ Black-headed Grosbeak* o o - - ___ House Finch* u u u o ___ American Goldfinch u - u - ___ Spotted Towhee (Rufous-sided Towhee) r - r r ___ Savannah Sparrow* u u u u ___ Lark Sparrow u u - - ___ Black-throated Sparrow o o o o ___ Sage Sparrow u o o u ___ Dark-eyed Junco o - o u ___ Chipping Sparrow o o - - ___ Brewer's Sparrow o o - - ___ White-crowned Sparrow c - u a ___ Song Sparrow* c c u o

The following birds occur in the vicinity, but there are no recent records on the Management Area.
SPECIES                                         Sp       S       F       W

Red-breasted Merganser                          r        -       r       r
Northern Goshawk                                r        r       -       -
Chukar*                                         c        c       c       c
Sandhill Crane                                  o        -       o       -
Mountain Plover                                 -        -       r       -
Yellow-bellied Cuckoo*                          -        r       -       -
Northern Saw-whet Owl                           -        -       -       r
Vaux's Swift                                    r        -       -       -
Rufous Hummingbird                              -        u       -       -
Lewis' Woodpecker                               r        r       o       -
Hairy Woodpecker                                -        -       -       r
Black Phoebe                                    o        -       r       r
Scrub Jay                                       o        -       o       -
Pinon Jay                                       r        -       r       -
Red-breasted Nuthatch                           o        r       o       -
Varied Thrush                                   -        -       o       -
Golden-crowned Kinglet                          -        -       r       -
Bohemian Waxwing                                -        -       u       -
Warbling Vireo*                                 o        -       o       -
Blue Grosbeak*                                  o        o       -       -
Lazuli Bunting*                                 o        u       -       -
Evening Grosbeak                                u        o       o       -
Pine Siskin                                     o        o       -       -
Green-tailed Towhee                             o        -       -       -

The following birds are of accidental or extremely rare occurrence:
MANAGEMENT AREA                            LAHONTAN VALLEY
Brown Pelican#                             Magnificent Frigatebird
Cattle Egret                               Wood Stork
Green Heron                                Marabou Stork
American Flamingo                          Fulvous Whistling Duck
Black Brant                                Black Duck
Eurasian Wigeon                            Ancient Murrelet
Barrow's Goldeneye                         Band-tailed Pigeon
Oldsquaw                                   Rock Dove
White-winged Scoter                        White-winged Dove
Osprey                                     Calliope Hummingbird
Merlin                                     Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Peregrine Falcon#                          Willow Flycatcher
Ruddy Turnstone                            Dusky Flycatcher
Red Knot                                   Gray Flycatcher
Common Tern                                Bank Swallow 
Eastern Kingbird                           Blue Jay
Rock Wren                                  Clark's Nutcracker
Wilson's Warbler                           American Dipper
                                           House Wren
                                           Hermit Thrush
                                           Phainopepla
                                           Townsend's Warbler
                                           Ovenbird
                                           Lesser Goldfinch
                                           Tree Sparrow
                                           Golden-crowned Sparrow
                                           Fox Sparrow
                                           Lincoln's Sparrow

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: to J.R. Alcorn, former U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Employee, for his contribution in compiling this bird list.

For further information contact:

                 Refuge Manager
                 960-4 Auction Road
                 P.O. Box 1236
                 Fallon, NV  89406
                 Telephone: (702)423-5128

This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1993.  Birds of Stillwater Wildlife Management 
     Area, Nevada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1993.  Birds of Stillwater Wildlife Management 
     Area, Nevada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govstill.htm 
     (Version 26MAY98).

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