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Bird Checklists of the United States

Kaloko-Honoköhau National Historical Park

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Kailua-Kona, Hawaii



Kaloko-Honoköhau National Historical Park was established in 1978. The area has profound cultural significance to many persons of Hawaiian ancestry. 'Aimakapä and Kaloko Fishponds, as well as 'Ai'öpio Fishtrap, are prominent features of the park. They were built by Hawaiians for aquaculture. More recently the ponds have become prime habitats for two types of endangered Hawaiian waterbirds: Hawaiian Coots ('Alae ke'oke'o) and Hawaiian Stilts (Ae'o).

Unique anchialine pools in the park coupled with the intertidal zone provide additional wetland habitat. These wetlands support both native waterbirds, as well as numerous migrant waterfowl and shorebirds. Vegetated areas elsewhere in the park are largely inhabited by non-native (alien) bird species.

This checklist of the 82 species of birds that have been recorded within the park follows the phylogenetic order of the "Checklist of the Birds of Hawaii-1992".


STATUS

YR - Year round - Jan-Dec
M - Migrant or Vagrant - Sep-Apr

ABUNDANCE

A - Abundant: Sure to see
C - Common: In proper habitat or season
U - Uncommon: Present but may not be seen
O - Occasional: Seen a few times a year
R - Rare: Seen every 2 to 5 years
X - Acccidental: One or two records only

1 - Endemic species or sub-species (found no where else)
2 - Alien; introduced by humans (exotic)
3 - Breeding; has nested at least once
4 - Endangered species or sub-species
5 - Pelagic species


GREBES                                 YR     M

___ Pied-billed Grebe 3                C      -

PETRELS & SHEARWATERS YR M ___ Wedge-tailed Shearwater 5 R - ('Ua'u kani)
BOOBIES YR M ___ Brown Booby 5 O - ()
FRIGATEBIRDS YR M ___ Great Frigatebird 5 O - ('Iwa)
HERONS YR M ___ Great-blue Heron - X ___ Cattle Egret U - ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron 1,3 U - ('Auku'u)
IBISES YR M ___ White-faced Ibis - X
GEESE, SWANS & DUCKS YR M ___ Greater White-fronted Goose - X ___ Brant - X ___ Green-winged Teal - U ___ Mallard 2,3 U X ___ Northern Pintail - C (Koloa mäpu) ___ Garganey - R ___ Blue-winged Teal 3 - U ___ Cinnamon Teal - X ___ Northern Shoveler - C (Koloa mohä) ___ Gadwall - R ___ Eurasian Wigeon - R ___ American Wigeon - C ___ Canvasback - R ___ Ring-necked Duck - U ___ Tufted Duck - R ___ Greater Scaup - R ___ Lesser Scaup - U ___ Bufflehead - X ___ Hooded Merganser - X
FRANCOLINS & ALLIES YR M ___ Grey Francolin 2,3 U -
RAILS & ALLIES YR M ___ Hawaiian Coot 1,3,4 A - ('Alae ke'oke'o) ___ American Coot - X
PLOVERS YR M ___ Black-bellied Plover - X ___ Pacific Golden Plover - C (Kölea) ___ Semipalmated Plover - U
STILTS & AVOCETS YR M ___ Hawaiian Stilt 1,3,4 - A (Ae'o)
SANDPIPERS & SNIPES YR M ___ Lesser Yellowlegs - R ___ Wandering Tattler - C ('Ülili) ___ Grey-tailed Tattler - X ___ Spotted Sandpiper - R ___ Whimbrel (Asiatic) - X ___ Bristle-thighed Curlew - X ___ Bar-tailed Godwit - X ___ Ruddy Turnstone - C ('Akekeke) ___ Sanderling - C (Hunakai) ___ Western Sandpiper - R ___ Rufous-necked Stint - R ___ Least Sandpiper - R ___ Sharp-tailed Sandpiper - U ___ Dunlin - U ___ Pectoral Sandpiper - U ___ Ruff - R ___ Short-billed Dowitcher - R ___ Long-billed Dowitcher - U ___ Wilson's Phalarope - X ___ Red-necked Phalarope - X
GULLS & TERNS YR M ___ Laughing Gull - R ___ Franklin's Gull - R ___ Bonaparte's Gull - R ___ Ring-billed Gull - U ___ Herring Gull - X ___ Glaucous-winged Gull - X ___ Caspian Tern - X ___ Little Tern - X ___ Least Tern - X ___ Sooty Tern 5 R - (Päkalakala) ___ Black Tern - X
PIGEONS & DOVES YR M ___ Rock Dove 2,3 A - ___ Spotted Dove 2,3 A - ___ Zebra Dove 2,3 A -
PARAKEETS YR M ___ Rose-ringed Parakeet 2 U -
BARN OWLS YR M ___ Barn Owl 2 U -
KINGFISHERS YR M ___ Belted Kingfisher - X
STARLINGS & MYNAS YR M ___ Common Myna 2,3 A -
SILVEREYES YR M ___ Japanese White-eye 2,3 A -
WARBLERS & SPARROWS YR M ___ Northern Cardinal 2,3 C - ___ Yellow-billed Cardinal 2,3 C - ___ Saffron Finch 2,3 C -
CANARIES, SISKINS & ALLIES YR M ___ House Finch 2,3 C - ___ Yellow-fronted Canary 2,3 C -
WEAVERS & ALLIES YR M ___ House Sparrow 2,3 C -
WAXBILLS & ALLIES YR M ___ Lavender Waxbill 2,3 U - ___ Warbling Silverbill 2,3 U - ___ Nutmeg Manikin 2,3 C -
HYPOTHETICAL ___ Snowy Egret ___ Osprey ___ Erckel's Francolin 2 ___ Northern Mockingbird 2 ___ Java Sparrow 2
Date:__________________________________________________________________________ Time:__________________________________________________________________________ Observers:_____________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Weather:_______________________________________________________________________ Remarks:_______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

This list was prepared by: Reginald E. David -- July 1994

For more information about the park, please contact:

                     Superintendent
                     Kaloko-Honoköhau National Historical Park
                     73-4786 Kanalani Street #14
                     Kailua-Kona, Hawaii 96740
                     Phone: (808) 329-6881
                     Kaloko-Honoköhau National Historical Park

This resource is based on the following source:
David, Reginald E.  July 1994.  Birds of Kaloko-Honoköhau National 
     Historical Park.  National Park Service.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as
David, Reginald E.  July 1994.  Birds of Kaloko-Honoköhau National 
     Historical Park.  National Park Service.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, 
     ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govkalhono.htm 
     (Version 23FEB01)

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