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Avifauna of an Early Successional Habitat Along the Middle Missouri River

Table 1


Table 1.   Density (birds km-2) and relative abundance (birds/point) of bird species detected by point counts in the early successional habitat in my study. Columns for 1994, 1995, and 1996 are densities and abundances for that particular year, while the "overall" column refers to the overall density or abundance calculated over all three years of the study.
  Density Relative Abundance
Species 1994 1995 1996 Overall 1994 1995 1996 Overall
Wood duck
  (Aix sponsa)
0.0 20.4 0.0 6.8 0.00 0.12 0.00 0.04
Mourning dove
  (Zenaida macroura)
40.7 101.9 20.4 54.3 0.40 0.48 0.44 0.44
Black-billed cuckoo
 (Coccyzus erythropthalmus)
20.4 0.0 0.0 6.8 0.08 0.20 0.08 0.12
Yellow-billed cuckoo
  (Coccyzus americanus)
20.4 20.4 20.4 20.4 0.12 0.08 0.20 0.13
Great horned owl
  (Bubo virginianus)
0.0 0.0 20.4 6.8 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.01
Red-headed woodpecker
 (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)
20.4 0.0 0.0 6.8 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.01
Red-bellied woodpecker
 (Melanerpes carolinus)
0.0 81.5 0.0 27.2 0.00 0.28 0.04 0.11
Downy woodpecker
  (Picoides pubescens)
0.0 0.0 20.4 6.8 0.00 0.04 0.20 0.08
Hairy woodpecker
  (Picoides villosus)
0.0 20.4 0.0 6.8 0.00 0.04 0.04 0.03
Northern flicker
  (Colaptes auratus)
20.4 20.4 0.0 13.6 0.24 0.24 0.08 0.19
Eastern wood-pewee
  (Contopus virens)
122.2 81.5 61.1 88.3 0.56 0.36 0.24 0.39
Least flycatcher1
  (Empidonax minimus)
40.7 0.0 0.0 13.6 0.08 0.04 0.00 0.04
"Traill's" flycatcher1
  (Empidonax spp.)
0.0 20.4 0.0 6.8 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.03
Eastern kingbird
 (Tyrannus tyrannus)
81.5 183.3 101.9 122.2 0.64 0.80 0.60 0.68
Bell's vireo
 (Vireo bellii)
550.0 427.8 101.9 359.9 1.64 1.56 0.80 1.33
Blue-headed vireo1
 (Vireo solitarius)
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.01
Warbling vireo
 (Vireo gilvus)
163.0 101.9 264.8 176.6 0.56 0.44 0.88 0.63
Blue jay
  (Cyanocitta cristata)
0.0 0.0 40.7 13.6 0.08 0.04 0.16 0.09
American crow
 (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.03
Black-capped chickadee
  (Poecile atricapillus)
20.4 0.0 163.0 61.1 0.16 0.04 0.40 0.20
House wren
  (Troglodytes aedon)
224.1 326.0 122.2 224.1 0.76 0.72 0.36 0.61
American robin
  (Turdus migratorius)
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.01
Gray catbird
 (Dumetella carolinensis)
509.3 509.3 346.3 455.0 1.88 1.56 0.92 1.45
Brown thrasher
 (Toxostoma rufum)
101.9 40.7 20.4 54.3 0.32 0.36 0.16 0.28
European starling
 (Sturnus vulgaris)
0.0 40.7 61.1 34.0 0.28 0.08 0.80 0.39
Cedar waxwing
 (Bombycilla cedrorum)
244.5 101.9 101.9 149.4 0.96 0.44 0.32 0.60
Yellow warbler
 (Dendroica petechia)
448.2 529.7 448.2 475.4 1.68 1.68 1.76 1.71
American redstart
  (Setophaga ruticilla)
81.5 142.6 183.3 135.8 0.36 0.64 0.60 0.53
Ovenbird
 (Seiurus aurocapillus)
20.4 0.0 0.0 6.8 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.01
Mourning warbler1
  (Oporornis philadelphia)
0.0 20.4 0.0 6.8 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.01
Common yellowthroat
  (Geothlypis trichas)
122.2 122.2 61.1 101.9 0.36 0.44 0.32 0.37
Eastern Towhee
  (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.01
Chipping sparrow
  (Spizella passerina)
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.01
Field sparrow
 (Spizella pusilla)
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.04 0.00 0.04 0.03
Song sparrow
 (Melospiza melodia)
61.1 20.4 61.1 47.5 0.20 0.04 0.28 0.17
Northern cardinal
 (Cardinalis cardinalis)
61.1 61.1 40.7 54.3 0.52 0.36 0.12 0.33
Rose-breasted grosbeak
 (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
0.0 20.4 40.7 20.4 0.12 0.08 0.28 0.11
Indigo bunting
  (Passerina cyanea)
20.4 61.1 20.4 34.0 0.32 0.40 0.04 0.25
Red-winged blackbird
 (Agelaius phoeniceus)
20.4 61.1 0.0 27.2 0.16 0.24 0.04 0.15
Common grackle
 (Quiscalus quiscula)
81.5 61.1 0.0 47.5 0.32 0.24 0.00 0.19
Brown-headed cowbird
 (Molothrus ater)
264.8 61.1 244.5 190.1 0.76 0.80 1.12 0.89
Orchard oriole
 (Icterus spurius)
224.1 387.1 163.0 258.1 0.84 1.00 0.60 0.81
Baltimore oriole
  (Icterus galbula)
61.1 203.7 40.7 101.9 0.36 0.84 0.52 0.57
American goldfinch
  (Carduelis tristis)
427.8 713.0 692.6 611.2 1.80 2.52 2.12 2.15
1 Species that are migrants through riparian habitats in southeastern South Dakota, but are not known to breed regularly.

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