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Bird Checklists of the United States

Haleakala National Park

Makawai, Maui, Hawaii


CHECKLIST KEY

^ - On Federal List of Endangered Species
N - Native and/or indigenous
I - Introduced
R - Resident(Breeds within Haleakala National Park)
M - Migrant
O - Occasional
Kv - Kipahulu Valley(Kuiki to Wai'anapanapa to Coast)
C - Central Crater(Hana Mountain to Oili Puu to West Rim)
Wr - West Rim
Kg - Kaupo Gap
P - Paliku
F - Front country
A - All areas


                                  STATUS DISTRIBUTION REMARKS

___ Hawaiian Dark-rumped Petrel    N,R      Wr,C      Can be heard at summit early 
    (ua'u)^                                           evenings during breeding 
                                                      season (from February through
                                                      December.) It is an open 
                                                      ocean bird.

___ Band-rumped Storm-Petrel
    ('ake 'ake)                    N,R*     Wr*,C*    *Occasional calls heard in
                                                      evening; nest never found in
                                                      Hawaii but small breeding 
                                                      colony suspected in Park.

___ White-tailed Tropicbird        N,R      Kg,Kv,C   Known to nest on the walls of
    (koa'e kea)                                       Kaupo Gap. Breeds from March
                                                      through October.

___ Black Noddy
    (noio)                         N,R      Kv        Found along the coastal 
                                                      cliffs. Breeding variable
                                                      around late spring.

___ Great Frigate Bird             N,O*     Kv        *Seen occasionally over lower 
    ('iwa)                                            Kipahulu Valley.

___ Cattle Egret                   I,O*     Kv        *Sightings seem to be seasonal
                                                      and it has occurred in large
                                                      flocks.

___ Black-Crowned Night-Heron
    ('auku'u)                      N,R      Kv        Found in lower Kipahulu 
                                                      Valley. Breeds from about May
                                                      through June.

___ 'Apapane                       N,R      A*        *Found in native and some non-
                                                      native forests, also along 
                                                      park road in ohelo and mamane.
                                                      Not present in grassland or 
                                                      aeolian (i.e. central crater
                                                      and west rim) habitats. Breeds
                                                      from January through July.

___ 'Amakihi                       N,R      A*        *Found in similar areas to 
                                                      'apapane, from subalpine 
                                                      shrubland to sea level. Begins
                                                      breeding in winter with 
                                                      variable duration.

___ 'Akepa^                        N,R      Kv        One bird was observed in the 
                                                      valley in 1979 (Conant, 1984).

___ Nuku pu'u^                     N,R      Kv        Very few birds remain if any, 
                                                      no detections 1992 Maui Forest
                                                      Bird Survey.

___ Maui Creeper
    ('alauahio)                    N,R      Kv,P,F*   *At Hosmer's Grove. Forages in
                                                      the understory of forests and
                                                      sometimes in uncovered native
                                                      shrubs.

___ Maui Parrotbill^               N,R      Kv        Observed on Maunawainui 
                                                      Plaineze during 1992 Maui 
                                                      Forest Bird Survey. Seen at 
                                                      Lake Waianapanapa by Conant,
                                                      1981.

___ 'I'iwi                         N,R      Kv,P,     Found in upper canopy of 'ohia
                                            F,Kg      and koa and in low shrubs (i.e.
                                                      akala, mamane, tree ohelo).
                                                      Breeds from February through
                                                      September.

___ Crested Honeycreeper
    ('akohekohe)                   N,O      Kv,F*     *Some birders claim to see 
                                                      this bird on rare occasion at
                                                      Hosmer's Grove end of Waikamoi
                                                      Gulch. Breeding season is from
                                                      about November through May.

___ Short-Eared Owl
    (pueo)                         N,R      F,Kg,P    Diurnal bird found in open 
                                            C,Kv      fields, forests and 
                                                      shrublands.

___ Barn Owl                       I,R      F,C       Uncommon bird which has been 
                                            Kv,Kg     seen at Hosmer's Grove and 
                                                      also near the south mountains
                                                      of the crater.

___ Northern Harrier                O       C,F       Sightings have been made near
                                                      Hosmer's Grove and over the 
                                                      Paliku end of the crater floor
                                                      and the surrounding hills.

___ Hawaiian Goose
    (nene)^                        N,R       A        Breeds from late September
                                                      through April.

___ Hawaiian Duck
    (koloa)^                       N,?      Kv        ------------------------------

___ American Golden-Plover         
    (Pacific)(kolea)                M        A        Migrant which is present from
                                                      August through April. 
                                                      Distributed widely in all 
                                                      areas with open fields. Breeds
                                                      during the summer in the 
                                                      arctic tundra. Some birds 
                                                      oversummer in the park.

___ Wandering Tattler
    ('ulili)                        M       Kv        Migrant which is present from 
                                                      August through April. Breeds 
                                                      in Alaska. Can be seen at the 
                                                      lower end of streams in 
                                                      Kipahulu Valley.

___ Gray Francolin                 I,?      Kg        Observed in Kaupo by Conant
                                                      (1984).

___ Chukar                         I,R      F,Wr,C    Common along roadsides above
                                                      8,000 feet.

___ Ring-necked Pheasant           I,R      F,C,Kg    Very common in most of park 
                                            P,Kv      including upper and lower 
                                                      Kipahulu Valley. Variation 
                                                      includes the Green or Blue 
                                                      Pheasant.

___ Rock Dove
    (Pigeon)                       I,R      C         Five birds observed roosting 
                                                      in a lava tube near Holua 
                                                      Cabin (Contant, 1984).

___ Spotted Dove                   I,R      F,Kv      Found near Hosmer's Grove and
                                                      in lower alien forests of 
                                                      Kipahulu Valley. Breeds year-
                                                      round.

___ Zebra Dove                     I,R      F,Kv      Found in very similar habitat
                                                      as Spotted Dove. Breeds year-
                                                      round.

___ Eurasian Skylark               I,R       A        Found in open grasslands and
                                                      shrublands including alpine 
                                                      regions.

___ Melodious Laughing Thrush      I,R      F,Kv,Kg   Found in forests and 
                                                      shrublands. Common at Hosmer's
                                                      and lower Kipahulu Valley.

___ Red-billed Leiothrix           I,R      F,P       Very common at Hosmer's Grove,
                                            Kv,Kg     Paliku, Kipahulu Valley and 
                                                      Kaupo Gap. Breeds from March
                                                      through August.

___ Common Myna                    I,R      Kv,F,P,   Can be seen in nearly every 
                                            Kg,C      habitat below the summit, 
                                                      especially near buildings.
                                                      Breeds from February to August
                                                      with up to three broods.

___ Northern Cardinal              I,R      Kv,F,Kg   Found at Hosmer's Grove, 
                                                      middle to lower Kipahulu 
                                                      Valley. May lay more than one
                                                      clutch throughout the year.

___ Japanese Bush Warbler          I,R      Kv,P,F*   *Bird is on the move. Present 
                                                      at upper Waikamoi and will 
                                                      eventually hit the Hosmer's
                                                      Grove area, eventually. Very 
                                                      common throughout much of 
                                                      Kipahulu Vally. Recent 
                                                      sightings at Paliku Cabin.

___ Japanese White-Eye             I,R      A*        *Present in all areas except
                                                      in grassland or aeolian(rocky)
                                                      habitats. Breeds from about
                                                      February to November.

___ Northern Mockingbird           I,R      F,Kg,     Found in dry forests, cliff 
                                            P,C       faces, grasslands and 
                                                      shrublands.

___ House Finch                    I,R      C,F,      Very common throughout most of
                                            Kv,Kg     the drier regions of the park.
                                                      Can form very large flocks, 
                                                      especially when not breeding.
                                                      Breeds from February through
                                                      August.

___ House Sparrow                  I,R      F,Kv      Small population resides at
                                                      Hosmer's Grove. Breeds year-
                                                      round.

___ Nutmeg Mannikin                I,R*     Kv,F*     Common in cattle pastures of 
                                            Kg,P      lower Kipahulu Valley. *Also
                                                      seen at Hosmer's Grove. May be
                                                      seasonal with grass seed 
                                                      production.

___ Warbling Silverbill            I,R*     Kv        *Observed in lower Kipahulu
                                                      Valley, probably with a 
                                                      resident breeding population.

Sources

Hawaii Audubon Society. 1989. Hawaii's Birds. 4th ed. Hawaii Audubon Society, Honolulu.
Conant, S. and M. Stemmermann. 1984. Birds of Haleakala National Park. Western Birds 15:97-110.
Peterson, R.T. 1961. a Field Guide to Western Birds. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston, Mass.

For additional information contact:

         National Park Service
         Haleakala National Park
         P.O. Box 369
         Makawao, Maui, Hawaii 96768
This resource is based on the following source:
National Park Service.  No date.  Haleakala National Park bird checklist.  
     National Park Service.  2 pages.
This resource should be cited as:
National Park Service.  No date.  Haleakala National Park bird checklist.  
     National Park Service.  2 pages.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie 
     Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govhaleakal.htm 
     (Version 26MAY98).

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