Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
The two resource areas contain 1.3 million acres of public land, which surrounds another 380,000 acres of national forest and national wildlife refuge property. The elevations range from 2,900 feet, close to the confluence of Salmon Falls Creek and the Snake River; up to 8,748 feet at the summit of Deep Creek Peak. Vegetation includes greasewood and sagebrush in the lowlands, to Douglas-fir forests and sub-alpine grasslands in the high country. It all combines to produce a mixture of excellent bird habitat for a variety of species.
Two plant communities in the Upper Raft River Valley are unique to Idaho: the shadscale/saltbrush and the pinyon pine vegetation types can't be found anywhere else in the state. They offer a diversity of bird habitat and the valley foothills are home to scrub and pinyon jays, as well as others.
This guide and checklist will help you to know what birds to look for in south-central Idaho. Several Watchable Wildlife locations are within the area. These are places where it is more likely that you'll be able to see a greater variety of songbirds and upland game birds. The. Watchable Wildlife sites are Rock Creek Canyon/Shoshone Basin, Milner Reservoir, Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge, City of Rocks National Reserve, American Falls Dam and vicinity, Massacre Rocks State Park, Juniper Rest Area, and Hawkins Reservoir. Separate bird guides are available or being prepared for Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge, City of Rocks, Massacre Rocks and Hawkins Reservoir.
All 300 species of birds listed in this guide have been observed within the Snake River and Deep Creek Resource Areas. The order of the list approximates that of the National Geographic Society's Field Guide to the Birds of North America.
SEASON | ABUNDANCE | HABITAT | | R Resident | 1 Abundant | w on or near water B Breeder | 2 Common | g sagebrush or grassland M Migrant | 3 Uncommon | j juniper foothills W Winter | 4 Rare or local | d deciduous woodlands S Summer | 5 Accidental | c coniferous woodlands N Neotropical | | r riparian habitat a all of the habitats STATUS Threatened or Endangered Species Other Special Status Species *Blue List or Partners in Flight Priority Species
LOONS & GREBES __ Common loon M2wr __ Pacific loon M3w __ Red-throated loon M4w __ Yellow-billed loon M5w __ Clark's grebe B2wr __ Western grebe B2wr __ Red-necked grebe MB4wr __*Horned grebe M3wr __ Eared grebe B2wr __ Pied-billed grebe B2wr
PELICANS & CORMORANTS __ American white pelican S2wr __ Double-crested cormorant B2wr
HERONS, BITTERNS, & IBIS __ Common egret S3wr __ Snowy egret B2wr __ Cattle egret Swr __ Great blue heron B2wr __ Green heron M4wr __ Black-crowned night heron B2wr __*American bittern B3wr __*Least bittern M5wr __ Wood stork M5wr __ White-faced ibis B2wr
CRANES, SWANS, GEESE, & DUCKS __ Sandhill crane B3gwr __ Whooping crane B4gwr __ Tundra swan MW2wr __ Trumpeter swan M3wr __ Canada goose B1wr __ Black brant M5wr __ White-fronted goose M4wr __ Snow/Blue goose M3wr __ Ross' goose M4wr __ Mallard B1wr __ Northern pintail B2wr __ Gadwall B1wr __ American wigeon B2wr __ European wigeon M4wr __ Northern shoveler B2wr __ Blue-winged teal B3wr __ Cinnamon teal B1wr __ American green-winged teal WB2wr __ Wood duck B3wr __ Redhead B2wr __ Canvasback B3wr __ Ring-necked duck B3wr __ Greater scaup M4wr __ Lesser scaup B2wr __ Common goldeneye W2wr __ Barrow's goldeneye B3wr __ Bufflehead W2wr __ Oldsquaw W4wr __ White-winged scoter W4w __ Surf scoter M4w __ Ruddy duck B2wr __ Common merganser B2wr __ Red-breasted merganser M2wr __ Hooded merganser M3wr
RAILS, GALLINULES & COOTS __ Virginia rail B2wr __ Sora B3wr __ American coot B2wr __ Common moorhead M5wr
SHOREBIRDS __ American avocet B3wr __ Black-necked stilt B3wr __ Mountain plover NM4g __ Black-bellied plover M3wr __ Western Snowy plover M4wr __ Semipalmated plover M4wr __*Killdeer NB1gwr __*Long-billed curlew NB3gwr __ Whimbrel M4gwr __ Marbled godwit M3gwr __ Hudsonian godwit M4wr __ Ruddy turnstone M5wr __ Buff-breasted sandpiper M5gr __ Solitary sandpiper M3wr __ Spotted sandpiper B1wr __ Willet B3wr __ Greater yellowlegs M2wr __ Lesser yellowlegs M2wr __ Stilt sandpiper M3wr __ Short-billed dowitcher M4wr __ Long-billed dowitcher M2wr __ Pectoral sandpiper M3wr __ Red knot M4wr __ Dunlin M4wr __ Sanderling M4wr __ Baird's sandpiper M3wr __ Least sandpiper M3wr __ Western sandpiper M2wr __ Wilson's phalarope B3wr __ Red-necked phalarope M3wr __ Common snipe B2wr
GULLS & TERNS __ Parasitic jaeger M4wr __ Pomerine jaeger M4wr __ Herring gull W4gwr __ California gull B2gwr __ Ring-billed gull B2wr __ Thayer's gull M4w __ Franklin's gull B3wr __ Bonaparte's gull M3wr __ Common tern M3wr __ Forster's tern B3wr __ Arctic tern M4w __ Caspian tern B3wr __ Black tern B3wr
VULTURES, HAWKS & EAGLES __ Turkey vulture NB2a __*Golden eagle NRB3gjdc __ Bald eagle W2wrgc __ Osprey M3wr __ Northern goshawk NB3dcr __ Cooper's hawk NB3jdcr __ Sharp-shinned hawk NB3jdcr __*Northern harrier NB2wgj __ Rough-legged hawk W2g __ Ferruginous hawk NB3gj __ Red-tailed hawk NB2gjdcr __ Broad-winged hawk NM5a __ Swainson's hawk NB2gjdr __ Gyrfalcon W4gwr __ Prairie falcon NB3gj __*Peregrine falcon NB4wc __ Merlin NW3dcgr __ American kestrel NB2gjdcr
GROUSE, QUAIL & PHEASANT __ Blue grouse B3dc __ Ruffed grouse RB2dc __ Columbian sharp-tailed grouse B2g __ Sage grouse B2g __ Mountain quail B5dc __ California quail B4g __ Northern Bobwhite B4gr __ Chukar B3gj __ Gray partridge B3gj __ Ring-necked pheasant B2gr __ Wild turkey B4dc
PIGEONS & DOVES __ Mourning dove NB2gjdr __ Rock dove/Feral pigeon B2gjd
CUCKOOS __*Yellow-billed cuckoo NB4dr __ Black-billed cuckoo NM5dr
OWLS __ Common barn owl B3wdgj __ Western screech owl B3dr __ Great horned owl B2gjdcr __ Long-eared owl NB3dcjr __*Short-eared owl NB3gwr __ Snowy owl W4gwr __ Great gray owl B4dc __*Burrowing owl NB4g __ Northern saw-whet owl B3dc __ Flammulated owl NB3cdj __ Northern pygmy owl M3dc
GOATSUCKERS __ Common poorwill NB2jdc __ Common nighthawk NB3jdc
SWIFTS __*Vaux's swift NM4dc __*White-throated swift NB3gdc
HUMMINGBIRDS __ Broad-tailed hummingbird NB2djr __*Calliope hummingbird NB2dj __ Black-chinned hummingbird NB3djrg __*Rufous hummingbird NB3dr
KINGFISHERS __*Belted kingfisher NB2wr
WOODPECKERS __*Northern flicker NB2dcwrg __ Lewis' woodpecker NM4dcr __ Red-naped Sapsucker NB2dcr __ Williamson's sapsucker NB4c __ Hairy woodpecker B3dcr __ Downy woodpecker B3dcr __ Northern three-toed woodpecker B4dcwr
FLYCATCHERS __*Eastern kingbird NB3gdwr __ Western kingbird NB2dg __ Ash-throated flycatcher NB3gjd __ Say's phoebe NB3gd __*Willow flycatcher NB3dwr __ Hammond's flycatcher NB3c __ Dusky flycatcher NB2gjdc __*Least flycatcher NM5dr __*Gray flycatcher NB3gj __ Cordilleran (Western) flycatcher NB3dc __*Western wood pewee NB3dcr __*Olive-sided flycatcher NB4dc
LARKS __*Horned lark NB2gr
SWALLOWS __ Barn swallow NB1gdwr __*Cliff swallow NB1gdwr __ Violet-green swallow NB2gdrc __ Tree swallow NB2cdwr __*Bank swallow NB3dcwr __ Rough-winged swallow NB2wr __*Purple martin NM5grc
JAYS, MAGPIES & CROWS __ Blue jay W4dc __ Stellar's jay B3dc __ Scrub jay B3dj __ Pinyon jay B3gjd __ Gray jay RB4c __ Clark's nutcracker B3dc __ Black-billed magpie B2a __ American crow B2dgjwr __ Common raven B2a
CHICKADEES & TITMICE __ Black-capped chickadee B2dcr __ Mountain chickadee B2dc __ Plain titmouse RB2jr __ Bushtit B4jdr
NUTHATCHES & CREEPERS __ Brown creeper NB3dcr __ White-breasted nuthatch B4dcr __ Red-breasted nuthatch B2dr
WRENS __ House wren NB1dr __ Winter wren W4dr __*Rock wren NB2dgj __ Canyon wren B3gw __*Marsh wren NB3wr
KINGLETS & GNATCATCHERS __ Golden-crowned kinglet B4cdr __ Ruby-crowned kinglet NB2cd __ Blue-gray gnatcatcher NB4j
THRUSHES __ Western bluebird NM4dr __ Mountain bluebird NB2gdj __ Townsend's solitaire NB3dcj __*Veery NB4dr __*Swainson's thrush NB2cr __*Hermit thrush NB3dc __ Varied thrush M4dc __ American robin NB1dcjwr
SHRIKES __ Northern shrike W3gr __*Loggerhead shrike NB3gjdwr
MIMIC THRUSHES & THRASHERS __*Gray catbird NB3dr __ Northern mockingbird NB4djr __ Sage thrasher NB2g __ Brown thrasher M4d
PIPITS & DIPPERS __ American pipit NM3gr __ American dipper B3wdcr
WAXWINGS & STARLINGS __ Bohemian waxwing W3djc __*Cedar waxwing NB3djcr __ European starling B1gjdc
VIREOS __ Solitary vireo NB2djr __ Red-eyed vireo NB4dr __ Warbling vireo NB2dcr
WARBLERS __ Black and white warbler NM4d __*Orange-crowned warbler NB2gdc __ Nashville warbler NM4d __*Virginia's warbler NB3dc __*Yellow warbler NB2dr __ Yellow-rumped warbler NB2dc __ Black-throated gray warbler NB3j __ Townsend's warbler NM3dcr __ Blackpoll warbler NM4dc __ Ovenbird NM4d __*Northern waterthrush NM3dwr __*Common yellowthroat NB3wr __*Yellow-breasted chat NB2dgr __*MacGillivray's warbler NB2dr __*Wilson's warbler NM3dwr __*American redstart NM4dwr
GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS & TOWHEES __*Black-headed grosbeak NB2dgr __ Rose-breasted grosbeak NM4d __ Evening grosbeak W2dc __ Blue grosbeak NB4dr __ Pine grosbeak W4cd __*Lazuli bunting NB2dr __*Indigo bunting NM4d __*Lark bunting NM4g __ Snow bunting W4g __*Green-tailed towhee NB2gdj __*Rufous-sided towhee NB2dr
SPARROWS & JUNCOS __*Savannah sparrow NB2gwr __*Grasshopper sparrow NB3g __*Vesper sparrow NB2g __*Lark sparrow NB2gj __*Black-throated sparrow NB4g __ Sage sparrow NB3g __ Tree sparrow W3gd __ Chipping sparrow NB2cdj __*Brewer's sparrow NB2g __ Harris' sparrow M4d __*White-crowned sparrow NB3dwr __ Golden-crowned sparrow B5d __ White-throated sparrow NM4d __ Fox sparrow NB3dr __ Lincoln's sparrow NB4dr __*Song sparrow NB2gdr __*Dark-eyed junco NB2dc
LONGSPURS, BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES __*McCown's longspur NW5g __ Lapland longspur W3g __*Bobolink NB4wr __*Western meadowlark NB2g __*Yellow-headed blackbird NB2gwr __ Red-winged blackbird NB2gwr __*Brewer's blackbird NB2gdcwr __ Common grackle B3dgr __ Great-tailed grackle B4r __ Brown-headed cowbird NB2gdwcr __ Scott's oriole NB4j __*Northern oriole NB3dr
TANAGERS __*Western tanager NB2c
FINCHES __*Pine siskin NB1dc __*American goldfinch NB1gdr __ Lesser goldfinch NB4gdr __ Red crossbill B3c __ White-winged crossbill M4c __ Common redpoll W4gdr __ Hoary redpoll W5gdr __ Gray-crowned rosy finch W4j __ Black rosy finch W4j __ Purple finch NM5dc __ Cassin's finch NB2cd __ House finch RB1dc __ House/English sparrow RB1dgj
ALWAYS VIEW ANY NESTING SPECIES FROM A DISTANCE.
Avoid nests and never handle eggs or young.
DO NOT HANDLE "LOST" BABY BIRDS.
People often find young fledging birds that have just left the nest. Do not move these birds often
they are near the nest and their parents will find them!
LEAVE INJURED BIRDS WHERE YOU FIND THEM.
It is very seldom that these birds survive in captivity. If you find an injured raptor, contact the Idaho
Department of Fish and Game. It is best to let trained personnel to capture the birds to prevent further injury.
USE BINOCULARS TO AVOID DISTURBING BIRDS.
Watch for clues that you might be disrupting normal behavior.
SIGNS YOU ARE TOO CLOSE!
- Repeated flushing and short flights.
- Raised head, looking at observers.
- Alarm calls and repeated chirping.
-"Broken Wing" distraction displays.
- Bird diving or swooping at you.
U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management Burley District Office 200 South and 15 East Route 3, Box 1 Burley, Idaho 83318-9501 (208)677-6641
United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Program. No date. Idaho, Burley District Bird Guide. United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Program. Unpaginated.This resource should be cited as:
United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Program. No date. Idaho, Burley District Bird Guide. United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Program. Unpaginated. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. http://www.npwrc.usgs.govburl.htm (Version 10JUL2001).