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Bird Checklists of the United States

Lincoln County, Oregon

Newport, Oregon


Gahmken Guide No. 1
These records have been compiled from field notes kindly supplied by many individuals, especially members of Yaquina Birders & Naturalists.

This checklist is based entirely on actual observations, not on what birds are "believed to be" present. this list only includes birds seen alive in Lincoln County or from the shore of Lincoln County. It does NOT include birds seen at sea from boats or birds that have washed up on beaches.

This is a preliminary list; not all bird records have been compiled and analyzed. In this list, the common names of birds are given alphabetically to make it easier for beginners to find a bird species. Names of a few subspecies are given in parentheses.

The Status and Abundance classifications are approximations. With 332 species listed here for Lincoln County, it is not possible to smoothly "pigeon-hole" each species into a few simple categories.

To improve our records, readers are encouraged to send copies of their field notes of common as well as rare birds to:

              Range Bayer                        Darrel Faxon
              P.O. Box 1467           OR         1192 Thornton Cr. Road
              Newport, OR  97365                 Toledo, OR  97391.

Status (ST):

PP = Persistently Present. In some species, the same individual birds may be present throughout a year. But in other species, some or most birds may be migratory. For example, loons, Brant, scaup, scoters, Black-bellied Plovers, Whimbrels, Western Sandpipers, California and Ring-billed Gulls, and Common Murres are listed as "PP" because some individuals can be found throughout the year in many years even though most birds are migratory.
SR = Summer Resident. Birds arrive by June and are present continuously in three or more months of the April-September period.
WR = Winter Resident. Birds arrive by December and are present continuously in three or more months of the December-May period.
MI = Migrant. Birds are seen primarily only during spring (February-May) and/or fall (late June-December) migration.
? = status is not clear or is unknown. There are more than 20 records of this species, but these records are inadequate to determine the status of this species.
VG = Vagrant. There are less than 20 records of this species in Lincoln County.

Abundance (A):

C = common or abundant.
U = uncommon.
R = rare and may not be present every year.

APPROXIMATE Migration Dates:

First = First date (e.g., 5-12 = May 12th) that a species may be seen in years when present.
Last = Last date (e.g., 10-25 = Oct. 25th) that a species may be seen in years when present.
* = some birds of a species remain throughout the year, throughout the summer, or throughout the winter but most arrive and depart on he First or Last date given.
- = either there are too little data to determine a First or Last date or the species appears to be nonmigratory.


                                       ST     A     First     Last
___Albatross, Black-footed              ?     U     -         -
___Albatross, Layson                    ?     U     -         -
___Auklet, Cassin's                    SR     U     5-23      11-17
___Auklet, Rhinoceros                  SR     U     4-18      11-12
___Bittern, American                    ?     R     -         -
___Blackbird, Brewer's                 PP     C     -         -
___Blackbird, Red-winged               PP     C     9-18      7-15*
___Blackbird, Yellow-head              VG     R     4-28      6-7
___Bluebird, Mountain                  VG     R     -         -
___Bluebird, Western                    ?     R     -         -
___Bobolink                            VG     R     9-16      10-18
___Bobwhite, Northern                  VG     R     -         -
___Brant, (Atlantic)                   VG     R     -         -
___Brant, (Black)                      PP     C     10-22*    5-28*
___Bufflehead                          WR     C     10-19     5-15
___Bunting, Indigo                     VG     R     6-22      6-22
___Bunting, Lark                       VG     R     -         -
___Bunting, Lazuli                     VG     R     -         -
___Bunting, Snow                       WR     R     11-11     4-4
___Bushtit                             PP     C     -         -
___Canvasback                          WR     C     10-11     5-15
___Chickadee, Black-capped             PP     C     -         -
___Chickadee, Chestnut-b.              PP     C     -         - 
___Chickadee, Mountain                 VG     R     -         -
___Coot, American                      WR     C     8-14      5-23
___Cormorant, Brandt's                 PP     C     -         -
___Cormorant, Double-cr.               PP     C     8-21*     5-25*
___Cormorant, Pelagic                  PP     C     -         -
___Cowbird, Brown-headed               SR     C     4-6       9-7
___Crane, Sandhill                     VG     R     -         -
___Creeper, Brown                      PP     R     -         -
___Crossbill, Red                      PP     C     -         -
___Crossbill, White-winged             VG     R     -         -
___Crow, American                      PP     C     -         -
___Cuckoo, Yellow-billed               VG     R     [extirpated]
___Curlew, Long-billed                 MI     U     -         -
___Dickcissel                          VG     R     -         -
___Dipper, American                     ?     U     -         -
___Dove, Mourning                      MI     R     4-4       6-10 
                                                    8-15      11-5
___Dove, Rock                          PP     C     -         -
___Dove, White-winged                  VG     R     10-28     11-4
___Dowitcher, Long-billed              WR     C     3-15*     5-14*
                                                    7-3*      -
___Dowitcher, Short-billed             MI     C     4-8       5-13
                                                    7-3       -
___Duck, Harlequin                     PP     C     8-15*     5-25*
___Duck, Ring-necked                   WR     C     9-11      5-15
___Duck, Ruddy                         WR     C     9-25      5-6
___Duck, Wood                           ?     U     -         -
___Dunlin                              WR     C     7-19      5-28
___Eagle, Bald                         PP     U     -         -      
___Eagle, Golden                       VG     R     -         -
___Egret, Cattle                       MI     U     11-3      12-21
___Egret, Great                        WR     C     7-26      4-15
___Egret, Snowy                        VG     R     -         -
___Eider, King                         VG     R     5-15      5-15
___Falcon, Peregrine                   WR     U     9-3       4-15
___Falcon, Prairie                     VG     R     2-15      2-15
___Finch, House                        PP     C     -         -
___Finch, Purple                       PP     C     -         -
___Finch, Rosy                         VG     R     3-2       3-2
___Flicker, Northern                   PP     C     -         - 
___" (Red-s. X Yellow-s.)              VG     R     -         -
___Flycatcher, Ash-throat.             VG     R     8-24      -
___Flycatcher, Hammond's               SR     C     4-22      9-14
___Flycatcher, Olive-sided             SR     C     5-2       8-29
___Flycatcher, Scissor-t.              VG     R     -         -
___Flycatcher, Western                 SR     C     5-1       9-28
___Flycatcher, Willow                  SR     C     5-15      9-28
___Frigatebird, Magnific.              VG     R     -         -
___Fulmar, Northern                     ?     U     -         -
___Gadwall                             WR     C     8-21      4-15
___Godwit, Bar-tailed                  VG     R     8-8       9-22
___Godwit, Marbled                     WR     C     4-15*     5-15*
                                                    6-29*     -
___Goldeneye, Barrow's                  ?     R     -         -
___Goldeneye, Common                   WR     C     10-25     4-16
   Golden-Plover, see Plover           
___Goldfinch, American                 PP     C     4-5*      10-29*
___Goldfinch, Lesser                   VG     R     4-5       4-15
                                                    7-15      8-29
___Goose, Canada                       PP     U     4-16*     5-15*
                                                    8-12*     12-28*    
___Goose, Emperor                      VG     R     12-26     -
___Goose, Gr. White-front.             MI     U     4-23      5-9
                                                    8-6       10-15
___Goose, Snow                         VG     R     10-15     11-15
___Goshawk, Northern                    ?     R     -         -
___Grebe, Clark's                       ?     R     -         -
___Grebe, Eared                        WR     U     10-1      4-8
___Grebe, Horned                       WR     C     8-20      6-2
___Grebe, Pied-billed                  WR     C     8-5       5-23
___Grebe, Red-necked                   WR     U     10-1      5-26
___Grebe, Western                      PP     C     9-14*     5-26*
___Grosbeak, Black-headed              SR     C     5-1       9-12
___Grosbeak, Evening                   PP     C     -         -
___Grosbeak, Pine                      VG     R     -         -
___Grosbeak, Rose-breasted             VG     R     1-25      5-14
___Grouse, Blue                        PP     U     -         -
___Grouse, Ruffed                      PP     U     -         -
___Guillemot, Pigeon                   SR     C     2-10      10-22
___Gull, Bonaparte's                   SR     C     4-7*      5-15*
                                                    7-30*     12-21*
___Gull, California                    PP     C     6-22*     4-15*
___Gull, Franklin's                    MI     R     -         -
___Gull, Glaucous                      WR     R     11-6      5-15
___Gull, Glaucous-winged               PP     C     -         -
___Gull, Heerman's                     MI     C     6-4       11-26
___Gull, Herring                       WR     U     10-1      5-6
___Gull, Little                        VG     R     8-20      10-18
___Gull, Mew                           WR     C     7-13      5-15
___Gull, Ring-billed                   PP     C     6-25*     5-25*
___Gull, Ross'                         VG     R     -         -
___Gull, Sabine's                      MI     R     5-5       5-15
                                                    8-19      12-1
___Gull, Thayer's                      WR     U     10-22     4-2   
___Gull, Western                       PP     C     -         -
___Gull, West. X Glauc.-wing.          PP     C     -         -
___Gyrfalcon                           VG     R     -         -
___Harrier, Northern                   PP     U     7-5*      4-15*
___Hawk, Cooper's                      PP     U     -         -
___Hawk, Red-shouldered                VG     R     -         -
___Hawk, Red-tailed                    PP     U     -         -
___Hawk, Rough-legged                  WR     U     10-18     2-15
___Hawk, Sharp-shinned                 PP     U     -         -
___Heron, Black-cr. Night-             PP     U     -         -
___Heron, Great Blue                   PP     C     -         -
___Heron, Green-backed                 PP     U     -         -
___Hummingbird, Allen's                 ?     R    [hypothetical]
___Hummingbird, Anna's                 WR     U     -         -
___Hummingbird, Black-chin.             ?     R     -         -
___Hummingbird, Calliope               VG     R     -         -
___Hummingbird, Costa's                VG     R     -         -
___Hummingbird, Rufous                 SR     C     2-21      9-10
___Jaeger, Long-tailed                 VG     R     -         -
___Jaeger, Parasitic                   MI     U     5-7       5-15
___Jaeger, Pomarine                    VG     R     9-20      9-20
___Jay, Gray                           PP     U     -         -
___Jay, Scrub                          VG     R     -         -
___Jay, Steller's                      PP     C     -         -
___Junco, Dark-eyed (Oregon)           PP     C     -         -
___Junco D.-e. (Slate-colored)         VG     R     -         -
___Kestrel, American                   PP     U     -         -
___Killdeer                            PP     C     -         -
___Kingbird, Eastern                   VG     R     6-18      7-25
___Kingbird, Tropical                  VG     R     10-5      10-25
___Kingbird, Western                   MI     U     4-28      6-16
___Kingfisher, Belted                  PP     C     -         -
___Kinglet, Golden-crowned             PP     C     -         -
___Kinglet, Ruby-crowned               WR     C     9-21      6-14
___Kite, Black-shouldered               ?     R     -         -
___Kittiwake, Black-legged             PP     U     -         -
___Knot, Red                           MI     U     4-4       5-23
                                                    8-9       10-15
___Lark, Horned                        VG     R     -         -
___Longspur, Lapland                   MI     R     10-1      10-25 
                                                    4-8       5-7
___Loon, Common                        PP     C     10-1*     5-30*
___Loon, Pacific                       PP     C     11-8*     5-30*
___Loon, Red-throated                  PP     C     8-24*     5-30*
___Loon, Yellow-billed                 VG     R     11-25     5-28
___Magpie, Black-billed                VG     R     -         -
___Mallard                             PP     C     -         -
___Martin, Purple                      SR     U     4-11      9-19
___Meadowlark, Western                 WR     U     8-13      5-12
___Merganser, Common                   PP     C     -         -
___Merganser, Hooded                   PP     C     10-26*    5-31*
___Merganser, Red-breasted             WR     C     10-14     6-5
___Merlin                              WR     R     8-20      5-5
___Mockingbird, Northern               VG     R     -         -
___Murre, Common                       PP     C     -         8-31*
___Murrelet, Ancient                    ?     U     -         -
___Murrelet, Marbled                   PP     U     -         -
___Nighthawk, Common                   SR     U     5-31      9-22
   Night-Heron, see Heron             
___Nutcracker, Clark's                 VG     R     10-11     10-11
___Nuthatch, Red-breasted              PP     U     -         -
___Nuthatch, White-breasted            VG     R     -         -
___Oldsquaw                            WR     U     10-18     4-17
___Oriole, Hooded                      VG     R     -         -
___Oriole, No. (Bullock's)              ?     R     4-27      6-5
___Oriole, Orchard                     VG     R     9-27      9-27
___Osprey                              SR     U     4-3       10-22
___Owl, Burrowing                      VG     R     10-18     2-15
___Owl, Common Barn-                    ?     U     -         - 
___Owl, Great Gray                     VG     R     Nov.      Nov.
___Owl, Great Horned                   PP     U     -         -
___Owl, Long-eared                     VG     R     8-15      10-17
___Owl, No. Pygmy-                     PP     U     -         -
___Owl, No. Saw-whet-                  PP     U     -         -
___Owl, Short-eared                     ?     U     10-22     12-15
                                                    4-15      5-15
___Owl, Snowy                          VG     R     11-6      -
___Owl, Spotted                         ?     R     -         -
___Owl, Western Screech-               PP     U     -         -
___Oystercatcher, Black                PP     U     -         -
___Pelican, Am. White                  VG     R     -         -
___Pelican, Brown                      MI     C     6-15      12-15
___Petrel, Fork-tail. Storm-           VG     U     -         -
___Pewee, Western Wood-                SR     C     4-26      9-25
___Phainopepla                         VG     R     -         -
___Phalarope, Red                      MI     C     5-9       5-25
                                                    9-3       12-29
___Phalarope, Red-necked               MI     C     4-10      5-29
                                                    8-13      12-29
___Phalarope, Wilson's                 VG     R     5-3       5-25
                                                    9-18      9-18
___Pheasant, Ring-necked               VG     R     -         -
___Phoebe, Black                       VG     R     -         -
___Phoebe, Say's                       VG     R     -         -
___Pigeon, Band-tailed                 SR     C     3-14      10-22
___Pintail, Northern                   WR     C     8-1       5-2
___Pipit, Water                        MI     U     4-9       5-22
___Plover, Black-bellied               PP     C     -         5-21*
                                                    7-14*     -
___Plover, Lesser Golden-              MI     U     8-4       11-13
___Plover, Mountain                    VG     R     -         -
___Plover, Semipalmated                MI     C     4-6       5-27
                                                    7-10      10-5
___Plover, Snowy                        ?     R     -         -
___Puffin, Horned                      VG     R     -         -
___Puffin, Tufted                      SR     U     4-12      8-21
___Quail, California                    ?     R     -         -
___Quail, Mountain                     PP     U     -         -
___Rail, Virginia                       ?     C     -         -
___Raven, Common                       PP     U     -         -
___Redhead                             WR     U     10-25     3-15
___Redpoll, Common                     VG     R     -         -
___Robin, American                     PP     C     2-10*     -
___Ruff                                VG     R     -         -
___Sanderling                          WR     C     8-10      5-28
___Sandpiper, Baird's                  MI     R     4-17      5-26
                                                    7-30      11-15
___Sandpiper, Buff-breasted            VG     R     7-30      8-10
___Sandpiper, Curlew                   VG     R     -         -
___Sandpiper, Least                    WR     C     7-3       5-28
___Sandpiper, Pectoral                 MI     U     7-23      10-25
___Sandpiper, Rock                     WR     U     10-18     4-24
___Sandpiper, Semipalmated             VG     R     -         -
___Sandpiper, Sharp-tailed             VG     R     9-26      10-4
___Sandpiper, Solitary                 MI     R     4-21      5-10
___Sandpiper, Spotted                  PP     U     -         -
___Sandpiper, Stilt                    MI     R     7-29      10-14
___Sandpiper, Upland                   VG     R     -         -
___Sandpiper, Western                  PP     C     6-24*     5-28*
___Sapsucker, Red-breasted             PP     R     -         -
___Sapsucker, Red-naped                VG     R     -         -
___Scaup sp.                           PP     C     9-19*     5-28*
___Scaup, Greater                       ?     C     -         -
___Scaup, Lesser                        ?     C     9-19      5-28
___Scoter, Black                       PP     U     9-15*     5-15*
___Scoter, Surf                        PP     C     8-15*     5-15*
___Scoter, White-winged                PP     C     8-15*     5-15*
___Shearwater, Pink-footed             SR     U     -         -
___Shearwater, Short-tail.              ?     U     -         -
___Shearwater, Sooty                   SR     C     -         -
___Shoveler, Northern                  WR     C     9-28      5-20
___Shrike, Loggerhead                  VG     R     -         -
___Shrike, Northern                    WR     R     10-10     3-29
___Siskin, Pine                        PP     C     -         -
___Skua, South Polar                   VG     R     -         -
___Snipe, Common                       PP     C     9-16*     5-11*
___Solitaire, Townsend's                ?     R     -         -
___Sora                                 ?     R     -         -
___Sparrow, Black-throated             VG     R     -         -
___Sparrow, Chipping                    ?     R     4-3       5-30
                                                    8-13      9-18
___Sparrow, Clay-colored               VG     R     5-16      5-16
___Sparrow, Fox                        WR     C     8-15      4-25
___Sparrow, Golden-crowned             WR     C     9-24      5-22
___Sparrow, Harris'                    VG     R     -         -
___Sparrow, House                      PP     C     -         -
___Sparrow, Lark                       VG     R     8-3       8-3
___Sparrow, Lincoln's                   ?     R     4-1       5-23
___Sparrow, Sage                       VG     R     4-12      4-12
___Sparrow, Savannah                   PP     U     4-4*      5-20*
                                                    8-8*      10-20*
___Sparrow, Song                       PP     C     -         -
___Sparrow, Swamp                      VG     R     -         -
___Sparrow, Tree                       VG     R     -         -
___Sparrow, Vesper                     VG     R     4-10      4-12
                                                    9-4       9-30
___Sparrow, White-crowned              PP     C     3-20*     10-31*
___Sparrow, White-throated             VG     R     11-24     2-7
___Starling, European                  PP     C     -         -
___Stilt, Black-necked                 VG     R     -         -
___Stint, Long-toed                    VG     R     8-20      8-20
   Storm-Petrel, see Petrel   
___Surfbird                            WR     C     7-7       5-15
___Swallow, Bank                       VG     R      [extirpated?]
___Swallow, Barn                       SR     C     4-6       9-30
___Swallow, Cliff                      SR     C     4-4       9-2
___Swallow, No. Rough-wng.             SR     U     4-1       9-8
___Swallow, Tree                       SR     C     2-19      9-15
___Swallow, Violet-green               SR     C     2-29      10-10
___Swan, Mute                          VG     R      [extirpated]
___Swan, Trumpeter                      ?     R     -         -
___Swan, Tundra                        MI     U     10-28     12-18
___Swift, Black                        VG     R     5-13      5-13
                                                    9-2       9-24
___Swift, Vaux's                       SR     U     5-1       9-27
___Tanager, Scarlet                    VG     R     8-22      8-22
___Tanager, Western                    SR     U     5-2       9-26
___Tattler, Wandering                  MI     U     4-18      5-30
                                                    7-8       12-30
___Teal, Blue-winged                   MI     R     3-12      5-1
___Teal, Cinnamon                      MI     U     3-12      5-15
___Teal, Green-winged                  WR     C     8-17      5-6
___Teal, Gr.-wing. (Common)            VG     R     -         -
___Tern, Arctic                        MI     C     5-12      5-28
                                                    9-12      10-15
___Tern, Black                         VG     R     7-30      10-1
___Tern, Caspian                       SR     C     4-5       10-12
___Tern, Common                        MI     C     5-7       5-28
                                                    8-9       10-8
___Tern, Elegant                       VG     R     -         -
___Tern, Forster's                      ?     R     -         -
___Thrasher, Sage                      VG     R     5-2       5-2
___Thrush, Hermit                      WR     U     10-18     4-25
___Thrush, Swainson's                  SR     C     4-25      10-23
___Thrush, Varied                      PP     C     9-23*     5-14*
___Towhee, Brown                       VG     R     -         -
___Towhee, Rufous-sided                PP     U     -         -
___Turnstone, Black                    WR     C     7-4       5-7
___Turnstone, Ruddy                    WR     R     5-8*      5-20*
                                                    7-16*     -
___Vireo, Hutton's                     PP     U     -         -
___Vireo, Red-eyed                     VG     R     7-22      7-22
___Vireo, Solitary                     SR     U     5-16      9-22
___Vireo, Warbling                     SR     U     4-13      9-13
___Vulture, Turkey                     SR     C     2-26      10-16
___Warbler, Black-t. Gray              SR     C     4-16      10-8
___Warbler, Black-t. Green             VG     R     8-19      8-19	
___Warbler, Chestnut-sided             VG     R     10-16     10-16
___Warbler, Hermit                     SR     U     4-24      9-8
___Warbler, MacGillivray's             SR     U     4-28      9-9
___Warbler, Nashville                  VG     R     -         -
___Warbler, Orange-crowned             SR     C     3-29      9-11
___Warbler, Palm                       WR     U     9-21      4-25
___Warbler, Prairie                    VG     R     9-27      9-27
___Warbler, Townsend's                 WR     U     10-19     5-9
___Warbler, Wilson's                   SR     C     4-10      9-22
___Warbler, Yellow                     SR     C     5-7       9-10
___Warbler, Yellow-rumped              PP     C     10-5*     5-24*
___Waxwing, Bohemian                   VG     R     -         -
___Waxwing, Cedar                      SR     C     5-21      11-22
___Whimbrel                            PP     C     7-3*      5-25*
___Wigeon, American                    WR     C     8-18      5-8
___Wigeon, Eurasian                    WR     U     11-4      3-19
___Willet                              WR     U     7-2       5-26
___Woodpecker, Downy                   PP     U     -         -
___Woodpecker, Hairy                   PP     U     -         -
___Woodpecker, Lewis                   VG     R     -         -
___Woodpecker, Pileated                PP     U     -         -
___Woodpecker, White-head.             VG     R     -         -
   Wood-Pewee, see Pewee 
___Wren, Bewick's                      PP     C     -         -
___Wren, House                         SR     U     5-1       9-3
___Wren, Marsh                         PP     C     -         -
___Wren, Winter                        PP     C     -         -    
___Wrentit                             PP     C     -         -
___Yellowlegs, Greater                 WR     C     4-6*      5-30*
                                                    7-2*      12-23*
___Yellowlegs, Lesser                  MI     U     4-10      5-27
                                                    7-5       11-8
___Yellowthroat, Common                SR     U     4-16      9-10

This resource is based on the following source:
Range D. Bayer.  May 1988.  1988 Bird List for Lincoln County, Oregon.  
     Gahmken Press, P.O. Box 1467, Newport, Oregon 97365.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Range D. Bayer.  May 1988.  1988 Bird List for Lincoln County, Oregon.  
     Gahmken Press, P.O. Box 1467, Newport, Oregon 97365.  Unpaginated.  
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govlinccnty.htm 
     (Version 23FEB2001).

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