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Bird Checklists of the United States

Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuges

small location map

Boquerón, Puerto Rico


The Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1974 when 587 acres of land in the coastal plain of southwestern Puerto Rico were transferred to the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. This area is classified as subtropical dry forest. Previous to the establishment of the refuge the vegetation was severely disturbed by cattle grazing. The Cabo Rojo NWR now includes tracts of secondary forest, grassland and brush habitats.

The Cabo Rojo Salt Flats, under private ownership, are a 1300 acre system of saline lagoons, salt flats and mangrove swamps adjacent to the Cabo Rojo NWR. The Cabo Rojo Salt Flats are the most important stopover site for migratory shorebirds known in the Caribbean.

Laguna Cartagena NWR is the only freshwater marsh of significant size remaining in southwestern Puerto Rico. The refuge was leased from the Puerto Rico Land Administration in 1989 and occupies 773 acres of land. Of these over 300 acres are covered by the lagoon and another 100 acres by associated wetland vegetation. The lagoon suffers from siltation and severe eutrophication and at present over 90% is covered by cattails.

How to use your checklist

The bird checklist was designed to be informative and simple to use. The list is arranged in the order established by the American Ornithological Union.


Symbols which appear in this checklist represent the following:

Seasonal appearance/Estaciones:
Sp - Spring/Primavera (March - May)
S - Summer/Verano (June - August)
F - Fall/Otoño (September- November)
W - Winter/Invierno (December- February)

Seasonal abundance/Abundancia Por Estaciones:
a - abundant/seguro de observarse — a common species which is very numerous
c - common/sequro de observarse en habitat apropiado — certain to be seen in suitable habitat
u - uncommon/presente, pero posiblemente no se observe — present but not certain to be seen
o - occasional/observado algunas veces durante la estación — seen only a few times during a season
r - rare/observado solo cada 2 a 5 anos — seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years
x - accidental/observado solo una o dos veces — seen only once or twice
z - abundance unknown/abundancia no conocida

Refuge:
CR - Cabo Rojo NWR
SF - Cabo Rojo Salt Flats (private)
LC - Laguna Cartagena NWR

Status:
^ - Endemic
# - Endangered
+ - Exotic
* - Nesting


GREBES REFUGE SP S F W ___ Least Grebe CR* c c c c Tigua LC c c c c ___ Pied-billed Grebe LC* o o o - Zaramago
TROPICBIRDS REFUGE SP S F W ___ White-tailed Tropicbird SF* r - - - Rabijunco coliblanco
BOOBIES REFUGE SP S F W ___ Brown Booby SF* c r r r Boba prieta ___ Red-footed Booby SF* r - - - Boba patirroja
PELICANS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Brown Pelican SF*# c c c c Pelícano pardo
FRIGATEBIRDS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Magnificent Frigatebird CR o o o o Tijereta SF* c c c c LC o o o -
HERONS AND BITTERNS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Great Blue Heron CR* c c c c Garzón cenizo SF c c c c LC c c c c ___ Green Heron CR* u u u u Martinete SF* c c c c ___ Little Blue Heron CR o o o o Garza azul SF* c c c a LC* c u c c ___ Cattle Egret CR* c c c c Garza ganadera SF* a a a a LC* a a a a ___ Snowy Egret CR o o o o Garza blanca SF* c c c c LC* c c c c ___ Tricolored Heron SF* c c c c Garza pechiblanca LC* c c c c ___ Black-crowned Night-Heron CR r r r r Yaboa real SF* u o u u LC* u u u u ___ Yellow-crowned Night-Heron CR* o o o o Yaboa común SF* c c c c LC* o o o o ___ Least Bittern SF u u u u Martinetito LC* u u u u ___ American Bittern LC o o o o Yaboa americana
IBISES REFUGE SP S F W ___ Glossy Ibis LC r - r - Cocó prieto ___ Greater Flamingo SF x - - x Flamingo
DUCKS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Fulvous Whistling-Duck LC r r r r Chiriría achocolatada ___ West Indian Whistling-Duck LC r r r r Chiriría pinta ___ White-cheeked Pintail SF - - r - Pato quijada colorado LC r - r - ___ Green-winged Teal LC r - - - Pato aliverde ___ Blue-winged Teal SF r - o o Pato zarcel LC c - o o ___ American Wigeon LC - - r - Pato cabeciblanco ___ Northern Shoveler LC r - - - Pato cuchareta ___ Ring-necked Duck LC r - - - Pato acollarado ___ Lesser Scaup LC - - r - Pato pechiblanco ___ Ruddy Duck LC* o o c u Pato chorizo
AMERICAN VULTURES REFUGE SP S F W ___ Turkey Vulture CR* a a a a Aura tiñosa SF a a a a LC a a a a
HAWKS AND HARRIER REFUGE SP S F W ___ Red-tailed Hawk CR* u u u u Guaraguao SF u u u u LC u u u u ___ Northern Harrier CR* r - r r Gavilán de ciénaga SF r - r r LC r - r r ___ Osprey CR r - u - Aguila pescadora SF u u u c LC o o o o
FALCONS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Merlin CR o - o o Falcón migratorio SF o - o o LC o - o o ___ American Kestrel CR* c c c c Falcón común SF u - u u LC c c c o ___ Peregrine Falcon CR# u - o u Falcón peregrino SF u - u u LC o - o o
JUNGLEFOWL AND QUAIL REFUGE SP S F W ___ Red Junglefowl CR+ - z - - Gallina y gallo LC o o o o
GUINEAFOWL REFUGE SP S F W ___ Helmeted Guineafowl (Domestic) CR+ o o o o Guinea torcaz LC* c c c c
RAILS, GALLINULES AND COOTS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Clapper Rail SF* c c c c Pollo de mangle LC - - r - ___ Sora LC u - u u Gallito ___ Yellow-breasted Crake LC u - - - Gallito amarillo ___ Black Rail LC r r r r Gallito negro ___ Purple Gallinule LC* r r r r Gallareta azul ___ Common Moorhen CR* c c c c Gallareta común SF o o o o LC* a a a a ___ American Coot LC u - u u Gallinazo americano ___ Red Junglefowl LC o o o o Gallina caribeño
PLOVERS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Semipalmated Plover SF c - c c Playero acollarado LC u - u u ___ Piping Plover SF# u - o o Playero melódico ___ Snowy Plover SF*# c u c c Playero blanco ___ Wilson's Plover SF* c c c u Playero marítimo LC u u u u ___ Killdeer CR* c c c u Playero sabanero SF* c c c u LC* c c c u ___ American Golden-Plover SF r - r - Playero dorado LC r - r - ___ Black-bellied Plover SF a - a a Playero cabezón LC o - o o
STILTS AND AVOCETS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Black-necked Stilt CR u u c - Viuda SF* a a a a LC* c o o c
TURNSTONES, SNIPES AND SANDPIPERS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Ruddy Turnstone SF a - a a Playero turco ___ Common Snipe CR u - u u Becasina SF r - r r LC c - c c ___ Spotted Sandpiper CR c - a c Playero coleador SF c - a c LC u - a c ___ Lesser Yellowlegs CR c u c c Playero guineilla menor SF a u a a LC a u a a ___ Greater Yellowlegs CR c u c c Playero guineilla mayor SF a u a a LC c u c c ___ Upland Sandpiper CR - - - x Ganga ___ Solitary Sandpiper CR o - u u Playero solitario LC o - c u ___ Willet SF u - - - Playero aiiblanco LC r - - - ___ Red Knot SF o - o - Playero gordo LC r - r - ___ Least Sandpiper CR c u c c Playerito menudo SF c - a a LC r - - - ___ White-rumped Sandpiper CR u c u - Playero rabadilla blanca SF u - a c LC o - u - ___ Pectoral Sandpiper CR u - c u Playero manchado SF u - u u LC o - c u ___ Semipalmated Sandpiper CR c u c c Playerito gracioso SF c c a c LC u o c c ___ Western Sandpiper CR c u c c Playerito occidental SF c c a c LC u o c c ___ Sanderling SF o - u u Playero arenero ___ Short-billed Dowitcher CR o - u o Chorlo picocorto SF u - a c ___ Stilt Sandpiper SF c o a c Playero zancudo LC r - - - ___ Marbled Godwit SF - - o - Barga jaspeada
GULLS, TERNS AND ALLIES REFUGE SP S F W ___ Laughing Gull CR - o - - Gaviota gallega SF u c u - LC r r - - ___ Gull-billed Tern SF - r - r Gaviota piquigordo LC r r r r ___ Common Tern SF o o - - Gaviota común ___ Roseate Tern SF# z z - - Palometa ___ Bridled Tern SF r r - - Gaviota monja ___ Sooty Tern SF r r - - Gaviota oscura ___ Least Tern SF* c c - - Gaviota pequeña ___ Royal Tern SF c c c c Gaviota real ___ Sandwich Tern SF r c z o Gaviota piguiaguda LC r - - - ___ Black Tern SF r - r - Gaviota ceniza LC r - - - ___ Black Noddy SF r - - - Cervera
PIGEONS AND DOVES REFUGE SP S F W ___ White-crowned Pigeon SF* r r r r Paloma cabeciblanca LC x - - - ___ Rock Dove CR c c c c Paloma casera SF c c c c ___ Mourning Dove CR* u u u u Tórtola rabiche LC u - - - ___ Zenaida Dove CR* c c z z Tórtola cardosantera SF u - - - LC c c - - ___ White-winged Dove CR u u u u Tórtola aliblanca SF r - - - ___ Common Ground-Dove CR* a a a a Rolita SF c c c c LC a a a a
CUCKOOS AND ANIS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Mangrove Cuckoo CR* c c c c Pájaro bobo menor SF* u u u u LC u u u u ___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo CR* u u u u Pájaro bobo picoamarillo SF o o o o LC u u u u ___ Smooth-billed Ani CR* c c c c Judío SF u u u u LC* a a a a
TYPICAL OWLS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Short-eared Owl CR* c c c c Múcaro real LC* o o o o
GOATSUCKERS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Chuck-will's-widow CR u - u u Guabairo mayor ___ Antillean Nighthawk CR* c c u z Querequequé antillano SF* c c u - LC c c u - ___ Common Nighthawk CR - - z - Querequequé migratorio
HUMMINGBIRDS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Puerto Rican Emerald CR^ o o r o Zumbadorcito de Puerto Rico SF o o o o LC o o o o ___ Antillean Mango CR* c c c o Zumbador dorado SF c c c o LC* c c c o ___ Green Mango LC^ r - r - Zumbador verde
TODIES REFUGE SP S F W ___ Puerto Rican Tody CR*^ u u u u San Pedrito SF r - - - LC* c o o o
KINGFISHERS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Belted Kingfisher CR - - r - Martín pescador SF u - u c LC c - c c
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Gray Kingbird CR* a a a a Pitirre SF* c c c c LC* a a a a ___ Loggerhead Kingbird CR* u u u o Clérigo LC* u u u o ___ Puerto Rican Flycatcher CR* c c c c Juí de Puerto Rico SF* c c c c LC* c c c c ___ Lesser Antillean Pewee CR* c c u u Bobito antillano menor SF r r r r LC* c c u u ___ Caribbean Elaenia CR* c c c c Juí blanco SF u u u u LC* c c c c
SWALLOWS AND MARTINS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Tree Swallow SF r - o o Golondrina vientreblanco ___ Caribbean Martin CR* z - r - Golondrina de iglesias SF* r - - - LC* r - - - ___ Bank Swallow CR* - - c a Golondrina parda SF u - c a LC c c a a ___ Barn Swallow CR z - c a Golondrina de horquilla SF c - c a LC c - a a ___ Cave Swallow CR* a a a a Golondrina de cuevas SF a a a a LC a a a a
THRUSHES REFUGE SP S F W ___ Red-legged Thrush CR r r - - Zorzal de patas coloradas LC r r - -
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Northern Mockingbird CR* a a a c Ruiseñor SF* a a a a LC* a a a a ___ Pearly-eyed Thrasher CR r r - r Zorzal pardo SF o o - o LC r r r r
VIREOS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Puerto Rican Vireo CR*^ c c c c Bien-te-veo SF o o o o LC* r r r r ___ White-eyed Vireo CR - - r r Julián chiví ojiblanco ___ Black-whiskered Vireo CR* c c c r Julián chiví SF o o o - LC* o o o o
EMBERIZIDS REFUGE SP S F W ___ Black-and-white Warbler CR u - u o Reinita trepadora SF c - c c LC u - u u ___ Prothonotary Warbler CR o - o o Reinita anaranjada SF r - - - ___ Golden-winged Warbler CR - - r - Reinita alidorada SF r - - - ___ Northern Parula CR c z c a Reinita pechidorada SF o - o o LC c - c c ___ Yellow Warbler CR c c c c Canario de mangle SF* c c c c LC o - o o ___ Magnolia Warbler CR r - r o Reinita manchada LC r - r r ___ Cape May Warbler CR c r c c Reinita tigre SF u - u u LC u - c c ___ Black-throated Blue Warbler CR x - - - Reinita azul ___ Yellow-rumped Warbler CR o - o o Reinita coronada SF o - o o LC u - c u ___ Black-throated Green Warbler CR x - - - Reinita verdosa ___ Yellow-throated Warbler CR - - u u Reinita gargantiamarilla ___ Adelaide's Warbler CR* a a a c Reinita mariposera LC* c c o o ___ Chestnut-sided Warbler CR - - x - Reinita costadicastaña SF r - - - ___ Blackpoll Warbler CR o r c o Reinita rayada LC o - c o ___ Prairie Warbler CR c r c a Reinita galana SF u - u u LC o - c c ___ Palm Warbler CR u - u u Reinita palmera ___ Ovenbird CR u r r u Pizpita dorada LC r - r r ___ Northern Waterthrush CR u z c u Pizpita de mangle SF c - c c LC c - c c ___ Louisiana Waterthrush CR o - u o Pizpita de río LC u - c c ___ Kentucky Warbler CR - - z - Reinita de Kentucky ___ Connecticut Warbler CR - - z - Reinita de Connecticut SF x - - - ___ Mourning Warbler LC x - - - Reinita enlutada ___ Common Yelowthroat CR c - u c Reinita pica tierra LC u - u u ___ Hooded Warbler CR o - o o Reinita de capucha LC o - o o ___ American Redstart CR u - u u Candelita SF o - o o LC c - c c ___ Bananaquit CR* a a a a Reinita común SF* a a a a LC* a a a a ___ Antillean Euphonia CR* c c c c Jilguero LC* c c c c ___ Stripe-headed Tanager CR* u u u u Reina mora LC u u u u ___ Puerto Rican Tanager LC^ c - - - Llorosa ___ Rose-breasted Grosbeak CR r - r r Piquigrueso rosado ___ Blue Grosbeak CR r - - r Azulejo ___ Indigo Bunting CR o - - o Gorrión azul ___ Puerto Rican Bullfinch CR z z z z Come ñame de Puerto Rico SF r - - - LC o o o o ___ Yellow-faced Grassquit CR a a a a Gorrión barba amarilla LC* c c c c ___ Black-faced Grassquit CR a a a a Gorrión negro SF c - - - LC* a a a a ___ Grasshopper Spanow CR u u u u Gorrión chicharra LC o o o o ___ Shiny Cowbird CR c c c c Tordo lustroso SF u - - - LC c c c c ___ Greater Antillean Grackle CR c c c c Mozambique, Chango SF u - - - LC r c c c ___ Black-cowled Oriole SF r - - - Calandria capuchinegra LC r - - - ___ Troupial CR*+ u u u u Turpial SF c - u - LC* c c c c ___ Yellow-shouldered Blackbird CR^# o o o o Mariquita SF c - - - LC r r r r
WEAVER FINCHES REFUGE SP S F W ___ Pin-tailed Whydah CR u u u u Viuda colicinta LC* c c c c ___ Yellow-crowned Bishop LC r r - - Napoleón tejedor
WAXBILLS AND ALLIES REFUGE SP S F W ___ Orange-checked Waxbill SF+ u - - - Veterano mejillianaranjado LC c o o o ___ Black-rumped Waxhill LC+ r - - - Veterano orejicolorado ___ Red Avadavat (Strawberry Finch) CR+ z z r z Chamorro fresa LC r r r r ___ Warbling Silverbill CR*+ a a a a Gorrión picoplata SF u - - - LC* c c c c ___ Bronze Mannikin CR+ c c c c Diablito LC* a a a a ___ Nutmeg Mannikin CR+ z c c z Gorrión canela LC o o o o ___ Chestnut Mannikin CR+ - z z - Monja tricolor SF r - - - LC* u u u u

Ethics for Birdwatching

Take care not to disturb nesting birds, exposing eggs and young to extreme temperatures and predation.

Disturb wintering wildlife as little as possible, particularly during critical feeding and resting periods.

Do not litter. Many birds die when they become entangled in fishing lines, 6-pack rings and other trash, or when they mistake garbage for food.


For additional information contact:
                     Refuge Manager
                     Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge
                     Carr 301 Km 5.1
                     P.O. Box 510
                     Boquerón, Puerto Rico 00622
                     Telephone: 809/851-7258

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