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Habitat Use and Movements of Canvasback Broods in Southwestern Manitoba

Literature Cited

Adams, G. D., and G. C. Gentle. 1978. Spatial changes in waterfowl habitats. Can. Wildl. Serv. Occas. Pap. 38.

Anderson, M. G. 1984. Social behavior of breeding canvasbacks (Aythya valisineria): male and female strategies of reproduction. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

Bellrose, F. C. 1980. Ducks, geese, and swans of North America, 3rd ed. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, PA.

Doty, H. A., and R. J. Greenwood. 1974. Improved nasal-saddle marker for mallards. J. Wildl. Manage. 38:938-939.

Duncan, D. C. 1983. Extensive overland movement of pintail, Anas acuta, brood and attempted predation by hawks. Can. Field-Nat. 97:216-217.

Dzubin, A. 1955. Some evidences of home range in waterfowl. Trans. N. Am. Wildl. Conf. 20:278-298.

Dzubin, A., and J. B. Gollop. 1972. Aspects of mallard breeding ecology in Canadian parkland and grassland. Pp. 113-152 in Population ecology of migratory birds. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. Wildl. Res. Rep. 2.

Erickson, R. C. 1948. Life history and ecology of the canvasback, Nyroca valisineria (Wilson), in southeast Oregon. Ph.D. Thesis. Iowa State University, Ames.

Evans, C. D., A. S. Hawkins, and W. H. Williams. 1952. Movements of waterfowl broods in Manitoba. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. Spec. Sci. Rep.—Wildl. No. 16.

Kiel, W. H., Jr., A. S. Hawkins, and N. G. Perret. 1972. Waterfowl habitat trends in the aspen parkland of Manitoba. Can. Wildl. Serv. Rep. Ser. No. 18.

Leonard, J. P. 1990. Survival and movements of canvasback ducklings — impact of brood density. M.S. Thesis. Michigan State University, East Lansing.

Rakowski, P. W., and B. P. Chabot. 1983. Changes in land use in the Minnedosa District of southwestern Manitoba; an update on the Kiel-Hawkins transects. Canadian Wildlife Service, unpublished report. Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Smith, A. G. 1971. Ecological factors affecting waterfowl production in the Alberta parklands. Bur. Sport Fish. Wildl. Res. Publ. 90.

Smith, R. L., and L. D. Flake. 1985. Movements and habitats of brood-rearing wood ducks on a prairie river. J. Wildl. Manage. 49:437-442.

Stewart, R. E., and H. A. Kantrud. 1971. Classification of natural ponds and lakes in the glaciated prairie region. Bur. Sport Fish. Wildl. Res. Publ. 92.

Stoudt, J. H. 1971. Ecological factors affecting waterfowl production in the Saskatchewan parklands. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. Res. Publ. 99.

Stoudt, J. H. 1982. Habitat use and productivity of canvasbacks in southwestern Manitoba, 1961-72. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. Spec. Sci. Rep.-Wildl. No. 248.

Sugden, L. G. 1973. Feeding ecology of pintail, gadwall, American wigeon, and lesser scaup ducklings. Can. Wildl. Serv. Rep. No. 34.

Sugden, L. G. 1978. Canvasback habitat use and production in Saskatchewan parklands. Can. Wildl. Serv. Occas. Pap. 34.

Swanson, G. S., and A. B. Sargeant. 1972. Observation of nighttime feeding behavior of ducks. J. Wildl. Manage. 39:959-961.

Talent, L. G., G. L. Krapu, and R. L. Jarvis. 1982. Habitat use by mallard broods in south-central North Dakota. J. Wildl. Manage. 46:629-635.

Turner, B. C., G. S. Hochbaum, F. D. Caswell, and D. J. Nieman. 1987. Agricultural impacts on wetland habitats on the Canadian prairies, 1981-85. Trans. N. Am. Wildl. Nat. Res. Conf. 52:206-216.

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