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Habitat Management for Migrating and Wintering
Canada Geese: A Moist-Soil Alternative

Literature Cited

Austin, J. E. 1988. Wintering ecology of Canada geese
	in northcentral Missouri. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Mo.,	 
        Columbia. 483pp.                                                                     

Bell, R. Q., and W. D. Klimstra. 1970, Feeding activities
        of Canada geese in southern Illinois. Trans. III. Acad.			        
 	Sci. 65:295-304.

Bent, A. C. 1925. Life histories of North American
        waterfowl. Smithson. Inst. U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 130,
        U.S. Govt. Printing Off., Washington, D.C. 376pp.

Buckley, C. E. 1989. The nutritional quality of selected                    
        rowcrop and moist-soil seeds for Canada geese.
	M.S. Thesis, Univ. Mo., Columbia. 69pp.

Burton, B. A., R. J. Hudson, and D. G. Bragg. 1979.		
        Efficiency of utilization of bulrush rhizomes by lesser
	snow geese. J. Wildl. Manage. 43:728-735.

Delnicki, D., and K. J. Reinecke. 1986. Mid-winter food	 
        use and bodyweights of mallards and wood ducks in                          
        Mississippi. J. Wild. Manage. 50:43-51.

Durant, A. J. 1956. Impaction and pressure necrosis in
        Canada geese due to eating dry hulled soybeans. J.			      
        Wildl. Manage. 20:399-404.

Eggeman, D. R., D. D. Humburg, D. A. Graber, and L. J.
        Korschgen. 1989. Temporal changes in fall and
	winter foods of Canada geese. Proc. Annu. Conf.
	Southeast. Assoc. Fish Wildl. Agencies. 43:372-379.

Fredrickson, L. H., and T. S. Taylor. 1982. Management
	of seasonally-flooded impoundments for wildlife. U.S.
	Fish Wildl. Serv. Resour. Publ. 148. 29pp.

Glazener, W. C. 1946. Food habits of wild geese on the
	gulf coast of Texas. J. Wildl. Manage. 10:322-329.		

Hankla, D. J., and R. R. Rudolph. 1967. Changes in the
	migration habits of Canada geese in the lower portions
	of the Atlantic and Mississippi flyways, with special
	reference to national wildlife refuges. Proc. Annu.
	Conf. Southeast. Assoc. Game Fish Comm. 21:133-144.	
Hanson, H. C., and R. H. Smith. 1950. Canada geese of
	the Mississippi Flyway with special reference to the
	Illinois flock. lll. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull. 25:506-514.
Harvey, W. F., IV. 1987. Winter movements and resource
	use by Canada geese affiliated with Kent County,
	Maryland. M.S. Thesis, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y. 96pp.	

Helm, L. G. 1951. Effect of Canada geese on crops and
	soils in central Missouri. M.S. Thesis, Univ. Mo.,
	Columbia, 107pp.

Hoffman, R. D., and T. A. Bookhout. 1985. Metabolizable
        energy of seeds consumed by ducks in Lake Erie
        marshes. J. Wildl. Manage. 50:557-565.

Humburg, D. D., D. A. Graber, and K. M. Babcock. 1985.
        Factors affecting autumn and winter distributions of
	Canada geese. Trans. North Am. Wildl. Nat. Resour.
	Conf. 50:525-539.

Joyner, D. E., B. N. Jacobson, and R. D. Arthur. 1987.
        Nutritional characteristics of grains fed to Canada
        geese. Wildfowl 38:89-93.

Kahl, R. B. 1980. Crop depredation by Canada geese in
        north central Missouri. M.S. Thesis, Univ. Mo., 
        Columbia. 142pp.

Koerner, J. W., T. A. Bookhout, and K. E. Bednarik. 1974.
        Movements of Canada geese color-marked near                
        southwestern Lake Erie. J. Wildl. Manage. 38:275-289.	 
Korschgen, L. J. 1955. Foods of Missouri predatory and	 		   
        game animals. Pittman-Robertson report, Mo. 13-R,		  
        No. 14. 41 pp.	
Loesch, C. R., and R. M. Kaminski. 1989. Winter body-
	weight patterns of female mallards fed agricultural
        seeds. J. Wild. Manage. 53:1081-1087.

McKenzie, D. F. 1987. Utilization of rootstocks and browse.		                      
        Missouri. M.S. Thesis, Univ. Mo., Columbia. 93pp.

Mississippi Flyway Council Technical Section. 1992. A     			                          
        management plan for the Eastern Prairie Population        
        of Canada geese. Mo. Dep. Conserv. Publ., Jefferson			            
        City. 48pp.

National Research Council. 1977. Nutrient requirements of 
	poultry. Seventh ed. Natl. Acad. Sci., Washington,                    
        D.C. 62pp.

Raveling, D. G. 1969. Roost sites and flight patterns of	              
        Canada geese in winter.  J. Wildl. Manage. 33:319-330.
Rundle, W. D. 1980. Management, habitat selection, and                  
        feeding ecology of migrant rails and shorebirds. M.S.			              
        Thesis, Univ. Mo., Columbia 227pp.

-------, and L. F. Fredrickson. 1981. Managing seasonally
        flooded impoundments for migrant rails and
        shorebirds. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 9:80-87.

Sayre, M. W., and W. D. Rundle. 1984. Comparisons of
        habitat use by migrant sora and Virginia rails. J.
	Wildl. Manage. 48:599-605.
Scott, M. L., M. C. Neisheim, and R. J. Young. 1982.
	Nutrition of the chicken. Third ed. M. L. Scott and
	Assoc., Ithaca, N.Y. 562pp.
Taylor, T. S. 1978. Spring foods of migratory blue-
	winged teals in southeastern Missouri. J. Wildl.
	Manage 42:900-903.
Vaught, R. W., and L. M. Kirsch. 1966. Canada geese of
	the Eastern Prairie Population, with special reference
	to the Swan Lake flock. Tech. Bull. 3, Mo. Dep.
	Conserv. 91pp.

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