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Bird Checklists of the United States

The Channeled Scablands of Eastern Washington

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Spokane, Washington


M   (Migrant) Nonbreeder-present only during the migrations between wintering and breeding ranges
P   (Permanent) Sedentary breeder-present year round as individuals
PSP   (Permanent Species) Non sedentary breeder present year round as a species
SB   (Summer Breeder) Breeder present only during the summer season
W   (Wintering) Nonbreeder, species present only during the winter season
WV   (Winter Visitor) Nonbreeder, individuals occurring generally in winter
SV   (Summer Visitor) Individuals occurring generally in summer. Breeding not verified.

The reader will notice that some species are listed with two occurrence ratings. Some species consist of individuals that breed in the region and of others who are only passing through. The Hammond's Flycatcher, for one, is a rare SB in the scablands, but it is a common M.

The authors felt that this distinction was important in some species and that a double listing was the cleanest way to express it.


C   (Common) Numerous to very numerous in appropriate habitat and season
U   (Uncommon) Present in low numbers
R   (Rare) Not always present or widely spaced
XR   (Extremely Rare) Very seldom present
REC   (Record) Birds that have been recorded in the area six times or less at the time of publication

Abundance of birds fluctuate according to the factors that affect their welfare. Habitat disruption and climatic cycles have the greatest impact. The same impact can affect different species in opposite ways. Irrigation projects are beneficial to egrets and pelicans but detrimental to Sage Thrashers and steppe Sparrows. For example a hot continuous drought will decrease the occurrence of shorebirds but will increase the chances for Black-throated Sparrows to reach the scablands.

Abundance status code is intended to reflect the estimated species populations. Chances for observation cannot be easily codified. It will be dependent on the current conditions, the weather and the alertness of the observer.

Click on family names highlighted for additional information!

LOONS ___ Common Loon U M ___ Pacific Loon R M
GREBES ___ Pied-billed Grebe C PSP ___ Eared Grebe C SB ___ Horned Grebe U M R SB ___ Red-necked Grebe R SB ___ Western Grebe C SB ___ Clark's Grebe R SB
PELICANS ___ American White Pelican U SB
CORMORANTS ___ Double-crested Cormorant U SB
HERONS ___ American Bittern R SB ___ Great Blue Heron C SB ___ Snowy Egret REC ___ Great Egret U SB ___ Cattle Egret R WV ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron U SB ___ Green Heron REC
IBISES ___ White-faced Ibis XR SB
WATERFOWL ___ Tundra Swan C W ___ Trumpeter Swan U W ___ Greater White-fronted Goose R M ___ Snow Goose R M ___ Ross' Goose XR M ___ Canada Goose C PSP ___ Mallard C PSP ___ Gadwall C PSP ___ American Wigeon C PSP ___ Redhead C PSP ___ Lesser Scaup U PSP ___ Cinnamon Teal C SB ___ Blue-winged Teal U SB ___ Wood Duck U PSP ___ Ring-necked Duck U PSP ___ Northern Pintail C M U PSP ___ Northern Shoveler U PSP ___ Canvasback C M U PSP ___ Hooded Merganser C W U PSP ___ Green-winged Teal U PSP ___ Barrow's Goldeneye C W U PSP ___ Common Goldeneye C W ___ Bufflehead C M W ___ Greater Scaup U M ___ Eurasian Wigeon R M ___ Common Merganser C W U SB ___ Red-breasted Merganser R M W ___ Ruddy Duck R W C SB ___ Oldsquaw R W ___ Harlequin Duck XR M W ___ White-winged Scoter R M ___ Surf Scoter R M ___ Tufted Duck REC ___ Garganey REC
VULTURES ___ Turkey Vulture C SB
EAGLES & HAWKS ___ Osprey U SB ___ Bald Eagle C W ___ Northern Harrier U PSP ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk C M U PSP ___ Cooper's Hawk C M U PSP ___ Northern Goshawk R PSP ___ Swainson's Hawk U SB ___ Red-tailed Hawk C PSP ___ Ferruginous Hawk R SB ___ Rough-legged Hawk C W ___ Golden Eagle R SB
FALCONS ___ American Kestrel C PSP ___ Merlin XR SB CW ___ Peregrine Falcon XR SB ___ Gyrfalcon R W ___ Prairie Falcon U P
GROUSE & ALLIES ___ Gray Partridge U P ___ Chukar R P ___ Ring-necked Pheasant C P ___ Blue Grouse U P ___ Ruffed Grouse U P ___ Sharp-tailed Grouse R P ___ Sage Grouse R P ___ Wild Turkey U P ___ California Quail C P
RAILS ___ Virginia Rail U SB XR W ___ Sora U SB ___ American Coot C PSP
CRANES ___ Sandhill Crane C M
PLOVERS ___ Black-bellied Plover U M ___ American Golden-Plover XR M ___ Pacific Golden Plover XR M ___ Snowy Plover REC ___ Semipalmated Plover U M ___ Piping Plover REC ___ Killdeer C SB RW
STILTS & AVOCETS ___ Black-necked Stilt U SB ___ American Avocet C SB
SANDPIPERS ___ Greater Yellowlegs C M ___ Lesser Yellowlegs C M ___ Solitary Sandpiper U M ___ Spotted Sandpiper C SB ___ Long-billed Curlew U SB ___ Marbled Godwit XR M ___ Sanderling U M ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper U M ___ Western Sandpiper C M ___ Least Sandpiper U M ___ Baird's Sandpiper U M ___ Pectoral Sandpiper C M ___ Dunlin R M ___ Stilt Sandpiper R M ___ Short-billed Dowitcher R M ___ Long-billed Dowitcher C M ___ Common Snipe C SB RW ___ Wilson's Phalarope U SB ___ Red-necked Phalarope U M ___ Red Phalarope XR M ___ Upland Sandpiper REC ___ Willet XR M ___ Red Knot REC ___ Ruddy Turnstone REC ___ Hudsonian Godwit REC ___ White-rumped Sandpiper REC ___ Buff-breasted Sandpiper REC ___ Ruff REC ___ Whimbrel REC
GULLS, TERNS & JAEGERS ___ Franklin's Gull R SV ___ Bonaparte's Gull U M ___ Mew Gull R WV ___ Ring-billed Gull C PSP ___ California Gull C SB R W ___ Herring Gull C W ___ Thayer's Gull R W ___ Glaucous-winged Gull R WV ___ Glaucous Gull XR WV ___ Caspian Tern C SB ___ Common Tern XR M ___ Forster's Tern U SB ___ Black Tern C SB ___ Parasitic Jaeger REC ___ Long-tailed Jaeger REC ___ Sabine's Gull REC ___ Black-legged Kittiwake REC
DOVES ___ Mourning Dove C SB R W ___ Rock Dove C P
OWLS ___ Barn Owl R PSP ___ Western Screech-Owl U PSP ___ Great Horned Owl C P ___ Snowy Owl R WV ___ Northern Hawk-Owl REC ___ Burrowing Owl U SB ___ Barred Owl R PSP ___ Long-eared Owl R P ___ Short-eared Owl U PSP ___ Northern Saw-whet Owl U PSP ___ Flammulated Owl XR M ___ Northern Pygmy-Owl U W R P
NIGHTJARS ___ Common Nighthawk C SB ___ Common Pootwill R SB
SWIFTS ___ Vaux's Swift U M ___ White-throated Swift C SB ___ Black Swift REC
HUMMINGBIRDS ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird R SB ___ Calliope Hummingbird U SB ___ Rufous Humminghird U M
KINGFISHERS ___ Belted Kingfisher C P
WOODPECKERS ___ Lewis' Woodpecker U M R SB ___ Red-naped Sapsucker U M SB ___ Downy Woodpecker C P ___ Hairy Woodpecker U P ___ Northern Flicker C P ___ Pileated Woodpecker R P ___ Black-backed Woodpecker XR P ___ White-headed Woodpecker R P ___ Red-breasted Sapsucker REC
FLYCATCHERS ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher U M ___ Western Wood-Pewee C SB ___ Willow Flycatcher C SB ___ Least Flycatcher R SV ___ Hammond's Flycatcher C M R SB ___ Dusky Flycatcher UM SB ___ Gray Flycatcher U SB ___ Pacific-slope Flycatcher U SB ___ Say's Phoebe C SB ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher R SB ___ Western Kingbird C SB ___ Eastern Kingbird C SB ___ Scissor-tailed Flycatcher REC
LARKS ___ Horned Lark C PSP
SWALLOWS ___ Tree Swallow C SB ___ Violet-green Swallow C SB ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow C M U SB ___ Bank Swallow U SB ___ Cliff Swallow C SB ___ Barn Swallow C SB
CROWS, MAGPIES & JAYS ___ Steller's Jay U P ___ Blue Jay XR W ___ Clark's Nutcracker U P ___ Black-billed Magpie C P ___ American Crow C P ___ Common Raven C P
CHICKADEES ___ Black-capped Chickadee C P ___ Mountain Chickadee C P
NUTHATCHES ___ Red-breasted Nuthatch C P ___ White-breasted Nutchatch C P ___ Pygmy Nuthatch C P
CREEPERS ___ Brown Creeper U M RP
WRENS ___ Rock Wren C SB R W ___ Canyon Wren U R ___ Bewick's Wren R P ___ House Wren C SB ___ Winter Wren UM RW ___ Marsh Wren CSB RW
DIPPERS ___ American Dipper RW
KINGLETS AND THRUSHES ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet CM U W ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet CM ___ Western Bluebird C SB ___ Mountain Bluebird CM U SB ___ Townsend's Solitaire U M SB ___ Veery U M SB ___ Swainson's Thrush U M SB ___ Hermit Thnush UM ___ American Robin C SB U PSP ___ Varied Thrush U M W
MIMIC THRUSHES ___ Gray Catbird UM SB ___ Northern Mockingbird REC ___ Sage Thrasher U SB
PIPITS ___ American Pipit CM
WAXWINGS ___ Bohemian Waxwing GW ___ Cedar Waxwing CSB U PSP
SHRIKES ___ Northern Shrike CW ___ Loggerhead Shrike U SB
STARLINGS ___ European Starling C P
VIREOS ___ Solitary Vireo U SB ___ Warbling Vireo C M U SB ___ Red-eyed Vireo U M R SB
WARBLERS ___ Tennessee Warbler REC ___ Orange-crowned Warbler C M SB ___ Nashville Warbler C M U SB ___ Yellow Warbler C SB ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler C M U SB ___ Townsend's Warbler C M ___ American Redstart R M ___ Northern Waterthrush X RM ___ MacGillivray's Warbler U SB ___ Common Yellowthroat C SB ___ Wilson's Warbler C M U SB ___ Yellow-breasted Chat U SB ___ Palm Warbler REC ___ Blackpoll Warbler REC ___ Black-and-white Warbler REC ___ Ovenbird REC
TANAGERS ___ Western Tanager C M U SB
GROSBEAKS & BUNTINGS ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak REC ___ Black-headed Grosbeak U SB ___ Lazuli Bunting C SB ___ Indigo Bunting REC
SPARROWS ___ Rufous-sided Towhee C SB U PSP ___ American Tree Sparrow RW ___ Chipping Sparrow C SB ___ Clay-colored Sparrow R M XR SB ___ Brewer's Sparrow C SB ___ Vesper Sparrow C SB ___ Lark Sparrow U SB ___ Black-throated Sparrow R SV ___ Sage Sparrow U SB ___ Savannah Sparrow C SB ___ Grasshopper Sparrow U SB ___ Fox Sparrow U M RW ___ Song Sparrow C PSP ___ Lincoln's Sparrow U M ___ Swamp Sparrow XR W ___ White-throated Sparrow R M ___ Golden-crowned Sparrow U M ___ White-crowned Sparrow CM ___ Harris' Sparrow RM ___ Dark-eyed Junco C PSP ___ Lapland Longspur U M R W ___ Snow Bunting U W
BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES ___ Bobolink REC ___ Red-winged Blackbird C SB U W ___ Western Meadowlark C SB R W ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird C SB ___ Rusty Blackbird R M ___ Brewer's Blackbird C SB ___ Brown-headed Cowbird C SB ___ Bullock's Oriole C SB
FINCHES ___ Gray-crowned Rosy Finch U W M ___ Pine Grosbeak R W ___ Purple Finch R W ___ Cassin's Finch C SB R PSP ___ House Finch C PSP ___ Red Crossbill C PSP ___ White-winged Crossbill XR W ___ Common Redpoll U W ___ Pine Siskin C PSP ___ American Goldfinch C SB UPSP ___ Evening Grosbeak U M W
WEAVER FINCHES ___ House Sparrow C P

For more information, contact:
                        Bureau of Land Management
                        Spokane District Office 
                        1103 North Fancher 
                        Spokane, Washington 99212 
                        Telephone: (509) 536-1200
This resource is based on the following source:
Bureau of Land Management.  No date.  Washington Spokane District, Birds of 
     the Channeled Scablands of Eastern Washington.  Bureau of Land Management.
This resource should be cited as:
Bureau of Land Management.  No date.  Washington Spokane District, Birds of the 
     Channeled Scablands of Eastern Washington.  Bureau of Land Management.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.  
     (Version 23FEB2001).

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