USGS - science for a changing world

Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

  Home About NPWRC Our Science Staff Employment Contacts Common Questions About the Site

Bird Checklists of the United States

Idaho Falls District

Idaho Falls, Idaho


Medicine Lodge, Big Butte and Pocatello Resource Areas of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) are located in southeastern Idaho. The area has considerable variation in elevation, aspect, and land configuration.

The Medicine Lodge Resource Area contains about 648,700 acres in the Upper Snake River Plain. An additional 140,400 acres lie within the boundary of Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. Two major rivers, the Henry's Fork and the South Fork of the Snake River, traverse the area. The South Fork provides critical wintering and nesting habitat for bald eagles. Forest grouse is one of more than 80 species of birds that inhabit in the riparian area along the river. Islands in the river are preferred nesting sites for geese because they provide protection against predators.

The Big Butte Resource Area contains 1,420,400 acres of public land. Landscape diversity characterizes the Big Butte Resource Area. The southern part of the resource area is mostly desert, with undulating hills covered with sagebrush and grasses. The northern part takes in higher country, including parts of the Lemhi and Lost River mountain ranges. The entire resource area has an abundant and diverse population of raptors. Sage grouse and mourning doves live in the area, and a large concentration of sage sparrows can be found west of Atomic City.

The Pocatello Resource Area encompasses 264,500 acres of public land. Three major rivers run through the area: the Portneuf, Blackfoot, and the Bear. Elevation ranges from 4,350 feet in the valleys to 9,957 feet atop Meade Peak. Waterfowl can be found along the major river systems and in scattered stock ponds and marshes. Upland game birds live in suitable habitat throughout the area. Up to 125 bald eagles are known to winter in the resource area along the major river drainages, and peregrine falcons can be seen during their spring and fall migration. Whooping cranes have been introduced at the Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge and sometimes can be seen there in the spring and summer with the sandhill cranes. The American Falls Reservoir is a major stopover for migratory waterfowl and shorebirds in the fall and spring.

This checklist was compiled with the help of the second edition of the National Geographic Society's Field Guide to the Birds of North America. It has been reviewed by wildlife biologists in the BLM resource areas, and by Chuck Trost, professor of ornithology at Idaho State University. This list was prepared by Nina Hapner of BLM.

Information on sightings that would improve the accuracy of this checklist would be greatly appreciated. Please report sightings to the Idaho Falls District Office.

LEGEND

ABUNDANCE

SEASON SPECIAL CLASSES
Species                                Abundance       Habitat

LOONS S Su F W ___ Red-throated Loon R Lakes ___ Pacific Loon O Lakes ___ Common Loon* M R M Lakes, Marshes
GREBES S Su F W ___ Horned Grebe R R R Lakes, Marshes ___ Eared Grebe (n) A A A Lakes, Marshes, Rivers ___ Western Grebe (n) A A C Lakes, Marshes ___ Clark's Grebe (n) U U U Lakes, Marshes ___ Pied-billed Grebe (n) C C U Lakes, Marshes, Rivers
PELICANS & CORMORANTS S Su F W ___ American White Pelican (N) C C C Lakes, Rivers ___ Double-crested Cormorant (n) C C Lakes, Rivers
HERONS S Su F W ___ Great Blue Heron C C U R Lakes, Marshes, Rivers ___ Green Heron (N) R R Lakes, Marshes ___ Black-crowned Night-heron (n) C C Lakes, Marshes
BITTERNS S Su F W ___ American Bittern (n) U U Marshes
EGRETS S Su F W ___ Great Egret (N) U U Marshes ___ Snowy Egret (N) C C U Lakes, Marshes ___ Cattle Egret (N) R Marshes, Wet Pastures
IBISES S Su F W ___ White-faced Ibis* (N) C C U Marshes, Wet Meadows
STORKS S Su F W ___ Wood Stork R R Wet Meadows
CRANES S Su F W ___ Sandhill Crane (N) C U Marshes, Grasslands ___ Whooping Crane* R R Marshes, Grasslands
RAILS & COOTS S Su F W ___ Virginia Rail (n) U U U R Marshes ___ Sora (N) U U U R Marshes ___ American Coot (n) A A A U Lakes, Marshes, Rivers, Ponds
SWANS, GEESE, DUCKS & MERGANSERS S Su F W ___ Tundra Swan C C R Lakes, Marshes ___ Trumpeter Swan* U O U O Lakes, Marshes ___ Greater White-fronted Goose R R R Marshes ___ Snow Goose C U Marshes, Pastures ___ Ross' Goose R R Marshes, Pastures ___ Canada Goose A A A C Marshes, Meadows, Rivers ___ Mallard (n) A A A A Lakes, Marshes, Ponds ___ Gadwall (n) C C C U Marshes, Grassy Areas ___ Northern Pintail (n) C C C U Lakes, Marshes, Rivers, Ponds ___ Green-winged Teal (n) C C C U Lakes, Marshes, Ponds ___ Blue-winged Teal (N) C C C U Lakes, Marshes, Slow Streams ___ Cinnamon Teal (N) C C C Lakes, Marshes, Ponds ___ American Wigeon (N) C C C Lakes, Marshes ___ Northern Shoveler (n) C C C O Marshes ___ Wood Duck (n) O U O Wooded Swamps, Marshes, Ponds ___ Canvasback (n) C C C U Lakes, Marshes, Ponds ___ Redhead (n) C C C U Lakes, Marshes ___ Greater Scaup R R Lakes, Rivers ___ Lesser Scaup (n) C C C R Lakes, Marshes, Ponds ___ Harlequin Duck* R R R Fast Streams ___ Oldsquaw R O R Lakes ___ Barrow's Goldeneye U U U O Lakes, Rivers, Ponds ___ Common Goldeneye U R U O Lakes, Rivers, Ponds ___ Bufflehead (n) C C C U Lakes, Rivers, Ponds ___ Common Merganser C C C U Lakes, Rivers ___ Red-breasted Merganser U U Lakes, Rivers, Ponds ___ Hooded Merganser U O U O Lakes, Marshes, Streams ___ Ruddy Duck (n) C C U M Lakes, Marshes
AVOCETS & STILTS S Su F W ___ American Avocet (N) C C O Marshes, Ponds, Mudflats ___ Black-necked Stilt (N) C C O Marshes, Ponds, Mudflats
PLOVERS S Su F W ___ Semipalmated Plover (N) M M M Lakes, Marshes, Pond Shores, Mudflats ___ Black-bellied Plover (N) M M M Lakes, Pond Shores ___ Lesser Golden-Plover (N) M M Lakes, Pond Shores ___ Killdeer (nb) C C C R Meadows, Pastures, Mudflats
SANDPIPERS & PHALAROPES S Su F W ___ Marbled Godwit (N) M M M Marshes ___ Long-billed Curlew* (N) U U U Grasslands, Pastures ___ Willet (N) C U R Marshes ___ Greater Yellowlegs (N) M M Marshes ___ Lesser Yellowlegs (N) M M Marshes ___ Solitary Sandpiper (N) M M Marshes, Ponds ___ Spotted Sandpiper (N) C C U Lakes, Streams, Ponds ___ Short-billed Dowitcher R R Lakes, Marshes, Ponds ___ Long-billed Dowitcher (N) M M Lakes, Marshes, Ponds ___ Stilt Sandpiper (N) M M Lakes, Marshes, Ponds ___ Common Snipe (n) C C C Marshes, Wet Grassy Areas ___ Dunlin (N) M M Marshes, Pond and Lake Shores ___ Sanderling (n) M M Mudflats, Pond and Lake Shores ___ Least Sandpiper (N) M M Mudflats, Pond and Lake Shores ___ Western Sandpiper (N) O O C Mudflats, Shores ___ Baird's Sandpiper (N) O U Mudflats, Shores ___ Upland Sandpiper* R R Grasslands, Meadows, Pastures ___ Wilson's Phalarope (N) O C U Marshes, Wet Meadows, Mudflats ___ Red-necked Phalarope (N) R U Lakes, Ponds
GULLS & TERNS S Su F W ___ Franklin's Gull A A U Marshes ___ Bonaparte's Gull R R Marshes, Rivers, Lakes, Ponds ___ Ringed-billed Gull A A U Lakes, Rivers, Ponds, Irrigated Fields ___ Herring Gull U U Lakes, Rivers ___ California Gull A A U Lakes, Rivers, Ponds, Irrigated Fields ___ Common Tern M M Lakes, Rivers, Marshes ___ Forster's Tern C C U Marshes, Rivers ___ Black Tern* C C U Marshes, Rivers, Wet Meadows ___ Caspian Tern U U U Lakes, Marshes, River
HAWKS, EAGLES & OSPREYS S Su F W ___ Golden Eagle (n) U U U U Found in most areas ___ Bald Eagle* U U U C Lakes, Rivers ___ Northern Harrier (nb) C C C U Marshes, Grasslands, Sagebrush ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk (nb) U U U Juniper Foothills, Mixed Forests ___ Cooper's Hawk (nb) U U U Juniper Foothills, Open Woodlands ___ Northern Goshawk* (nb) U U U U Juniper, Open Woodlands ___ Red-tailed Hawk (nb) C C C U Grasslands, Juniper Foothills, Forests ___ Swainson's Hawk (N) C C U Grasslands, Juniper Foothills, Farmlands ___ Rough-legged Hawk C C Grasslands, Farmlands ___ Ferruginous Hawk* (nb) U U R Sagebrush, Juniper Foothills, Grasslands ___ Osprey (N) U U U Lakes, Rivers
VULTURES S Su F W ___ Turkey Vulture (N) C U C Found in most areas
FALCONS S Su F W ___ American Kestrel (nb) C C C U Sagebrush, Farmlands ___ Merlin (N) R R R Open Woodlands, Grasslands ___ Prairie Falcon (nb) U U U Grasslands, Juniper Foothills ___ Peregrine Falcon* (N) U U U Lakes, Marshes, Rivers, Grasslands ___ Gyrfalcon R Grasslands
GROUSE, PHEASANTS & TURKEYS S Su F W ___ Ruffed Grouse C C C C Deciduous and Mixed Woodlands ___ Blue Grouse U U U U Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ Sharp-tailed Grouse* U U U U Grasslands, Sagebrush ___ Sage Grouse C C C C Sagebrush. Grasslands ___ Northern Bobwhite O O O O Mixed Woodlands, River Valleys ___ Chukar U U U U Grasslands, Mountain Slopes ___ Gray Partridge C C C C Grasslands, Farmlands ___ Ring-necked Pheasant U U U U Grasslands ___ Wild Turkey R R R R Deciduous and Coniferous Forests
DOVES S Su F W ___ Rock Dove C C C C Found in most areas ___ Mourning Dove (nb) C C C Found in most areas
CUCKOOS S Su F W ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo* (N) R Forests, Open Woodlands
OWLS S Su F W ___ Barn Owl (N) O O O Marshes, Grasslands, Juniper Woodlands ___ Short-eared Owl (nb) U U U O Marshes, Grasslands, Meadows ___ Long-eared Owl (nb) U U U O Meadows, Coniferous and Deciduous Forests ___ Great Horned Owl C C C C Open Woodlands, Forests, Streams ___ Great Gray Owl* U U U U Meadows, Woodlands, Forests ___ Western Screech-owl U U O O Riparian Woodlands, Deciduous Forests ___ Flammulated Owl* (N) O O Coniferous Forests ___ Northern Pygmy-Owl* O O Grasslands, Mixed Woodlands ___ Boreal Owl* O O Mature Forests ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl U U U Mixed Woodlands ___ Barred Owl R R R Coniferous Woodlands ___ Snowy Owl R R Farmlands ___ Burrowing Owl* (N) O O Grasslands
POORWILLS & NIGHTHAWKS S Su F W ___ Common Poorwill (nb) U U U Woodlands, Rocky Canyons ___ Common Nighthawk (N) U C U Open Woodlands, Grasslands
SWIFTS & HUMMINGBIRDS S Su F W ___ White-throated Swift (N) U U Cliffs, Canyons, Grasslands ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird (N) O U O Open and Riparian Woodlands, Gardens ___ Calliope Hummingbird (N) U U U Forests, Meadows ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird (N) C C C Open Woodlands, Shrub Hillsides ___ Rufous Hummingbird (N) O O O Coniferous Forests, Shrub Hillsides
KINGFISHERS S Su F W ___ Belted Kingfisher (nb) C C C U Lakes, Streams, Rivers, Marshes
WOODPECKERS S Su F W ___ Northern Flicker (n) C C C U Forests, Open and Riparian Woodlands ___ Lewis' Woodpecker (N) U U Open Forests and Woodlands ___ Williamson's Sapsucker (N) U U U Coniferous Forests ___ Red-naped Sapsucker (N) C C U Coniferous or Mixed Forests ___ Downy Woodpecker U U O Deciduous and Mixed Forests, Urban Areas ___ Hairy Woodpecker U U O Deciduous and Mixed Forests ___ Three-toed Woodpecker* U U U R Coniferous Forests ___ Black-backed Woodpecker* O O O O Coniferous Forests, Barns
KINGBIRDS S Su F W ___ Eastern Kingbird (N) C C U Sagebrush, Grasslands, Riparian ___ Western Kingbird (N) C C U Sagebrush, Grasslands, Riparian Woodlands ___ Cassin's Kingbird R Farmland, Sagebrush
FLYCATCHERS S Su F W ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher (N) R O Juniper Woodlands, Deciduous Forests ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher (N) U U Forests and Woodlands ___ Western Wood-Pewee (N) C C Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ Say's Phoebe (nb) U U Cliffs, Deciduous Forests ___ Gray Flycatcher (N) O O Juniper, Grasslands, Sagebrush ___ Dusky Flycatcher (N) C C Aspen Groves, Coniferous Forests ___ Hammond's Flycatcher (N) C U Coniferous Forests ___ Willow Flycatcher (N) U U Meadows, Streams, Upland Pastures ___ Cordilleran Flycatcher (N) U U Coniferous Forests
LARKS S Su F W ___ Horned Lark (nb) C C C C Grasslands, Sagebrush, Grazed Pastures
SWALLOWS S Su F W ___ Tree Swallow (N) C C U Open areas along water ___ Violet-green Swallow (N) C C U Open mixed forests ___ Bank Swallow (N) U U U Sand and Gravel Banks ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow (N) C C U Open areas along water ___ Cliff Swallow (N) C C U Open areas along water, Cliffs, Bridges ___ Barn Swallow (N) C C C Open areas along water, Barns, Bridges
JAYS, MAGPIES, & CROWS S Su F W ___ Scrub Jay O O O O Juniper Woodlands ___ Pinyon Jay U U U U Juniper Woodlands ___ Steller's Jay U U U U Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ Gray Jay U U U U Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ Clark's Nutcracker U U U U Alpine and Coniferous Forest ___ Black-billed Magpie A A A C Found in most areas ___ American Crow C C C O Found in most areas ___ Common Raven U U U U Found in most areas
TITMICE & CHICKADEES S Su F W ___ Plain Titmouse U U U U Juniper Woodlands ___ Black-capped Chickadee C C C C Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ Mountain Chickadee C C U U Deciduous and Coniferous Forests
BUSHTITS S Su F W ___ Bushtit R R R Juniper Woodlands, Deciduous Forests
CREEPERS S Su F W ___ Brown Creeper (nb) C C U U Mixed Forests
NUTHATCHES S Su F W ___ White-breasted Nuthatch U U U Mixed Forests ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch C C C C Mixed Forests
WRENS S Su F W ___ House Wren (N) C C U Deciduous Forests ___ Marsh Wren (nb) C C U O Marshes ___ Canyon Wren U U Cliffs, Canyons, Rocky Outcrops ___ Rock Wren (nb) C C O R Exposed Rocks, Cliffs, Canyons
KINGLETS & THRUSHES S Su F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet (N) U U U U Coniferous Forests ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet (n) C C U R Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (N) U U Juniper Woodlands ___ Mountain Bluebird (nb) C C U O Meadows, Mixed and Juniper Woodlands ___ Townsend's Solitaire (nb) U U O O Coniferous Forests, Rocky Cliffs ___ Veery (N) U U U Deciduous Forests ___ Swainson's Thrush (N) C C U Coniferous Forests, Aspen and Willow ___ Hermit Thrush (N) C C U Mixed Woodlands ___ American Robin (nb) C C C O Juniper Woodlands, Mixed Forests
SHRIKES S Su F W ___ Loggerhead Shrike* (nb) U U U Juniper Woodlands, Sagebrush/Grasslands ___ Northern Shrike R O U Mixed Forests, Juniper/Sagebrush
MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS S Su F W ___ Gray Catbird (N) U U U Deciduous Forests ___ Northern Mockingbird (nb) R R R Juniper Woodlands, Deciduous Forests ___ Sage Thrasher (nb) C C C Grasslands, Sagebrush
PIPITS S Su F W ___ American Pipit (nb) U R U Lake Shores, Alpine Zone
DIPPERS S Su F W ___ American Dipper C C U U Mountain Streams
WAXWINGS S Su F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing U U C Juniper Woodlands, Mixed Forests ___ Cedar Waxwing (nb) U U U Juniper Woodlands, Mixed Forests
STARLINGS S Su F W ___ European Starling C C C C Found in most areas
VIREOS S Su F W ___ Solitary Vireo (N) C U U Mixed Woodlands ___ Red-eyed Vireo (N) U U U Coniferous Forests ___ Warbling Vireo (N) C C U Deciduous Forests
WARBLERS, SPARROWS, GROSBEAKS & BUNTINGS S Su F W ___ Orange-crowned Warbler (N) U U Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ Nashville Warbler (N) O O O Open Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ Virginia's Warbler (N) O O O Juniper and Deciduous Woodlands ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler (nb) C C C R Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler (N) U U U Juniper Woodland ___ Townsend's Warbler (N) U U Mixed Forests ___ Yellow Warbler (N) C C U Deciduous and Riparian Woodlands ___ MacGillivray's Warbler (N) C C U Deciduous Forests, Water Areas ___ Northern Waterthrush (N) O O O Woodland Bogs ___ Common Yellowthroat (N) U U U Marshes, Grassy Fields ___ Yellow-breasted Chat (N) C C C Riparian Thickets, Woodland Undergrowth ___ American Redstart (N) U R U Mixed Forests ___ Wilson's Warbler (N) U U U Willow Riparian ___ Black-headed Grosbeak (N) U C U Deciduous Forests ___ Lazuli Bunting (N) C C U Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ Green-tailed Towhee (N) C C U Deciduous Forests, Juniper Woodlands ___ Rufous-sided Towhee (nb) C C O R Deciduous Forests ___ Grasshopper Sparrow (N) U U U Grasslands, Sagebrush ___ Vesper Sparrow (N) C C U Grasslands, Sagebrush, Farmlands ___ Savannah Sparrow (N) C C U Grasslands, Sagebrush, Farmlands, Marshes ___ Lark Sparrow (N) U U O Juniper Woodlands, Grasslands, Sagebrush ___ Sage Sparrow (nb) U U U Grasslands, Sagebrush ___ American Tree Sparrow U U U Deciduous Forests, Grasslands, Sagebrush ___ Chipping Sparrow (N) C C U Juniper, Coniferous, Deciduous Forests ___ Brewer's Sparrow (N) U U U Grasslands, Sagebrush, Meadows ___ Dark-eyed Junco (nb) C C C U Mixed Forests ___ White-crowned Sparrow (nb) C C U R Deciduous Forests, Marshes ___ Fox Sparrow (nb) C C U Riparian Woodlands ___ Song Sparrow (n) C C U U Deciduous Forests, Marshes, Water Areas ___ Lincoln's Sparrow (N) U U U Wet Meadows, Deciduous Forests ___ Lapland Longspur U U Grasslands, Sagebrush ___ Snow Bunting O U Grasslands, Sagebrush ___ Lark Bunting (N) R R Grasslands, Sagebrush
BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES S Su F W ___ Western Tanager (N) C C U Coniferous Forests ___ Bobolink (N) U U U Grasslands, Meadows ___ Western Meadowlark (nb) C C U R Grasslands, Sagebrush, Farmlands ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird (N) A A C Marshes, Farmlands ___ Red-winged Blackbird (nb) A A C Grasslands, Sagebrush, Marshes, Farmlands ___ Brewer's Blackbird (nb) C C C Marshes, Riparian Woodlands ___ Brown-headed Cowbird (nb) C C U Grasslands, Mixed Forests, Sagebrush ___ Northern Oriole (N) C C O Riparian Woodlands, Marshes ___ Common Grackle (N) U U U Riparian Woodlands, Urban Areas
WEAVERS S Su F W ___ House Sparrow C C C C Farmlands, Woodlands, Urban Areas
FINCHES S Su F W ___ Common Redpoll R R O Mixed Forests, Parks ___ Pine Siskin (n) C C O O Mixed Forests ___ American Goldfinch (n) C C C O Grasslands, Deciduous Forests, Farmlands ___ Red Crossbill U U U Coniferous Forests ___ White-winged Crossbill O O O Coniferous Forests ___ Pine Grosbeak U U U U Mixed Forests ___ Gray-crowned Rosy-finch U U U U Cliffs, Grasslands, Rocky Areas ___ Cassin's Finch (nb) C C U Deciduous and Coniferous Forests ___ House Finch C C C U Grasslands, Sagebrush, Farmlands ___ Evening Grosbeak C U C O Mixed Forests, Parks

For More Information, Contact:
        U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
        BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT
        Idaho Falls District Office
        1405 Hollipark Drive
        Idaho Falls, Idaho 83401-2196
        (208)524-7500

NEOTROPICAL MIGRATORY BIRD CONSERVATION PROGRAM
A partnership of government agencies, educational institutions and conservation organizations in Canada, the U.S., Latin America and the Caribbean working for the conservation of neotropical migratory birds and their habitats.
This resource is based on the following source:
Hapner, Nina. No Date.  Idaho Falls District Bird Guide. United States
      Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management and Partners 
      in Flight.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
Hapner, Nina. No Date.  Idaho Falls District Bird Guide. United States
      Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management and Partners 
      in Flight.  Unpaginated.  Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife 
      Research Center Online.
      http://www.npwrc.usgs.govFalls.htm
      (Version 10JUL2001)

Return to Bird Checklists of Idaho
Return to Bird Checklists of the United States

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/birds/chekbird/r1/falls.htm
Page Contact Information: Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 01-Feb-2013 18:39:02 EST
Menlo Park, CA [caww55]