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Fish Checklists of the United States

Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge

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Ruby Valley, Nevada


A Refuge for Nesting and Migrating Waterfowl and Other Wildlife

Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1938. It encompasses 37,632 acres at the south end of Ruby Valley. This land was once covered by a 200 foot deep, 300,800 acre lake known as Franklin Lake. Today 12,000 acres of marsh remain on the refuge. Just north of the refuge, a 15,000 acre seasonal wetland is now referred to as Franklin Lake.

The Habitat

The refuge, at an elevation of 6,000 feet, consists of an extensive bulrush marsh interspersed with pockets of open water. Fish are abundant. Islands scattered throughout provide good nesting habitat for many bird species.

Over 200 springs flow into the marsh along its west border creating riparian habitat which is used by many songbirds, snipe, rail and small mammals. They also provide a water source for larger mammals. With slight increases in elevation, wet meadows gradate into grasslands and sagebrush-rabbitbrush habitat.

Pinon Pines and juniper cover the slopes of the Ruby Mountains that rise to 11,000 feet along the west side of the refuge. Canyons provide habitat for a variety of wildlife. Rock cliffs provide raptors with nesting and perching sites. A mountainside of dead trees, home for cavity dwelling birds, was the result of a 1979 fire.

Viewing Wildlife

Viewing wildlife is best done during morning and evening hours. Binoculars or a spotting scope greatly assist in identifying wildlife and observing their behavior. Best wildlife viewing from a car can be done by taking the Bressman Cabin Loop passing Unit 10, the North and East Sumps, and Unit 13 and/or by taking the Brown Dike-Short Dike Loop around Unit 21. For a unique opportunity to see the marsh wildlife up-close, the South Sump is open during part of the year for canoeing and electric motors.


Eight species of fish are present in the refuge waters. The relict dace is the only species that is native to the marsh. This species is present in only a few other basins in northeastern Nevada. Largemouth black bass were stocked in 1932 or 1933 and have successfully reproduced. Rainbow, Eastern brook and brown trout are stocked annually with occasional stocking of cutthroat and tiger trout. A small population of Lahontan speckle dace has maintained itself from a 1950 stocking. The following names are in accordance with the checklist presented in "Fishes and Fisheries of Nevada" by LaRivers (1962).

a - abundant: likely to be seen in large numbers
c - common: usually seen in proper habitat
u - uncommon: seen regularly in small numbers
o - occasional: irregular occurrence
r - rare: rarely seen

The following symbols are used to indicate in which habitats each wildlife species would most likely be found. It is important to remember that use of an area depends on the season and an animal's activity.

1 - Marsh
2 - Riparian
3 - Flowing Water/Collection Ditch
4 - Wet Meadows
5 - Grasslands
6 - Sagebrush/Rabbitbrush
7 - Pinon/Juniper
8 - Canyons
9 - Rocky Areas/Cliffs
10 - Caves
11 - Buildings
12 - Widespread

# - Threatened/endangered species
+ - Introduced species

TROUTS Habitat Abundance ___ Eastern Brook Trout+ 3 a ___ Cutthroat Trout+ 3 u ___ Rainbow Trout+ 1 c ___ Brown Trout+ 3,1 u ___ Tiger Trout (hybrid)+ 3 u
MINNOWS Habitat Abundance ___ Relict Dace 1 u ___ Lahontan Speckle Dace+ 1 r
SUNFISHES Habitat Abundance ___ Largemouth Black Bass+ 1 a

Important wildlife observations have been contributed throughout the years by you - the refuge visitor. Please continue to share your observations with us at refuge headquarters in order that we may all increase our understanding of our environment.

A special thank you to L. Ports and M. Ports from Northern Nevada Community College and M. Green from Nevada Department of Wildlife for their help in preparing this list. For further information contact:

                       Refuge Manager
                       Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge
                       HC 60, Box 860
                       Ruby Valley, Nevada 89833
                       Telephone: 702/779-2237

No person shall, on the basis of race, color, sex, age, national origin, religion, physical or mental restrictions, be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, or be otherwise subjected to discrimination in any program or activity of the Department of the Interior.
Return to Bird Checklist of Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge

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