Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
This checklist is based entirely on actual observations, not on what birds are "believed to be" present. this list only includes birds seen alive in Lincoln County or from the shore of Lincoln County. It does NOT include birds seen at sea from boats or birds that have washed up on beaches.
This is a preliminary list; not all bird records have been compiled and analyzed. In this list, the common names of birds are given alphabetically to make it easier for beginners to find a bird species. Names of a few subspecies are given in parentheses.
The Status and Abundance classifications are approximations. With 332 species listed here for Lincoln County, it is not possible to smoothly "pigeon-hole" each species into a few simple categories.
To improve our records, readers are encouraged to send copies of their field notes of common as well as rare birds to:
Range Bayer Darrel Faxon P.O. Box 1467 OR 1192 Thornton Cr. Road Newport, OR 97365 Toledo, OR 97391.
PP = Persistently Present. In some species, the same individual birds
may be present throughout a year. But in other species, some or most birds
may be migratory. For example, loons, Brant, scaup, scoters, Black-bellied
Plovers, Whimbrels, Western Sandpipers, California and Ring-billed Gulls,
and Common Murres are listed as "PP" because some individuals can be found
throughout the year in many years even though most birds are migratory.
SR = Summer Resident. Birds arrive by June and are present continuously in three or more months of the April-September period.
WR = Winter Resident. Birds arrive by December and are present continuously in three or more months of the December-May period.
MI = Migrant. Birds are seen primarily only during spring (February-May) and/or fall (late June-December) migration.
? = status is not clear or is unknown. There are more than 20 records of this species, but these records are inadequate to determine the status of this species.
VG = Vagrant. There are less than 20 records of this species in Lincoln County.
C = common or abundant.
U = uncommon.
R = rare and may not be present every year.
APPROXIMATE Migration Dates:
First = First date (e.g., 5-12 = May 12th) that a species may be
seen in years when present.
Last = Last date (e.g., 10-25 = Oct. 25th) that a species may be seen in years when present.
* = some birds of a species remain throughout the year, throughout the summer, or throughout the winter but most arrive and depart on he First or Last date given.
- = either there are too little data to determine a First or Last date or the species appears to be nonmigratory.
ST A First Last ___Albatross, Black-footed ? U - - ___Albatross, Layson ? U - - ___Auklet, Cassin's SR U 5-23 11-17 ___Auklet, Rhinoceros SR U 4-18 11-12 ___Bittern, American ? R - - ___Blackbird, Brewer's PP C - - ___Blackbird, Red-winged PP C 9-18 7-15* ___Blackbird, Yellow-head VG R 4-28 6-7 ___Bluebird, Mountain VG R - - ___Bluebird, Western ? R - - ___Bobolink VG R 9-16 10-18 ___Bobwhite, Northern VG R - - ___Brant, (Atlantic) VG R - - ___Brant, (Black) PP C 10-22* 5-28* ___Bufflehead WR C 10-19 5-15 ___Bunting, Indigo VG R 6-22 6-22 ___Bunting, Lark VG R - - ___Bunting, Lazuli VG R - - ___Bunting, Snow WR R 11-11 4-4 ___Bushtit PP C - - ___Canvasback WR C 10-11 5-15 ___Chickadee, Black-capped PP C - - ___Chickadee, Chestnut-b. PP C - - ___Chickadee, Mountain VG R - - ___Coot, American WR C 8-14 5-23 ___Cormorant, Brandt's PP C - - ___Cormorant, Double-cr. PP C 8-21* 5-25* ___Cormorant, Pelagic PP C - - ___Cowbird, Brown-headed SR C 4-6 9-7 ___Crane, Sandhill VG R - - ___Creeper, Brown PP R - - ___Crossbill, Red PP C - - ___Crossbill, White-winged VG R - - ___Crow, American PP C - - ___Cuckoo, Yellow-billed VG R [extirpated] ___Curlew, Long-billed MI U - - ___Dickcissel VG R - - ___Dipper, American ? U - - ___Dove, Mourning MI R 4-4 6-10 8-15 11-5 ___Dove, Rock PP C - - ___Dove, White-winged VG R 10-28 11-4 ___Dowitcher, Long-billed WR C 3-15* 5-14* 7-3* - ___Dowitcher, Short-billed MI C 4-8 5-13 7-3 - ___Duck, Harlequin PP C 8-15* 5-25* ___Duck, Ring-necked WR C 9-11 5-15 ___Duck, Ruddy WR C 9-25 5-6 ___Duck, Wood ? U - - ___Dunlin WR C 7-19 5-28 ___Eagle, Bald PP U - - ___Eagle, Golden VG R - - ___Egret, Cattle MI U 11-3 12-21 ___Egret, Great WR C 7-26 4-15 ___Egret, Snowy VG R - - ___Eider, King VG R 5-15 5-15 ___Falcon, Peregrine WR U 9-3 4-15 ___Falcon, Prairie VG R 2-15 2-15 ___Finch, House PP C - - ___Finch, Purple PP C - - ___Finch, Rosy VG R 3-2 3-2 ___Flicker, Northern PP C - - ___" (Red-s. X Yellow-s.) VG R - - ___Flycatcher, Ash-throat. VG R 8-24 - ___Flycatcher, Hammond's SR C 4-22 9-14 ___Flycatcher, Olive-sided SR C 5-2 8-29 ___Flycatcher, Scissor-t. VG R - - ___Flycatcher, Western SR C 5-1 9-28 ___Flycatcher, Willow SR C 5-15 9-28 ___Frigatebird, Magnific. VG R - - ___Fulmar, Northern ? U - - ___Gadwall WR C 8-21 4-15 ___Godwit, Bar-tailed VG R 8-8 9-22 ___Godwit, Marbled WR C 4-15* 5-15* 6-29* - ___Goldeneye, Barrow's ? R - - ___Goldeneye, Common WR C 10-25 4-16 Golden-Plover, see Plover ___Goldfinch, American PP C 4-5* 10-29* ___Goldfinch, Lesser VG R 4-5 4-15 7-15 8-29 ___Goose, Canada PP U 4-16* 5-15* 8-12* 12-28* ___Goose, Emperor VG R 12-26 - ___Goose, Gr. White-front. MI U 4-23 5-9 8-6 10-15 ___Goose, Snow VG R 10-15 11-15 ___Goshawk, Northern ? R - - ___Grebe, Clark's ? R - - ___Grebe, Eared WR U 10-1 4-8 ___Grebe, Horned WR C 8-20 6-2 ___Grebe, Pied-billed WR C 8-5 5-23 ___Grebe, Red-necked WR U 10-1 5-26 ___Grebe, Western PP C 9-14* 5-26* ___Grosbeak, Black-headed SR C 5-1 9-12 ___Grosbeak, Evening PP C - - ___Grosbeak, Pine VG R - - ___Grosbeak, Rose-breasted VG R 1-25 5-14 ___Grouse, Blue PP U - - ___Grouse, Ruffed PP U - - ___Guillemot, Pigeon SR C 2-10 10-22 ___Gull, Bonaparte's SR C 4-7* 5-15* 7-30* 12-21* ___Gull, California PP C 6-22* 4-15* ___Gull, Franklin's MI R - - ___Gull, Glaucous WR R 11-6 5-15 ___Gull, Glaucous-winged PP C - - ___Gull, Heerman's MI C 6-4 11-26 ___Gull, Herring WR U 10-1 5-6 ___Gull, Little VG R 8-20 10-18 ___Gull, Mew WR C 7-13 5-15 ___Gull, Ring-billed PP C 6-25* 5-25* ___Gull, Ross' VG R - - ___Gull, Sabine's MI R 5-5 5-15 8-19 12-1 ___Gull, Thayer's WR U 10-22 4-2 ___Gull, Western PP C - - ___Gull, West. X Glauc.-wing. PP C - - ___Gyrfalcon VG R - - ___Harrier, Northern PP U 7-5* 4-15* ___Hawk, Cooper's PP U - - ___Hawk, Red-shouldered VG R - - ___Hawk, Red-tailed PP U - - ___Hawk, Rough-legged WR U 10-18 2-15 ___Hawk, Sharp-shinned PP U - - ___Heron, Black-cr. Night- PP U - - ___Heron, Great Blue PP C - - ___Heron, Green-backed PP U - - ___Hummingbird, Allen's ? R [hypothetical] ___Hummingbird, Anna's WR U - - ___Hummingbird, Black-chin. ? R - - ___Hummingbird, Calliope VG R - - ___Hummingbird, Costa's VG R - - ___Hummingbird, Rufous SR C 2-21 9-10 ___Jaeger, Long-tailed VG R - - ___Jaeger, Parasitic MI U 5-7 5-15 ___Jaeger, Pomarine VG R 9-20 9-20 ___Jay, Gray PP U - - ___Jay, Scrub VG R - - ___Jay, Steller's PP C - - ___Junco, Dark-eyed (Oregon) PP C - - ___Junco D.-e. (Slate-colored) VG R - - ___Kestrel, American PP U - - ___Killdeer PP C - - ___Kingbird, Eastern VG R 6-18 7-25 ___Kingbird, Tropical VG R 10-5 10-25 ___Kingbird, Western MI U 4-28 6-16 ___Kingfisher, Belted PP C - - ___Kinglet, Golden-crowned PP C - - ___Kinglet, Ruby-crowned WR C 9-21 6-14 ___Kite, Black-shouldered ? R - - ___Kittiwake, Black-legged PP U - - ___Knot, Red MI U 4-4 5-23 8-9 10-15 ___Lark, Horned VG R - - ___Longspur, Lapland MI R 10-1 10-25 4-8 5-7 ___Loon, Common PP C 10-1* 5-30* ___Loon, Pacific PP C 11-8* 5-30* ___Loon, Red-throated PP C 8-24* 5-30* ___Loon, Yellow-billed VG R 11-25 5-28 ___Magpie, Black-billed VG R - - ___Mallard PP C - - ___Martin, Purple SR U 4-11 9-19 ___Meadowlark, Western WR U 8-13 5-12 ___Merganser, Common PP C - - ___Merganser, Hooded PP C 10-26* 5-31* ___Merganser, Red-breasted WR C 10-14 6-5 ___Merlin WR R 8-20 5-5 ___Mockingbird, Northern VG R - - ___Murre, Common PP C - 8-31* ___Murrelet, Ancient ? U - - ___Murrelet, Marbled PP U - - ___Nighthawk, Common SR U 5-31 9-22 Night-Heron, see Heron ___Nutcracker, Clark's VG R 10-11 10-11 ___Nuthatch, Red-breasted PP U - - ___Nuthatch, White-breasted VG R - - ___Oldsquaw WR U 10-18 4-17 ___Oriole, Hooded VG R - - ___Oriole, No. (Bullock's) ? R 4-27 6-5 ___Oriole, Orchard VG R 9-27 9-27 ___Osprey SR U 4-3 10-22 ___Owl, Burrowing VG R 10-18 2-15 ___Owl, Common Barn- ? U - - ___Owl, Great Gray VG R Nov. Nov. ___Owl, Great Horned PP U - - ___Owl, Long-eared VG R 8-15 10-17 ___Owl, No. Pygmy- PP U - - ___Owl, No. Saw-whet- PP U - - ___Owl, Short-eared ? U 10-22 12-15 4-15 5-15 ___Owl, Snowy VG R 11-6 - ___Owl, Spotted ? R - - ___Owl, Western Screech- PP U - - ___Oystercatcher, Black PP U - - ___Pelican, Am. White VG R - - ___Pelican, Brown MI C 6-15 12-15 ___Petrel, Fork-tail. Storm- VG U - - ___Pewee, Western Wood- SR C 4-26 9-25 ___Phainopepla VG R - - ___Phalarope, Red MI C 5-9 5-25 9-3 12-29 ___Phalarope, Red-necked MI C 4-10 5-29 8-13 12-29 ___Phalarope, Wilson's VG R 5-3 5-25 9-18 9-18 ___Pheasant, Ring-necked VG R - - ___Phoebe, Black VG R - - ___Phoebe, Say's VG R - - ___Pigeon, Band-tailed SR C 3-14 10-22 ___Pintail, Northern WR C 8-1 5-2 ___Pipit, Water MI U 4-9 5-22 ___Plover, Black-bellied PP C - 5-21* 7-14* - ___Plover, Lesser Golden- MI U 8-4 11-13 ___Plover, Mountain VG R - - ___Plover, Semipalmated MI C 4-6 5-27 7-10 10-5 ___Plover, Snowy ? R - - ___Puffin, Horned VG R - - ___Puffin, Tufted SR U 4-12 8-21 ___Quail, California ? R - - ___Quail, Mountain PP U - - ___Rail, Virginia ? C - - ___Raven, Common PP U - - ___Redhead WR U 10-25 3-15 ___Redpoll, Common VG R - - ___Robin, American PP C 2-10* - ___Ruff VG R - - ___Sanderling WR C 8-10 5-28 ___Sandpiper, Baird's MI R 4-17 5-26 7-30 11-15 ___Sandpiper, Buff-breasted VG R 7-30 8-10 ___Sandpiper, Curlew VG R - - ___Sandpiper, Least WR C 7-3 5-28 ___Sandpiper, Pectoral MI U 7-23 10-25 ___Sandpiper, Rock WR U 10-18 4-24 ___Sandpiper, Semipalmated VG R - - ___Sandpiper, Sharp-tailed VG R 9-26 10-4 ___Sandpiper, Solitary MI R 4-21 5-10 ___Sandpiper, Spotted PP U - - ___Sandpiper, Stilt MI R 7-29 10-14 ___Sandpiper, Upland VG R - - ___Sandpiper, Western PP C 6-24* 5-28* ___Sapsucker, Red-breasted PP R - - ___Sapsucker, Red-naped VG R - - ___Scaup sp. PP C 9-19* 5-28* ___Scaup, Greater ? C - - ___Scaup, Lesser ? C 9-19 5-28 ___Scoter, Black PP U 9-15* 5-15* ___Scoter, Surf PP C 8-15* 5-15* ___Scoter, White-winged PP C 8-15* 5-15* ___Shearwater, Pink-footed SR U - - ___Shearwater, Short-tail. ? U - - ___Shearwater, Sooty SR C - - ___Shoveler, Northern WR C 9-28 5-20 ___Shrike, Loggerhead VG R - - ___Shrike, Northern WR R 10-10 3-29 ___Siskin, Pine PP C - - ___Skua, South Polar VG R - - ___Snipe, Common PP C 9-16* 5-11* ___Solitaire, Townsend's ? R - - ___Sora ? R - - ___Sparrow, Black-throated VG R - - ___Sparrow, Chipping ? R 4-3 5-30 8-13 9-18 ___Sparrow, Clay-colored VG R 5-16 5-16 ___Sparrow, Fox WR C 8-15 4-25 ___Sparrow, Golden-crowned WR C 9-24 5-22 ___Sparrow, Harris' VG R - - ___Sparrow, House PP C - - ___Sparrow, Lark VG R 8-3 8-3 ___Sparrow, Lincoln's ? R 4-1 5-23 ___Sparrow, Sage VG R 4-12 4-12 ___Sparrow, Savannah PP U 4-4* 5-20* 8-8* 10-20* ___Sparrow, Song PP C - - ___Sparrow, Swamp VG R - - ___Sparrow, Tree VG R - - ___Sparrow, Vesper VG R 4-10 4-12 9-4 9-30 ___Sparrow, White-crowned PP C 3-20* 10-31* ___Sparrow, White-throated VG R 11-24 2-7 ___Starling, European PP C - - ___Stilt, Black-necked VG R - - ___Stint, Long-toed VG R 8-20 8-20 Storm-Petrel, see Petrel ___Surfbird WR C 7-7 5-15 ___Swallow, Bank VG R [extirpated?] ___Swallow, Barn SR C 4-6 9-30 ___Swallow, Cliff SR C 4-4 9-2 ___Swallow, No. Rough-wng. SR U 4-1 9-8 ___Swallow, Tree SR C 2-19 9-15 ___Swallow, Violet-green SR C 2-29 10-10 ___Swan, Mute VG R [extirpated] ___Swan, Trumpeter ? R - - ___Swan, Tundra MI U 10-28 12-18 ___Swift, Black VG R 5-13 5-13 9-2 9-24 ___Swift, Vaux's SR U 5-1 9-27 ___Tanager, Scarlet VG R 8-22 8-22 ___Tanager, Western SR U 5-2 9-26 ___Tattler, Wandering MI U 4-18 5-30 7-8 12-30 ___Teal, Blue-winged MI R 3-12 5-1 ___Teal, Cinnamon MI U 3-12 5-15 ___Teal, Green-winged WR C 8-17 5-6 ___Teal, Gr.-wing. (Common) VG R - - ___Tern, Arctic MI C 5-12 5-28 9-12 10-15 ___Tern, Black VG R 7-30 10-1 ___Tern, Caspian SR C 4-5 10-12 ___Tern, Common MI C 5-7 5-28 8-9 10-8 ___Tern, Elegant VG R - - ___Tern, Forster's ? R - - ___Thrasher, Sage VG R 5-2 5-2 ___Thrush, Hermit WR U 10-18 4-25 ___Thrush, Swainson's SR C 4-25 10-23 ___Thrush, Varied PP C 9-23* 5-14* ___Towhee, Brown VG R - - ___Towhee, Rufous-sided PP U - - ___Turnstone, Black WR C 7-4 5-7 ___Turnstone, Ruddy WR R 5-8* 5-20* 7-16* - ___Vireo, Hutton's PP U - - ___Vireo, Red-eyed VG R 7-22 7-22 ___Vireo, Solitary SR U 5-16 9-22 ___Vireo, Warbling SR U 4-13 9-13 ___Vulture, Turkey SR C 2-26 10-16 ___Warbler, Black-t. Gray SR C 4-16 10-8 ___Warbler, Black-t. Green VG R 8-19 8-19 ___Warbler, Chestnut-sided VG R 10-16 10-16 ___Warbler, Hermit SR U 4-24 9-8 ___Warbler, MacGillivray's SR U 4-28 9-9 ___Warbler, Nashville VG R - - ___Warbler, Orange-crowned SR C 3-29 9-11 ___Warbler, Palm WR U 9-21 4-25 ___Warbler, Prairie VG R 9-27 9-27 ___Warbler, Townsend's WR U 10-19 5-9 ___Warbler, Wilson's SR C 4-10 9-22 ___Warbler, Yellow SR C 5-7 9-10 ___Warbler, Yellow-rumped PP C 10-5* 5-24* ___Waxwing, Bohemian VG R - - ___Waxwing, Cedar SR C 5-21 11-22 ___Whimbrel PP C 7-3* 5-25* ___Wigeon, American WR C 8-18 5-8 ___Wigeon, Eurasian WR U 11-4 3-19 ___Willet WR U 7-2 5-26 ___Woodpecker, Downy PP U - - ___Woodpecker, Hairy PP U - - ___Woodpecker, Lewis VG R - - ___Woodpecker, Pileated PP U - - ___Woodpecker, White-head. VG R - - Wood-Pewee, see Pewee ___Wren, Bewick's PP C - - ___Wren, House SR U 5-1 9-3 ___Wren, Marsh PP C - - ___Wren, Winter PP C - - ___Wrentit PP C - - ___Yellowlegs, Greater WR C 4-6* 5-30* 7-2* 12-23* ___Yellowlegs, Lesser MI U 4-10 5-27 7-5 11-8 ___Yellowthroat, Common SR U 4-16 9-10
Range D. Bayer. May 1988. 1988 Bird List for Lincoln County, Oregon. Gahmken Press, P.O. Box 1467, Newport, Oregon 97365. Unpaginated.This resource should be cited as:
Range D. Bayer. May 1988. 1988 Bird List for Lincoln County, Oregon. Gahmken Press, P.O. Box 1467, Newport, Oregon 97365. Unpaginated. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. http://www.npwrc.usgs.govlinccnty.htm (Version 23FEB2001).