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Bird Checklists of the United States

Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge

small state map showing location

Pahrump, Nevada


GENERAL KEY

Season
Sp - Spring (March through May)
S - Summer (June through August)
F - Fall (September through November)
W - Winter (December through February)

Abundance
A - abundant (likely to be seen in large numbers)
C - common (seen on majority of visits to proper habitat)
U - uncommon (seen on less than half of visits to proper habitat)
O - occasional (irregular occurrence)
R - rare (rarely seen)

Habitat
The following symbols are used to indicate in which habitats each wildlife species would most likely be found. It is important to remember that use of an area depends on the season and an animal's activity, especially for birds that are highly mobile.

1 - Marsh-Resivoirs
2 - Springs and Streams
3 - Mesquite-Ash Riparian
4 - Mesquite/Saltbush
5 - Cresote Bush
6 - Saltbush
7 - Widespread
8 - Rocky Slope
9 - Sand Dune
10 - Agricultural Fields
11 - Caves
12 - Buldings

# - idicates a Threatened/Endangered Species

> = Intoduced Species

* Bird species known to nest locally
+ Brid species thought to nest locally


LOONS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Pacific Loon 1 O O Gavia pacifica ___ Common Loon 1 O O O Gavia immer
GREBES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Pied-billed Grebe* 1 C C C C Podilymbus podiceps ___ Horned Grebe 1 R R Podiceps auritus ___ Eared Grebe+ 1 C U U U Podiceps nigricollis ___ Western Grebe 1 O O O Aechmophorus occidentalis ___ Clark's Grebe 1 O O O Aechmophorus clarkii
PELICANS & CORMORANTS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ American White Pelican 1 R Pelecanus erythrorhynchos ___ Double-crested Cormorant 1 O O O Phalacrocorax auritus
BITTERNS, HERONS & IBIS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ American Bittern* 1 U U U U Botaurus lentiginosus ___ Least Bittern 1 U U U Ixobrychus exilis ___ Great Blue Heron 1 U U U U Andrea herodias ___ Great Egret 1 U U U U Andea albus ___ Snowy Egret 1 U U U Egretta thula ___ Cattle Egret 1 O O Bubulcus ibis ___ Green Heron* 1,2 U U O Butorides striatus ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron+ 1 U U O Nycticorax nycticorax ___ White-faced Ibis 1 C U U R Plegadis chihi
WATERFOWL HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Tundra Swan 1 O O Cygnus columbianus ___ Greater White-fronted Goose 1 O O Anser albifrons ___ Snow Goose 1 O O Chen caerulescens ___ Canada Goose 1 O O O Branta canadensis ___ Wood Duck 1 R R Axi sponsa ___ Green-winged Teal* 1 C U C C Anas crecca ___ Mallard* 1 C U C U Anas platyrhynchos ___ Northern Pintail 1 U O U U Anas acuta ___ Blue-winged Teal 1 O O O Anas discors ___ Cinnamon Teal* 1 C U C Anas cyanoptera ___ Northern Shoveler 1 U O U U Anas clypeata ___ Gadwall* 1 U U U U Anas strepera ___ American Wigeon 1 O R U U Anas americana ___ Canvasback 1 O C C Aythya valisineria ___ Redhead* 1 C C C C Aythya americana ___ Ring-necked Duck 1 O U U Aythya collaris ___ Greater Scaup 1 R R R Aythya marila ___ Lesser Scaup 1 O O O Aythya affinis ___ Common Goldeneye 1 O O Bucephala clangula ___ Bufflehead 1 O O U Bucephala albeola ___ Hooded Merganser 1 R R R Lophodytes cucullatus ___ Common Merganser 1 O O O Mergus merganser ___ Red-breasted Merganser 1 O O O Mergus serrator ___ Ruddy Duck* 1 C C C A Oxyura jamaicensis
RAPTORS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Turkey Vulture 7 O O O Cathartes aura ___ Osprey 1 O O Pandion haliaetus ___ White-tailed Kite 7 O O Elanus caeruleus ___ Bald Eagle# 1 O O Haliaeetus leucocephalus ___ Northern Harrier* 7 C C C U Circus cyaneus ___ Sharp-shinned Hawk 3,4 O U O Accipiter striatus ___ Cooper's Hawk 3,4 U U U Accipiter cooperii ___ Red-shouldered Hawk 7 R R Buteo lineatus ___ Swainson's Hawk 7 O O Buteo swainsoni ___ Red-tailed Hawk 7 U U U Buteo jamaicensis ___ Ferruginous Hawk 7 O O O Buteo regalis ___ Rough-legged Hawk 7 R Buteo lagopus ___ Golden Eagle+ 7 O O O Aquila chrysaetos ___ American Kestrel 7 U U O Falco sparverius ___ Merlin 7 O O O Falco columbarius ___ Peregrine Falcon# 1 R R R Falco peregrinus ___ Prairie Falcon+ 7 O O O O Falco mexicanus
GALLINACEOUS BIRDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Chuckar* 8 O O O O Alectoris chuckar ___ Gambel's Quail* 4,6 C C C C Callipepla gambelii
RAILS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Virginia Rail* 1 U U U U Rallus limicola ___ Sora 1 R R O Porzana carolina ___ Common Moorhen 1 R R Gallinula chloropus ___ American Coot* 1 C C A A Fulica americana
PLOVERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black-bellied Plover 1 R R R Pluvialis squatarola ___ Snowy Plover 1 U U O Charadrius alexandrinus ___ Semipalmated Plover 1 U U O Charadrius semipalmatus ___ Killdeer* 1 U U U O Charadrius vociferus
STILTS & AVOCETS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black-necked Stilt* 1 U U U Himantopus mexicanus ___ American Avocet+ 1 U U U Recurvirostra americana
SANDPIPERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Greater Yellowlegs 1 U U U U Tringa melanoleuca ___ Lesser Yellowlegs 1 O O O Tringa flavipes ___ Solitary Sandpiper 1 R R R Tringa solitaria ___ Willet 1 R R R Catoptrophorus semipalmatus ___ Spotted Sandpiper 1 U U U Actitis macularia ___ Long-billed Curlew 1 R R R Numenius americanus ___ Marbled Godwit 1 R O R Limosa fedoa ___ Ruddy Turnstone 1 R R R Arenaria interpres ___ Sanderling 1 R R R Calidris alba ___ Western Sandpiper 1 C U U Calidris mauri ___ Least Sandpiper 1 C U U Calidris minutilla ___ Dunlin 1 R R R Clidris alpina ___ Long-billed Dowitcher 1 C C U R Limnodromus scolopaceus ___ Common Snipe 1 O O R Gallinago gallinago
PHALAROPES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Wilson's Phalarope 1 U U U Phalaropus tricolor ___ Red-necked Phalarope 1 U U U Phalaropus lobatus
GULLS & TERNS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Franklin's Gull 1 O R R Larus pipixcan ___ Bonaparte's Gull 1 O R R Larus philadelphia ___ Ring-billed Gull 1 U U U O Larus delawarensis ___ California Gull 1 U U U O Larus californicus ___ Common Tern 1 R R Sterna hirundo ___ Forster's Tern 1 O O R Sterna forsteri ___ Black Tern 1 U U O Chlidonias niger
DOVES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Rock Dove 7 R R R R Columba livia ___ Mourning Dove* 3,4 U C C R Zenaida macroura
CUCKOOS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Greater Roadrunner* 7 U U U U Geococcyx californianus
OWLS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Common Barn Owl* 7 O O O O Tyto alba ___ Great Horned Owl+ 7 O O O O Bubo virginianus ___ Burrowing Owl* 5,6 O O O Athene cunicularia ___ Long-eared Owl 3,4 O R O O Asio otus
GOATSUCKERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Lesser Nighthawk* 7 C C O Chordeiles acutipennis ___ Common Poorwill 5,6 O O O Phalaenoptilus nuttallii
SWIFTS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ White-throated Swift* 8 U U O Aeronautes saxatalis
HUMMINGBIRDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Black-chinned Hummingbird 3 O O Archilochus alexandri ___ Costa's Hummingbird* 3 U O O Calypte costae ___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird 3 O O Selasphorus platycercus ___ Rufous Hummingbird 3 O O Selasphorus rufus
KINGFISHERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher 1,2 U O O Ceryle alcyon
WOODPECKERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Red-naped Sapsucker 3,4 O O O Sphyrapicus nuchalis ___ Ladder-backed Woodpecker 3,4 O O Picoides scalaris ___ Northern Flicker 3,4 O O U Colaptes auratus
FLYCATCHERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Olive-sided Flycatcher 3,4 O O Contopus borealis ___ Western Wood-Pewee 3,4 U O Contopus sordidulus ___ Willow Flycatcher 3,4 O O O Empidonax traillii ___ Gray Flycatcher 3,4 U O O Empidonax wrightii ___ Dusky Flycatcher 3,4 U O O Empidonax oberholseri ___ Cordilleran Flycatcher 3,4 O O Empidonax occidentalis ___ Black Phoebe* 1,2,3 O O O O Sayornis nigricans ___ Say's Phoebe* 4,8 U O U U Sayornis saya ___ Ash-throated Flycatcher* 3,4 U U O Myiarchus cinerascens ___ Brown-crested Flycatcher+ 3,4 O O O Myiarchus tyrannulus ___ Western Kingbird* 3,4 C C U Tyrannus verticalis
LARKS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Horned Lark* 5,6,10 C U C C Eremophila alpestris
SWALLOWS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Tree Swallow 7 C O U Tachycineta bicolor ___ Violet-green Swallow 7 U O U Tachycineta thalassina ___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow 7 C O U Stelgidopteryx serripennis ___ Bank Swallow 7 O O Riparia riparia ___ Cliff Swallow 7 O O Hirundo pyrrhonota ___ Barn Swallow 7 U O U Hirundo rustica
JAYS, MAGPIES & CROWS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Western Scrub Jay 3,4 R R Aphelocoma californica ___ Common Raven* 7 C C C C Corvus corax
VERDINS & BUSHTITS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Verdin* 3,4 C C C U Auriparus flaviceps ___ Bushtit 3,4 O O R Psaltriparus minimus
WRENS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Rock Wren* 8 U U U U Salpinctes obsoletus ___ Bewick's Wren* 3,4 C C C U Thryomanes bewickii ___ House Wren 3 O O Troglodytes aedon ___ Marsh Wren* 1,2 C C U U Cistothorus palustris
KINGLETS, BLUEBIRDS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Golden-crowned Kinglet 3 R R R Regulus satrapa ___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet 3,4 U U O Regulus calendula ___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* 3,4 U U U Polioptila caerulea
THRUSHES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Mountain Bluebird 7 O O O Sialia currucoides ___ Townsend's Solitaire 3,4 R R Myadestes townsendi ___ Swainson's Thrush 2,3 O R O Catharus ustulatus ___ Hermit Thrush 3 O O Catharus guttatus ___ American Robin 3,4 O O Turdus migratorius
MIMIC THRUSHES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Northern Mockingbird* 3,4 C C U U Mimus polyglottos ___ Sage Thrasher 4,5,6 O O O Oreoscoptes montanus ___ Crissal Thrasher* 3,4 U U U U Toxostoma crissale ___ Le Conte's Thrasher* 5,6 R R R R Toxostoma lecontei
PIPITS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ American Pipit 1 U U U O Anthus spinoletta
WAXWINGS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Cedar Waxwing 3 O O Bombycilla cedrorum
SILKY FLYCATCHERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Phainopepla* 3,4 U O U U Phainopepla nitens
SHRIKES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Northern Shrike 4,5,6 R R R Lanius excubitor ___ Loggerhead Shrike* 3,4,6 C C C C Lanius ludovicianus
STARLINGS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ European Starling 7 O O O O Sturnus vulgaris
VIREOS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Bell's Vireo* 3,4 O O O Vireo bellii ___ Solitary Vireo 3,4 O O Vireo solitarius ___ Warbling Vireo 3,4 O O Vireo gilvus
WARBLERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Orange-crowned Warbler 3,4 U U R Vermivora celata ___ Virginia's Warbler 3,4 R R Vermivora virginiae ___ Lucy's Warbler* 3,4 U U O Vermivora luciae ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler 3,4 C C O Dendroica coronata ___ Black-throated Gray Warbler 3,4 O O Dendroica nigrescens ___ Townsend's Warbler 3,4 O O Dendroica townsendi ___ Yellow Warbler* 3,4 U O U Dendroica petechia ___ MacGillivray's Warbler 3 O O Oporornis tolmiei ___ Wilson's Warbler 3,4 C U Wilsonia pusilla ___ Common Yellowthroat* 1,2 C C U Geothlypis trichas ___ Yellow-breasted Chat* 3,4 C U O Icteria virens
TANAGERS HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Western Tanager 3 O O Piranga Iudoviciana
GROSBEAKS, BUNTINGS & HABITAT Sp S F W SPARROWS ___ Black-headed Grosbeak 3,4 O O Pheucticus melanocephalus ___ Blue Grosbeak* 3,4 U U O Guiraca caerulea ___ Lazuli Bunting* 3 O O O Passerina amoena ___ Indigo Bunting+ 3,4 O Passerina cyanea ___ Spotted Towhee 3,4 U U U Pipilo maculatus ___ Green-tailed Towhee 3,4 O O Popilo chlorurus ___ American Tree Sparrow 4 R Spizella arborea ___ Chipping Sparrow 3,4 O O Spizella passerina ___ Brewer's Sparrow* 4,6 U O O Spizella breweri ___ Lark Sparrow 4 O O O Chondestes grammacus ___ Black-throated Sparrow* 5,6 C C U R Amphispiza bilineata ___ Sage Sparrow* 6 U U U O Amphispiza belli ___ Savannah Sparrow* 1,2 U U O O Passerculus sandwichensis ___ Song Sparrow* 1,2,3 U U U U Melospiza melodia ___ Lincoln's Sparrow 3,4 O O U Melospize lincolnii ___ White-crowned Sparrow 3,4 U U C Zonotrichia leucophrys ___ Dark-eyed Junco 3,4 O O O Junco hyemalis
MEADOWLARKS, BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ Red-winged Blackbird* 1,2 C C U U Agelaius phoeniceus ___ Western Meadowlark* 4 U U U U Sturnella neglecta ___ Yellow-headed Blackbird* 1 C C U Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus ___ Brewer's Blackbird 1 O O O Euphagus cyanocephalus ___ Great-tailed Grackle* 1 C C U O Quiscalus mexicanus ___ Brown-headed Cowbird* 7 U O O Molothrus ater ___ Hooded Oriole* 3,4 O O O Icterus cucullatrus ___ Bullock's Oriole* 3,4 C U O Iceterus bullockii
FINCHES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ House Finch 3,4 O O O Carpodacus mexicanus ___ Pine Siskin 7 R R R Carduelis pinus ___ Lesser Goldfinch 7 O O O Carduelis psaltria ___ American Goldfinch 7 O O O Carduelis tristis
WEAVER FINCHES HABITAT Sp S F W ___ House Sparrow 7 O O O O Passer domesticus

ACCIDENTALS

Trumpeter Swan                   Cygnus buccinator
Brant                            Branta bernicla
Oldsquaw                         Clangula hyemalis
Northern Goshawk                 Accipiter gentilis
Clapper Rail                     Rallus longirostris
Sandhill Crane                   Grus canadensis
Red Phalarope                    Phalaropus fulicaria
Herring Gull                     Larus argentatus
Arctic Tern                      Sterna paradisaea
White-winged Dove                Zenaida asiatica
Lewis' Woodpecker                Melanerpes lewis
Vermillion Flycatcher            Pyrocephalus rubinus
Pinyon Jay                       Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus
Black-billed Magpie              Pica pica
Red-breasted Nuthatch            Sitta canadensis
Winter Wren                      Troglodytes troglodytes
Western Bluebird                 Sialia mexicana
Red-eyed Vireo                   Vireo olivaceous
Black-throated Blue Warbler      Dendroica caerulescens
Golden-crowned Sparrow           Zonotrichia atricapilla
Summer Tanager                   Piranga rubra

Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge
P.O. Box 2660
Pahrump, NV 89041
Phone: (775) 372-5435
Fax: (775) 372-5436

This resource is based on the following source:
Las Vegas Audubon Society.  March 1997.  Birds, Ash Meadows National Wildlife
     Refuge, Nevada.  Las Vegas Audubon Society.  20 pages.
This resource should be cited as
Las Vegas Audubon Society.  March 1997.  Birds, Ash Meadows National Wildlife
     Refuge, Nevada.  Las Vegas Audubon Society.  20 pages.
     Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online.
     http://www.npwrc.usgs.govashmead.htm
     (Version 23FEB01)

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