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Bird Checklists of the United States

A Guide to the Birds of Spokane County




L - Local in occurrence
A - Abundant
C - Common
U - Uncommon
O - Occasional
R - Rare
V - Vagrant (outside of normal range; only a few records)
X - Accidental (far from normal range; very few records; not likely to occur again)
I - Introduced


M - Migrant
R - Resident
(R) - Resident (may or may not winter)
SR - Summer resident
SV - Summer visitor
WV - Winter visitor


B - Breeding substantiated
b - Breeding presumed

COLUMN L = Locations where species are most apt to be found

LOONS                                  A     O     N     L

___ Pacific Loon                       R     M     -     Lakes
___ Common Loon                        O     M           Lakes, rivers

GREBES A O N L ___ Pied-billed Grebe C R B Lakes, rivers ___ Horned Grebe C SR B Lakes ___ Red-necked Grebe O SR B Liberty l., Newman L. ___ Eared Grebe C SR B Turnbull Refuge; lakes ___ Western Grebe U M - Turnbull Refuge; lakes
PELICANS A O N L ___ American White Pelican V M - Lakes (4 records)
CORMORANTS A O N L ___ Double-crested Cormorant V M - Spokane R. (1 record)
BITTERNS, HERONS, EGRETS A O N L ___ American Bittern U SR B Turnbull Ref.; marshes ___ Great Blue Heron U R B Little Spokane R. Park ___ Snowy Egret X M - Badger Lake (1 record) ___ Black-crowned Night Heron V M - Turnbull (1 record)
SWANS A O N L ___ Tundra Swan C M - Turnbull Ref.; lakes ___ Trumpeter Swan R SR B Turnbull Ref.
GEESE A O N L ___ Greater White-fronted Goose R M - Ponds, lakes, rivers ___ Snow Goose O M - Turnbull Ref. ___ Ross' Goose V M - Turnbull Ref. ___ Canada Goose Western C R - - Lesser L WV - -
DUCKS A O N L ___ Wood Duck U R B Turnbull, l. Spokane R. ___ Green-winged Teal C R B Turnbull Ref. ___ American Black Duck X M - Turnbull (1 record) ___ Mallard A R B Turnbull, ponds/rivers ___ Northern Pintail C SR B Turnbull Ref. ___ Blue-winged Teal C SR B Turnbull Ref. ___ Cinnamon Teal C SR B Turnbull Ref. ___ Northern Shoveler C SR B Turnbull Ref. ___ Gadwall O R B Turnbull Ref. ___ Eurasian Wigeon R M - Lakes ___ American Wigeon C R B Turnbull; lakes/ponds ___ Canvasback O (R) B Turnbull Ref. ___ Redhead C (R) B Turnbull; Spokane R. ___ Ring-necked Duck U R B Turnbull Ref. ___ Greater Scaup O WV - Spokane R. ___ Lesser Scaup C R B Turnbull; Spokane R. ___ Harlequin Duck R M - Spokane R. ___ Oldsquaw R WV - Spokane R. ___ Surf Scoter R M - Lakes; Spokane R. ___ White-winged Scoter R M - Lakes; Spokane R. ___ Common Goldeneye A WV - Turnbull Ref.; Spokane R. ___ Barrow's Goldeneye U WV - Spokane R. ___ Bufflehead U R B Turnbull Ref.; Spokane R. ___ Hooded Merganser O R B Turnbull Ref.; rivers ___ Common Merganser C WV - Spokane R. ___ Red-breasted Merganser R WV - Spokane R. ___ Ruddy Duck C SR B Turnbull Ref.
RAPTORS A O N L ___ Turkey Vulture O SR B Open Country ___ Osprey U SR B Little Spokane R. ___ Bald Eagle U WV - Lakes and rivers ___ Northern Harrier U R B Open country; marshes ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk O R B Open forest; suburbs ___ Cooper's Hawk O R b Open forest ___ Northern Goshawk O R b Forested areas ___ Swainson's Hawk O SR B South Spokane Co. ___ Red-tailed Hawk U R B Widespread ___ Ferruginous Hawk R M - Open country ___ Rough-legged Hawk C WV - Open country ___ Golden Eagle U M,WV - Open country ___ American Kestrel C (R) B Widespread ___ Merlin U M,WV - Suburban areas ___ Peregrine Falcon R WV - Turnbull Ref. ___ Gyrfalcon R WV - Open country ___ Prairie Falcon O M - Open country
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS A O N L ___ Gray Partridge C I,R B Open fields ___ Ring-necked Pheasant C I,R B Farmlands ___ Blue Grouse L R b Lower mountains ___ Ruffed Grouse L R B Riparian growth ___ California Quail L R B Suburban areas
RAILS & COOTS A O N L ___ Virginia Rail O SR B Marshes ___ Sora O SR B Marshes ___ American Coot C (R) B Potholes, lakes, ponds
CRANES A O N L ___ Sandhill Crane R M - Turnbull Ref.
PLOVERS A O N L ___ Black-bellied Plover R M - Turnbull Ref. ___ American Golden Plover R M - Turnbull Ref. ___ Semipalmated Plover R M - Turnbull, lakes, ponds ___ Killdeer C (R) B Fields, streams, ponds
SHOREBIRDS A O N L ___ American Avocet O M - Ponds ___ Greater Yellowlegs O M - Ponds ___ Lesser Yellowlegs U M - Ponds ___ Solitary Sandpiper O M - Ponds ___ Willet X M - Turnbull Ref. ___ Spotted Sandpiper C SR B Streams, ponds ___ Upland Sandpiper R SR B Spokane Valley ___ Long-billed Curlew R SR b Grasslands ___ Marbled Godwit V M - Mud flats of ponds ___ Red Knot X M - Mud flats of ponds ___ Sanderling V M - Mud flats of ponds ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper R M - Turnbull Ref. ___ Western Sandpiper R M - Mud flats of ponds ___ Baird's Sandpiper R M - Mud flats of ponds ___ Pectoral Sandpiper R M - Mud flats of ponds ___ Dunlin R M - Mud flats of ponds ___ Stilt Sandpiper V M - Mud flats of ponds ___ Long-billed Dowitcher O M - Mud flats of ponds ___ Common Snipe U R B Streams, marshes
PHALAROPES A O N L ___ Wilson's Phalarope C SR B Turnbull Ref. ___ Red-necked Phalarope R M - Lakes ___ Red Phalarope X M - Willow L.
GULLS A O N L ___ Franklin's Gull R M - Lakes ___ Bonaparte's Gull R M - Lakes ___ Mew Gull R M - Spokane R. ___ Ring-billed Gull C (R) - Rivers, landfills ___ California Gull U M - Spokane R.; landfills ___ Herring Gull C WV - Spokane R. ___ Thayer's Gull V M - - ___ Glaucous-winged Gull R M - Lakes ___ Glaucous Gull R WV - Lakes
TERNS A O N L ___ Caspian Tern R SV - Lakes ___ Common Tern R M - Lakes ___ Forster's Tern R SV - Lakes ___ Black Tern L SR B Turnbull Ref.; marshes
DOVES A O N L ___ Rock Dove C R b Grain elevators ___ Band-tailed Pigeon V SV - Coniferous forest ___ Mourning Dove C SR B Open forest
OWLS A O N L ___ Barn Owl V M - - ___ Western Screech-Owl O R B Forest ___ Great Horned Owl U R B Forest ___ Snowy Owl O WV - Open country ___ Northern Pygmy-Owl U WV b Forest ___ Burrowing Owl R SR b Grassland ___ Barred Owl R WV - Coniferous forest ___ Great Gray Owl V R b Mt. Spokane ___ Long-eared Owl O R B Deciduous growth ___ Short-eared Owl O R b Open country ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl R WV - Forest
GOATSUCKERS A O N L ___ Common Nighthawk C SR B Grassland; open pine forest; urban ___ Common Poorwill O SR b Open pine forest
SWIFTS A O N L ___ Black Swift V M - - ___ Vaux's Swift O SR b Forest ___ White-throated Swift R SR B Rimrock w. of Spokane
HUMMINGBIRDS A O N L ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird U SR B Suburban areas ___ Anna's Hummingbird R WV - Suburbs at feeders ___ Calliope Hummingbird C SR B Suburban areas ___ Rufous Hummingbird C SR b Suburban areas
KINGFISHERS A O N L ___ Belted Kingfisher U R B Lakes, streams
WOODPECKERS A O N L ___ Lewis' Woodpecker R SR B Deciduous forest ___ Red-naped Sapsucker U SR B Mixed forest ___ Williamson's Sapsucker V M - Coniferous forest ___ Downy Woodpecker U R B Deciduous forest ___ Hairy Woodpecker U R B Coniferous forest ___ White-headed Woodpecker O R B Spokane R. & north ___ Black-backed Woodpecker O R B Tum Tum; L. Spokane ___ Northern Flicker C R B Widespread ___ Pileated Woodpecker O R B Old growth forest
FLYCATCHERS A O N L ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher O SR B Open coniferous forest ___ Western Wood Pewee C SR B Open pine forest ___ Willow Flycatcher U SR B Riparian growth ___ Least Flycatcher X M - Turnbull Ref. ___ Hammond's Flycatcher O SR b Fir-hemlock forest ___ Dusky Flycatcher U SR B Open, brushy forest ___ Gray Flycatcher X M - - ___ Western Flycatcher U SR B Coniferous rocky areas ___ Say's Phoebe U SR B Grassland, farm bldgs. ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher X M - - ___ Western Kingbird U SR B Suburban; open country ___ Eastern Kingbird U SR B Open deciduous growth
LARKS A O N L ___ Horned Lark C R B Fields; open country
SWALLOWS A O N L ___ Tree Swallow C SR B Turnbull Ref. ___ Violet-green Swallow C SR B Urban areas ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow L SR b Cut banks, lakes ___ Bank Swallow L SR B Cut banks, lakes ___ Cliff Swallow C SR B Residential areas ___ Barn Swallow C SR B Farm, vacant buildings
JAYS A O N L ___ Gray Jay O R B Mt. Spokane ___ Steller's Jay U R b Mountain forest ___ Blue Jay V WV - Open lowland forest ___ Clark's Nutcracker O R B Mountain forest ___ Black-billed Magpie C R B Brushy foothills ___ American Crow C R B Residential areas ___ Common Raven L R B Foothills
CHICKADEES A O N L ___ Black-capped Chickadee C R B Mixed forest ___ Mountain Chickadee L R B Coniferous forest ___ Chestnut-backed Chickadee R R b Mt. Spokane
NUTHATCHES A O N L ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch C R B Coniferous forest ___ White-breasted Nuthatch O R B Pine forest ___ Pygmy Nuthatch C R B Pine forest
CREEPERS A O N L ___ Brown Creeper O R B Coniferous forest
WRENS A O N L ___ Rock Wren U SR B Dishman Hls; L. Spok. R. ___ Canyon Wren L R B Painted Rocks Area ___ Bewick's Wren X M - - ___ House Wren C SR B Farm houses; burns ___ Winter Wren U R B Riparian growth ___ Marsh Wren L SR B Marshes
DIPPERS A O N L ___ American Dipper U R B Streams
KINGLETS A O N L ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet U R b Coniferous forest ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet U SR B Coniferous forest
WHEATERS A O N L ___ Northern Wheater X M - Turnbull Refuge
THRUSHES A O N L ___ Western Bluebird C SR B Open pine forest ___ Mountain Bluebird U SR B Open forest, old burns ___ Townsend's Solitaire O R B Open forest ___ Veery U SR B Riparian growth ___ Swainson's Thrush C SR b Coniferous forest ___ Hermit Thrush U M - Forest ___ American Robin C (R) B Residential areas ___ Varied Thrush U R B Mountain forest
MIMIC THRUSHES A O N L ___ Gray Catbird U SR B Riparian growth ___ Northern Mockingbird V M - - ___ Sage Thrasher R SR b Sagebrush areas
PIPITS A O N L ___ American Pipit U M - Open flats; lake shores
WAXWINGS A O N L ___ Bohemian Waxwing A WV - Urban areas ___ Cedar Waxwing U (R) B Urban areas
SHRIKES A O N L ___ Northern Shrike O WV - Farmland, resid. areas ___ Loggerhead Shrike R SR b Open country
STARLINGS A O N L ___ European Starling A R B Residential areas
VIREOS A O N L ___ Solitary Vireo U SR B Coniferous forest ___ Warbling Vireo C SR B Deciduous growth ___ Red-eyed Vireo U SR B Riparian growth
WARBLERS A O N L ___ Orange-crowned Warbler U SR b Brushy foothills ___ Nashville Warbler U SR B Mixed forest ___ Yellow Warbler C SR B Riparian, urban growth ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler Audubon's C SR B Coniferous forest Myrtle R M - - ___ Townsend's Warbler U SR b Coniferous forest ___ Black-throated Green Warbler X SV - (1 record) ___ Palm Warbler X M - - ___ Black-and-white Warbler X M - - ___ American Redstart U SR B Riparian growth ___ Ovenbird X M - - ___ Northern Waterthrush R M - Ponds ___ MacGillivray's Warbler C SR B Deciduous thickets ___ Common Yellowthroat L SR B Marshes ___ Wilson's Warbler U SR B Mt. Spokane ___ Yellow-breasted Chat U SR B Brushy areas
TANAGERS A O N L ___ Western Tanager U SR B Coniferous forest
GROSBEAKS & BUNTINGS A O N L ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak X M - - ___ Black-headed Grosbeak U SR B Brushy lowland forest ___ Lazuli Bunting U SR B Brushy areas
SPARROWS A O N L ___ Rufous-sided Towhee U (R) B Brushy areas ___ American Tree Sparrow O WV - Brushy areas ___ Chipping Sparrow C SR B Brushy woods; suburbs ___ Clay-colored Sparrow R SR b Spokane Valley ___ Brewer's Sparrow C SR B Krell Mt. ___ Vesper Sparrow C SR B Grassland; farmland ___ Lark Sparrow L SR B Grasslands ___ Savannah Sparrow C SR b Grassland, sagebrush ___ Grasshopper Sparrow O SR B Open country ___ Fox Sparrow U SR B Brushy areas ___ Song Sparrow U R B Brush near water; urb. ___ Lincoln's Sparrow O M - Brushy areas ___ White-throated Sparrow R WV - Suburban areas ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow O M - Brushy areas ___ White-crowned Sparrow C M - Brushy areas, suburban ___ Harris' Sparrow R M - Suburban areas ___ Dark-eyed Junco Oregon C R B Open forest; suburban Slate-colored O WV - Suburban areas ___ Lapland Longspur R WV - Open country ___ Snow Bunting R WV - Open country
BLACKBIRDS A O N L ___ Bobolink V M - - ___ Red-winged Blackbird C (R) B Marshes, feed lots ___ Western Meadowlark C (R) B Grasslands ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird C SR B Marshes ___ Rusty Blackbird V M - - ___ Brewer's Blackbird C SR B Open country ___ Brown-headed Cowbird U SR B Suburban ___ Northern Oriole O SR B Cottonwood trees
FINCHES A O N L ___ Rosy Finch O WV - Open country; feed lots ___ Pine Grosbeak O WV Conif. forest; suburb. ___ Purple Finch V M - - ___ Cassin's Finch U (R) B Coniferous forest ___ House Finch C R B Suburban areas ___ Red Crossbill C R B Coniferous forest ___ White-winged Crossbill R WV - Coniferous forest ___ Common Redpoll O WV - Urban areas; riparian ___ Hoary Redpoll V WV - - ___ Pine Siskin C (R) B Coniferous forest ___ American Goldfinch C (R) B Weedy, brushy areas ___ Evening Grosbeak C M,WV - Suburban areas
OLD WORLD SPARROWS A O N L ___ House Sparrow A R B Urban areas

This checklist is authored by Jerry Hickman

For additional information contact:

   Department of Fish and Wildlife
   8702 N. Division Street
   Spokane, WA 99218

This resource is based on the following source:
Hickman, Jerry.  No date.  A Guide to the Birds of Spokane County.  State 
     of Washington, Department of Fish and Wildlife.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as
Hickman, Jerry.  No date.  A Guide to the Birds of Spokane County.  State 
     of Washington, Department of Fish and Wildlife.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  
     (Version 23FEB01)

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