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Bird Use and Nesting in Conventional,
Minimum-tillage, and Organic Cropland

Table 4


Table 4: Nesting species on conventional, minimum-tillage, and organic fields in fallow, sunflower, and wheat in North Dakota, 1991-93.
Species No. of nests %
Mallard 2 1
Northern pintail 14 4
Blue-winged teal 2 1
Sharp-tailed grouse 3 1
Killdeer 44 12
Willet 5 1
Upland Sandpiper 10 3
Marbled godwit 2 1
Wilson's phalarope 1 <1
Mourning dove 10 3
Horned lark 110 29
Vesper sparrow 93 25
Lark bunting 25 7
Savannah sparrow 4 1
Grasshopper sparrow 20 5
Chestnut-collared longspur 2 1
Red-winged blackbird 20 5
Western meadowlark 5 1
Brewer's blackbird 2 1
Totals 374 102


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