Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGISTS' UNION. 1988. Report of the American Ornithologists' Union, Cooper Ornithological Society. Wilson Ornithological Society Ad Hoc committee on use of wild birds in research. Auk 105(1, Supplement). ANDERSON, D. R., and C. J. HENNY. 1972. Population ecology of the mallard. I. A review of previous studies and the distribution and migration from breeding areas. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication 105. ARNOLD, T. W. and E. K. FRITZELL. 1990. Habitat use by male mink in relation to wetland characteristics and avian prey abundances. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68:2205-2208. BALL, I. J., D. S. GILMER, L. M. COWARDIN, and J. H. REICHMANN. 1975. Survival of wood duck and mallard broods in north-central Minnesota. Journal of Wildlife Management 39:776-780. BARTHOLOMEW, G. A. 1982. Body temperature and energy metabolism. Pages 333-406 in M. S. Gordon, G. A. Bartholomew, A. D. Grinnell, C. B. Jorgensen, and F. N. White, editors. Animal physiology: principles and adaptations. MacMillan, New York, New York, USA. BEAUCHAMP, W. D., R. R. KOFORD, T. D. NUDDS, R. G. CLARK, and D. H. JOHNSON. 1996. Long-term declines in nest success of prairie ducks. Journal of Wildlife Management 60:247-257. BETHKE, R. W., and T. D. NUDDS. 1995. Effects of climate change and land use on duck abundance in Canadian prairie parklands. Ecological Applications 5:588-600. BLUEMLE, J. P. 1977. The face of North Dakota: the geologic story. North Dakota Geological Survey Education Series 11. CHURA, N. J. 1961. Food availability and preferences of juvenile mallards. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 26:121-134. COWARDIN, L. M. 1982. Some conceptual and semantic problems in wetland classification and inventory. Wildlife Society Bulletin 10:58-60. _____, P. M. ARNOLD, T. L. SHAFFER, H. R. PYWELL, and L. D. MILLER. 1988. Duck numbers estimated from ground counts, MOSS map data, and aerial video. Pages 205-219 in J. D. Scurry, editor. Proceedings: fifth national MOSS users workshop. Louisiana Sea Grant College Program, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Slidell, Louisiana, USA. _____, V. CARTER, F. C. GOLET, and E. T. LAROE. 1979. Classification of wetlands and deep water habitats of the United States. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Services Program FWS/OBS-79/31. _____, P. J. PIETZ, J. T. LOKEMOEN, H. T. SKLEBAR, and G. A. SARGEANT. 1998. Response of nesting ducks to predator exclosures and water conditions during drought. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:152-163. COX, D. R. 1972. Regression models and life tables. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B 34:187-220. Cox, R. R., JR., M. A. HANSON, C. C. ROY, N. H. EULISS, JR., D. H. JOHNSON, and M. G. BUTLER. 1998. Mallard duckling growth and survival in relation to aquatic invertebrates. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:124-133. CRISSEY, W. F. 1969. Prairie potholes from a continental viewpoint. Pages 161-171 in Saskatoon wetlands seminar. Canadian Wildlife Service Report Series 6. DIETZ, N. J., P. J. BERGMANN, and L. D. FLAKE. 1994. A walk-in trap for nesting ducks. Wildlife Society Bulletin 22:19-22. DOTY, H. A. 1979. Duck nest structure evaluations in prairie wetlands. Journal of Wildlife Management 43:976-979. DUEBBERT, H. F., and H. A. KANTRUD. 1974. Upland duck nesting related to land use and predator reduction. Journal of Wildlife Management 38:257-265. DWYER, T. J. 1972. An adjustable radio-package for ducks. Journal of Wildlife Management 44:282-284. DZUS, E. H., and R. G. CLARK. 1998. Brood survival and recruitment of mallards in relation to wetland density and hatching date. Auk 115:311-318. EBERHARDT, L. E. 1974. Food habits of prairie mink (Mustela vison) during the waterfowl breeding season. Thesis, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. _____, and A. B. SARGEANT. 1977. Mink predation on prairie marshes during the waterfowl breeding season. Pages 33-43 in R. L. Phillips and C. Jonkel, editors. Proceedings of the 1975 predator symposium. Montana Forest Conservation Experiment Station, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, USA. GILMER, D. S., L. M. COWARDIN, R. L. DUVAL, L. M. MECHLIN, C. W. SHAIFFER, and V. B. KUECHLE. 1981. Procedures for the use of aircraft in wildlife biotelemetry studies. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication 140. GIROUX, J-F. 1981. Ducks nesting on artificial islands during drought. Journal of Wildlife Management 45:783-786. GREENWOOD, R. J., A. B. SARGEANT, D. H. JOHNSON, L. M. COWARDIN, and T. L. SHAFFER. 1995. Factors associated with duck nest success in the prairie pothole region of Canada. Wildlife Monographs 128. HARAMIS, G. M. and A. D. NICE. 1980. An improved web-tagging technique for waterfowl. Journal of Wildlife Management 44:898-899. HIGGINS, K. F., L. M. KIRSCH, and I. J. BALL, JR. 1969. A cable-chain device for locating duck nests. Journal of Wildlife Management 33:1009-1011. HILL, D., R. WRIGHT, and M. STREET. 1987. Survival of mallard ducklings Anas platyrhynchos and competition with fish for invertebrates on a flooded gravel quarry in England. Ibis 129:159-167. HUNTER, M. L., JR., J. W. WITHAM, and H. DOW. 1984. Effects of carbamyl- induced depression in invertebrate abundance on the growth and behavior of American black duck and mallard ducklings. Canadian Journal of Zoology 62:452-456. JOHNSON, D. H., and J. W. GRIER. 1988. Determinants of breeding distributions of ducks. Wildlife Monographs 100. _____, J. D. NICHOLS, and M. D. SCHWARTZ. 1992. Population dynamics of breeding waterfowl. Pages 446-485 in B. D. J. Batt, A. D. Afton, M. G. Anderson, C. D. Ankney, D. H. Johnson, J. A. Kadlec, and G. L. Krapu, editors. Ecology and management of breeding waterfowl. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. _____, D. W. SPARLING, and L. M. COWARDIN. 1987. A model of the productivity of the mallard duck. Ecological Modelling 38:257-275. KORSCHGEN, C. E., K. P. KENOW, W. L. GREEN, D. H. JOHNSON, M. D. SAMUEL, and L. SILEO. 1996. Survival of radiomarked canvasback ducklings in north- western Minnesota. Journal of Wildlife Management 60:120-132. KRAPU, G. L. 1981. The role of nutrient reserves in Mallard reproduction. Auk 98:29-38. _____, R. J. GREENWOOD, C. P. DWYER, K. M. KRAFT, and L. M. COWARDIN. 1997. Wetland use, settling patterns, and recruitment in mallards. Journal of Wildlife Management 61:736-746. _____, D. H. JOHNSON, and C. W. DANE. 1979. Age determination of mallards. Journal of Wildlife Management 43:384-393. LEVERETT, F. 1932. Quaternary geology of Minnesota and parts of adjacent states. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 161. LOKEMOEN, J. T., and D. E. SHARP. 1985. Assessment of nasal marker materials and designs used on dabbling ducks. Wildlife Society Bulletin 13:53-56. MAUSER, D. M., and R. L. JARVIS. 1991. Attaching radio transmitters to 1-day- old ducklings. Journal of Wildlife Management 55:488-491. MECH, L. D. 1983. Handbook of animal radio-tracking. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. MILLER, L. D., M. UNVERFERTH, K. GHORMELY, and M. SKRDLA. 1990. A guide to MIPS, map and image processing system. MicroImages, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA. NATIONAL OCEANIC and ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION. 1988-94. Climatological data: North Dakota and Minnesota, monthly summaries. National Climatic Center, Asheville, North Carolina, USA. NECKLES, H. A., H. R. MURKIN, and J. A. COOPER. 1990. Influences of seasonal flooding on macroinvertebrate abundance in wetland habitats. Freshwater Biology 23:311-322. NELSON, R. D. 1989. Seasonal abundance and life cycles of chironomids (Diptera:Chironomidae) in four prairie wetlands. Dissertation, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota, USA. ORTHMEYER, D. L., and I. J. BALL. 1990. Survival of mallard broods on Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge in northcentral Montana. Journal of Wildlife Management 54:62-66. PERRET, N. G. 1962. The spring and summer foods of the common mallard (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos L.) in south central Manitoba. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. PIETZ, P. J., D. A. BRANDT, G. L. KRAPU, and D. A. BUHL. 1995. Modified transmitter attachment method for adult ducks. Journal of Field Ornithology 66:408-417. ROTELLA, J. J., and J. T. RATTI. 1990. Use of methoxyflurane to reduce nest abandonment of mallards. Journal of Wildlife Management 54:627-628. _____, and _____. 1992. Mallard brood survival and wetland habitat conditions in southwestern Manitoba. Journal of Wildlife Management 56:499-507. SALYER, J. W. 1962. A bow-net trap for ducks. Journal of Wildlife Management 26:219-221. SARGEANT, A. B., G. A. SWANSON, and H. A. DOTY. 1973. Selective predation by mink, Mustela vison, on waterfowl. American Midland Naturalist 89:208-214. _____, R. J. GREENWOOD, M. A. SOVADA, and T. L. SHAFFER. 1993. Distribution and abundance of predators that affect duck production-Prairie Pothole Region. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication 194. SAS INSTITUTE. 1996. SAS/STAT software: changes and enhancements through release 6.11. SAS Institute, Cary, North Carolina, USA. SHARP, D. E., and J. T. LOKEMOEN. 1987. A decoy trap for breeding-season mallards in North Dakota. Journal of Wildlife Management 51:711-715. STEWART, R. E., and H. A. KANTRUD. 1971. Classification of natural ponds and lakes in the glaciated prairie region. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Resource Publication 92. STRONG, L. L., and L. M. COWARDIN. 1995. Improving prairie pond counts with aerial video and global positioning systems. Journal of Wildlife Management 59:708-719. TALENT, L. G., G. L. KRAPU, and R. L. JARVIS. 1982. Habitat use by mallard broods in south-central North Dakota. Journal of Wildlife Management 46:629-635. _____, R. L. JARVIS, and G. L. KRAPU. 1983. Survival of mallard broods in south-central North Dakota. Condor 85:74-78. WELLER, M. W. 1956. A simple field candler for waterfowl eggs. Journal of Wildlife Management 20:111-113.