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Bird Checklists of the United States

Craters of the Moon National Monument Bird Checklist

small state map showing location

Arco, Idaho


Bird Watching at the Craters

While stark, barren lavas are the focal point of the 1100-square mile monument, other habitats are well represented: limber pine forest; pockets of Douglas fir and aspen; extensive tracts of sagebrush, other shrubs, and grasses; and a few tiny riparian zones. These attract a variety of birds, and the monument's proximity to other ecosystems — marshes, mountains, forests, and lakes — brings a wide spectrum of migrants and accidentals to the area. A surprising 182 species of birds have been reported at Craters of the Moon.

Few birds remain during the harsh winter. However, some are far northern species, difficult to find in the U.S. and therefore of interest to birders. Spring migrants reach a peak in May and early June, and as summer progresses, more than 70 species may nest. By mid-August, south-bound migrants are visible, pausing here to rest and forage.

Sightings by visitors are important additions to our wildlife records. Please report unusual bird sightings at the visitor center or write to:

         Craters of the Moon National Monument
         Resource Management Division
         P.O. Box 29
         Arco, ID  83213


Abundance Codes

These codes reflect the likelihood of finding a given species in appropriate habitat throughout a given season.

A - Abundant - Hard to miss
C - Common - Seen most days, easy to find
F - Fairly Common - Seen annually, but not daily
U - Uncommon - A few are seen most years
R - Rare - Scarce, not seen yearly
O - Occasional - Not present most years
X - Accidental - Not expected; ≤3 records
H - Hypothetical - An unverified record exists
* - Nesting species - Has nested at Craters of the Moon

Season Codes

Sp - Spring — March - early June
S - Summer — early June - late August
F - Fall — late August - November
W - Winter — November - March


Checklist
Grebes                                         Sp      S       F       W

___  Pied-billed Grebe                         O       O       -       -
___  Eared Grebe                               O       O       O       -
___  Western Grebe                             X       X       -       -

Pelicans and Cormorants Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican - - X -
Herons and Egrets Sp S F W ___ Great Blue Heron O O - -
Vulture Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture C C - -
Ducks and Geese Sp S F W ___ Snow Goose O - - - ___ Canada Goose U R - - ___ Gadwall F - - - ___ American Wigeon F - - - ___ *Mallard F O - - ___ Northern Shoveler U - - - ___ Cinnamon Teal U U - - ___ Northern Pintail F - - - ___ Blue-winged Teal - X - - ___ Green-winged Teal - X - - ___ Tundra Swan F - - -
Hawks, Eagles, and Falcons Sp S F W ___ Osprey - - R - ___ Bald Eagle - - R R ___ *Northern Harrier U F R - ___ *Sharp-shinned Hawk U U U - ___ *Cooper's Hawk O O O - ___ Northern Goshawk - - O - ___ Swainson's Hawk O R - - ___ *Red-tailed Hawk U U - - ___ Rough-legged Hawk - - - O ___ *Ferruginous Hawk O O - - ___ *Golden Eagle U U U U ___ *American Kestrel F F U - ___ Merlin O O O - ___ Peregrine Falcon O - O - ___ *Prairie Falcon R U U R
Gallinaceous Birds Sp S F W ___ *Chukar - O O - ___ *Gray Partridge - O O - ___ Ring-necked Pheasant X - X - ___ Ruffed Grouse - - O - ___ *Greater Sage Grouse U U U U ___ *Blue Grouse - U U - ___ Wild Turkey - X - -
Rails and Cranes Sp S F W ___ American Coot C C C - ___ Sora - - X - ___ Sandhill Crane O - O -
Shorebirds Sp S F W ___ Killdeer R R R - ___ Spotted Sandpiper O O - - ___ Long-billed Curlew - O - - ___ Common Snipe - - O - ___ Wilson's Phalarope - - X - ___ Ring-Billed Gull O - - - ___ California Gull O - - - ___ Forster's Tern - O - - ___ Black Tern - O - -
Pigeons and Doves Sp S F W ___ *Rock Dove U F F R ___ Band-tailed Pigeon - O - - ___ *Mourning Dove C C - -
Owls Sp S F W ___ *Great Horned Owl U U U U ___ Snowy Owl - - - X ___ Burrowing Owl - O - - ___ *Long-eared Owl R R O - ___ *Short-eared Owl R R - - ___ *Northern Saw-whet Owl R R R R
Nightjars Sp S F W ___ *Common Nighthawk - F - - ___ *Common Poorwill - U - -
Swifts Sp S F W ___ White-throated Swift O - - -
Hummingbirds Sp S F W ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird R R - - ___ Calliope Hummingbird R U - - ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird - O - - ___ *Rufous Hummingbird R F - -
Kingfishers Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher O - - -
Woodpeckers Sp S F W ___ *Lewis' Woodpecker R U - - ___ Red-headed Woodpecker - X - - ___ *Red-naped Sapsucker F R U - ___ Williamson's Sapsucker R - - - ___ *Downy Woodpecker R R R R ___ *Hairy Woodpecker U U U U ___ *Northern Flicker C C C U
Flycatchers Sp S F W ___ *Olive-sided Flycatcher - U - - ___ *Western Wood-peewee - U - - ___ Willow Flycatcher - X - - ___ Hammond's Flycatcher R - - - ___ Gray Flycatcher - O - - ___ *Ducky Flycatcher R F - - ___ Cordilleran Flycatcher - O - - ___ *Say's Phoebe U U - - ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher X - - - ___ Western Kingbird R - R - ___ Eastern Kingbird - O - -
Shrikes Sp S F W ___ *Loggerhead Shrike R R R - ___ Northern Shrike - - - U
Vireos Sp S F W ___ *Plumbeous Vireo R R R - ___ *Warbling Vireo U U - -
Jays and Crows Sp S F W ___ Steller's Jay O - O - ___ Pinyon Jay - - O O ___ *Clark's Nutcracker C C A C ___ *Black-billed Magpie R R U R ___ *American Crow U R - - ___ *Common Raven C C C C
Larks Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark - R F F
Swallows Sp S F W ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow R - - - ___ Tree Swallow - O - - ___ *Violet-green Swallow F A U - ___ *Barn Swallow C C F -
Chickadees Sp S F W ___ *Black-capped Chickadee C C F R ___ *Mountain Chickadee C C F F
Nuthatches Sp S F W ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch U U U R ___ White-breasted Nuthatch R R R -
Creepers Sp S F W ___ Brown Creeper R - R R
Wrens Sp S F W ___ *Rock Wren C C R - ___ *House Wren U U R - ___ Winter Wren R - R R
Dippers Sp S F W ___ American Dipper - - X -
Kinglets, Gnatcatchers Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet R - R R ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet C - C - ___ *Blue-gray Gnatcatcher R R R -
Thrushes Sp S F W ___ Western Bluebird - X - - ___ *Mountain Bluebird C C F - ___ Townsend's Solitaire R - R - ___ Swainson's Thrush R - R - ___ Hermit Thrush U - U - ___ *American Robin C A F - ___ Varied Thrush O - - -
Thrashers, Mockingbirds Sp S F W ___ Gray Catbird O O - - ___ *Sage Thrasher R U F - ___ Brown Thrasher - X X -
Starlings Sp S F W ___ *European Starling C C C U
Pipits and Wagtails Sp S F W ___ American Pipit - - O -
Waxwings Sp S F W ___ Bohemian Waxwing - - O R ___ Cedar Waxwing U R U -
Warblers Sp S F W ___ Tennessee Warbler X - X - ___ *Orange-crowned Warbler U F R - ___ Nashville Warbler - - X - ___ *Yellow Warbler U F - - ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler C U F - ___ Townsend's Warbler R - R - ___ American Redstart X - - - ___ Northern Waterthrush X - X - ___ *MacGillivray's Warbler U F R - ___ *Wilson's Warbler U F R - ___ Yellow-breasted Chat X - X -
Tanagers Sp S F W ___ *Western Tanager F U - -
Sparrows Sp S F W ___ *Green-tailed Towhee C F U - ___ *Spotted Towhee C C U - ___ *Chipping Sparrow U F - - ___ *Brewer's Sparrow A A C - ___ Field Sparrow - X - - ___ *Vesper Sparrow F F F - ___ Lark Sparrow R U - - ___ Black-throated Sparrow - X - - ___ Sage Sparrow R R - - ___ *Lark Bunting - R - - ___ Savannah Sparrow O O - - ___ *Grasshopper Sparrow U U - - ___ *Fox Sparrow U U - - ___ *Song Sparrow F F F - ___ Lincoln's Sparrow O - - - ___ White-throated Sparrow - - X - ___ White-crowned Sparrow F U F - ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow - - X - ___ Dark-eyed Junco C F F - ___ Snow Bunting - - - U
Cardinals and Allies Sp S F W ___ *Black-headed Grosbeak U U - - ___ *Lazuli Bunting F C F -
Blackbirds and Orioles Sp S F W ___ *Red-winged Blackbird F F F - ___ *Western Meadowlark F F U - ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird C C C R ___ Brewer's Blackbird C A - - ___ Common Grackle - X - - ___ *Brown-headed Cowbird C C - - ___ *Bullock's Oriole U U - - ___ Baltimore Oriole X - - -
Finches Sp S F W ___ Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch R - - U ___ Black Rosy-Finch - - - R ___ Pine Grosbeak - - O - ___ *Cassin's Finch C A U - ___ House Finch U R U - ___ Red Crossbill - O - - ___ Common Redpoll - - - - ___ *Pine Siskin F C F F ___ American Goldfinch R - R - ___ Evening Grosbeak U U U -
Weaver Finches Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow C C C -

Printed with the support of:
                 Craters of the Moon Natural History Association, Inc.
                 P.O. Box 29
                 Arco, Idaho 83213
                 Phone: (208) 527-3257
This resource is based on the following source:
U.S. Department of the Interior.  2001.  Craters of the Moon Bird 
     Checklist. U.S. Department of the Interior.  Unpaginated.
This resource should be cited as:
U.S. Department of the Interior.  2001.  Craters of the Moon Bird 
     Checklist. U.S. Department of the Interior.  Unpaginated.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govcratmoon.htm 
     (Version 30DEC2002).

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