Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Makawai, Maui, Hawaii
^ - On Federal List of Endangered Species
N - Native and/or indigenous
I - Introduced
R - Resident(Breeds within Haleakala National Park)
M - Migrant
O - Occasional
Kv - Kipahulu Valley(Kuiki to Wai'anapanapa to Coast)
C - Central Crater(Hana Mountain to Oili Puu to West Rim)
Wr - West Rim
Kg - Kaupo Gap
P - Paliku
F - Front country
A - All areas
STATUS DISTRIBUTION REMARKS ___ Hawaiian Dark-rumped Petrel N,R Wr,C Can be heard at summit early (ua'u)^ evenings during breeding season (from February through December.) It is an open ocean bird. ___ Band-rumped Storm-Petrel ('ake 'ake) N,R* Wr*,C* *Occasional calls heard in evening; nest never found in Hawaii but small breeding colony suspected in Park. ___ White-tailed Tropicbird N,R Kg,Kv,C Known to nest on the walls of (koa'e kea) Kaupo Gap. Breeds from March through October. ___ Black Noddy (noio) N,R Kv Found along the coastal cliffs. Breeding variable around late spring. ___ Great Frigate Bird N,O* Kv *Seen occasionally over lower ('iwa) Kipahulu Valley. ___ Cattle Egret I,O* Kv *Sightings seem to be seasonal and it has occurred in large flocks. ___ Black-Crowned Night-Heron ('auku'u) N,R Kv Found in lower Kipahulu Valley. Breeds from about May through June. ___ 'Apapane N,R A* *Found in native and some non- native forests, also along park road in ohelo and mamane. Not present in grassland or aeolian (i.e. central crater and west rim) habitats. Breeds from January through July. ___ 'Amakihi N,R A* *Found in similar areas to 'apapane, from subalpine shrubland to sea level. Begins breeding in winter with variable duration. ___ 'Akepa^ N,R Kv One bird was observed in the valley in 1979 (Conant, 1984). ___ Nuku pu'u^ N,R Kv Very few birds remain if any, no detections 1992 Maui Forest Bird Survey. ___ Maui Creeper ('alauahio) N,R Kv,P,F* *At Hosmer's Grove. Forages in the understory of forests and sometimes in uncovered native shrubs. ___ Maui Parrotbill^ N,R Kv Observed on Maunawainui Plaineze during 1992 Maui Forest Bird Survey. Seen at Lake Waianapanapa by Conant, 1981. ___ 'I'iwi N,R Kv,P, Found in upper canopy of 'ohia F,Kg and koa and in low shrubs (i.e. akala, mamane, tree ohelo). Breeds from February through September. ___ Crested Honeycreeper ('akohekohe) N,O Kv,F* *Some birders claim to see this bird on rare occasion at Hosmer's Grove end of Waikamoi Gulch. Breeding season is from about November through May. ___ Short-Eared Owl (pueo) N,R F,Kg,P Diurnal bird found in open C,Kv fields, forests and shrublands. ___ Barn Owl I,R F,C Uncommon bird which has been Kv,Kg seen at Hosmer's Grove and also near the south mountains of the crater. ___ Northern Harrier O C,F Sightings have been made near Hosmer's Grove and over the Paliku end of the crater floor and the surrounding hills. ___ Hawaiian Goose (nene)^ N,R A Breeds from late September through April. ___ Hawaiian Duck (koloa)^ N,? Kv ------------------------------ ___ American Golden-Plover (Pacific)(kolea) M A Migrant which is present from August through April. Distributed widely in all areas with open fields. Breeds during the summer in the arctic tundra. Some birds oversummer in the park. ___ Wandering Tattler ('ulili) M Kv Migrant which is present from August through April. Breeds in Alaska. Can be seen at the lower end of streams in Kipahulu Valley. ___ Gray Francolin I,? Kg Observed in Kaupo by Conant (1984). ___ Chukar I,R F,Wr,C Common along roadsides above 8,000 feet. ___ Ring-necked Pheasant I,R F,C,Kg Very common in most of park P,Kv including upper and lower Kipahulu Valley. Variation includes the Green or Blue Pheasant. ___ Rock Dove (Pigeon) I,R C Five birds observed roosting in a lava tube near Holua Cabin (Contant, 1984). ___ Spotted Dove I,R F,Kv Found near Hosmer's Grove and in lower alien forests of Kipahulu Valley. Breeds year- round. ___ Zebra Dove I,R F,Kv Found in very similar habitat as Spotted Dove. Breeds year- round. ___ Eurasian Skylark I,R A Found in open grasslands and shrublands including alpine regions. ___ Melodious Laughing Thrush I,R F,Kv,Kg Found in forests and shrublands. Common at Hosmer's and lower Kipahulu Valley. ___ Red-billed Leiothrix I,R F,P Very common at Hosmer's Grove, Kv,Kg Paliku, Kipahulu Valley and Kaupo Gap. Breeds from March through August. ___ Common Myna I,R Kv,F,P, Can be seen in nearly every Kg,C habitat below the summit, especially near buildings. Breeds from February to August with up to three broods. ___ Northern Cardinal I,R Kv,F,Kg Found at Hosmer's Grove, middle to lower Kipahulu Valley. May lay more than one clutch throughout the year. ___ Japanese Bush Warbler I,R Kv,P,F* *Bird is on the move. Present at upper Waikamoi and will eventually hit the Hosmer's Grove area, eventually. Very common throughout much of Kipahulu Vally. Recent sightings at Paliku Cabin. ___ Japanese White-Eye I,R A* *Present in all areas except in grassland or aeolian(rocky) habitats. Breeds from about February to November. ___ Northern Mockingbird I,R F,Kg, Found in dry forests, cliff P,C faces, grasslands and shrublands. ___ House Finch I,R C,F, Very common throughout most of Kv,Kg the drier regions of the park. Can form very large flocks, especially when not breeding. Breeds from February through August. ___ House Sparrow I,R F,Kv Small population resides at Hosmer's Grove. Breeds year- round. ___ Nutmeg Mannikin I,R* Kv,F* Common in cattle pastures of Kg,P lower Kipahulu Valley. *Also seen at Hosmer's Grove. May be seasonal with grass seed production. ___ Warbling Silverbill I,R* Kv *Observed in lower Kipahulu Valley, probably with a resident breeding population.Sources
Hawaii Audubon Society. 1989. Hawaii's Birds. 4th ed. Hawaii Audubon Society,
Conant, S. and M. Stemmermann. 1984. Birds of Haleakala National Park. Western Birds 15:97-110.
Peterson, R.T. 1961. a Field Guide to Western Birds. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston, Mass.
For additional information contact:
National Park Service Haleakala National Park P.O. Box 369 Makawao, Maui, Hawaii 96768This resource is based on the following source:
National Park Service. No date. Haleakala National Park bird checklist. National Park Service. 2 pages.This resource should be cited as:
National Park Service. No date. Haleakala National Park bird checklist. National Park Service. 2 pages. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. http://www.npwrc.usgs.govhaleakal.htm (Version 26MAY98).