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Grays Lake NWR

Wetland Plant Species List (7/19/99)


Taxonomic guides used to compile this list:
Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren, and J. L. Reveal.  Intermountain
     Flora.  Vol. 1 (1972) - Vol. 5 (1994).  New York Botanical Garden, N.Y.

Hitchcock, C. L.  1973.  Flora of the Pacific Northwest; an illustrated manual.
     University of Washington Press.

GRASSES

Agropyron repens	                  Quack grass                       
Agropyron dasystachium	                  Slender wheatgrass          
Elymus glaucus	                          Blue wildrye                
Agrostis alba v. stolonifera	          Redtop                        
Alopecurus pratensis	                  Meadow foxtail                
Beckmannia syzigachne	                  Slough grass                
Bromus carinatus	                  California brome                  
Bromus inermis	                          Smooth brome                
Calamagrostis neglecta	                  Slim-stem reed grass        
Dactylis glomerata	                  Orchard grass                   
Danthonia californica	                  California oatgrass         
Deschampsia cespitosa	                  Tufted hairgrass            
Distichlis spicata	                  Salt grass                      
Festuca idahoensis	                  Idaho fescue                    
Festuca ovina	                          Sheep fescue                
Festuca pratensis	                  Meadow fescue                   
Glyceria borealis	                  Northern mannagrass             
Hordeum brachyantherum	                  Meadow barley               
Hordeum jubatum	                          Foxtail barley            
Koeleria nitida	                          June grass                
Melica spectabilis	                  Purple oniongrass               
Muhlenbergia richardsonis	          Mat muhly                       
Phalaris arundinacea	                  Reed canary grass             
Phleum pratense	                          Timothy                   
Poa glaucifolia	                          Pale-leaf bluegrass       
Poa palustris	                          Fowl bluegrass              
Poa pratensis	                          Kentucky bluegrass          
Poa secunda	                          Sandberg's bluegrass          
Puccinellia nuttaliana	                  Nuttall's alkali grass      
Spartina gracilis	                  Alkali cordgrass                
Stipa comata	                          Needle grass                  

SEDGES/RUSHES/CATTAIL, ETC

Carex atherodes	                          Awned sedge               
Carex athrostachya	                  Slender beaked sedge            
Carex aurea                                                          
Carex microptera                                                     
Carex disperma	                          Soft-leaved sedge           
Carex praegracilis                                                   
Carex lanuginosa	                  Wooly sedge                       
Carex nebrascensis	                  Nebraska sedge                  
Carex parryana                                                       
Carex sartwellii	                  Sartwell's sedge                  
Carex simulate                                                       
Carex utriculata	                  Bladder sedge                     
Carex xerantica	                          Dryland sedge             
Eleocharis acicularis	                  Needle spikerush            
Eleocharis palustris	                  Creeping spdcerush            
Equisetum arvense	                  Smooth scouring rush            
Juncus balticus	                          Baltic rush               
Juncus bufonius	                          Toad rush                 
Juncus confusus	                          Colorado rush             
Juncus longistylus	                  Long-style rush                 
Juncus nevadensis	                  Nevada rush                     
Juncus nodosus	                          Jointed rush                
Juncus parryi	                          Parry's rush                
Juncus torreyi                                                       
Scirpus subterminalis	                  submersed bulrush           
Scirpus validus	                          Softstem bulrush          
Sparganium eurycarpum 	                  Burreed                     
Typha latifolia	                          Cattail                   

SHRUBS/TREES

Artemesia cans	                          Silver sagebrush            
Artemesia tripartita	                  Three-tip sagebrush           

FORBS

Achillea millefolium	                  Yarrow                        
Agoseris glauca	                          Mountain dandelion        
Alisma sp.	                          Water plantain                  
Allium brandegei	                  Onion                             
Allium sp.                                                           
Amaranthus californicus	                  California amaranth       
Androsace septentrionalis                                            
Antennaria microphylla	                  Rosy pussy-toes             
Arnica chamissonis	                  Leafy arnica                    
Arnica sororia                                                       
Artemesia dracunculus	                  Tarragon                    
Artemesia ludoviciana	                  Louisiana sage              
Aster ascendens	                          Long-leaf aster           
Aster campestris	                  Western meadow aster              
Astragalus agrestis	                  Field milkvetch               
Atriplex powelii	                  Silverscale                       
Atriplex truncata 	                  Wedgescale orache               
Calochortus eurycarpus	                  Wide-fruit mariposa         
Camassia quamash	                  Camas                             
Capsella bursa-pastoris	                  Shepherd's purse          
Castilleja flava	                  Yellow paintbrush                 
Cerastium arvense	                  Chickweed                       
Chenopodium album	                  Lambs quarters                  
Chenopodium fremontii	                  Fremont's goosefoot         
Chenopodium glaucum	                  Glaucus goosefoot             
Chenopodium rubrum	                  Red goosefoot                   
Cirsium arvense	                          Canada thistle            
Cirsium scariosum	                  Elk thistle                     
Collomia linearis	                  Narrow-leaf collomia            
Crepis runcinata	                  Dandelion hawksbeard              
Delphinium nuttallianum	                  Upland larkspur           
Delphinium occidentale	                  Western larkspur            
Dodecatheon pulchellum	                  Shooting star               
Downingia bacigalupii	                  Common downingia            
Epilobium palustre	                  Swamp willow herb               
Erigeron lonchophyllus	                  Fleabane                    
Eriogonum heracleoides                                               
Gallium trifidum	                  Small bedstraw (soft)             
Gentiana affinis	                  Rocky Mt. gentian                 
Geranium viscosissimum	                  Sticky purple geranium      
Haplopappus uniflorus	                  One-flowered goldenweed     
Helenium autumnale	                  Sneezeweed                      
Hieracium scouleri	                  Hawkweed                        
Hippuris vulgaris	                  Mare's tail                     
Knautia arvensis	                  Field scabious                    
Lemna minor	                          Duckweed                      
Lemna trisulca	                          Duckweed                    
Lepidium montanum                                                    
Linum perenne	                          Blue flax                   
Lotus tenuis	                          Bird's foot trefoil           
Lupinus leucophyllus	                  Velvet lupine                 
Lysimachia thyrsiflora	                  Tufted loosestrife          
Madia glomerata	                          Mountain tarweed          
Matricaria maritima	                  Scentless chamomile           
Medicago lupulina	                  Black medic                     
Medicago sativa	                          Alfalfa                   
Melilotus offinalis	                  Yellow sweet clover           
Mentha arvensis	                          Field mint                
Monolepis nuttaliana	                  Poverty weed                  
Myriophyllum sibiricum	                  Water milfoil               
Oenothera subacaulis	                  Long-leaf evening primrose    
Orthocarpus luteus                        Yellow owl-clover          
Pedicularis groenlandica	          Elephanthead lousewort            
Perideridia gairdneri	                  Yampa                       
Phlox longifolia	                  Meadow phlox                      
Plagiobothrys leptocladus	          Alkali plagiobothrys            
Plagiobothrys scouleri	                  Scouler's popcorn flower    
Plantago eriopoda	                  Alkali plaintain                
Polygonum amphibium	                  Water smartweed               
Polygonum aviculare                       Small knotweed             
Polygonum bistortoides                    Bistort                    
Polygonum polygaloides                    White-margin knotweed      
Polygonum douglasii                                                  
Potamogeton natans                        Broad-leaved pondweed      
Potentilla anserina                       Cinquefoil                 
Potetilla gracilis v. flabelliformis      Cinquefoil
Psilocarphus brevissimus                  Dwarf woolly-heads       
Ranunculus acriformis                     Sharp buttercup          
Ranunculus acriformis                     Water buttercup          
Ranunculus macounii                                                
Rorippa islandica                         Marsh yellowcress        
Rumex crispus                             Curly dock               
Rumex salicifolius                        Narrow-leaved dock       
Sagina decumbens                          Beach pearlwort          
Sagittaria cuneata                        Arrowhead                
Salicornia rubra                          Red samfire              
Scutellaria galericulata                  Marsh scutellaria        
Senecio pauperculus                       Butterweed               
Senecio hydrophilus                       Alkali-marsh butterweed  
Smilacina stellatum                       False Solomon's seal     
Solidago canadensis                       Canada goldenrod         
Solidago nana                             Low goldenrod            
Spiranthes romanzoffiana                  Ladies tresses orchid    
Spirodela polyrrhiza                      Big duckweed             
Stachys palustris                         Hedge nettle             
Stellaria longifolia                                               
Suaeda depressa                           Pahute weed              
Sysyrinchium idahoensis                   Blue-eyed grass          
Taraxacum officinale                      Dandelion                
Thalictrum sp.                            Meadow rue               
Thelypodium sagittatum                    Slender thelypody        
Thlaspi arvense                           Field penny cress        
Trifolium                                 Pink clover              
Triglochin maritimum                      Seaside arrowgrass       
Utricularia vulgaris                      Bladderwort              
Valeriana edulis                          Valerian                 
Veratrum californium                                               
Veronica biloba                           Bilobed speedwell        
Veronica scutellata                       Marsh speedwell          
Viola adunca                              Violet                   
Viola nuttallii                           Violet                   
Wyethia amplexicaulis                     Mule's ears              
Zigadenus venenosus                       Meadow death-camas       


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