Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Coeur d'Alene, Idaho
The Coeur d'Alene District of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is located in northern Idaho, beginning at the Canadian border and extending 270 miles south to the community of New Meadows. Within this area, BLM manages 225,000 acres of public land and a variety of habitats that include deciduous and coniferous forests, riparian habitat including six major river and drainages, perennial grasslands, rocky outcrops and expanses of sagebrush.
This checklist includes 242 species of birds that inhabit the Idaho Panhandle, shown by the shaded area in the map. Selected species such as the Pacific Loon can only be found in the northern half of the district and Mountain Quail can be found mostly in the southern half of the district. To avoid confusion or false expectations, birds that are rarely seen in the Coeur d'Alene District were omitted from the checklist. If birders encounter a species not included on the checklist, please notify the nearest BLM office of the sighting. Species with asterisks are threatened or endangered (T/E), candidates for T/E listing, or are BLM sensitive species.
The checklist is based on the Idaho Bird Distribution (IDB), Birds of Idaho, Breeding Bird Survey data, government reports and from thousands of records contributed by birders statewide.
Neotropical migratory birds are species that breed and rear their young in the United States and Canada, then migrate south to wintering grounds in Mexico, the Caribbean Islands, and Central and South America. The status of neotropical birds is of special concern to state and federal agencies and conservation groups. Many of these birds are experiencing serious declines in population.
As neotropical bird populations drop, biological diversity in North and South America diminishes. The natural world becomes less colorful and less musical.
Two main problems contribute to the population declines of neotropical migrants ___ habitat fragmentation and the loss of breeding, migratory, staging and wintering grounds. To conserve viable populations of these species in the United States, Canada and Latin America, a cooperative effort called Partners in Flights has begun. The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation has been instrumental in organizing efforts to study and propose conservation actions for this beleagured group of birds.
In this publication, neotropical migrants are noted with either an "A" or "B" after their name. The "A" refers to those species that breed and rear young in the United States and Canada, but winter in Mexico, the Caribbean Islands, and Central and South America. This group contained those species widely recognized as neotropical migratory birds, or obligate migrants. The "B" group is comprised of faculative migrants, or those species that breed and rear young in the United States and Canada, but winter in more temperate zones such as the southern United States or Mexico. During mild winters, small numbers of the second group may actually winter in Idaho.
*Threatened or Endangered (T/E), candidates for listing as T/E, or BLM sensitive species.
LOONS & GREBES ___Red-throated Loon ___Pacific Loon ___Common Loon ___Pied-billed Grebe B ___Horned Grebe ___Red-necked Grebe B ___Eared Grebe B ___Western Grebe B
PELICAN & CORMORANT ___American White Pelican A ___Double-crested Cormorant B
HERONS & BITTERNS ___American Bittern B ___Black-crowned Night-Heron B ___Great Blue Heron
WATERFOWL ___Tundra Swan ___*Trumpeter Swan ___Greater White-fronted Goose ___Canada Goose ___Snow Goose ___Wood Duck B ___Green-winged Teal B ___Mallard B ___Northern Pintail B ___Blue-winged Teal A ___Cinnamon Teal A ___Northern Shoveler B ___Gadwall B ___Eurasian Wigeon ___American Wigeon A ___Canvasback B ___Redhead B ___Ring-necked Duck B ___Greater Scaup ___Lesser Scaup B ___*Harlequin Duck ___Common Goldeneye ___Barrow's Goldeneye ___Bufflehead B ___Hooded Merganser ___Common Merganser ___Red-breasted Merganser ___Ruddy Duck B
VULTURE, HAWKS & EAGLES ___Turkey Vulture A ___Osprey A ___*Bald Eagle ___Northern Harrier B ___Sharp-shinned Hawk B ___Cooper's Hawk B ___*Northern Goshawk B ___*Swainson's Hawk A ___Red-tailed Hawk B ___*Ferruginous Hawk B ___Rough-legged Hawk ___Golden Eagle B ___American Kestrel B ___*Merlin B ___*Peregrine Falcon A ___Prairie Falcon
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS ___Gray Partridge ___Chukar ___Ring-necked Pheasant ___Spruce Grouse ___Blue Grouse ___Ruffed Grouse ___Wild Turkey ___*Gambel's Quail ___California Quail ___*Mountain Quail
CRANES, RAILS & COOT ___Virginia Rail B ___Sora A ___American Coot B
SHORE BIRDS ___Black-bellied Plover A ___Lesser Golden-Plover A ___Semipalmated Plover A ___Killdeer B ___Black-necked Stilt A ___American Avocet A ___Greater Yellowlegs A ___Lesser Yellowlegs A ___Solitary Sandpiper A ___Willet A ___Spotted Sandpiper A ___*Long-billed Curlew A ___Marbled Godwit A ___Sanderling B ___Western Sandpiper A ___Least Sandpiper A ___Baird's Sandpiper A ___Pectoral Sandpiper A ___Dunlin A ___Long-billed Dowitcher A ___Common Snipe B ___Wilson's Phalarope A ___Red-necked Phalarope A
GULLS & TERNS ___Franklin's Gull ___Bonaparte's Gull ___Ring-billed Gull ___California Gull ___Herring Gull ___Thayer's Gull ___Glaucous Gull ___Caspian Tern ___Common Tern ___Forster's Tern ___*Black Tern
PIGEONS & DOVES ___Rock Dove ___Mourning Dove B
OWLS ___Barn Owl ___Flammulated Owl A ___Western Screech-Owl ___Great Horned Owl ___Snowy Owl ___Northern Pygmy-Owl ___*Burrowing Owl A ___Barred Owl ___Great Gray Owl ___Long-eared Owl B ___Short-eared Owl B ___*Boreal Owl ___Northern Saw-Whet Owl
GOATSUCKERS ___Common Nighthawk A
SWIFTS ___Black Swift ___Vaux's Swift A ___White-throated Swift A
HUMMINGBIRDS ___Black-chinned Hummingbird A ___Calliope Hummingbird A ___Broad-tailed Hummingbird A ___Rufous Hummingbird A
KINGFISHER ___Belted Kingfisher B
WOODPECKERS ___Lewis' Woodpecker A ___Red-naped Sapsucker A ___Williamson's Sapsucker A ___Downy Woodpecker ___Hairy Woodpecker ___Three-toed Woodpecker ___Black-backed Woodpecker ___Northern Flicker ___Pileated Woodpecker
FLYCATCHERS ___Olive-sided Flycatcher A ___Western Wood-Pewee A ___Willow Flycatcher A ___Hammond's Flycatcher A ___Dusky Flycatcher A ___Cordilleran Flycatcher A ___Say's Phoebe B ___Western Kingbird A ___Eastern Kingbird A
LARK ___Horned Lark B
SWALLOWS ___Tree Swallow A ___Violet-green Swallow A ___Northern Rough-winged A ___Bank Swallow A ___Cliff Swallow A ___Barn Swallow A
CORVIDS ___Gray Jay ___Stellar's Jay ___Clark's Nutcracker ___Black-billed Magpie ___American Crow ___Common Raven
CHICKADEES ___Black-capped Chickadee ___Mountain Chickadee ___Boreal Chickadee ___Chestnut-backed Chickadee
NUTHATCHES & CREEPER ___Red-breasted Nuthatch ___White-breasted Nuthatch ___Pygmy Nuthatch ___Brown Creeper B
WRENS & DIPPER ___Rock Wren B ___Canyon Wren ___House Wren A ___Winter Wren ___Marsh Wren B ___American Dipper
KINGLETS ___Golden-crowned Kinglet ___Ruby-crowned Kinglet B
THRUSHES ___Western Bluebird A ___Mountain Bluebird B ___Townsend's Solitaire B ___Veery A ___Swainson's Thrush A ___Hermit Thrush A ___American Robin B ___Varied Thrush
THRASHERS ___Gray Catbird A
PIPITS & WAXWINGS ___American Pipit B ___Bohemian Waxwing ___Cedar Waxwing B
SHRIKES & STARLINGS ___Northern Shrike ___*Loggerhead Shrike B ___European Starling
VIREOS ___Solitary Vireo A ___Warbling Vireo A ___Red-eyed Vireo A
WARBLERS ___Orange-crowned Warbler A ___Nashville Warbler A ___Yellow Warbler A ___Yellow-rumped Warbler B ___Townsend's Warbler A ___American Redstart A ___Northern Waterthrush A ___MacGillivray's Warbler A ___Common Yellowthroat A ___Wilson's Warbler A ___Yellow-breasted Chat A
TANAGER ___Western Tanager A
GROSBEAKS, FINCHES, TROUPIALS & SPARROWS ___Black-headed Grosbeak A ___Lazuli Bunting A ___Rufous-sided Towhee B ___American Tree Sparrow ___Chipping Sparrow A ___Brewer's Sparrow A ___Vesper Sparrow A ___Lark Sparrow A ___Savannah Sparrow A ___Grasshopper Sparrow A ___Fox Sparrow B ___Song Sparrow B ___Lincoln Sparrow A ___White-throated Sparrow B ___White-crowned Sparrow B ___Harris' Sparrow ___Dark-eyed Junco B ___Lapland Longspur ___Snow Bunting ___Bobolink A ___Red-winged Blackbird B ___Western Meadowlark B ___Yellow-headed Blackbird B ___Brewer's Blackbird B ___Brown-headed Cowbird B ___Northern Oriole A ___Gray-crowned Rosy Finch ___Pine Grosbeak ___Cassin's Finch B ___House Finch ___Red Crossbill ___White-winged Crossbill ___Common Redpoll ___Pine Siskin B ___American Goldfinch B ___Evening Grosbeak ___House Sparrow
Always view any nesting species from a distance. Large masses of sticks in the tops of tall, broken-topped trees along the lakeshores are the often obvious nests made by bald eagles. You may spot other nests as well. Avoid nests and never handle eggs or young.
Do not handle "lost" baby birds. People often find young fledging birds that have just left the nest. Do not move these birds - often they are near the nest and their parents will find them!
Leave injured birds where you find them. It is very seldom that these birds survive in captivity. If you find an injured raptor, contact the Idaho Department of Fish and Game. It is best to let trained personnel to capture the birds to prevent further injury.
Use binoculars to avoid disturbing birds. Watch for clues that you might be disrupting normal behavior.
SIGNS YOU ARE TOO CLOSE!
U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management Coeur d'Alene District Office 1808 North Third Street Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 83814-3407 (208) 769-5000
Idaho Bird Distribution (IDB), Birds of Idaho, Breeding Bird Survey data, and government reports. No date. Coeur d'Alene District Bird Guide. United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, and Partners in Flight. Unpaginated.This resource should be cited as:
Idaho Bird Distribution (IDB), Birds of Idaho, Breeding Bird Survey data, and government reports. No date. Coeur d'Alene District Bird Guide. United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, and Partners in Flight. Unpaginated. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. http://www.npwrc.usgs.govcoeur.htm (Version 10JUL2001).