Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Johnson (1964) - Habits and distribution of upland game birds in North Dakota. Kolstoe (1941) - A list of species of birds that breed in North Dakota. Randall (1952) - A list of species of birds occurring in North Dakota with notations on breeding status. Schmidt (1904) - Annotated list of species of North Dakota birds with notations concerning breeding status. This is not a dependable list since it contains a considerable number of inaccuracies. Stewart (1971)- Checklist of species of birds occurring in North Dakota with notations on breeding status. Stewart and Kantrud (1972b) - Population estimates of breeding birds in North Dakota based on stratified random sampling. Stewart and Kantrud (1973) - Proportional distribution (percent) of breeding waterfowl populations in North Dakota on various wetland habitat types. Wood (1923) - Detailed account of birds in North Dakota with notations on breeding status.Regional Surveys of the Avifauna
Allen (1874) - Annotated list of breeding birds observed at Fort Rice [Morton County] during the third week of June 1873 and of birds observed along an expedition route from Fort Rice west to the Montana line during late June and early July 1873. Coues (1878) - Detailed account of breeding birds observed during the summer of 1873 along the northern border of North Dakota, extending westward from Pembina to the Mouse River loop country; also includes a few records of breeding birds along the Red River between Fargo and Pembina. Gabrielson and Jewett (1924) - Detailed notes on breeding birds observed during the summers of 1913 and 1918 in western North Dakota. Gammell and Gammell (1961) - A list of birds in northwestern North Dakota, particularly in the vicinity of Kenmare; includes notations on breeding status. Grinnell (1875) - Detailed notes on breeding birds observed in North Dakota during early June 1874 along an expedition route that extended in a southwesterly direction from Fort Lincoln [in Morton County] toward the Black Hills of South Dakota. Henry (1944) - List of birds recorded on the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge during 1935-1940 with notations on breeding status. Jensen (1918) - Nesting birds in the vicinity of Wahpeton, Richland County during 1917. Judd (1917) - Detailed account of birds, with emphasis on breeding species, during the period 1890- 1896 in the vicinity of Cando [in Towner County]. Larson (1928) - Detailed account of birds with emphasis on breeding species in northeastern McKenzie County during 1912-1926. Monson (1934) - A detailed account of birds with notations on breeding status in Berlin and Harwood Townships, Cass County during 1925-1932. Stewart and Kantrud (1974) - Populations of breeding waterfowl in the prairie pothole region during 1967-1969. Stine (1945) - Annotated list of birds recorded in the vicinity of Minot with notations on breeding status. Williams (1926) - Detailed account of birds observed in the vicinity of Grafton in Walsh County from 1900 to 1925 with notations on breeding status; also includes information on breeding birds in the Bowesmont-- Glasston area of Pembina County during the period 1882-1899.Special Investigations 1800-1879
Abbott (1880) - List of birds collected at Pembina during July 1879; includes observations of Passenger Pigeons. Audubon (1870) - Summer record of a Bell's Vireo near Fort Union [Williams County] in 1843. Audubon (1897) - Birds collected or observed by the Audubon expedition from June 4 to September 2, 1843 along the Missouri River, particularly in the Fort Union area. Baird et al. (1858) - Bell's Vireo collected by J. J. Audubon at Fort Union during the summer of 1843. Burroughs (1961) - Breeding birds recorded by the Lewis and Clark expedition along the Missouri River in 1804 and 1805; these include records of the Canada Goose and Bald Eagle. Cooper (1859) - In 1853, young Bald Eagles at Lake Jessie in Griggs County; Sharp-tailed Grouse abundant near Fort Union; and Common Ravens near the great bend of the Missouri. Coues (1874a) - Birds observed in 1873 along the northern border of the state from Pembina west to the Mouse River loop area. Coues (1897) - A few records of breeding birds observed by Alexander Henry in the vicinity of Pembina from 1800 to 1803. Culbertson (1850) - Young Sandhill Cranes captured on June 13, 1850 along the Missouri River below Fort Berthold. Hoffman (1877) - In 1873, young Canada Geese and breeding-season records of Sprague's Pipits along headwaters of Oak Creek [in Sioux County]; and regular occurence of Bullock's Oriole during the breeding season along the Missouri River between the Grand River agency in South Dakota and Fort Rice in Morton County. Keating (1824) - Breeding-season records of birds at Pembina in 1823 including the Turkey Vulture, Passenger Pigeon, Whip-poor-will, and Common Raven. Maximilian (1843) - Breeding birds observed along the Missouri River in 1833 including the Trumpeter Swan, Canada Goose, Turkey Vulture, Long-billed Curlew, Passenger Pigeon, and Common Raven. McDermott (1951) - Birds observed by the Audubon expedition during late June and July 1843 along the Missouri River and particularly in the Fort Union area; includes observations of the Canada Goose, American Kestrel, and Long-billed Curlew. Reid and Gannon (1927) - Breeding birds recorded along the Missouri River by the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1805; includes records of the Bald Eagle and Long-billed Curlew. Reid and Gannon (1928) - Breeding birds recorded by Alexander Henry in the vicinity of Pembina during 1800 to 1804; includes records of Trumpeter Swan, Canada Goose, and Passenger Pigeon. Street (1948) - Breeding-season specimens of birds collected in 1843 by the Audubon expedition along the Missouri River, chiefly at Fort Union. Suckley (1859) - Long-billed Curlews breeding commonly throughout the prairies of North Dakota during June and July 1853. White (1959) - A few records of birds at Pembina on August 7, 1861, including observations of Passenger Pigeons. White (1966) - Breeding-season bird records in 1862 and 1863 including Canada Geese along the Maple River in Cass County, Sandhill Cranes on Lake Jessie in Griggs County, and Whooping Cranes in Ward County. 1880-1919 Abbott (1902) - Nesting of Western Grebes and Eared Grebes in a large mixed colony in the Devils Lake region in 1901; also notes on the nesting of a few pairs of Red- necked Grebes. Abbott (1916) - Some of the characteristic breeding birds in the Benson-Pierce County area. Abbott (1919) - Habits and behavior of the Marbled Godwit in the "Choctaw Basin" area of southwestern Benson County. Anonymous (1884) - Large numbers of White Pelican eggs taken at Devils Lake in 1883. Bailey (1913) - Nest and family of Long-eared Owls at Stump Lake [Nelson County]. Bailey (1915a) - Characteristic breeding birds on the prairie grasslands in the vicinity of Stump Lake, in the area between Stump Lake and Devils Lake, and in the area between Devils Lake and Red Willow Lake [in Griggs County] including a portion of the Sheyenne River valley. Bailey (1915b) - Breeding birds inhabiting shrub thickets and woodland habitats in the vicinity of Stump Lake. Bailey (1915c) - Nest and family of Marsh Hawks at Stump Lake. Bailey (1916a) - Breeding birds inhabiting sloughs and marshes in the Stump Lake area and at Lake Elsie near Hankinson in Richland County. Bailey (1916b) - Breeding water birds inhabiting Stump, Devils and Sweetwater Lakes. Bailey (1918a) - Breeding birds inhabiting the lakes and sloughs in the Sweetwater Lake area of Ramsey County. Bailey (1918b) - Some of the characteristic breeding birds inhabiting native prairie in the Sweetwater Lake area. Bailey (1918c) - Some of the breeding birds in the Stump Lake area. Bailey (1918d) - Western Grebes and several other water birds on Sweetwater Lake and on Creel Bay of Devils Lake during the breeding season. Bailey (1919a & b) - Grebes, coots, ducks, and other water birds in and near the marshes of a coulee near Sweetwater Lake during the breeding season. Bailey (1919c) - Breeding water birds on the easternmost lake of the Sweetwater Lake chain. Banko (1960) - Trumpeter Swan nesting on Island Lake in Barnes County in the mid 1880's. Barnes (1898) - Several nests of the Eastern Kingbird in Traill and Steele Counties during 1895 were situated in small bushes within one foot of the ground. Bendire (1892) - Nesting of the Swainson's Hawk, Ferruginous Hawk, and Merlin in North Dakota. Bent (19Ola, 1902) - Breeding waterfowl in the Devils Lake area, along the Sheyenne River, and in Nelson and Steele Counties in 1901. Bent (19Olb and 1907) - Nest of the Ferruginous Hawk in Nelson County; first mistakenly identified as belonging to the Rough-legged Hawk (Bent, 1901b); another nest of the Ferruginous Hawk with young also reported from Lake Washington in Eddy County. Bent (1903) - Breeding birds of a large slough in Steele County on June 10, 1901. Bishop (1896) - Nesting of the Common Nighthawk and Song Sparrow in Towner and Rolette Counties in 1895. Bishop (1904) - Nesting of the Red-winged Blackbird in the Devils Lake area, in the Turtle Mountains, and in Towner County; also nesting of the Sharp-tailed Sparrow during 1901-1902 in Ramsey County. Bishop (1921) - Breeding of the Common Loon in the Turtle Mountains from 1902 to 1905; also young loons on Devils Lake in 1895 and adults on Stump Lake during June in 1903 and 1905. Bishop (1935) - Breeding birds of undisturbed prairie and sloughs in northern Towner County in 1895. Bowdish (1909) - Young Canada Geese on Stump Lake in 1908. Bowman (1904a) - Nest and eggs of the Sharp-tailed Sparrow near town of Devils Lake in 1902. Bowman (1904b) - Nesting habits of the Black Tern in North Dakota. Bryant (1894) - Egg-collecting trip during the spring of 1892 in the vicinity of Devils Lake; includes records of two nests of the Common Goldeneye on Graham Island. Bryant (1895a) - Nests of the Canada Goose, Bald Eagle, and Ferruginous Hawk in the vicinity of Sweetwater Lake and Devils Lake in 1895. Bryant (1895b) - Collection of eggs along the shore of Devils Lake in 1895, including 16 sets of eggs of the Common Goldeneye, 5 sets of Swainson's Hawk, and 2 sets of Ferruginous Hawk. Bryant (1899) - Behavior and nesting habits of the White- winged Scoter on Teller's Bay [6-mile Bay] of Devils Lake, apparently during spring of 1895; a total of 28 nests were found. Cooke (1885) - Early invasion of the Greater Prairie Chicken into eastern North Dakota during the 1880's. Cooke (1915) - Colonies of Ring-billed Gulls at Stump Lake in 1893, and at Devils Lake in 1898. Coon (1899) - Nest of the Common Goldeneye at Devils Lake in 1895. Currie (1892) - Habits, behavior, and habitat of nesting Chestnut-collared Longspurs on the North Dakota prairie; also reports that this species was associated with McCown's Longspur in Ramsey County. Davie (1898) - Nesting of the Western Grebe at Devils Lake. Dutcher (1906) - Nesting of several species on Stump Lake, including the Canada Goose and California Gull. Freeman (1919) - Incomplete list of birds in the Fargo area, with notations on summer residence status. Goss (1883) - Nesting of the Eared Grebe and Pied-billed Grebe in North Dakota. Hibbard (1956a) - Nest and young of the Whooping Crane near Adams in Walsh County in 1909. Hoffman (1883) - Nests of Chimney Swifts and Cliff Swallows near Fort Berthold [in Mclean County] in 1881; Burrowing Owls reported to be common in area. Jacobs (1898) - Detailed nest records of the Double- crested Cormorant, Black-crowned Night Heron, Gadwall, Shoveler, Marsh Hawk, Franklin's Gull, and Long-eared Owl in Benson or Ramsey Counties during 1896-1897. Job (1898) - Breeding birds on islands of Stump Lake in 1 898. Job (1899) - Nesting of waterfowl in the northeastern quarter of the state including the Devils Lake area and Turtle Mountains. Job (1902) - Breeding water birds during 1898-1901 in the Stump Lake - Devils Lake area, in the lake region north and northeast of Devils Lake, and in the Turtle Mountains. Judd (1892) - Great abundance of the Greater Prairie Chicken and Sharp-tailed Grouse in the vicinity of Cando and in the Mouse River area 60 miles to the west. Judd (1893) - Nests of the Western Kingbird in Towner County and successful breeding of Canada Geese in captivity during 1891 and 1892 in Towner County. Knight (1908) - Nests of the Canada Goose, various species of ducks, Ring-billed Gull, and Short-eared Owl in the general region of Devils and Stump Lakes during 1 893-1901. Maltby (1915a) - Unusual sets of runt eggs of the Bobolink and Red-winged Blackbird in Benson County in 1914. Maliby (1915b) - Nesting of the Yellow Rail it southwestern Benson County during 1899-1914 (notes m 12 nests); breeding population also reported at Pleasan Lake in northwestern Benson County. Oberholser (1918a) - Philadelphia Vireo in song a Carpenter Lake in the Turtle Mountains on July 8, 1917 Oberholser (1918b) - Pair of Cinnamon Teal near Cherry Lake in Kidder County on June 15, 1918. Oberholser (1919) - Breeding-season specimens of the Black-headed Grosbeak from Fort Buford, Cannonball, Fort Totten, Fort Union, and Fort Rice. Peabody (1905) - Breeding Yellow Rails in the Big Coulee area of southwestern Benson County; also summer occurrence of the Black Rail in this area. Peabody (1920) - Breeding birds in the vicinity of Big Coulee in southwestern Benson County. Peabody (1922) - Breeding Yellow Rails in the Big Coulee area of southwestern Benson County during the early 1900's; also description of the environs of the Pleasant Lake breeding area in northwestern Benson County. Peabody (1925) - Nesting of the Yellow Rail in the Big Coulee area of southwestern Benson County during the early 1900's. Reed (1904) -Nesting of several species in North Dakota including the Western Grebe, Double-crested Cormorant, Canada Goose, and Peregrine Falcon. Roberts (1932) - Breeding of a few species in North Dakota during 1882-1893 including the Swainson's Hawk, Merlin, Whooping Crane, Willet, and Chestnut- collared Longspur. Rolfe (1895) - Nesting of the Wilson's Phalarope in the Devils Lake region. Rolfe (1896a) - Reduction in numbers of several breeding species in the Devils Lake area during 1885-1896 including the White Pelican, Canada Goose, Franklin's Gull, and Common Tern. Rolfe (1896b) - Nesting of the Ferruginous Hawk in Benson County including notes on numerous nests. Rolfe (1896c) - Three nests of the Baird's Sparrow in the vicinity of Minnewaukan and Fort Totten Indian Reservation in 1895 and 1896. Rolfe (1897a) - Behavior and habits of breeding Marsh Hawks and Short-eared Owls in the Devils Lake region. Rolfe (1897b) - Nesting of the Upland Plover, Great Horned Owl, Willow Flycatcher, Common Yellowthroat, and Clay-colored Sparrow in the vicinity of Minne- waukan and near the shore of Devils Lake. Rolfe (1897c) - Nesting of ducks in the Devils Lake region. Rolfe (1898a) - Nesting of several species in the Devils Lake region, including the Double-crested Cormorant, American Bittern, Canada Goose, Mallard, Pintail, Canvasback, Ferruginous Hawk, Marsh Hawk, Sharp- tailed Grouse, Sandhill Crane, Virginia Rail, Sora, and apparently the California Gull [identification as Herring Gull probably a mistake]. Rolfe (1898b) - Unusual nesting sites of several species in the Devils Lake region including the Chimney Swift, Eastern Kingbird, and Bank Swallow. Rolfe (1899a) - Nest and eggs of the Sharp-tailed Sparrow in the Devils Lake area in 1899. Rolfe (1899b) - Nests of several species in the Devils Lake region including the Gadwall, American Green-winged Teal, Northern Shoveler, American Wigeon, Swainson's Hawk, Piping Plover, Upland Plover, American Avocet, Wilson's Phalarope, Common Tern, and Loggerhead Shrike; also nests of the Canada Goose and Sandhill Crane in an area about 50 miles west of Minnewaukan. Rolfe (19OOa) - Nests of several species of shorebirds in the Devils Lake region including the Piping Plover, Killdeer, Spotted Sandpiper, Marbled Godwit, American Avocet, and Wilson's Phalarope. Rolfe (19OOb) - Nests of the Canada Goose and Sandhill Crane in 1899 in an area about 50 miles west of Minnewaukan; also record of young Willets in the vicinity of Minnewaukan. Roosevelt (1885) - Several breeding species in the vicinity of Roosevelt's Elkhorn Ranch [in Billings County] including the Mountain Plover, Long-billed Curlew, and Upland Plover. Simpson (1912) - Nesting colony of Double-crested Cormorant on Devils Lake. Strutz (1969) - Propagation of the Giant Canada Goose from eggs taken in Kidder County in 1893. Taxi (1892) - Large flocks of Passenger Pigeons at Larimore in Grand Forks County on April 22, 1891 and March 26, 1892.1920-1949
Aldous (1943) - Habits, populations, and habitat of the Sharp-tailed Grouse in the sand dune area of McHenry, Pierce, and Bottineau Counties during the period August 1937 to the spring of 1939. Anonymous [Gammell, R. T. and A. M. Gammell] (1948) - List of birds in the vicinity of Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge [in Burke and Ward Counties] from 1935 to 1948 with notations on breeding status. Behle (1950) - Breeding specimens of the Common Yellowthroat from the following locations: Medora, Fort Buford, Towner, Walhalla, Larimore, Bismarck, Glen Ullin, Fort Rice, Wahpeton, Fairmount, Valley City, Tokio, Fish Lake (Turtle Mts.), and Fort Clark. Bennett (1926) - Nesting of White Pelicans in the Chase Lake colony as noted on June 24, 1924 (includes several photographs); also other breeding species in this area including the California Gull, Ring-billed Gull, and American Avocet; and a family of Canada Geese in 1916. Brenckle (1936) - Breeding-season banding records of the Burrowing Owl at Jamestown and at McVille. Cartwright et al. (1937) - Localities in North Dakota from which breeding specimens of Baird's Sparrow have been collected; includes nine records of nests with eggs. Cook (1946) - Summer records of the White-winged Scoter during 1936-1941 on the Des Lacs, Lostwood, and Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuges; also two broods of young on Poison Lake in McHenry County in 1936. Cooke (1937) - Breeding-season banding records of the Yellow-shafted Flicker at Fairdale, Fairmount, and Wilton, and of the Eastern Kingbird at Jamestown and Harvey. Cooke (1941) - Breeding-season banding records of the Red-tailed Hawk at Fairdale and Park River; of the Swainson's Hawks at New England and Langdon; of the Marsh Hawk at Park River, Upham, and Portal; of the Burrowing Owl at Jamestown; of the Long-eared Owl at Kenmare; and of the Short-eared Owl at Upham. Cottam (1943) - Least Bittern at Long Lake in Burleigh County on August 28, 1942. Davy (1930a) - Nesting of the Ferruginous Hawk in the Mouse River Loop area, chiefly in the vicinity of Antler, during 1927-1929; includes descriptions of 18 nests. Davy (1930b) - Bobolink's nest with eggs near Antler in 1929. Fox (1938) - Nesting of the Marsh Hawk at Park River and Mandan and nesting of the Greater Prairie Chicken at Park River. Fox (1939) - Nest of the Red-tailed Hawk; also photographs of nests and young of the Short-eared Owl at Leeds and of Swainson's Hawk at New England. Fox (1940) - Breeding-season banding records of the Brown-headed Cowbird at Park River. Gabrielson (1928) - Some of the characteristic breeding birds in the badlands of the Little Missouri River valley north of Dickinson in 1918. Gillis (1932) - A singing Cerulean Warbler along the James River at Jamestown on May 28, 1931. Gray (1948) - Breeding-season banding records of several species of birds at Wilton. Hammond (1941a) - Predation by Common Crows on waterfowl nests at the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge. Hammond (1941b) - Brood size of the Gray Partridge on the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge in 1938 and 1940. Hammond and Henry (1949) - Nesting of Marsh Hawks on the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, chiefly during 1937-1939; information from 60 nests. Hammond and Mann (1956) - Breeding duck concentra- tions on artificial islands of the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge during 1935-1953; 356 Gadwall nests comprised 61 percent of total; average clutch size also determined. Hammond and Smith (1950) - Summary of information on the breeding of the Black Duck in North Dakota. Henry (1939) - Management practices that have increased nesting birds on the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge. Henry (1948) - Nesting of many species of birds on the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge; includes photographs of nests of the Horned Grebe, Double- crested Cormorant, Gadwall, and Greater Prairie Chicken. Johnson (1931) - Breeding-season records of the Yellow- billed Cuckoo and Orchard Oriole in central Stutsman County in 1930. Johnson (1932) - Nesting of the Says' Phoebe, Willow Flycatcher, and Orchard Oriole in central Stutsman County in 1931. Johnson (1934) - Breeding-season records of the Dickcissel and Lark Bunting in Stutsman County during 1926-1933. Johnson (1938) - Nesting of the Loggerhead Shrike in central Stutsman County in 1937. Johnson (1940) - Nesting behavior of the Loggerhead Shrike in central Stutsman County in 1937. Kalmbach (1938) - Predation by the Common Crow on waterfowl nests at the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge during 1936- 1937. Kolstoe (1949) - Breeding-season records of Cardinals at Valley City in 1947. Lewis (1929) - Last nesting record of the Double-crested Cormorant at Stump Lake in Nelson County reported in 1925. Lincoln (1925) - Breeding birds in the vicinity of Napoleon, Turtle Lake, Devils Lake, and Hankinson during July 2 to August 1, 1921. Lincoln (1936a) - Breeding-season banding records of the Marsh Hawk at Argusville and of the Burrowing Owl at Jamestown. Lincoln (1936b) - Breeding-season banding records of the Mourning Dove at Fairdale, Fargo, and Fairmount. Lowe (1942) - History of early introduction of Ring- necked Pheasants and Gray Partridges in North Dakota. Moses (1946) - List count of birds observed in the Bismarck area on June 6, 1938. Peters (1923) - Certain breeding birds in the vicinity of Donnybrook in Ward County. Pettingill (1936) - Pair of Woodcock in Bottineau County during April 1923. Pettingill and Dana (1943) - Breeding-season bird records in western North Dakota, June 5 to June 13, 1942; includes records of the Eastern Bluebird and Black-and- White Warbler. Phillip (1936) - Nest of the Savannah Sparrow in Bottineau County in 1934. Pinckney (1938) - Behavior of a hand-reared Western Kingbird at Fargo. Reid (1928) - Breeding-season records of the Brewer's Sparrow in the vicinity of Marmarth in 1928. Reid (1929) - Nesting of the Pine Siskin at Bismarck (including photographs of adult on nest, and nest with eggs). Saugstad (1947) - Supplemental report on Birds of Minot and vicinity with notations on breeding status. Saugstad et al., (1940) - Relative abundance of upland game birds in 1940 including Greater Prairie Chicken, Sharp-tailed Grouse, Ring-necked Pheasant, and Gray Partridge. Stevens (1930) - A popular account that includes general information concerning the nesting of many species in the state. Stevens (1936) - Nest of the Vesper Sparrow at Fargo. Stevens (1944) - Breeding-season banding records of adults or young of a few species. Stevens (1947) - Mockingbird at Fargo during July 21-28, 1946. Stevens (1948) - Breeding-season banding records of a Mockingbird at Wilton and of Red Crossbills at Fargo and Wilton. Stevens (1950) - Breeding records of the Blue Jay and Yellow-throated Vireo in the Fargo area. Thompson (1932) - Colonies of the White Pelican in North Dakota. Walkinshaw (1940) - Sora nest with eggs, including photograph of adult on nest, at the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge. Wheadon (1938) - Eastern Kingbird and Baltimore Oriole taking nesting material from an active Western Kinghird nest. Wood (1925a) - Adult Merlin collected at Bottineau by Alfred Eastgate on June 24, 1924. Wood (1925b) - Adult male and set of three eggs of the Merlin collected by G. F. Abbey near Columbus in Burke County on May 13, 1924. Woodruff (1923) - Notes on breeding birds, chiefly waterfowl, observed in the vicinity of Kenmare and on the Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge during the summer of 1915 and in 1916 and 1920. Youngworth (1932) - Nesting of the Say's Phoebe at Tuttle and of the Common Grackle at Scranton. Youngworth (1934) - Nesting population of the Baird's Sparrow near Cando in 1934; associated species also listed. Youngworth (1935a) - General scarcity of breeding McCown's Longspurs noted throughout southwestern North Dakota during May 1934. Youngworth (1935b) - General scarcity of several breeding species including the Prairie Falcon, Swainson's Hawk, and Upland Plover noted during early June 1934 in southwestern North Dakota. Youngworth (1944a) - Breeding-season records of several species of birds at various localities during July 1939; a family of Red-bellied Woodpeckers near Mandan was very unusual. Youngworth (1944b) - Record of Starlings in Dickey County on July 25, 1939.1950-1974
Alfstad (1970) - Nesting of the Double-crested Cormorant on the Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge [Sargent County] in 1969 (including photographs). Anderson and Bartonek (1967) - Status of breeding White Pelicans in North Dakota. Anderson et al., 1969 - Breeding of White Pelicans at the Chase Lake colony [Stutsman County]; and breeding of Double-crested Cormorants at Chase Lake, along the Garrison Reservoir [Lake Sakakawea], and on the J. Clark Salyer and Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuges. Anderson [Mrs. G. A.] (1969) - Breeding birds in the vicinity of a suburban residence at Fargo. Anonymous (1965a) - Sharp-tailed Grouse on their dancing grounds near Mandan (including photographs). Anonymous (1965b) - Numerous Golden Eagle nests (41 young banded by Ed Bry) near Medora, 1961-1964. Berner (1962-1963) - Habits and behavior of some of the more common nesting birds in North Dakota, particularly those occurring in the vicinity of Jamestown. Boeker (1972) - Nest count of White Pelicans at Chase Lake in 1971. Boldt and Hendrickson (1952) - Population, nesting sites, and nesting success of Mourning Doves that inhabited five shelterbelts in the vicinity of Jamestown in 1950. Bray et al., (1973) - Information on banding recoveries of Common Grackles banded or recovered in North Dakota. Bry (1963a) - The disease Trichomonas in nestling Mourning Doves. Bry (1963b) - Nesting of the Golden Eagle in North Dakota; summarizes information from 15 nest sites. Bry (1964a) - Detailed history of an American Robin nest at Bismarck. Bry (1964b) - Nesting of the Golden Eagle in the vicinity of Medora (including photographs). Bry (1965 a) - Nesting of the American Avocet in the Snake Creek Game Management area in McLean County in 1964 (including photographs). Bry (1965b) - Marbled Godwits during the breeding season in the Snake Creek Game Management area in McLean County (including photographs). Bry (1965c) - Unusual nesting site of the Mallard near Alice in 1965. Bry (1965d) - Nesting of Common Terns on a small island in the Snake Creek Game Management area in McLean County (including photographs). Bry (1966a) - A Golden Eagle nest containing one young along Sullys Creek in Billings County on July 10, 1966 (with photograph). Bry (1966b) - Nesting of White Pelicans at Chase Lake on July 16, 1966 (including several photographs). Bry (1967a) - Eastern Bluebirds nesting in boxes near Enderlin. Bry (1967b) - Nesting of a variety of birds in North Dakota (including many photographs). Bry (1968) - Habits and behavior of the Greater Prairie Chicken, particularly in the vicinity of Grand Forks (including photographs). Bry (1970a) - Nesting of the Short-eared Owl and Screech Owl in Grand Forks County (including photographs). Bry (1970b) - Nesting of ducks along an interstate right- of-way in Stutsman County (including photographs). Bry (1971) - Adult and immature Screech Owls at Bismarck (with photographs). Bry (1972) - Detailed description of Ruffed Grouse drumming behavior in the Turtle Mountains (including photographs). Bry (1973) - Nesting of the Franklin's Gull in Emmons County (including photographs). Bry (1974a) - White Pelicans on their feeding grounds at Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge (including photographs). Bry (1974b) - Courtship behavior of the Western Grebe (including photographs). Buresh (1971a) - Eared Grebe nesting colony in Burleigh County. Buresh (1971b) - Birds observed during one hour near Bismarck on June 17, 1971. Cassel (1965) - Studies of breeding bird populations in various habitats in east-central North Dakota. Cassel (1966 and 1967) - Breeding bird populations that inhabited shelterbelts and tree claims in Barnes County during 1965-1967. Cink (1969) - Breeding-bird populations on a 20-acre tract of pole-stage aspen woods in the Turtle Mountains within Bottineau County during June 18 - August 9, 1969. Cowan and Reilly (1973) - Predation by Mink on waterfowl and other birds. Dane and Pearson (1971) - Effects of a severe spring storm on the nesting of Mallards and Pintails near Woodworth. Doty and Fritzell (1974) - Great Horned Owls nesting in duck nest baskets. Doty and Kruse (1972) - Establishment of local breeding populations of Wood Ducks on the Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge through release of propagated birds and installation of nest boxes. Duebbert (1959a) - History of the introduction of Ring- necked Pheasants into North Dakota. Duebbert (1959b) - Report on the relationship of Ring- necked Pheasant populations to agricultural land use practices. Duebbert (1961) - Breeding records of the White-winged Scoter in North Dakota during 1936-1952; definite records of broods reported in Burke and McHenry Counties. Duebbert (1966a) - Breeding records of the Ring-necked Duck in North Dakota; records in 1963 include 11 broods in the Turtle Mountains and 1 brood in southeastern Nelson County. Duebbert (1966b) - Large concentrations of Gadwalls nesting on islands of the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge in 1956 and 1957. Duebbert (1968) - Record of two hen Mallards incubating eggs in the same nest on the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge. Dwyer (1974) - Social behavior of breeding Gadwalls. Dwyer et al., (1973) - Migrational homing of a pair of Mallards. Eberhardt (1973) - Predation by Mink on breeding waterfowl and other birds. Enyeart (1970) - Behavior of Sage Grouse on their breeding grounds in western Bowman County. Erickson (1963) - Some of the nesting birds on several national wildlife refuges in the state. Erickson (1966) - Nesting of the Red-tailed Hawk at Buffalo Lake in Pierce County during June 1966 (including photographs). Fields et al., (1974) - Breeding of the Sandhill Crane in McHenry County dOring 1973. Friedmann (1963) - Lists numerous records of nest parasitism by the Brown-headed Cowbird in North Dakota; also refers to an active colony of California Gulls at Stump Lake in 1899. Gammell and Gammell (1962) - Breeding birds in northwestern North Dakota and in the Turtle Mountains. Gilmer et al., (1973) - Breeding dabbling ducks marked with radio transmitters to facilitate study of social behavior and habitat preference. Grant (1963a) - A male McCown's Longspur recorded about 6 miles east of Washburn on July 9, 1963. Grant (1963b) - Breeding shorebirds and other water birds near Dawson in 1963. Grant (1963c) - A few breeding-season records of birds observed in Slope, Billings, McKenzie, McLean, Wells and Foster Counties in 1963; especially interesting record of a Sage Thrasher near Amidon on June 14, 1963. Grant (1963d) - Colony of Burrowing Owls near Watford City in 1963. Greenwood (1969) - Mallard hatching from egg cracked by freezing. Hansen (1971) - Restoration of breeding populations of the Giant Canada Goose in Kidder County. Hanson (1952) - Study of the effect of certain herbicides and insecticides on nesting of marsh birds in Burleigh County. Hanson (1965) - Summarizes information concerning the breeding populations of Canada Geese in North Dakota. Hibbard (1958) - Summarizes information concerning breeding Wood Ducks in North Dakota. Hibbard (1965) - Distribution of breeding populations of the Lark Bunting within the state; also notes on other breeding species including the Chestnut-collared Long- spur. Hibbard (1971) - Additional information concerning the distribution of breeding Wood Ducks in North Dakota. Hibbard and Kline (1971) - Breeding records of the Bell's Vireo near Bismarck and Riverdale in 1954 and 1961, respectively. Higgins (1971) - Parasitism by Brown-headed Cowbird on Upland Plover nest. Higgins (1974) - Prolonged incubation behavior by a Marbled Godwit. Higgins and Kantrud (1973) - Improvement of bird nesting success on cultivated croplands. Higgins et al., (1969) - Nesting of the Upland Plover in Stutsman County in 1967 and 1968; notes on 27 nests. Higgins et al., (1969) - Through use of a dragging device, 234 duck nests of seven species, and 18 shorebird nests of four species were found near Woodworth during 1967- 1968. Howe (1972) - Breeding behavior of Wilson's Phalarope in Stutsman County, North Dakota. Huenecke (1953) - Breeding record of the White-winged Scoter on Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge in 1952. Johnsgard (1954) - General descriptions of waterfowl species that occur in North Dakota. Johnson (1957) - Limiting factors that affect the productivity of the Gray Partridge in North Dakota. Johnson (1958) - Population dynamics of the Gray Partridge in the state including information on age ratios, sex ratios, and hatching dates. Johnson (1963) - Hatching dates and adult-juvenile ratios of the Gray Partridge in North Dakota. Johnson and Springer (1972) - Breeding bird population studies on 10 tracts of grassland in the vicinity of Woodworth during 1972. Johnson and Stewart (1972) - Information on past breeding of Sandhill Cranes in North Dakota. Kermott et al., (1974) - Mountain Bluebirds nesting on the Souris Lake Plain. Kiel (1960) - Annual breeding population indexes of the Mourning Dove in North Dakota during 1953-1960. Kirsch (1969) - Waterfowl productivity as related to grazing intensity in the vicinity of Woodworth. Kirsch and Kruse (1972) - Relationship of prairie fires and wildlife. Kirsch et al., (1973) - Land use and prairie grouse population relationships. Klett and Lokemaen (1968) - Breeding-season records of the Cinnamon Teal in western Stutsman County in 1966 and 1967. Kobriger (1964a) - Relative abundance of the Sage Grouse in southwestern North Dakota (including maps); also information on brood size. Kobriger (1964b) - Brood size and adult-immature ratios of Sharp-tailed Grouse in 1963 and 1964. Kobriger (1965a) - Population fluctuations of breeding Sage Grouse, 1951 - 1965. Kobriger (1965b) - Population dynamics of breeding populations of Sharp-tailed Grouse. Kobriger (1966) - Population fluctuations of breeding Sharp-tailed Grouse. Kobriger (1974) - Hatching dates of Sage Grouse. Kolstoe (1965) - Introduction, populations, and habits of the Gray Partridge in North Dakota (including photographs). Kolstoe (1966) - Nesting of White Pelicans at Chase Lake (including photographs). Kolstoe (1968) - Habits, behavior, and habitat of the Greater Prairie Chicken in North Dakota (including photographs). Kolstoe (1972) - Behavior of Sharp-tailed Grouse on their dancing grounds. Kolstoe (1973) - Preservation of breeding stock of the Giant Canada Goose. Krapu et al., (1973) - Mercury residues in breeding Pintails. Krause (1968) - Distribution of breeding populations of McCown's Longspur in North Dakota. Kress (1963) - A fairly complete listing of publications dealing with North Dakota birds. Kroodsma (1970) - Study of hybridization in North Dakota between the Baltimore and Bullock's Orioles, between the Rose-breasted and Black-headed Grosbeaks, and between the Indigo and Lazuli Buntings. Kroodsma (1974a) - Species-recognition behavior of territorial male Rose-breasted and Black-headed Grosbeaks. Kroodsma (1974b) - Hybridization between Rose-breasted and Black-headed Grosbeaks in North Dakota. Kroodsma and Cassel, (1968) - Breeding-season records of singing Red-breasted Nuthatches and Audubon's Warblers in Slope County in 1967. Kruckenberg (1971) - Location of 278 recoveries of Mourning Doves that had been banded in North Dakota. Kruckenberg and Bry (1971) - Nesting of Ring-billed and California Gulls in McLean County (including photo- graphs). Lee et al., (1968) - Use of artificial nesting structures by Mallards in North Dakota. Lee et al., (1973) - Restoration of breeding Giant Canada Geese. Lee et al., (1974) - Restoration of breeding Giant Canada Geese. Leppart (1972) - Nesting of the Golden Eagle. Lies and Behle (1966) - Breeding population data of White Pelicans in North Dakota. Lokemoen (1970) - Use of stock-watering ponds by breeding waterfowl in western North Dakota; includes a photograph of a hen Pintail with brood taken near Fryburg. Lokemoen (1973) - Waterfowl production on stock ponds in western North Dakota. Martinson and Grondahl (1966) - Productivity of Ring- necked Pheasants in southwestern North Dakota as related to weather conditions in May and June. Martz (1967) - Effects of nesting cover removal on nesting dabbling ducks on J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge during 1961-1962. Miller (1955) - A popular account containing general information including photographs on the breeding birds in the state. Murray (1969) - Breeding populations of the Le Conte's Sparrow and Sharp-tailed Sparrow on the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge [McHenry County] in 1965 and 1966. Oetting and Cassel (1971) - Density and success of 422 duck nests along an interstate highway right-of-way in Stutsman County in 1968-1970. Page and Cassel (1971) - Density and success of duck nests along a railroad right-of-way in Stutsman County in 1969. Pettingill (1953) - A general directional guide for bird finding in North Dakota. Randall (1955) - Population density and production of Mourning Doves in a shelterbelt and natural woodland thicket in the vicinity of Bismarck in 1952. Randall (1971) - Breeding record of the Red Crossbill at Bismarck in 1967. Renhowe (1974) - Establishment of Wild Turkey populations in North Dakota. Salyer (1962) - Waterfowl production on the Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge as related to water conditions and grazing intensity. Sargeant (1972) - Predation by the Red Fox on breeding waterfowl in east-central North Dakota. Sargeant et al., (1973) - Mink predation on breeding waterfowl. Schmid (1967) - Population dynamics of Mourning Doves in North Dakota. Schroeder (1966) - Records of Bufflehead broods on the J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge in 1965 and in the Turtle Mountains in 1963. Sibley and West (1959) - Hybridization between the maculatus and erythrophthalmus groups of the Rufus- sided Towhee in North Dakota. Sloan (1973) - Census of White Pelicans at the Chase Lake colony in 1971 and 1972. Stephens (1956) - A fairly complete annotated biblio- graphy pertaining to North Dakota ornithology. Stewart and Kantrud (1968) - Nesting of the Common Snipe in North Dakota. Stewart Jr. (1971) - Ecological study of breeding waterfowl populations and broods in the Turtle Mountains. Strait and Sloan (1974) - Life table analysis of White Pelicans in the Chase Lake colony. Summers (1957) - A list of books and published articles that the author found to be helpful during his observations of birds in the state. Summers (1958) - Some of the more common birds in Grand Forks County with notations on breeding status. Swanson and Bartonek (1970) - Bias associated with food analysis in gizzards of Blue-winged Teal. Swanson and Sargeant (1972) - Observations of nighttime feeding behavior of ducks. Swanson et al., (1972) - Mercury levels in tissues of ducks. Webster (1952) - Breeding-season records of several species in Stutsman County, including Broad-winged Hawk, Yellow-throated Vireo, Indigo Bunting, Baird's Sparrow, Sharp-tailed Sparrow, and Field Sparrow. Weiser and Hlavinka (1956) - Breeding bird populations in three shelterbelts in Cass County in 1956. West (1962) - Breeding records of the Rose-breasted Grosbeak and Black-headed Grosbeak and their hybrids in North Dakota.