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Bird Checklists of the United States

Birds of Whidbey Island

small state map showing location

Oak Harbor, Washington


This is a field checklist for Whidbey Island bird species. Enjoy the varied habitats on our beautiful island!

Season
Sp - March-May
S - June-August
F - September-November
W - December-February

Abundance
C - Common: Usually seen in proper habitat.
U - Uncommon: (1) Seen regurlarly in small numbers, or (2) Present, not certain to be seen.
O - Occasional: (1) Irregular occurrence, or (2) Seen only a few times a season.
R - Rare: (1) Rarely seen, or (2) Seen at intervals of 2-5 years.
A - Accidental: Seen less than 5 times.

Nesting
N - Known to nest on the island.
P - Possible; adults found in proper habitat during the breeding season.


Solid lines separate orders; dashed lines separate families.

                                       Sp S F W N
___ Red-throated Loon..................C  O C C
___ Pacific Loon.......................C  U C C
___ Common Loon........................C  U C C
___ Yellow-billed......................O  R O O

Sp S F W N ___ Pied-billed Grebe..................U U U U N ___ Horned Grebe.......................C R C C ___ Red-necked Grebe...................C O C C ___ Eared Grebe........................U R U U ___ Western Grebe......................C O C C ___ Clark's Grebe......................R R R
Sp S F W N ___ Double-crested Cormorant...........C C C C ___ Brandt's Cormorant.................C O C C ___ Pelagic Cormorant..................C C C C
Sp S F W N ___ American Bittern...................O O O P ___ Great Blue Heron...................C C C C N ___ Great Egret........................ A R
Sp S F W N ___ Tundra Swan........................O O O ___ Trumpeter Swan.....................O O O ___ Gr. White-fronted Goose............O A R R ___ Snow Goose.........................R R R ___ Brandt.............................C R U U ___ Canada Goose.......................C C C C N ___ Wood Duck..........................U U U U N ___ Mallard............................C C C C N ___ Northern Pintail...................C U C C P ___ Blue-winged Teal...................U O O N ___ Green-winged Teal..................C U C C N ___ Cinnamon Teal......................U U O N ___ Northern Shoveler..................C O U C P ___ Gadwall............................C C C C N ___ Eurasian Wigeon....................U U U ___ American Wigeon....................C O C C N ___ Canvasback.........................U U U ___ Redhead............................ R R ___ Ring-necked Duck...................U U U ___ Greater Scaup......................C C C ___ Lesser Scaup.......................C O C C N ___ Harlequin Duck.....................C C C C ___ Oldsquaw...........................O O O C ___ Black Scoter.......................U U U U ___ Surf Scoter........................C C C C ___ White-winged Scoter................C U C C ___ Common Goldeneye...................C C C ___ Barrow's Goldeneye.................C C C ___ Bufflehead.........................C R C C ___ Hooded Merganser...................U O U U N ___ Common Merganser...................O O O ___ Red-breasted Merganser.............C R C C ___ Ruddy Duck.........................C U C C N
Sp S F W N ___ Turkey Vulture.....................O R O
Sp S F W N ___ Osprey.............................U U U R N ___ Bald Eagle.........................C C C C N ___ Northern Harrier...................C C C C N ___ Cooper's Hawk......................U U U U N ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk.................U R U U N ___ Northern Goshawk................... R ___ Red-tailed Hawk....................C C C C N ___ Rough-legged Hawk..................O U U ___ Golden Eagle.......................O O O O
Sp S F W N ___ American Kestrel...................O O O O N ___ Merlin.............................U R U U ___ Peregrine Falcon...................U O U U
Sp S F W N ___ Ring-necked Pheasant...............U U U U P ___ Wild Turkey........................O O O O ___ California Quail...................C C C C N
Sp S F W N ___ Virginia Rail......................U U U O N ___ Sora...............................O O N ___ American Coot......................C C C C N
Sp S F W N ___ Black-bellied Plover...............O O U U ___ Pacific Golden Plover.............. O ___ American Golden Plover............. O ___ Semi-palmated Plover...............O O U ___ Killdeer...........................C C C C N
Sp S F W N ___ Black Oystercatcher................U O U U
Sp S F W N ___ Greater Yellowlegs.................C U C U ___ Lesser Yellowlegs..................U U U ___ Solitary Sandpiper.................R R R ___ Willet............................. A R ___ Spotted Sandpiper..................U O U R ___ Whimbrel...........................O R O ___ Long-billed Curlew.................R O R ___ Marbled Godwit..................... R ___ Ruddy Turnstone....................O O O ___ Black Turnstone....................C O C C ___ Surfbird...........................U O U U ___ Red Knot........................... R ___ Sanderling.........................U R U C ___ Semi-palmated Sandpiper............R U U ___ Least Sandpiper....................C C C ___ Western Sandpiper..................C C C U ___ Baird's Sandpiper..................O R O ___ Pectoral Sandpiper.................R R O ___ Rock Sandpiper.....................O O O ___ Dunlin.............................C R C C ___ Stilt Sandpiper.................... O ___ Sharp-tailed Sandpiper............. A R ___ Ruff............................... R ___ Short-billed Dowitcher.............O C C ___ Long-billed Dowitcher..............O C C R ___ Common Snipe.......................U U U P ___ Wilson's Pharalope................. O ___ Red-necked Pharalope............... O U
Sp S F W N ___ Parasitic Jaeger...................A O ___ Bonaparte's Gull...................C U C C ___ Heermann's Gull.................... C C R ___ Franklin's Gull.................... R O ___ Mew Gull...........................C O C C ___ Ring-billed Gull...................C O C C ___ California Gull....................O C C R ___ Herring Gull.......................U A O U ___ Thayer's Gull......................O O O ___ Glaucous-winged Gull...............C C C C ___ Western Gull.......................O R O O ___ Glaucous Gull......................R R R ___ Caspian Tern.......................C C C N ___ Common Tern........................O R C ___ Elegant Tern....................... R
Sp S F W N ___ Common Murre.......................C U C C ___ Pigeon Guillemot...................C C C C N ___ Marbled Murrelet...................U U U U ___ Ancient Murrelet................... O ___ Rhinoceros Auklet..................C C C C ___ Tufted Puffin...................... R
Sp S F W N ___ Rock Dove..........................C C C C N ___ Band-tailed Pigeon.................U U U O P ___ Mourning Dove......................C C C U N
Sp S F W N ___ Barn Owl...........................U U U O N
___ Western Screech Owl................O O O O P ___ Great Horned Owl...................C C C C N ___ Snowy Owl.......................... R R ___ Northern Pygmy Owl.................O O O O ___ Barred Owl.........................O O O O P ___ Short-eared Owl....................U R U U N ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl..............O O O O N
Sp S F W N ___ Common Nighthawk...................U U P
Sp S F W N ___ Black Swift........................R ___ Vaux's Swift....................... R
Sp S F W N ___ Anna's Hummingbird.................R R R R ___ Rufous Hummingbird.................C C O R N
Sp S F W N ___ Belted Kingfisher..................C C C C N
Sp S F W N ___ Red-breasted Sapsucker.............O R O O N ___ Downy Woodpecker...................C C C C N ___ Hairy Woodpecker...................C C C C N ___ Northern Flicker...................C C C C N ___ Pileated Woodpecker................U U U U N
Sp S F W N ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher.............U U U N ___ Western Wood Pewee.................R U U P ___ Willow Flycatcher..................U U U P ___ Hammond's Flycatcher...............O ___ Pacific Slope Flycatcher...........C C C N ___ Western Kingbird...................O
Sp S F W N ___ Horned Lark........................R O
Sp S F W N ___ Purple Martin......................R R R ___ Tree Swallow.......................C C U N ___ Violet-green Swallow...............C C C N ___ Rough-winged Swallow...............C C C N ___ Bank Swallow....................... O ___ Cliff Swallow......................C C C N ___ Barn Swallow.......................
Sp S F W N ___ Stellar's Jay......................U U U U N ___ American Crow......................C C C C N ___ Common Raven.......................U U U U N
Sp S F W N ___ Black-capped Chickadee.............U U U U N ___ Chestnut-backed Chickadee..........C C C C N
Sp S F W N ___ Bushtit............................U U U U N
Sp S F W N ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch..............C C C C N ___ Brown Creeper......................C C C C N
Sp S F W N ___ Bewick's Wren......................U U U U N ___ House Wren.........................U U U N ___ Wnter Wren.........................C U C C N ___ Marsh Wren.........................C C C U N
Sp S F W N ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet.............C U C C N ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet...............C C C ___ Townsend's Solitaire...............R A ___ Swainson's Thrush..................C C U N ___ Hermit Thrush......................U U R ___ American Robin.....................C C C C N ___ Varied Thrush......................C R C C P
Sp S F W N ___ American Pipit.....................O U R
Sp S F W N ___ Bohemian Waxwing................... R ___ Cedar Waxwing......................C C C R N
Sp S F W N ___ Northern Shrike....................O O O
Sp S F W N ___ European Starling..................C C C C N
Sp S F W N ___ Solitary Vireo.....................O O ___ Hutton's Vireo.....................U U U U N ___ Warbling Vireo.....................U U U N ___ Red-eyed Vireo.....................R R
Sp S F W N ___ Orange-crowned Warbler.............C C U O N ___ Yellow Warbler.....................C C U N ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler..............C O C O N ___ Blk-throated Gray Warbler..........U U O P ___ Townsend's Warbler.................C U U R N ___ MacGillivray's Warbler.............R R
Sp S F W N ___ Common Yellowthroat................C C C N ___ Wilson's Warbler...................C C U N ___ Western Tanager....................U U U P ___ Black-headed Grosbeak..............U U U N ___ Spotted Towhee.....................C C C C N ___ Chipping Sparrow...................R R ___ Savannah Sparrow...................C C C O N ___ Fox Sparrow........................C C C ___ Song Sparrow.......................C C C C N ___ Lincoln's Sparrow..................U U O ___ White-throated Sparrow............. R ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow.............C C C ___ White-crowned Sparrow..............C C C C N ___ Dark-eyed Junco....................C C C C N ___ Lapland Longspur...................A O ___ Snow Bunting....................... O ___ Red-winged Blackbird...............C C C C N ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird............O O O N ___ Western Meadowlark.................U O U U P ___ Brewer's Blackbird.................C C C C N ___ Brown-headed Cowbird...............C C C O N
Sp S F W N ___ Purple Finch.......................U U U U P ___ House Finch........................C C C C N ___ Red Crossbill......................U O U U N ___ Pine Siskin........................C U C C N ___ American Goldfinch.................C C C O N ___ Evening Grosbeak...................U R O P
Sp S F W N ___ House Sparrow......................C C C C N
ACCIDENTALS E: Exotic; escaped or introduced H: Hypothetical; unconfirmed sighting Laysan Albatross, H Northern Fulmar Sooty Shearwater Fork-tailed Storm Petrel American White Pelican Brown Pelican Snowy Egret Little Blue Heron Green Heron Black-crowned Night Heron Chilean Flamingo, E Black Swan, E Bar-headed Goose, E Muscovy Duck, E White-tailed Kite Red-shouldered Hawk Swainson's Hawk, H Gyrafalcon Chukar, E Blue Grouse, H Willow Ptarmigan, H Northern Bobwhite, E Sandhill Crane Snowy Plover, H American Avocet Wandering Tattler Rufous-necked Stint Red Phalarope Pomarine Jaeger Sabine's Gull Arctic Tern Forster's Tern Least Tern, H Cassin's Auklet Parakeet Auklet, H Horned Puffin Northern Hawk Owl Burrowing Owl Long-eared Owl Black-chinned Hummingbird Calliope Hummingbird Allen's Hummingbird Northern Three-toed Woodpecker, H Red-naped Sapsucker Dusky Flycatcher Eurasian Skylark Gray Jay Blue Jay Black-billed Magpie Mountain Chickadee White-breasted Nuthatch Pygmy Nuthatch Mountain Bluebird Gray Catbird White Wagtail Yellow Wagtail Phainopepla, H Loggerhead Shrike, H Philadelphia Vireo, H Nashville Warbler Bay-breasted Warbler, H Scarlet Tanager, H Hepatic Tanager, H Rose-breasted Grosbeak, H Lazuli Bunting Indigo Bunting, H American Tree Sparrow Black-throated Sparrow Harris' Sparrow Rusty Blackbird Pine Grosbeak Cassin's Finch Common Redpoll Northern Oriole

This list is published by
Whidbey Audubon Society
PO Box 1012
Oak Harbor, WA 98277
with the assistance of a
generous grant from the
Whidbey Island Garden Tour

To report sightings not included
on this list, please call
360 678-4801, 360 678-2264 or
360 221-7402.
http:whidbey.wa.audubon.org

This resource is based on the following source:

Whidbey Audobon Society.  1998.  Birds of Whidbey Island, Oak Harbor,
     Washington.  Whidbey Audubon Society with the assistance of the
     Whidbey Island Garden Tour.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Whidbey Audobon Society.  1998.  Birds of Whidbey Island, Oak Harbor,
     Washington.  Whidbey Audubon Society with the assistance of the
     Whidbey Island Garden Tour.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govoakhar.htm
     (Version 02DEC99)

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