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Bird Checklists of the United States

Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge

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Colville, Washington


Occurence Status
This checklist estimates populations based on available information. Rating systems based on chance of observation favor highly visible species and thus distort reality for nocturnal or secretive species that could be equally common. Chance for secretive species that could be equally common. Chance for observation is entrusted to luck and skill as as observer! Ratings in the checklist apply to during the right season and in the proper habitat.

C - Common: abundant to uncommon
U - Uncommon: local and not present in all suitable habitats
R - Rare: widely spaced, not always present, or lacking verification
XR - Extremely rare: seldom present but fair number of records
(REC) - Recorded: few accepted records.

Seasonal Status
R - Resident: sedentary, or altitudinal migrant within the area.  Breeds here or nearby. Always present, but not necessarily the same individuals.
M - Migrant: non-breeding species or extralimital breeders in transit between summer and winter ranges
SB - Summer breeder: breeding species present only in summer.
W - Winter: non-breeding species on its winter range.  In some species, arrival may be as early as September and departure as late as April. This also refers to individuals that wander out of their range in winter.

AG - Agriculture: human-managed habitat, farmlands, and open rangelands.
UB - Urban: towns and small communities.
WL - Wetlands: wide streams, marshes, rivers and lakes.
BS - Bogs and streams: mainly in mountainous forests
FL - Forested lands: low to medium elevation.
SA - Subalpine: near timberline and above.
TR - Transition: dry hillsides, open forests; mainly in the western part of the region.
AH - All habitats: species that can be expected anywhere.
LK - Lake: applies only to fish.

HABITAT STATUS ___ Long-toed Salamander AG WL FL C ___ Tiger Salamander (Blotched ssp.) WL C ___ Western Toad WL FL U ___ Pacific Tree Frog WL AG FL C ___ Bull Frog WL C ___ Columbia Spotted Frog WL R ___ Northern Leopard Frog WL FL XR ___ Green Frog (Introduced) WL (REC) ___ Painted Turtle WL C ___ Sagebrush Lizard TR U ___ Short Horned Lizard (Pygmy ssp.) TR U ___ Western Skink AG TR C ___ Northern Alligator Lizard FL U ___ Rubber Boa TR FL U ___ Yellow-bellied Racer (Western ssp.) TR FL U ___ Gopher Snake (Great Basin ssp.) AH U ___ Common Garter Snake (Valley ssp.) AH C ___ Western Terrestrial Garter Snake AH R (Wandering ssp.) ___ Western Rattle Snake (N. Pacific ssp.) TR U

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