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Bird Checklists of the United States

Shoshone District

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Shoshone, Idaho

The Shoshone District of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is located in south central Idaho, north of the Snake River near Twin Falls and south of Sun Valley and its famous ski resorts. The Shoshone District manages 1.7 million acres of public land and a variety of habitats that include expanses of sagebrush, rugged lava flows, perennial grasslands, nearly 400 miles of riparian habitat, and conifer and aspen forests nestled against the Soldier and Pioneer Mountains.

This guide lists 278 species of birds which occur in the four south-central latilongs of Idaho (represented by the shaded area on the map). The list is based on Idaho Bird Distribution, a cooperative effort between the Idaho Museum of Natural History and the Idaho Department of Fish and Game. A few species may only be found in the mountains north of the Shoshone District or south of the Snake River. Nonetheless, they were included in this checklist in order to achieve a reasonably comprehensive list. The species in italics are Threatened or Endangered (T/E), candidates for listing as T/E, or species of special management concern to the BLM.

Of special interest to a host of agencies and conservation groups is the status of neo-tropical migratory birds. These are birds that breed in North America and winter south of the United States/Mexico border. Many of these birds are experiencing decreasing population sizes. These declines are contributing to a loss of biological diversity in the Western Hemisphere. Moreover, the loss of neotropical migratory birds is having a detrimental effect on the quality of life in this hemisphere by robbing us all of the opportunity to enjoy these animals.

Two primary factors have been advanced to explain a large part of the population declines of neotropical migrants: habitat fragmentation and loss of breeding grounds in the United States and Canada, and of the wintering grounds in Latin America and the Caribbean. The general consensus among researchers is that birds are responding to the cumulative effects of multiple land use actions, and that a comprehensive and cooperative international effort is needed to conserve viable populations of migrant species. The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation has been instrumental in organizing efforts to study and propose management actions for this group of birds.

In this publication, neotropical migrants are noted with either an "A" or a "B" after their name. The "A" refers to those species that breed in North America and winter south of the United States. This group contains those species generally recognized as neotropical migrants. The "B" group is comprised of those species that breed and winter extensively in North America, although some populations winter south of the United States.


Red-throated Loon
Common Loon 

GREBES Pied-billed Grebe B Horned Grebe Eared Grebe B Western Grebe B Clark's Grebe B
PELICANS, CORMORANTS, HERONS & ALLIES American White Pelican A Double-crested Cormorant B American Bittern B Great Blue Heron Great Egret A Snowy Egret A Cattle Egret A Green-backed Heron A Black-crowned Night-Heron B
IBIS' White-faced Ibis A
WATERFOWL Tundra Swan Trumpeter Swan Greater White-fronted Goose Snow Goose Ross' Goose Brant Canada Goose Wood Duck B Green-winged Teal B Mallard B Northern Pintail B Blue-winged Teal A Cinnamon Teal A Northern Shoveler B Gadwall B Eurasian Widgeon American Widgeon A Canvasback B Redhead B Ring-necked Duck B Greater Scaup Lesser Scaup B Oldsquaw White-winged Scoter Common Goldeneye Barrow's Goldeneye Bufflehead B Hooded Merganser Common Merganser Red-breasted Merganser Ruddy Duck B
VULTURES Turkey Vulture B
HAWKS & FALCONS Osprey A Black-shouldered Kite Bald Eagle Northern Harrier B Sharp-shinned Hawk B Cooper's Hawk B Northern Goshawk B Swainson's Hawk A Red-tailed Hawk B Ferruginous Hawk B Rough-legged Hawk Golden Eagle B American Kestrel B Merlin A Peregrine Falcon A Gyrfalcon Prairie Falcon B
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS Gray Partridge Chukar Ring-necked Pheasant Spruce Grouse Blue Grouse Ruffed Grouse Sage Grouse Sharp-tailed Grouse California Quail
RAILS Virginia Rail B Sora A American Coot B
CRANES Sandhill Crane A
PLOVERS Killdeer B Mountain Plover A Semipalmated Plover A Snowy Plover A
STILTS & AVOCETS Black-necked Stilt A American Avocet A
SANDPIPERS, PHALAROPES & DOWITCHERS Greater Yellowlegs A Lesser Yellowlegs A Solitary Sandpiper A Willet A Spotted Sandpiper A Long-billed Curlew A Marbled Godwit A Red Knot A Sanderling B Semipalmated Sandpiper A Western Sandpiper A Least Sandpiper A Baird's Sandpiper A Pectoral Sandpiper A Stilt Sandpiper A Long-billed Dowitcher A Common Snipe B Wilson's Phalarope A Red-necked Phalarope A
GULLS & TERNS Franklin's Gull Bonaparte's Gull Ring-billed Gull California Gull Herring Gull Caspian Tern Common Tern Forster's Tern Black Tern
DOVES & PIGEONS Rock Dove Band-tailed Pigeon A Mourning Dove B
CUCKOOS Yellow-billed Cuckoo A
OWLS Barn Owl Flammulated Owl A Western Screech-Owl Great Horned Owl Snowy Owl Northern Pygmy-owl Burrowing Owl A Long-eared Owl B Short-eared Owl B Northern Saw-whet Owl
NIGHTJARS Common Nighthawk A Common Poorwill B
SWIFTS White-throated Swift A
HUMMINGBIRDS Black-chinned Hummingbird A Calliope Hummingbird A Broad-tailed Hummingbird A Rufous Hummingbird A
KINGFISHERS Belted Kingfisher B
WOODPECKERS Lewis' Woodpecker B Red-naped Sapsucker B Williamson's Sapsucker B Downy Woodpecker Hairy Woodpecker White-headed Woodpecker Black-backed Woodpecker Northern Flicker B Three-toed Woodpecker Pileated Woodpecker
FLYCATCHERS Olive-sided Flycatcher A Western Wood-pewee A Willow Flycatcher A Hammond's Flycatcher A Dusky Flycatcher A Gray Flycatcher A Cordilleran Flycatcher A Say's Phoebe B Ash-throated Flycatcher A Western Kingbird A Eastern Kingbird A Scissor-tailed Flycatcher A
LARKS Horned Lark B
SWALLOWS Purple Martin A Tree Swallow B Violet-green Swallow A Northern Rough-winged A Bank Swallow A Cliff Swallow A Barn Swallow A
JAYS, MAGPIES & CROWS Gray Jay Stellar's Jay Blue Jay Scrub Jay Pinyon Jay Clark's Nutcracker Black-billed Magpie American Crow Common Raven
CHICKADEES & ALLIES Black-capped Chickadee Mountain Chickadee Chestnut-backed Chickadee Plain Titmouse
NUTHATCHES Red-breasted Nuthatch White-breasted Nuthatch Pygmy Nuthatch
CREEPERS Brown Creeper B
WRENS Rock Wren B Canyon Wren House Wren A Winter Wren Marsh Wren B
DIPPERS American Dipper
KINGLETS & ALLIES Golden-crowned Kinglet Ruby-crowned Kinglet B Blue-gray Gnatcatcher A
THRUSHES Western Bluebird B Mountain Bluebird B Townsend's Solitaire B Veery A Swainson's Thrush A Hermit Thrush B American Robin B Varied Thrush
MIMIC THRUSHES Gray Catbird A Northern Mockingbird B Sage Thrasher B Brown Thrasher
PIPITS American (Water) Pipit B
WAXWINGS Bohemian Waxwing Cedar Waxwing B
SHRIKES Northern Shrike Loggerhead Shrike B
STARLINGS European Starling
VIREOS Solitary Vireo A Warbling Vireo A Red-eyed Vireo A
WARBLERS, TANAGERS, BLACKBIRDS & SPARROWS Orange-crowned Warbler A Nashville Warbler A Virginia's Warbler A Yellow Warbler A Yellow-rumped Warbler B Black-throated Gray Warbler A Townsend's Warbler A Black-and-white Warbler A American Redstart A Ovenbird A Northern Waterthrush A Macgillivray's Warbler A Common Yellowthroat A Wilson's Warbler A Yellow-breasted Chat A Western Tanager A Rose-breasted Grosbeak A Black-headed Grosbeak A Blue Grosbeak A Lazuli Bunting A Indigo Bunting A Green-tailed Towhee A Rufous-sided Towhee B American Tree Sparrow Chipping Sparrow A Brewer's Sparrow A Vesper Sparrow B Lark Sparrow A Black-throated Sparrow B Sage Sparrow B Lark Bunting A Savannah Sparrow B Grasshopper Sparrow A Fox Sparrow B Song Sparrow B Lincoln's Sparrow A White-throated Sparrow B Golden-crowned Sparrow White-crowned Sparrow B Harris' Sparrow Dark-eyed Junco B McCown's Longspur B Lapland Longspur Snow Bunting Bobolink A Red-winged Blackbird B Western Meadowlark B Yellow-headed Blackbird A Brewer's Blackbird B Common Grackle Brown-headed Cowbird B Northern Oriole A
FINCHES Rosy Finch Pine Grosbeak Purple Finch B Cassin's Finch B House Finch Red Crossbill White-winged Crossbill Common Redpoll Pine Siskin B Lesser Goldfinch B American Goldfinch B Evening Grosbeak
WEAVERS House Sparrow
For Further Information, Contact:
    U.S. Department of the Interior
    Bureau of Land Management
    Shoshone District Office
    400 West F Street / P.O.  Box 2-B
    Shoshone, Idaho 83352
    (208) 886-2206

A partnership of government agencies, educational institutions and conservation organizations in Canada, the U.S., Latin America and the Caribbean working for the conservation of neotropical migratory birds and their habitats.
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Shoshone District
     Office and Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Program.  No Date.
     Idaho, Shoshone District, Bird Guide.  U.S. Department of the Interior,
     Bureau of Land Management, Shoshone District Office and Neotropical
     Migratory Bird Conservation Program.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Shoshone District
     Office and Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Program.  No Date.
     Idaho, Shoshone District, Bird Guide.  U.S. Department of the Interior,
     Bureau of Land Management, Shoshone District Office and Neotropical
     Migratory Bird Conservation Program.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     (Version 10JUL2001)

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